T. Turnbull, M. C. McKenzie, and J. C. Thomas, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations produced by a reflective membrane optical scintillator. II. Application to an incoherent broadband source,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 1143–1149 (2011).

[CrossRef]

R. Mahon, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, M. Ferraro, W. S. Rabinovich, M. Suite, and L. M. Thomas, “Probability density of irradiance fluctuations observed over terrestrial ranges,” Appl. Opt. 50, 6476–6483 (2011).

[CrossRef]

S. Michael, R. R. Parenti, F. G. Walther, A. M. Volpicelli, J. D. Moores, W. Wilcox, and R. Murphy, “Comparison of scintillation measurements from a 5 km communication link to standard statistical models,” Proc. SPIE 7324, 73240 (2009).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, J. Recolons, L. Andrews, C. Young, B. Clare, K. Corbett, and K. Grant, “PDF models of the irradiance fluctuations in Gaussian beam waves,” Proc. SPIE 6215, 62150 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, B. Clare, K. Corbett, C. Young, K. Grant, and L. Andrews, “Characterizing the propagation path in moderate to strong optical turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3534–3543 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, K. Grant, K. Corbett, and B. Clare, “Scintillation: theory vs. experiment,” Proc. SPIE 5793, 166–177 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Al-Habash, L. C. Andrews, and R. L. Phillips, “Mathematical model for the irradiance probability density function of a laser beam propagating through turbulent media,” Opt. Eng. 40, 1554–1562 (2001).

[CrossRef]

D. Mudge, A. Wedd, J. Craig, and J. C. Thomas, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations produced by a reflective membrane optical scintillator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 381–387 (1996).

[CrossRef]

L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and B. K. Shivamoggi, “Relations of the parameters of the I-K distribution for irradiance fluctuations to physical parameters of the turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2150–2156 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Frehlich and J. H. Churnside, “Probability density function for estimates of the moments of laser scintillation,” Proc. SPIE 926, 31–38 (1988).

R. J. Hill and J. H. Churnside, “Observational challenges of strong scintillations of irradiance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 445–447 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, “The significance of the class of K-distributions,” Proc. SPIE 926, 2–7 (1988).

N. Ben-Yosef and E. Goldner, “Splitting-source model for the statistics of irradiance scintillations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 126–131 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Fante, “Electromagnetic beam propagation in turbulent media: an update,” Proc. IEEE 68, 1424–1443 (1980).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Knepp and G. C. Valley, “Properties of joint Gaussian statistics,” Radio Sci. 13, 59–68 (1978).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Fante, “Electromagnetic beam propagation in turbulent media,” Proc. IEEE 63, 1669–1692 (1975).

[CrossRef]

F. Davidson and A. Gonzalez-del-Valle, “Measurements of three-parameter log-normally distributed optical-field irradiance fluctuations in a turbulent medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 655–663 (1975).

[CrossRef]

J. W. Strohbehn, T. I. Wang, and J. P. Speck, “On the probability distribution of line-of-sight fluctuations of optical signals,” Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, “A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Al-Habash, L. C. Andrews, and R. L. Phillips, “Mathematical model for the irradiance probability density function of a laser beam propagating through turbulent media,” Opt. Eng. 40, 1554–1562 (2001).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, and J. Recolons, “Aperture averaging effects on the probability density of irradiance fluctuations in moderate-to-strong turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2099–2108 (2007).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, B. Clare, K. Corbett, C. Young, K. Grant, and L. Andrews, “Characterizing the propagation path in moderate to strong optical turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3534–3543 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, J. Recolons, L. Andrews, C. Young, B. Clare, K. Corbett, and K. Grant, “PDF models of the irradiance fluctuations in Gaussian beam waves,” Proc. SPIE 6215, 62150 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, K. Grant, K. Corbett, and B. Clare, “Scintillation: theory vs. experiment,” Proc. SPIE 5793, 166–177 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Al-Habash, L. C. Andrews, and R. L. Phillips, “Mathematical model for the irradiance probability density function of a laser beam propagating through turbulent media,” Opt. Eng. 40, 1554–1562 (2001).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, “The significance of the class of K-distributions,” Proc. SPIE 926, 2–7 (1988).

L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and B. K. Shivamoggi, “Relations of the parameters of the I-K distribution for irradiance fluctuations to physical parameters of the turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2150–2156 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, “Universal statistical model for irradiance fluctuations in a turbulent medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 864–870 (1982).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, “Measured statistics of laser-light scattering in atmospheric turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 1440–1445 (1981).

[CrossRef]

L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and C. Y. Hopen, Laser Beam Scintillation with Applications (SPIE, 2001).

