Abstract

This work presents a photo-rewritable transmissive flexible-LCD based on the alignment effect of the photo-induced adsorption of azo dye on flexible indium zinc oxide/polycarbonate (IZO/PC) substrates. Images can be displayed without applying an external field and rewritten by changing the direction of the writing laser beam while the cell temperature is controlled. By using IZO/PC substrates, the writing and erasing processes can be achieved within 1min with a high contrast.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. S.-T. Wu and D.-K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2001).
  2. G. P. Crawford, Flexible Flat Panel Displays (Wiley, 2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Hiji, T. Kakinuma, M. Araki, T. Hikichi, H. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, “Cholesteric liquid crystal micro-capsules with a perpendicular alignment shell for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers(Society for Information Display, 2005), pp. 1560–1563.
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Haruo, K. Hideo, G. Makoto, O. Yasunori, and A. Hiroshi, “A new color imaging method for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in Proceedings of the 11th International Display Workshops (Society for Information Display, 2004), pp. 1703–1706.
  5. R. C. Liang, J. Hou, H. Zang, J. Chung, and S. Tseng, “Microcup® displays: electronic paper by roll-to-roll manufacturing processes,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 621–628 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid-crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331–1333 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Photoaddressable bistable reflective liquid crystal display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Optical rewritable liquid-crystal-alignment technology,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267–273 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Simoni and O. Francescangeli, “Effects of light on molecular orientation of liquid crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, R439–R487 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Y. G. Fuh, C. C. Liao, K. C. Hsu, C. L. Lu, and C. Y. Tsai, “Dynamic studies of holographic gratings in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1767–1769 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. H. Lin, Y. H. Huang, A. Y. G. Fuh, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization controllable Fresnel lens using dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 14, 2359–2364 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. W. Ko, Y. Y. Tzeng, C. L. Ting, A. Y. G. Fuh, and T. H. Lin, “Axially symmetric liquid crystal devices based on double-side photo-alignment,” Opt Express 16, 19643–19648 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Hara, T. Shiro, and T. Yatabe, “Optimization and properties of Zn doped indium oxide films on plastic substrate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 745–749 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. G. Cao, L. Miao, S. Tanemura, M. Tanemura, Y. Kuno, Y. Hayashi, and Y. Mori, “Optical properties of indium-doped ZnO films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1623–1628 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. J. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. G. Kim, S. W. Choi, and S. S. Kim, “Liquid crystal device with nanopatterned indium-zinc-oxide layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 024207 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. C. Lin, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Highly efficient and polarization-independent Fresnel lens based on dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt Express 15, 2900–2906 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Optically switchable twist nematic grating based on a dye-doped liquid crystal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041104 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. R. Lee, T. L. Fu, K. T. Cheng, T. S. Mo, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. Eren, “Adsorption performance and mechanism in binding of azo dye by raw bentonite,” Clean Soil Air Water 38, 758–763 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010

H. J. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. G. Kim, S. W. Choi, and S. S. Kim, “Liquid crystal device with nanopatterned indium-zinc-oxide layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 024207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Eren, “Adsorption performance and mechanism in binding of azo dye by raw bentonite,” Clean Soil Air Water 38, 758–763 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

S. W. Ko, Y. Y. Tzeng, C. L. Ting, A. Y. G. Fuh, and T. H. Lin, “Axially symmetric liquid crystal devices based on double-side photo-alignment,” Opt Express 16, 19643–19648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

L. C. Lin, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Highly efficient and polarization-independent Fresnel lens based on dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt Express 15, 2900–2906 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Optical rewritable liquid-crystal-alignment technology,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267–273 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. G. Cao, L. Miao, S. Tanemura, M. Tanemura, Y. Kuno, Y. Hayashi, and Y. Mori, “Optical properties of indium-doped ZnO films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1623–1628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Photoaddressable bistable reflective liquid crystal display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Lin, Y. H. Huang, A. Y. G. Fuh, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization controllable Fresnel lens using dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 14, 2359–2364 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Optically switchable twist nematic grating based on a dye-doped liquid crystal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

C. R. Lee, T. L. Fu, K. T. Cheng, T. S. Mo, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Hara, T. Shiro, and T. Yatabe, “Optimization and properties of Zn doped indium oxide films on plastic substrate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 745–749 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

R. C. Liang, J. Hou, H. Zang, J. Chung, and S. Tseng, “Microcup® displays: electronic paper by roll-to-roll manufacturing processes,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 621–628 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

1999

F. Simoni and O. Francescangeli, “Effects of light on molecular orientation of liquid crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, R439–R487 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994

D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid-crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331–1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Araki, M.

