Abstract

A polarization-dependent switchable plasmonic beaming structure composed of metallic hole surrounded by double spiral dielectric gratings is proposed. The main mechanism of the proposed structure is based on the angular momentum change of surface plasmon caused by the spiral geometry. On- and off-states of the proposed device are determined by the condition whether the rotating direction of incident polarization is the same as or opposite of the direction of the spiral rotations. Qualitative analytical expressions of the switching mechanisms and full-vectorial numerical results are presented.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmon enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782(1998).
  2. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Davaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013103 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle beaming from multiple subwavelength slits surrounded by dielectric surface gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2023–2029 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Tunable directional beaming from subwavelength metal slits with metal-dielectric composite surface gratings,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2569–2571 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Choi, Y. Lim, S. Roh, I.-M. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing with a metal slit array arranged along a semicircular surface and its optimization by genetic algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49, A30–A35 (2010).
  10. H. F. Shi, C. T. Wang, C. L. Du, X. G. Luo, X. C. Dong, and H. T. Gao, “Beam manipulating by metallic nano-slits with variant widths,” Opt. Express 13, 6815–6820 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. M. Saj, “Light focusing on a stack of metal-insulator-metal waveguides sharp edge,” Opt. Express 17, 13615–13623(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34, 47–87 (2010).
  13. A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–932 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 245403 (2007).
  15. P. Zijlstra, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, “Five-dimensional optical recording mediated by surface plasmons in gold nanorods,” Nature 459, 410–413 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Lee, S. Roh, and J. Park, “Current status of micro- and nano-structured optical fiber sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 209–221 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).
  18. J. A. Dionne, K. Diest, L. A. Sweatlock, and H. A. Atwater, “PlasMOStor: a metal-oxide-Si field effect plasmonic modulator,” Nano Lett. 9, 897–902 (2009).
  19. Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5, 1726–1729 (2005).
  20. G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9, 2139–2143(2009).
  21. T. Ohno and S. Miyanishi, “Study of surface plasmon chirality induced by Archimedes’ spiral grooves,” Opt. Express 14, 6285–6290 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10, 529–536(2010).
  23. Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Coriolis effect in optics: unified geometric phase and spin-Hall effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Drezet, C. Genet, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optical chirality without optical activity: How surface plasmons give a twist to light,” Opt. Express 16, 12559–12570 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  26. A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  27. J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
  28. J. H. Kang, D. S. Kim, and Q.-H. Park, “Local capacitor model for plasmonic electric field enhancement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093906 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  29. H. Kim and B. Lee, “Diffractive slit patterns for focusing surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Express 16, 8969–8980 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  30. H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Extended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2313–2327(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  31. H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Finite-size nondiffracting beam from a subwavelength metallic hole with concentric dielectric gratings,” Appl. Opt. 48, G68–G72 (2009).

2010 (6)

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34, 47–87 (2010).

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10, 529–536(2010).

D. Choi, Y. Lim, S. Roh, I.-M. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing with a metal slit array arranged along a semicircular surface and its optimization by genetic algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49, A30–A35 (2010).

S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle beaming from multiple subwavelength slits surrounded by dielectric surface gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2023–2029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (8)

W. M. Saj, “Light focusing on a stack of metal-insulator-metal waveguides sharp edge,” Opt. Express 17, 13615–13623(2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Tunable directional beaming from subwavelength metal slits with metal-dielectric composite surface gratings,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2569–2571 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Finite-size nondiffracting beam from a subwavelength metallic hole with concentric dielectric gratings,” Appl. Opt. 48, G68–G72 (2009).

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9, 2139–2143(2009).

J. H. Kang, D. S. Kim, and Q.-H. Park, “Local capacitor model for plasmonic electric field enhancement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Dionne, K. Diest, L. A. Sweatlock, and H. A. Atwater, “PlasMOStor: a metal-oxide-Si field effect plasmonic modulator,” Nano Lett. 9, 897–902 (2009).