A. Consortini, F. Cochetti, J. H. Churnside, and R. J. Hill, “Inner-scale effect on irradiance variance measured for weak-to-strong atmospheric scintillation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2354–2362 (1993).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Churnside and R. G. Frehlich, “Experimental evaluation of log-normally modulated Rician and IK models of optical scintillation in the atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1760–1766 (1989).

[CrossRef]

R. J. Hill and J. H. Churnside, “Observational challenges of strong scintillations of irradiance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 445–447 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Frehlich and J. H. Churnside, “Probability density function for estimates of the moments of laser scintillation,” Proc. SPIE 926, 31–38 (1988).

J. H. Churnside and R. J. Hill, “Probability density of irradiance scintillations for strong path-integrated refractive turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 727–733 (1987).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Churnside and S. F. Clifford, “Log-normal Rician probability-density function of optical scintillations in the turbulent atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1923–1930 (1987).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, J. Recolons, L. Andrews, C. Young, B. Clare, K. Corbett, and K. Grant, “PDF models of the irradiance fluctuations in Gaussian beam waves,” Proc. SPIE 6215, 62150 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, B. Clare, K. Corbett, C. Young, K. Grant, and L. Andrews, “Characterizing the propagation path in moderate to strong optical turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3534–3543 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, K. Grant, K. Corbett, and B. Clare, “Scintillation: theory vs. experiment,” Proc. SPIE 5793, 166–177 (2005).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, J. Recolons, L. Andrews, C. Young, B. Clare, K. Corbett, and K. Grant, “PDF models of the irradiance fluctuations in Gaussian beam waves,” Proc. SPIE 6215, 62150 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, B. Clare, K. Corbett, C. Young, K. Grant, and L. Andrews, “Characterizing the propagation path in moderate to strong optical turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3534–3543 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, K. Grant, K. Corbett, and B. Clare, “Scintillation: theory vs. experiment,” Proc. SPIE 5793, 166–177 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. Khatoon, W. G. Cowley, and N. Letzepis, “Channel measurement and estimation for free space optical communications,” in Communications Theory Workshop (AusCTW), 2011 Australian (IEEE, 2011), pp. 112–117.

D. Mudge, A. Wedd, J. Craig, and J. C. Thomas, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations produced by a reflective membrane optical scintillator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 381–387 (1996).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Fante, “Electromagnetic beam propagation in turbulent media: an update,” Proc. IEEE 68, 1424–1443 (1980).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Fante, “Electromagnetic beam propagation in turbulent media,” Proc. IEEE 63, 1669–1692 (1975).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Frehlich and R. J. Hill, “Probability distribution of irradiance for the onset of strong scintillation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1530–1540 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Churnside and R. G. Frehlich, “Experimental evaluation of log-normally modulated Rician and IK models of optical scintillation in the atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1760–1766 (1989).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Frehlich and J. H. Churnside, “Probability density function for estimates of the moments of laser scintillation,” Proc. SPIE 926, 31–38 (1988).

R. J. Hill, R. G. Frehlich, and W. D. Otto, “The probability distribution of irradiance scintillation,” NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL ETL-274 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1997).

A. Jurado-Navas, J. M. Garrido-Balsells, J. F. Paris, and A. Puerta-Notario, “A unifying statistical model for atmospheric optical scintillation,” in Numerical Simulations of Physical and Engineering Processes (INTECH, 2011).

F. S. Vetelino, B. Clare, K. Corbett, C. Young, K. Grant, and L. Andrews, “Characterizing the propagation path in moderate to strong optical turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3534–3543 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, J. Recolons, L. Andrews, C. Young, B. Clare, K. Corbett, and K. Grant, “PDF models of the irradiance fluctuations in Gaussian beam waves,” Proc. SPIE 6215, 62150 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, K. Grant, K. Corbett, and B. Clare, “Scintillation: theory vs. experiment,” Proc. SPIE 5793, 166–177 (2005).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Frehlich and R. J. Hill, “Probability distribution of irradiance for the onset of strong scintillation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1530–1540 (1997).

[CrossRef]

A. Consortini, F. Cochetti, J. H. Churnside, and R. J. Hill, “Inner-scale effect on irradiance variance measured for weak-to-strong atmospheric scintillation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2354–2362 (1993).

[CrossRef]

R. J. Hill and J. H. Churnside, “Observational challenges of strong scintillations of irradiance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 445–447 (1988).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Churnside and R. J. Hill, “Probability density of irradiance scintillations for strong path-integrated refractive turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 727–733 (1987).

