Abstract

In this paper, we briefly describe a single detector passive millimeter-wave imaging system, which has been previously presented. The system uses a cyclic sensing matrix to acquire incoherent measurements of the observed scene and then reconstructs the image using a Bayesian approach. The cyclic nature of the sensing matrix allows for the design of a single unified and compact mask that provides all the required random masks in a convenient way, such that no mechanical mask exchange is needed. Based on this setup, we primarily propose the optimal adaptive selection of sampling submasks out of the full cyclic mask to obtain improved reconstruction results. The reconstructed images show the feasibility of the imaging system as well as its improved performance through the proposed sampling scheme.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Yujiri, M. Shoucri, and P. Moffa, “Passive millimeter-wave imaging,” IEEE Microwave Mag. 4, 39–50 (2003).
  2. M. Attia, “Passive millimeter-wave imaging and potential applications in homeland security and aeronautics,” presented at Partners in Technology Forum, 21–22 April, 2005.
  3. O. Martinez, L. Ferraz, X. Binefa, I. Gomez, and C. Dorronsoro, “Concealed object detection and segmentation over millimetric waves images,” in Proceedings of IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 31–37.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. E. J. Candes, J. Romberg, and T. Tao, “Robust uncertainty principles: exact signal reconstruction from highly incomplete frequency information,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52, 489–509 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Fergus, A. Torralba, and W. T. Freeman, “Random lens imaging,” Tech. Rep. MIT CSAIL TR 2006-058 (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2006).
  8. L. McMackin, M. A. Herman, B. Chatterjee, and M. Weldon, “A high-resolution swir camera via compressed sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8353, 835303 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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  12. I. Noor, O. Furxhi, and E. L. Jacobs, “Compressive sensing for a sub-millimeter-wave single pixel imager,” Proc. SPIE 8020, 8020K (2011).
  13. V. M. Patel and J. N. Mait, “Compressive passive millimeter wave imaging with extended depth of field,” Opt. Eng. 51, 091610 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Babacan, M. Luessi, L. Spinoulas, A. Katsaggelos, N. Gopalsami, T. Elmer, R. Ahern, S. Liao, and A. Raptis, “Compressive passive millimeter-wave imaging,” in 2011 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 2705–2708.
  15. N. Gopalsami, T. W. Elmer, S. Liao, R. Ahern, A. Heifetz, A. C. Raptis, M. Luessi, D. Babacan, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Compressive sampling in passive millimeter-wave imaging,” Proc. SPIE 8022, 80220I (2011).
  16. W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “A single-pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121105 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Heidari and D. Saeedkia, “A 2D camera design with a single-pixel detector,” in 34th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, 2009. IRMMW-THz 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–2.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Busboom, H. EldersBoll, and H. D. Schotten, “Uniformly redundant arrays,” Experimental Astronomy 8, 97–123 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. Babacan, R. Molina, and A. Katsaggelos, “Sparse Bayesian image restoration,” in 2010 17th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 3577–3580.
  23. M. E. Tipping, “Sparse Bayesian learning and the relevance vector machine,” J. Mach. Learning Res. 1, 211–244 (2001).
  24. G. Hennenfent and F. J. Herrmann, “Simply denoise: wavefield reconstruction via jittered undersampling,” Geophysics, 19–28 (2008).
  25. G. Tang, R. Shahidi, and J. Ma, “Design of two-dimensional randomized sampling schemes for curvelet-based sparsity-promoting seismic data recovery,” Tech. Rep. TR-2009-03 (UBC Earth and Ocean Sciences Department, 2009).
  26. S. Ji, Y. Xue, and L. Carin, “Bayesian compressive sensing,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 56, 2346–2356 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

L. McMackin, M. A. Herman, B. Chatterjee, and M. Weldon, “A high-resolution swir camera via compressed sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8353, 835303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Patel and J. N. Mait, “Compressive passive millimeter wave imaging with extended depth of field,” Opt. Eng. 51, 091610 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

N. Gopalsami, T. W. Elmer, S. Liao, R. Ahern, A. Heifetz, A. C. Raptis, M. Luessi, D. Babacan, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Compressive sampling in passive millimeter-wave imaging,” Proc. SPIE 8022, 80220I (2011).

