Abstract

We report on laser operation in a (6 at. % Tm, 5 at. % Yb):KLu(WO4)2 codoped crystal. The vibrational frequencies of KLu(WO4)2 are coupled to the electronic transitions of Tm3+ at 1946 nm, creating virtual final laser levels at higher energy than the ground level H63 of Tm3+. The longest recorded laser wavelength was 2039 nm, which is longer than permitted by a pure electronic transition in Tm3+ ions in KLu(WO4)2. We show that every laser wavelength can be explained with the electron–phonon coupling effect, where the vibration frequencies were determined through Raman spectroscopy.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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