[CrossRef]

R. J. Hill, R. G. Frehlich, and W. D. Otto, “The probability distribution of irradiance scintillation,” NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL ETL-274 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1997).

L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and C. Y. Hopen, Laser Beam Scintillation with Applications (SPIE, 2001).

A. Jurado-Navas, J. M. Garrido-Balsells, J. F. Paris, and A. Puerta-Notario, “A unifying statistical model for atmospheric optical scintillation,” in Numerical Simulations of Physical and Engineering Processes (INTECH, 2011).

A. Khatoon, W. G. Cowley, and N. Letzepis, “Channel measurement and estimation for free space optical communications,” in Communications Theory Workshop (AusCTW), 2011 Australian (IEEE, 2011), pp. 112–117.

D. L. Knepp and G. C. Valley, “Properties of joint Gaussian statistics,” Radio Sci. 13, 59–68 (1978).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, “A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).

[CrossRef]

A. Khatoon, W. G. Cowley, and N. Letzepis, “Channel measurement and estimation for free space optical communications,” in Communications Theory Workshop (AusCTW), 2011 Australian (IEEE, 2011), pp. 112–117.

M. McKenzie, “SAMS: Scintillation Analysis and Modelling Suite,” University of South Australia vacation scholarship report (2008).

T. Turnbull, M. C. McKenzie, and J. C. Thomas, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations produced by a reflective membrane optical scintillator. II. Application to an incoherent broadband source,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 1143–1149 (2011).

[CrossRef]

S. Michael, R. R. Parenti, F. G. Walther, A. M. Volpicelli, J. D. Moores, W. Wilcox, and R. Murphy, “Comparison of scintillation measurements from a 5 km communication link to standard statistical models,” Proc. SPIE 7324, 73240 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. Michael, R. R. Parenti, F. G. Walther, A. M. Volpicelli, J. D. Moores, W. Wilcox, and R. Murphy, “Comparison of scintillation measurements from a 5 km communication link to standard statistical models,” Proc. SPIE 7324, 73240 (2009).

[CrossRef]

D. Mudge, A. Wedd, J. Craig, and J. C. Thomas, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations produced by a reflective membrane optical scintillator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 381–387 (1996).

[CrossRef]

S. Michael, R. R. Parenti, F. G. Walther, A. M. Volpicelli, J. D. Moores, W. Wilcox, and R. Murphy, “Comparison of scintillation measurements from a 5 km communication link to standard statistical models,” Proc. SPIE 7324, 73240 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. J. Hill, R. G. Frehlich, and W. D. Otto, “The probability distribution of irradiance scintillation,” NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL ETL-274 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1997).

S. Michael, R. R. Parenti, F. G. Walther, A. M. Volpicelli, J. D. Moores, W. Wilcox, and R. Murphy, “Comparison of scintillation measurements from a 5 km communication link to standard statistical models,” Proc. SPIE 7324, 73240 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. Jurado-Navas, J. M. Garrido-Balsells, J. F. Paris, and A. Puerta-Notario, “A unifying statistical model for atmospheric optical scintillation,” in Numerical Simulations of Physical and Engineering Processes (INTECH, 2011).

M. A. Al-Habash, L. C. Andrews, and R. L. Phillips, “Mathematical model for the irradiance probability density function of a laser beam propagating through turbulent media,” Opt. Eng. 40, 1554–1562 (2001).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, “The significance of the class of K-distributions,” Proc. SPIE 926, 2–7 (1988).

L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and B. K. Shivamoggi, “Relations of the parameters of the I-K distribution for irradiance fluctuations to physical parameters of the turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2150–2156 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, “Universal statistical model for irradiance fluctuations in a turbulent medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 864–870 (1982).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, “Measured statistics of laser-light scattering in atmospheric turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 1440–1445 (1981).

[CrossRef]

L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and C. Y. Hopen, Laser Beam Scintillation with Applications (SPIE, 2001).

A. Jurado-Navas, J. M. Garrido-Balsells, J. F. Paris, and A. Puerta-Notario, “A unifying statistical model for atmospheric optical scintillation,” in Numerical Simulations of Physical and Engineering Processes (INTECH, 2011).

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, and J. Recolons, “Aperture averaging effects on the probability density of irradiance fluctuations in moderate-to-strong turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2099–2108 (2007).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, J. Recolons, L. Andrews, C. Young, B. Clare, K. Corbett, and K. Grant, “PDF models of the irradiance fluctuations in Gaussian beam waves,” Proc. SPIE 6215, 62150 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. W. Strohbehn, T. I. Wang, and J. P. Speck, “On the probability distribution of line-of-sight fluctuations of optical signals,” Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

[CrossRef]

J. W. Strohbehn, T. I. Wang, and J. P. Speck, “On the probability distribution of line-of-sight fluctuations of optical signals,” Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

[CrossRef]

T. I. Wang and J. W. Strohbehn, “Perturbed log-normal distribution of irradiance fluctuations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 994–999 (1974).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, “A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).