P. Zijlstra, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, “Five-dimensional optical recording mediated by surface plasmons in gold nanorods,” Nature 459, 410–413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, S. Roh, and J. Park, “Current status of micro- and nano-structured optical fiber sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 209–221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Coriolis effect in optics: unified geometric phase and spin-Hall effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim and B. Lee, “Diffractive slit patterns for focusing surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Express 16, 8969–8980 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Drezet, C. Genet, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optical chirality without optical activity: How surface plasmons give a twist to light,” Opt. Express 16, 12559–12570 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Extended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2313–2327(2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 245403 (2007).

2006 (2)

T. Ohno and S. Miyanishi, “Study of surface plasmon chirality induced by Archimedes’ spiral grooves,” Opt. Express 14, 6285–6290 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).

2005 (2)

H. F. Shi, C. T. Wang, C. L. Du, X. G. Luo, X. C. Dong, and H. T. Gao, “Beam manipulating by metallic nano-slits with variant widths,” Opt. Express 13, 6815–6820 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5, 1726–1729 (2005).

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Davaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmon enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782(1998).

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

J. A. Dionne, K. Diest, L. A. Sweatlock, and H. A. Atwater, “PlasMOStor: a metal-oxide-Si field effect plasmonic modulator,” Nano Lett. 9, 897–902 (2009).

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bliokh, K. Y.

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Coriolis effect in optics: unified geometric phase and spin-Hall effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.-W.

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10, 529–536(2010).

Choi, D.

Chon, J. W. M.

P. Zijlstra, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, “Five-dimensional optical recording mediated by surface plasmons in gold nanorods,” Nature 459, 410–413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Curto, A. G.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Davaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Davaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Davaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Diest, K.

J. A. Dionne, K. Diest, L. A. Sweatlock, and H. A. Atwater, “PlasMOStor: a metal-oxide-Si field effect plasmonic modulator,” Nano Lett. 9, 897–902 (2009).

Dionne, J. A.

J. A. Dionne, K. Diest, L. A. Sweatlock, and H. A. Atwater, “PlasMOStor: a metal-oxide-Si field effect plasmonic modulator,” Nano Lett. 9, 897–902 (2009).

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).

Dong, X. C.

Drezet, A.

Du, C. L.

Ebbesen, T. W.

A. Drezet, C. Genet, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optical chirality without optical activity: How surface plasmons give a twist to light,” Opt. Express 16, 12559–12570 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Davaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmon enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782(1998).

Engheta, N.

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 245403 (2007).

Gao, H. T.

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Davaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmon enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782(1998).

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).

Gorodetski, Y.

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Coriolis effect in optics: unified geometric phase and spin-Hall effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grupp, D. E.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmon enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782(1998).

Gu, M.

P. Zijlstra, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, “Five-dimensional optical recording mediated by surface plasmons in gold nanorods,” Nature 459, 410–413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hasman, E.

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Coriolis effect in optics: unified geometric phase and spin-Hall effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).

Jung, J.

Kang, J. H.

J. H. Kang, D. S. Kim, and Q.-H. Park, “Local capacitor model for plasmonic electric field enhancement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kang, M.

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10, 529–536(2010).

Kim, D. S.

J. H. Kang, D. S. Kim, and Q.-H. Park, “Local capacitor model for plasmonic electric field enhancement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10, 529–536(2010).

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34, 47–87 (2010).

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Tunable directional beaming from subwavelength metal slits with metal-dielectric composite surface gratings,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2569–2571 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Finite-size nondiffracting beam from a subwavelength metallic hole with concentric dielectric gratings,” Appl. Opt. 48, G68–G72 (2009).

H. Kim and B. Lee, “Diffractive slit patterns for focusing surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Express 16, 8969–8980 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Extended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2313–2327(2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34, 47–87 (2010).

S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle beaming from multiple subwavelength slits surrounded by dielectric surface gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2023–2029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kleiner, V.

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Coriolis effect in optics: unified geometric phase and spin-Hall effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kreuzer, M. P.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laluet, J.-Y.

Lee, B.

S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle beaming from multiple subwavelength slits surrounded by dielectric surface gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2023–2029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10, 529–536(2010).

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34, 47–87 (2010).

D. Choi, Y. Lim, S. Roh, I.-M. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing with a metal slit array arranged along a semicircular surface and its optimization by genetic algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49, A30–A35 (2010).