I. Noor, O. Furxhi, and E. L. Jacobs, “Compressive sensing for a sub-millimeter-wave single pixel imager,” Proc. SPIE 8020, 8020K (2011).

2010 (1)

2008 (4)

G. Hennenfent and F. J. Herrmann, “Simply denoise: wavefield reconstruction via jittered undersampling,” Geophysics, 19–28 (2008).

S. Ji, Y. Xue, and L. Carin, “Bayesian compressive sensing,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 56, 2346–2356 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25, 83–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “A single-pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

Y. Tsaig and D. Donoho, “Compressed sensing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52, 1289–1306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Candes, J. Romberg, and T. Tao, “Robust uncertainty principles: exact signal reconstruction from highly incomplete frequency information,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52, 489–509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

L. Yujiri, M. Shoucri, and P. Moffa, “Passive millimeter-wave imaging,” IEEE Microwave Mag. 4, 39–50 (2003).

2001 (1)

M. E. Tipping, “Sparse Bayesian learning and the relevance vector machine,” J. Mach. Learning Res. 1, 211–244 (2001).

1998 (1)

A. Busboom, H. EldersBoll, and H. D. Schotten, “Uniformly redundant arrays,” Experimental Astronomy 8, 97–123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1978 (1)

Ahern, R.

N. Gopalsami, T. W. Elmer, S. Liao, R. Ahern, A. Heifetz, A. C. Raptis, M. Luessi, D. Babacan, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Compressive sampling in passive millimeter-wave imaging,” Proc. SPIE 8022, 80220I (2011).

S. Babacan, M. Luessi, L. Spinoulas, A. Katsaggelos, N. Gopalsami, T. Elmer, R. Ahern, S. Liao, and A. Raptis, “Compressive passive millimeter-wave imaging,” in 2011 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 2705–2708.

Attia, M.

M. Attia, “Passive millimeter-wave imaging and potential applications in homeland security and aeronautics,” presented at Partners in Technology Forum, 21–22 April, 2005.

Babacan, D.

N. Gopalsami, T. W. Elmer, S. Liao, R. Ahern, A. Heifetz, A. C. Raptis, M. Luessi, D. Babacan, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Compressive sampling in passive millimeter-wave imaging,” Proc. SPIE 8022, 80220I (2011).

Babacan, S.

S. Babacan, M. Luessi, L. Spinoulas, A. Katsaggelos, N. Gopalsami, T. Elmer, R. Ahern, S. Liao, and A. Raptis, “Compressive passive millimeter-wave imaging,” in 2011 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 2705–2708.

S. Babacan, R. Molina, and A. Katsaggelos, “Sparse Bayesian image restoration,” in 2010 17th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 3577–3580.

Baraniuk, R. G.

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “A single-pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25, 83–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Binefa, X.

O. Martinez, L. Ferraz, X. Binefa, I. Gomez, and C. Dorronsoro, “Concealed object detection and segmentation over millimetric waves images,” in Proceedings of IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 31–37.

Brady, D.

C. A. Fernandez, D. Brady, J. N. Mait, and D. A. Wikner, “Sparse Fourier sampling in millimeter-wave compressive holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JMA14.

Brady, D. J.

Busboom, A.

A. Busboom, H. EldersBoll, and H. D. Schotten, “Uniformly redundant arrays,” Experimental Astronomy 8, 97–123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Lüke and A. Busboom, “Binary arrays with perfect odd-periodic autocorrelation,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6612–6619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Candes, E. J.

E. J. Candes, J. Romberg, and T. Tao, “Robust uncertainty principles: exact signal reconstruction from highly incomplete frequency information,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52, 489–509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cannon, T. M.

Carin, L.

