Abstract

The core-mode cutoff plays a major role in evanescent field absorption based sensors. A method has been proposed to calculate the core-mode cutoff by solving the eigenvalue equations of a weakly guiding three layer optical waveguide graphically. The variation of normalized waveguide parameter (V) is also calculated with different wavelengths at core-mode cutoff. At the first step, theoretical analysis of tapered fiber parameters has been performed for core-mode cutoff. The taper angle of an adiabatic tapered fiber is also analyzed using the length-scale criterion. Secondly, single-mode tapered fiber has been developed to make a precision sensor element suitable for chemical detection. Finally, the sensor element has been used to detect absorption peak of ethylenediamine. Results are presented in which an absorption peak at 1540 nm is observed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman & Hall, 1983).
  16. R. P. Viscidi, C. J. Connelly, and R. H. Yolken, “Novel chemical method for the preparation of nucleic acids for nonisotopic hybridization,” J. Clin. Microbiol. 23, 311–317 (1986).
  17. D. Proudnikov and A. Mirzabekov, “Chemical methods of DNA and RNA fluorescent labeling,” Nucleic Acids Res. 24, 4535–4542 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2008

J. M. Corres, I. R. Matias, J. Bravo, and F. J. Arregui, “Tapered optical fiber biosensor for the detection of anti-gliadin antibodies,” Sens. Actuators B 135, 166–171 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. Villatoro, D. Luna-Moreno, and D. Monzon-Hernandez, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor for concentrations below the lower explosive limit,” Sens. Actuators B 110, 23–27 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

P. B. Tarsa, P. Rabinowitz, and K. K. Lehmann, “Evanescent field absorption in a passive optical fiber resonator using continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 297–303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

1999

S. K. Khijwania and B. D. Gupta, “Fiber optic evanescent field absorption sensor: effect of fiber parameters and geometry of the probe,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 625–636 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1996

D. Proudnikov and A. Mirzabekov, “Chemical methods of DNA and RNA fluorescent labeling,” Nucleic Acids Res. 24, 4535–4542 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Qing, X. Chen, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, “A theoretical evaluation of the absorption coefficient of the optical waveguide chemical or biological sensors by group index method,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1907–1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

1992

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, “The shape of fiber tapers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432–438 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibers and devices part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” IEE Proc. J. Optoelectron. 138,343–354 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

V. Ruddy, B. D. MacCraith, and J. A. Murphy, “Evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy using multimode fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 6070–6074 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986

R. J. Black and R. Bourbonnais, “Core-mode cutoff for finite-cladding lightguides,” IEE Proc. J. 133, 377–384 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Viscidi, C. J. Connelly, and R. H. Yolken, “Novel chemical method for the preparation of nucleic acids for nonisotopic hybridization,” J. Clin. Microbiol. 23, 311–317 (1986).

1985

1949

E. T. Goodwin, “Recurrence relations for cross-products of Bessel functions,” Q. J. Mech. Appl. Math. 11, 72–74 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Albin, S.

Arregui, F. J.

J. M. Corres, I. R. Matias, J. Bravo, and F. J. Arregui, “Tapered optical fiber biosensor for the detection of anti-gliadin antibodies,” Sens. Actuators B 135, 166–171 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, “The shape of fiber tapers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432–438 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Black, R. J.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibers and devices part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” IEE Proc. J. Optoelectron. 138,343–354 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Black and R. Bourbonnais, “Core-mode cutoff for finite-cladding lightguides,” IEE Proc. J. 133, 377–384 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bourbonnais, R.

R. J. Black and R. Bourbonnais, “Core-mode cutoff for finite-cladding lightguides,” IEE Proc. J. 133, 377–384 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bravo, J.

J. M. Corres, I. R. Matias, J. Bravo, and F. J. Arregui, “Tapered optical fiber biosensor for the detection of anti-gliadin antibodies,” Sens. Actuators B 135, 166–171 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cassidy, D. T.

Chen, X.

D. Qing, X. Chen, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, “A theoretical evaluation of the absorption coefficient of the optical waveguide chemical or biological sensors by group index method,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1907–1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ciaccheri, L.

Connelly, C. J.

R. P. Viscidi, C. J. Connelly, and R. H. Yolken, “Novel chemical method for the preparation of nucleic acids for nonisotopic hybridization,” J. Clin. Microbiol. 23, 311–317 (1986).

Corres, J. M.

J. M. Corres, I. R. Matias, J. Bravo, and F. J. Arregui, “Tapered optical fiber biosensor for the detection of anti-gliadin antibodies,” Sens. Actuators B 135, 166–171 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Falciai, R.

Gonthier, F.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibers and devices part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” IEE Proc. J. Optoelectron. 138,343–354 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Goodwin, E. T.

E. T. Goodwin, “Recurrence relations for cross-products of Bessel functions,” Q. J. Mech. Appl. Math. 11, 72–74 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Guo, S.

Gupta, B. D.

S. K. Khijwania and B. D. Gupta, “Fiber optic evanescent field absorption sensor: effect of fiber parameters and geometry of the probe,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 625–636 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Gupta and C. D. Singh, “Evanescent-absorption coefficient for diffuse source illumination: uniform- and tapered-fiber sensors,” Appl. Opt. 33, 2737–2742 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Henry, W. M.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibers and devices part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” IEE Proc. J. Optoelectron. 138,343–354 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

Itoh, K.

D. Qing, X. Chen, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, “A theoretical evaluation of the absorption coefficient of the optical waveguide chemical or biological sensors by group index method,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1907–1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

Khijwania, S. K.