N. Hiji, T. Kakinuma, M. Araki, T. Hikichi, H. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, “Cholesteric liquid crystal micro-capsules with a perpendicular alignment shell for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers(Society for Information Display, 2005), pp. 1560–1563.
[CrossRef]

Cao, Y. G.

Y. G. Cao, L. Miao, S. Tanemura, M. Tanemura, Y. Kuno, Y. Hayashi, and Y. Mori, “Optical properties of indium-doped ZnO films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1623–1628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, K. T.

C. R. Lee, T. L. Fu, K. T. Cheng, T. S. Mo, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chien, L. C.

D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid-crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331–1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Optical rewritable liquid-crystal-alignment technology,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267–273 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. W.

H. J. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. G. Kim, S. W. Choi, and S. S. Kim, “Liquid crystal device with nanopatterned indium-zinc-oxide layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 024207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chung, J.

R. C. Liang, J. Hou, H. Zang, J. Chung, and S. Tseng, “Microcup® displays: electronic paper by roll-to-roll manufacturing processes,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 621–628 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Crawford, G. P.

G. P. Crawford, Flexible Flat Panel Displays (Wiley, 2005).
[CrossRef]

Doane, J. W.

D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid-crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331–1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Eren, E.

E. Eren, “Adsorption performance and mechanism in binding of azo dye by raw bentonite,” Clean Soil Air Water 38, 758–763 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Francescangeli, O.

F. Simoni and O. Francescangeli, “Effects of light on molecular orientation of liquid crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, R439–R487 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fu, T. L.

C. R. Lee, T. L. Fu, K. T. Cheng, T. S. Mo, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fuh, A. Y. G.

S. W. Ko, Y. Y. Tzeng, C. L. Ting, A. Y. G. Fuh, and T. H. Lin, “Axially symmetric liquid crystal devices based on double-side photo-alignment,” Opt Express 16, 19643–19648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. C. Lin, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Highly efficient and polarization-independent Fresnel lens based on dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt Express 15, 2900–2906 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Optically switchable twist nematic grating based on a dye-doped liquid crystal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Lin, Y. H. Huang, A. Y. G. Fuh, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization controllable Fresnel lens using dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 14, 2359–2364 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Photoaddressable bistable reflective liquid crystal display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Lee, T. L. Fu, K. T. Cheng, T. S. Mo, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. G. Fuh, C. C. Liao, K. C. Hsu, C. L. Lu, and C. Y. Tsai, “Dynamic studies of holographic gratings in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1767–1769 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fuh, H. R.

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Photoaddressable bistable reflective liquid crystal display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hara, H.

H. Hara, T. Shiro, and T. Yatabe, “Optimization and properties of Zn doped indium oxide films on plastic substrate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 745–749 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haruo, H.

H. Haruo, K. Hideo, G. Makoto, O. Yasunori, and A. Hiroshi, “A new color imaging method for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in Proceedings of the 11th International Display Workshops (Society for Information Display, 2004), pp. 1703–1706.

Hayashi, Y.

Y. G. Cao, L. Miao, S. Tanemura, M. Tanemura, Y. Kuno, Y. Hayashi, and Y. Mori, “Optical properties of indium-doped ZnO films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1623–1628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hideo, K.

H. Haruo, K. Hideo, G. Makoto, O. Yasunori, and A. Hiroshi, “A new color imaging method for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in Proceedings of the 11th International Display Workshops (Society for Information Display, 2004), pp. 1703–1706.

Hiji, N.

N. Hiji, T. Kakinuma, M. Araki, T. Hikichi, H. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, “Cholesteric liquid crystal micro-capsules with a perpendicular alignment shell for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers(Society for Information Display, 2005), pp. 1560–1563.
[CrossRef]

Hikichi, T.