S. Ji, Y. Xue, and L. Carin, “Bayesian compressive sensing,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 56, 2346–2356 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chan, W. L.

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “A single-pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Charan, K.

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “A single-pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chatterjee, B.

L. McMackin, M. A. Herman, B. Chatterjee, and M. Weldon, “A high-resolution swir camera via compressed sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8353, 835303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cull, C. F.

Davenport, M. A.

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25, 83–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Donoho, D.

Y. Tsaig and D. Donoho, “Compressed sensing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52, 1289–1306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dorronsoro, C.

O. Martinez, L. Ferraz, X. Binefa, I. Gomez, and C. Dorronsoro, “Concealed object detection and segmentation over millimetric waves images,” in Proceedings of IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 31–37.

Duarte, M. F.

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25, 83–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

EldersBoll, H.

A. Busboom, H. EldersBoll, and H. D. Schotten, “Uniformly redundant arrays,” Experimental Astronomy 8, 97–123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Elmer, T.

S. Babacan, M. Luessi, L. Spinoulas, A. Katsaggelos, N. Gopalsami, T. Elmer, R. Ahern, S. Liao, and A. Raptis, “Compressive passive millimeter-wave imaging,” in 2011 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 2705–2708.

Elmer, T. W.

N. Gopalsami, T. W. Elmer, S. Liao, R. Ahern, A. Heifetz, A. C. Raptis, M. Luessi, D. Babacan, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Compressive sampling in passive millimeter-wave imaging,” Proc. SPIE 8022, 80220I (2011).

Fenimore, E. E.

Fergus, R.

R. Fergus, A. Torralba, and W. T. Freeman, “Random lens imaging,” Tech. Rep. MIT CSAIL TR 2006-058 (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2006).

Fernandez, C. A.

C. A. Fernandez, D. Brady, J. N. Mait, and D. A. Wikner, “Sparse Fourier sampling in millimeter-wave compressive holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JMA14.

Ferraz, L.

O. Martinez, L. Ferraz, X. Binefa, I. Gomez, and C. Dorronsoro, “Concealed object detection and segmentation over millimetric waves images,” in Proceedings of IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 31–37.

Freeman, W. T.

R. Fergus, A. Torralba, and W. T. Freeman, “Random lens imaging,” Tech. Rep. MIT CSAIL TR 2006-058 (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2006).

Furxhi, O.

I. Noor, O. Furxhi, and E. L. Jacobs, “Compressive sensing for a sub-millimeter-wave single pixel imager,” Proc. SPIE 8020, 8020K (2011).

Gomez, I.

O. Martinez, L. Ferraz, X. Binefa, I. Gomez, and C. Dorronsoro, “Concealed object detection and segmentation over millimetric waves images,” in Proceedings of IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 31–37.

Gopalsami, N.

N. Gopalsami, T. W. Elmer, S. Liao, R. Ahern, A. Heifetz, A. C. Raptis, M. Luessi, D. Babacan, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Compressive sampling in passive millimeter-wave imaging,” Proc. SPIE 8022, 80220I (2011).

S. Babacan, M. Luessi, L. Spinoulas, A. Katsaggelos, N. Gopalsami, T. Elmer, R. Ahern, S. Liao, and A. Raptis, “Compressive passive millimeter-wave imaging,” in 2011 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 2705–2708.

Harwit, M.

M. Harwit and N. J. Sloane, Hadamard Transform Optics (Academic, 1979).

Heidari, A.

A. Heidari and D. Saeedkia, “A 2D camera design with a single-pixel detector,” in 34th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, 2009. IRMMW-THz 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–2.

Heifetz, A.

N. Gopalsami, T. W. Elmer, S. Liao, R. Ahern, A. Heifetz, A. C. Raptis, M. Luessi, D. Babacan, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Compressive sampling in passive millimeter-wave imaging,” Proc. SPIE 8022, 80220I (2011).

Hennenfent, G.

G. Hennenfent and F. J. Herrmann, “Simply denoise: wavefield reconstruction via jittered undersampling,” Geophysics, 19–28 (2008).