S. K. Khijwania and B. D. Gupta, “Fiber optic evanescent field absorption sensor: effect of fiber parameters and geometry of the probe,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 625–636 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lacroix, S.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibers and devices part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” IEE Proc. J. Optoelectron. 138,343–354 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, K. K.

P. B. Tarsa, P. Rabinowitz, and K. K. Lehmann, “Evanescent field absorption in a passive optical fiber resonator using continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 297–303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. W.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, “The shape of fiber tapers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432–438 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Love, J. D.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibers and devices part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” IEE Proc. J. Optoelectron. 138,343–354 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman & Hall, 1983).

Luna-Moreno, D.

J. Villatoro, D. Luna-Moreno, and D. Monzon-Hernandez, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor for concentrations below the lower explosive limit,” Sens. Actuators B 110, 23–27 (2005).
[CrossRef]

MacCraith, B. D.

V. Ruddy, B. D. MacCraith, and J. A. Murphy, “Evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy using multimode fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 6070–6074 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Matias, I. R.

J. M. Corres, I. R. Matias, J. Bravo, and F. J. Arregui, “Tapered optical fiber biosensor for the detection of anti-gliadin antibodies,” Sens. Actuators B 135, 166–171 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mignani, A. G.

Mirzabekov, A.

D. Proudnikov and A. Mirzabekov, “Chemical methods of DNA and RNA fluorescent labeling,” Nucleic Acids Res. 24, 4535–4542 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Monzon-Hernandez, D.

J. Villatoro, D. Luna-Moreno, and D. Monzon-Hernandez, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor for concentrations below the lower explosive limit,” Sens. Actuators B 110, 23–27 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Murabayashi, M.

D. Qing, X. Chen, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, “A theoretical evaluation of the absorption coefficient of the optical waveguide chemical or biological sensors by group index method,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1907–1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, J. A.

V. Ruddy, B. D. MacCraith, and J. A. Murphy, “Evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy using multimode fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 6070–6074 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Proudnikov, D.

D. Proudnikov and A. Mirzabekov, “Chemical methods of DNA and RNA fluorescent labeling,” Nucleic Acids Res. 24, 4535–4542 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Qing, D.

D. Qing, X. Chen, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, “A theoretical evaluation of the absorption coefficient of the optical waveguide chemical or biological sensors by group index method,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1907–1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rabinowitz, P.

P. B. Tarsa, P. Rabinowitz, and K. K. Lehmann, “Evanescent field absorption in a passive optical fiber resonator using continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 297–303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ruddy, V.

V. Ruddy, B. D. MacCraith, and J. A. Murphy, “Evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy using multimode fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 6070–6074 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Singh, C. D.

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman & Hall, 1983).

Stewart, W. J.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibers and devices part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” IEE Proc. J. Optoelectron. 138,343–354 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tarsa, P. B.

P. B. Tarsa, P. Rabinowitz, and K. K. Lehmann, “Evanescent field absorption in a passive optical fiber resonator using continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 297–303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Villatoro, J.

J. Villatoro, D. Luna-Moreno, and D. Monzon-Hernandez, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor for concentrations below the lower explosive limit,” Sens. Actuators B 110, 23–27 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Viscidi, R. P.

R. P. Viscidi, C. J. Connelly, and R. H. Yolken, “Novel chemical method for the preparation of nucleic acids for nonisotopic hybridization,” J. Clin. Microbiol. 23, 311–317 (1986).

Yolken, R. H.

R. P. Viscidi, C. J. Connelly, and R. H. Yolken, “Novel chemical method for the preparation of nucleic acids for nonisotopic hybridization,” J. Clin. Microbiol. 23, 311–317 (1986).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Spectrosc.

Chem. Phys. Lett.

P. B. Tarsa, P. Rabinowitz, and K. K. Lehmann, “Evanescent field absorption in a passive optical fiber resonator using continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 297–303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. J.

R. J. Black and R. Bourbonnais, “Core-mode cutoff for finite-cladding lightguides,” IEE Proc. J. 133, 377–384 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. J. Optoelectron.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, “Tapered single-mode fibers and devices part 1: adiabaticity criteria,” IEE Proc. J. Optoelectron. 138,343–354 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

V. Ruddy, B. D. MacCraith, and J. A. Murphy, “Evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy using multimode fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 6070–6074 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Clin. Microbiol.

R. P. Viscidi, C. J. Connelly, and R. H. Yolken, “Novel chemical method for the preparation of nucleic acids for nonisotopic hybridization,” J. Clin. Microbiol. 23, 311–317 (1986).

J. Lightwave Technol.

D. Qing, X. Chen, K. Itoh, and M. Murabayashi, “A theoretical evaluation of the absorption coefficient of the optical waveguide chemical or biological sensors by group index method,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1907–1917 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, “The shape of fiber tapers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432–438 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nucleic Acids Res.

D. Proudnikov and A. Mirzabekov, “Chemical methods of DNA and RNA fluorescent labeling,” Nucleic Acids Res. 24, 4535–4542 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Quantum Electron.

S. K. Khijwania and B. D. Gupta, “Fiber optic evanescent field absorption sensor: effect of fiber parameters and geometry of the probe,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 625–636 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q. J. Mech. Appl. Math.

E. T. Goodwin, “Recurrence relations for cross-products of Bessel functions,” Q. J. Mech. Appl. Math. 11, 72–74 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B

J. M. Corres, I. R. Matias, J. Bravo, and F. J. Arregui, “Tapered optical fiber biosensor for the detection of anti-gliadin antibodies,” Sens. Actuators B 135, 166–171 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Villatoro, D. Luna-Moreno, and D. Monzon-Hernandez, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor for concentrations below the lower explosive limit,” Sens. Actuators B 110, 23–27 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman & Hall, 1983).

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