[CrossRef]

T. Turnbull, M. C. McKenzie, and J. C. Thomas, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations produced by a reflective membrane optical scintillator. II. Application to an incoherent broadband source,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 1143–1149 (2011).

[CrossRef]

D. Mudge, A. Wedd, J. Craig, and J. C. Thomas, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations produced by a reflective membrane optical scintillator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 381–387 (1996).

[CrossRef]

T. Turnbull, M. C. McKenzie, and J. C. Thomas, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations produced by a reflective membrane optical scintillator. II. Application to an incoherent broadband source,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 1143–1149 (2011).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Knepp and G. C. Valley, “Properties of joint Gaussian statistics,” Radio Sci. 13, 59–68 (1978).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, and J. Recolons, “Aperture averaging effects on the probability density of irradiance fluctuations in moderate-to-strong turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2099–2108 (2007).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, B. Clare, K. Corbett, C. Young, K. Grant, and L. Andrews, “Characterizing the propagation path in moderate to strong optical turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3534–3543 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, J. Recolons, L. Andrews, C. Young, B. Clare, K. Corbett, and K. Grant, “PDF models of the irradiance fluctuations in Gaussian beam waves,” Proc. SPIE 6215, 62150 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, K. Grant, K. Corbett, and B. Clare, “Scintillation: theory vs. experiment,” Proc. SPIE 5793, 166–177 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. Michael, R. R. Parenti, F. G. Walther, A. M. Volpicelli, J. D. Moores, W. Wilcox, and R. Murphy, “Comparison of scintillation measurements from a 5 km communication link to standard statistical models,” Proc. SPIE 7324, 73240 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. Michael, R. R. Parenti, F. G. Walther, A. M. Volpicelli, J. D. Moores, W. Wilcox, and R. Murphy, “Comparison of scintillation measurements from a 5 km communication link to standard statistical models,” Proc. SPIE 7324, 73240 (2009).

[CrossRef]

D. Mudge, A. Wedd, J. Craig, and J. C. Thomas, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations produced by a reflective membrane optical scintillator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 381–387 (1996).

[CrossRef]

S. Michael, R. R. Parenti, F. G. Walther, A. M. Volpicelli, J. D. Moores, W. Wilcox, and R. Murphy, “Comparison of scintillation measurements from a 5 km communication link to standard statistical models,” Proc. SPIE 7324, 73240 (2009).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, and J. Recolons, “Aperture averaging effects on the probability density of irradiance fluctuations in moderate-to-strong turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2099–2108 (2007).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, B. Clare, K. Corbett, C. Young, K. Grant, and L. Andrews, “Characterizing the propagation path in moderate to strong optical turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3534–3543 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, J. Recolons, L. Andrews, C. Young, B. Clare, K. Corbett, and K. Grant, “PDF models of the irradiance fluctuations in Gaussian beam waves,” Proc. SPIE 6215, 62150 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, K. Grant, K. Corbett, and B. Clare, “Scintillation: theory vs. experiment,” Proc. SPIE 5793, 166–177 (2005).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, B. Clare, K. Corbett, C. Young, K. Grant, and L. Andrews, “Characterizing the propagation path in moderate to strong optical turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3534–3543 (2006).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, and J. Recolons, “Aperture averaging effects on the probability density of irradiance fluctuations in moderate-to-strong turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2099–2108 (2007).

[CrossRef]

L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and B. K. Shivamoggi, “Relations of the parameters of the I-K distribution for irradiance fluctuations to physical parameters of the turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2150–2156 (1988).

[CrossRef]

L. R. Bissonnette and P. L. Wizinowich, “Probability distribution of turbulent irradiance in a saturation regime,” Appl. Opt. 18, 1590–1599 (1979).

[CrossRef]

A. K. Majumdar and H. Gamo, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations of a multipass laser beam propagated through laboratory-simulated atmospheric turbulence,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2229–2235 (1982).

[CrossRef]

R. Mahon, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, M. Ferraro, W. S. Rabinovich, M. Suite, and L. M. Thomas, “Probability density of irradiance fluctuations observed over terrestrial ranges,” Appl. Opt. 50, 6476–6483 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Churnside, “Aperture averaging of optical scintillations in the turbulent atmosphere,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1982–1994 (1991).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, “Measured statistics of laser-light scattering in atmospheric turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 1440–1445 (1981).