Herman, M. A.

L. McMackin, M. A. Herman, B. Chatterjee, and M. Weldon, “A high-resolution swir camera via compressed sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8353, 835303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, F. J.

G. Hennenfent and F. J. Herrmann, “Simply denoise: wavefield reconstruction via jittered undersampling,” Geophysics, 19–28 (2008).

Jacobs, E. L.

I. Noor, O. Furxhi, and E. L. Jacobs, “Compressive sensing for a sub-millimeter-wave single pixel imager,” Proc. SPIE 8020, 8020K (2011).

Ji, S.

S. Ji, Y. Xue, and L. Carin, “Bayesian compressive sensing,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 56, 2346–2356 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Katsaggelos, A.

S. Babacan, R. Molina, and A. Katsaggelos, “Sparse Bayesian image restoration,” in 2010 17th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 3577–3580.

S. Babacan, M. Luessi, L. Spinoulas, A. Katsaggelos, N. Gopalsami, T. Elmer, R. Ahern, S. Liao, and A. Raptis, “Compressive passive millimeter-wave imaging,” in 2011 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 2705–2708.

Katsaggelos, A. K.

N. Gopalsami, T. W. Elmer, S. Liao, R. Ahern, A. Heifetz, A. C. Raptis, M. Luessi, D. Babacan, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Compressive sampling in passive millimeter-wave imaging,” Proc. SPIE 8022, 80220I (2011).

Ke, J.

Kelly, K. F.

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “A single-pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25, 83–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laska, J. N.

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25, 83–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liao, S.

N. Gopalsami, T. W. Elmer, S. Liao, R. Ahern, A. Heifetz, A. C. Raptis, M. Luessi, D. Babacan, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Compressive sampling in passive millimeter-wave imaging,” Proc. SPIE 8022, 80220I (2011).

S. Babacan, M. Luessi, L. Spinoulas, A. Katsaggelos, N. Gopalsami, T. Elmer, R. Ahern, S. Liao, and A. Raptis, “Compressive passive millimeter-wave imaging,” in 2011 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 2705–2708.

Luessi, M.

N. Gopalsami, T. W. Elmer, S. Liao, R. Ahern, A. Heifetz, A. C. Raptis, M. Luessi, D. Babacan, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Compressive sampling in passive millimeter-wave imaging,” Proc. SPIE 8022, 80220I (2011).

S. Babacan, M. Luessi, L. Spinoulas, A. Katsaggelos, N. Gopalsami, T. Elmer, R. Ahern, S. Liao, and A. Raptis, “Compressive passive millimeter-wave imaging,” in 2011 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 2705–2708.

Lüke, H. D.

Ma, J.

G. Tang, R. Shahidi, and J. Ma, “Design of two-dimensional randomized sampling schemes for curvelet-based sparsity-promoting seismic data recovery,” Tech. Rep. TR-2009-03 (UBC Earth and Ocean Sciences Department, 2009).

Mait, J. N.

V. M. Patel and J. N. Mait, “Compressive passive millimeter wave imaging with extended depth of field,” Opt. Eng. 51, 091610 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Cull, D. A. Wikner, J. N. Mait, M. Mattheiss, and D. J. Brady, “Millimeter-wave compressive holography,” Appl. Opt. 49, E67–E82 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Fernandez, D. Brady, J. N. Mait, and D. A. Wikner, “Sparse Fourier sampling in millimeter-wave compressive holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JMA14.

Martinez, O.

O. Martinez, L. Ferraz, X. Binefa, I. Gomez, and C. Dorronsoro, “Concealed object detection and segmentation over millimetric waves images,” in Proceedings of IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 31–37.

Mattheiss, M.

McMackin, L.

L. McMackin, M. A. Herman, B. Chatterjee, and M. Weldon, “A high-resolution swir camera via compressed sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8353, 835303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Moffa, P.

L. Yujiri, M. Shoucri, and P. Moffa, “Passive millimeter-wave imaging,” IEEE Microwave Mag. 4, 39–50 (2003).

Molina, R.