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Tunable directional beaming from subwavelength metal slits with metal-dielectric composite surface gratings,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2569–2571 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Finite-size nondiffracting beam from a subwavelength metallic hole with concentric dielectric gratings,” Appl. Opt. 48, G68–G72 (2009).

B. Lee, S. Roh, and J. Park, “Current status of micro- and nano-structured optical fiber sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 209–221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim and B. Lee, “Diffractive slit patterns for focusing surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Express 16, 8969–8980 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Extended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2313–2327(2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, I.-M.

Lee, S.-Y.

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10, 529–536(2010).

Lerman, G. M.

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9, 2139–2143(2009).

Levy, U.

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9, 2139–2143(2009).

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Davaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmon enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782(1998).

Li, J.

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 245403 (2007).

Lim, Y.

S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle beaming from multiple subwavelength slits surrounded by dielectric surface gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2023–2029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34, 47–87 (2010).

D. Choi, Y. Lim, S. Roh, I.-M. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing with a metal slit array arranged along a semicircular surface and its optimization by genetic algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49, A30–A35 (2010).

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Davaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5, 1726–1729 (2005).

Luo, X. G.

MacVicar, I.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Davaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).

Miyanishi, S.

Niv, A.

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O’Neil, A. T.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ohno, T.

Padgett, M. J.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10, 529–536(2010).

S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle beaming from multiple subwavelength slits surrounded by dielectric surface gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2023–2029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Finite-size nondiffracting beam from a subwavelength metallic hole with concentric dielectric gratings,” Appl. Opt. 48, G68–G72 (2009).

B. Lee, S. Roh, and J. Park, “Current status of micro- and nano-structured optical fiber sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 209–221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Tunable directional beaming from subwavelength metal slits with metal-dielectric composite surface gratings,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2569–2571 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, Q.-H.

J. H. Kang, D. S. Kim, and Q.-H. Park, “Local capacitor model for plasmonic electric field enhancement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pikus, Y.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5, 1726–1729 (2005).

Polman, A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).

Quidant, R.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roh, S.

Saj, W. M.

Salandrino, A.

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 245403 (2007).

Shi, H. F.

Srituravanich, W.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5, 1726–1729 (2005).

Steele, J. M.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5, 1726–1729 (2005).

Sun, C.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5, 1726–1729 (2005).

Sweatlock, L. A.

J. A. Dionne, K. Diest, L. A. Sweatlock, and H. A. Atwater, “PlasMOStor: a metal-oxide-Si field effect plasmonic modulator,” Nano Lett. 9, 897–902 (2009).

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).

Taminiau, T. H.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmon enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782(1998).

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Volpe, G.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. T.

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yanai, A.

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9, 2139–2143(2009).

Zhang, X.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5, 1726–1729 (2005).

Zijlstra, P.

P. Zijlstra, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, “Five-dimensional optical recording mediated by surface plasmons in gold nanorods,” Nature 459, 410–413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nano Lett. (5)

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).

J. A. Dionne, K. Diest, L. A. Sweatlock, and H. A. Atwater, “PlasMOStor: a metal-oxide-Si field effect plasmonic modulator,” Nano Lett. 9, 897–902 (2009).

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett. 5, 1726–1729 (2005).

G. M. Lerman, A. Yanai, and U. Levy, “Demonstration of nanofocusing by the use of plasmonic lens illuminated with radially polarized light,” Nano Lett. 9, 2139–2143(2009).

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10, 529–536(2010).

Nature (3)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Zijlstra, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, “Five-dimensional optical recording mediated by surface plasmons in gold nanorods,” Nature 459, 410–413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

B. Lee, S. Roh, and J. Park, “Current status of micro- and nano-structured optical fiber sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 209–221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmon enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779–6782(1998).

J. Li, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, “Shaping light beams in the nanometer scale: a Yagi-Uda nanoantenna in the optical domain,” Phys. Rev. B 76, 245403 (2007).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Coriolis effect in optics: unified geometric phase and spin-Hall effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 030404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kang, D. S. Kim, and Q.-H. Park, “Local capacitor model for plasmonic electric field enhancement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093906 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34, 47–87 (2010).

Science (2)

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329, 930–932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Davaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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