N. Hiji, T. Kakinuma, M. Araki, T. Hikichi, H. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, “Cholesteric liquid crystal micro-capsules with a perpendicular alignment shell for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers(Society for Information Display, 2005), pp. 1560–1563.
[CrossRef]

Hiroshi, A.

H. Haruo, K. Hideo, G. Makoto, O. Yasunori, and A. Hiroshi, “A new color imaging method for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in Proceedings of the 11th International Display Workshops (Society for Information Display, 2004), pp. 1703–1706.

Hou, J.

R. C. Liang, J. Hou, H. Zang, J. Chung, and S. Tseng, “Microcup® displays: electronic paper by roll-to-roll manufacturing processes,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 621–628 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K. C.

Huang, S. Y.

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Optically switchable twist nematic grating based on a dye-doped liquid crystal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. H.

Hung, S. Y.

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Photoaddressable bistable reflective liquid crystal display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jau, H. C.

L. C. Lin, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Highly efficient and polarization-independent Fresnel lens based on dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt Express 15, 2900–2906 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Photoaddressable bistable reflective liquid crystal display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kakinuma, T.

N. Hiji, T. Kakinuma, M. Araki, T. Hikichi, H. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, “Cholesteric liquid crystal micro-capsules with a perpendicular alignment shell for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers(Society for Information Display, 2005), pp. 1560–1563.
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. G.

H. J. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. G. Kim, S. W. Choi, and S. S. Kim, “Liquid crystal device with nanopatterned indium-zinc-oxide layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 024207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. J.

H. J. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. G. Kim, S. W. Choi, and S. S. Kim, “Liquid crystal device with nanopatterned indium-zinc-oxide layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 024207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. S.

H. J. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. G. Kim, S. W. Choi, and S. S. Kim, “Liquid crystal device with nanopatterned indium-zinc-oxide layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 024207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ko, S. W.

S. W. Ko, Y. Y. Tzeng, C. L. Ting, A. Y. G. Fuh, and T. H. Lin, “Axially symmetric liquid crystal devices based on double-side photo-alignment,” Opt Express 16, 19643–19648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, H.

N. Hiji, T. Kakinuma, M. Araki, T. Hikichi, H. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, “Cholesteric liquid crystal micro-capsules with a perpendicular alignment shell for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers(Society for Information Display, 2005), pp. 1560–1563.
[CrossRef]

Kuno, Y.

Y. G. Cao, L. Miao, S. Tanemura, M. Tanemura, Y. Kuno, Y. Hayashi, and Y. Mori, “Optical properties of indium-doped ZnO films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1623–1628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, H. S.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Optical rewritable liquid-crystal-alignment technology,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267–273 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. R.

C. R. Lee, T. L. Fu, K. T. Cheng, T. S. Mo, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. G.

H. J. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. G. Kim, S. W. Choi, and S. S. Kim, “Liquid crystal device with nanopatterned indium-zinc-oxide layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 024207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. H.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Optical rewritable liquid-crystal-alignment technology,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267–273 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liang, R. C.

R. C. Liang, J. Hou, H. Zang, J. Chung, and S. Tseng, “Microcup® displays: electronic paper by roll-to-roll manufacturing processes,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 621–628 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liao, C. C.

Lin, L. C.

L. C. Lin, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Highly efficient and polarization-independent Fresnel lens based on dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt Express 15, 2900–2906 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, T. H.

S. W. Ko, Y. Y. Tzeng, C. L. Ting, A. Y. G. Fuh, and T. H. Lin, “Axially symmetric liquid crystal devices based on double-side photo-alignment,” Opt Express 16, 19643–19648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. C. Lin, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Highly efficient and polarization-independent Fresnel lens based on dye-doped liquid crystal,” Opt Express 15, 2900–2906 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Lin, Y. H. Huang, A. Y. G. Fuh, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization controllable Fresnel lens using dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 14, 2359–2364 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Photoaddressable bistable reflective liquid crystal display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C. L.

Makoto, G.

H. Haruo, K. Hideo, G. Makoto, O. Yasunori, and A. Hiroshi, “A new color imaging method for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in Proceedings of the 11th International Display Workshops (Society for Information Display, 2004), pp. 1703–1706.