S. Babacan, R. Molina, and A. Katsaggelos, “Sparse Bayesian image restoration,” in 2010 17th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 3577–3580.

Neifeld, M. A.

Noor, I.

I. Noor, O. Furxhi, and E. L. Jacobs, “Compressive sensing for a sub-millimeter-wave single pixel imager,” Proc. SPIE 8020, 8020K (2011).

Patel, V. M.

V. M. Patel and J. N. Mait, “Compressive passive millimeter wave imaging with extended depth of field,” Opt. Eng. 51, 091610 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Raptis, A.

S. Babacan, M. Luessi, L. Spinoulas, A. Katsaggelos, N. Gopalsami, T. Elmer, R. Ahern, S. Liao, and A. Raptis, “Compressive passive millimeter-wave imaging,” in 2011 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 2705–2708.

Raptis, A. C.

N. Gopalsami, T. W. Elmer, S. Liao, R. Ahern, A. Heifetz, A. C. Raptis, M. Luessi, D. Babacan, and A. K. Katsaggelos, “Compressive sampling in passive millimeter-wave imaging,” Proc. SPIE 8022, 80220I (2011).

Romberg, J.

E. J. Candes, J. Romberg, and T. Tao, “Robust uncertainty principles: exact signal reconstruction from highly incomplete frequency information,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52, 489–509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saeedkia, D.

A. Heidari and D. Saeedkia, “A 2D camera design with a single-pixel detector,” in 34th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, 2009. IRMMW-THz 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–2.

Schotten, H. D.

A. Busboom, H. EldersBoll, and H. D. Schotten, “Uniformly redundant arrays,” Experimental Astronomy 8, 97–123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shahidi, R.

G. Tang, R. Shahidi, and J. Ma, “Design of two-dimensional randomized sampling schemes for curvelet-based sparsity-promoting seismic data recovery,” Tech. Rep. TR-2009-03 (UBC Earth and Ocean Sciences Department, 2009).

Shoucri, M.

L. Yujiri, M. Shoucri, and P. Moffa, “Passive millimeter-wave imaging,” IEEE Microwave Mag. 4, 39–50 (2003).

Sloane, N. J.

M. Harwit and N. J. Sloane, Hadamard Transform Optics (Academic, 1979).

Spinoulas, L.

S. Babacan, M. Luessi, L. Spinoulas, A. Katsaggelos, N. Gopalsami, T. Elmer, R. Ahern, S. Liao, and A. Raptis, “Compressive passive millimeter-wave imaging,” in 2011 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 2705–2708.

Sun, T.

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25, 83–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takhar, D.

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25, 83–91 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “A single-pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tang, G.

G. Tang, R. Shahidi, and J. Ma, “Design of two-dimensional randomized sampling schemes for curvelet-based sparsity-promoting seismic data recovery,” Tech. Rep. TR-2009-03 (UBC Earth and Ocean Sciences Department, 2009).

Tao, T.

E. J. Candes, J. Romberg, and T. Tao, “Robust uncertainty principles: exact signal reconstruction from highly incomplete frequency information,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52, 489–509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tipping, M. E.

M. E. Tipping, “Sparse Bayesian learning and the relevance vector machine,” J. Mach. Learning Res. 1, 211–244 (2001).

Torralba, A.

R. Fergus, A. Torralba, and W. T. Freeman, “Random lens imaging,” Tech. Rep. MIT CSAIL TR 2006-058 (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2006).

Tsaig, Y.

Y. Tsaig and D. Donoho, “Compressed sensing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52, 1289–1306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weldon, M.

L. McMackin, M. A. Herman, B. Chatterjee, and M. Weldon, “A high-resolution swir camera via compressed sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8353, 835303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wikner, D. A.

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L. Yujiri, M. Shoucri, and P. Moffa, “Passive millimeter-wave imaging,” IEEE Microwave Mag. 4, 39–50 (2003).

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