[CrossRef]

G. Parry and P. N. Pusey, “K distributions in atmospheric propagation of laser light,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 796–798 (1979).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, “Universal statistical model for irradiance fluctuations in a turbulent medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 864–870 (1982).

[CrossRef]

S. Ito and K. Furutsu, “Theoretical analysis of the high-order irradiance moments of light waves observed in turbulent air,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 760–764 (1982).

[CrossRef]

F. Davidson and A. Gonzalez-del-Valle, “Measurements of three-parameter log-normally distributed optical-field irradiance fluctuations in a turbulent medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 655–663 (1975).

[CrossRef]

T. I. Wang and J. W. Strohbehn, “Perturbed log-normal distribution of irradiance fluctuations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 994–999 (1974).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Churnside and R. J. Hill, “Probability density of irradiance scintillations for strong path-integrated refractive turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 727–733 (1987).

[CrossRef]

R. J. Hill and J. H. Churnside, “Observational challenges of strong scintillations of irradiance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 445–447 (1988).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Churnside and R. G. Frehlich, “Experimental evaluation of log-normally modulated Rician and IK models of optical scintillation in the atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1760–1766 (1989).

[CrossRef]

R. Barakat, “Weak-scatterer generalization of the K-density function with application to laser scattering in atmospheric turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 401–409 (1986).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Frehlich and R. J. Hill, “Probability distribution of irradiance for the onset of strong scintillation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1530–1540 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Churnside and S. F. Clifford, “Log-normal Rician probability-density function of optical scintillations in the turbulent atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1923–1930 (1987).

[CrossRef]

N. Ben-Yosef and E. Goldner, “Splitting-source model for the statistics of irradiance scintillations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 126–131 (1988).

[CrossRef]

A. Consortini, F. Cochetti, J. H. Churnside, and R. J. Hill, “Inner-scale effect on irradiance variance measured for weak-to-strong atmospheric scintillation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2354–2362 (1993).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Al-Habash, L. C. Andrews, and R. L. Phillips, “Mathematical model for the irradiance probability density function of a laser beam propagating through turbulent media,” Opt. Eng. 40, 1554–1562 (2001).

[CrossRef]

D. Mudge, A. Wedd, J. Craig, and J. C. Thomas, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations produced by a reflective membrane optical scintillator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 381–387 (1996).

[CrossRef]

T. Turnbull, M. C. McKenzie, and J. C. Thomas, “Statistical measurements of irradiance fluctuations produced by a reflective membrane optical scintillator. II. Application to an incoherent broadband source,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 1143–1149 (2011).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Fante, “Electromagnetic beam propagation in turbulent media: an update,” Proc. IEEE 68, 1424–1443 (1980).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, “A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications,” Proc. IEEE 58, 1523–1545 (1970).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Fante, “Electromagnetic beam propagation in turbulent media,” Proc. IEEE 63, 1669–1692 (1975).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, C. Young, L. Andrews, K. Grant, K. Corbett, and B. Clare, “Scintillation: theory vs. experiment,” Proc. SPIE 5793, 166–177 (2005).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Frehlich and J. H. Churnside, “Probability density function for estimates of the moments of laser scintillation,” Proc. SPIE 926, 31–38 (1988).

S. Michael, R. R. Parenti, F. G. Walther, A. M. Volpicelli, J. D. Moores, W. Wilcox, and R. Murphy, “Comparison of scintillation measurements from a 5 km communication link to standard statistical models,” Proc. SPIE 7324, 73240 (2009).

[CrossRef]

F. S. Vetelino, J. Recolons, L. Andrews, C. Young, B. Clare, K. Corbett, and K. Grant, “PDF models of the irradiance fluctuations in Gaussian beam waves,” Proc. SPIE 6215, 62150 (2006).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, “The significance of the class of K-distributions,” Proc. SPIE 926, 2–7 (1988).

J. W. Strohbehn, T. I. Wang, and J. P. Speck, “On the probability distribution of line-of-sight fluctuations of optical signals,” Radio Sci. 10, 59–70 (1975).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Knepp and G. C. Valley, “Properties of joint Gaussian statistics,” Radio Sci. 13, 59–68 (1978).

[CrossRef]

A. Khatoon, W. G. Cowley, and N. Letzepis, “Channel measurement and estimation for free space optical communications,” in Communications Theory Workshop (AusCTW), 2011 Australian (IEEE, 2011), pp. 112–117.

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