Miao, L.

Y. G. Cao, L. Miao, S. Tanemura, M. Tanemura, Y. Kuno, Y. Hayashi, and Y. Mori, “Optical properties of indium-doped ZnO films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1623–1628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mo, T. S.

C. R. Lee, T. L. Fu, K. T. Cheng, T. S. Mo, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 031704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mori, Y.

Y. G. Cao, L. Miao, S. Tanemura, M. Tanemura, Y. Kuno, Y. Hayashi, and Y. Mori, “Optical properties of indium-doped ZnO films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1623–1628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murauski, A.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Optical rewritable liquid-crystal-alignment technology,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267–273 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Muravsky, A.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, X. H. Li, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Optical rewritable liquid-crystal-alignment technology,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 267–273 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shiro, T.

H. Hara, T. Shiro, and T. Yatabe, “Optimization and properties of Zn doped indium oxide films on plastic substrate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 745–749 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Simoni, F.

F. Simoni and O. Francescangeli, “Effects of light on molecular orientation of liquid crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 11, R439–R487 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tanemura, M.

Y. G. Cao, L. Miao, S. Tanemura, M. Tanemura, Y. Kuno, Y. Hayashi, and Y. Mori, “Optical properties of indium-doped ZnO films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1623–1628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tanemura, S.

Y. G. Cao, L. Miao, S. Tanemura, M. Tanemura, Y. Kuno, Y. Hayashi, and Y. Mori, “Optical properties of indium-doped ZnO films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 1623–1628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ting, C. L.

S. W. Ko, Y. Y. Tzeng, C. L. Ting, A. Y. G. Fuh, and T. H. Lin, “Axially symmetric liquid crystal devices based on double-side photo-alignment,” Opt Express 16, 19643–19648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, C. Y.

Tseng, S.

R. C. Liang, J. Hou, H. Zang, J. Chung, and S. Tseng, “Microcup® displays: electronic paper by roll-to-roll manufacturing processes,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 621–628 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tzeng, Y. Y.

S. W. Ko, Y. Y. Tzeng, C. L. Ting, A. Y. G. Fuh, and T. H. Lin, “Axially symmetric liquid crystal devices based on double-side photo-alignment,” Opt Express 16, 19643–19648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

West, J. L.

D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid-crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331–1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

T. H. Lin, Y. H. Huang, A. Y. G. Fuh, and S. T. Wu, “Polarization controllable Fresnel lens using dye-doped liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 14, 2359–2364 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Huang, S. T. Wu, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Optically switchable twist nematic grating based on a dye-doped liquid crystal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

S.-T. Wu and D.-K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2001).

Yamamoto, S.

N. Hiji, T. Kakinuma, M. Araki, T. Hikichi, H. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, “Cholesteric liquid crystal micro-capsules with a perpendicular alignment shell for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers(Society for Information Display, 2005), pp. 1560–1563.
[CrossRef]

Yang, D. K.

D. K. Yang, J. L. West, L. C. Chien, and J. W. Doane, “Control of reflectivity and bistability in displays using cholesteric liquid-crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1331–1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.-K.

S.-T. Wu and D.-K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2001).

Yasunori, O.

H. Haruo, K. Hideo, G. Makoto, O. Yasunori, and A. Hiroshi, “A new color imaging method for photo-addressable electronic paper,” in Proceedings of the 11th International Display Workshops (Society for Information Display, 2004), pp. 1703–1706.

Yatabe, T.

H. Hara, T. Shiro, and T. Yatabe, “Optimization and properties of Zn doped indium oxide films on plastic substrate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 745–749 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zang, H.

R. C. Liang, J. Hou, H. Zang, J. Chung, and S. Tseng, “Microcup® displays: electronic paper by roll-to-roll manufacturing processes,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 11, 621–628 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. H. Lin, H. C. Jau, S. Y. Hung, H. R. Fuh, and A. Y. G. Fuh, “Photoaddressable bistable reflective liquid crystal display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup for testing the photoalignment rate with different surface properties, (b) measurements of probe beam transmission of samples fabricated with bare PC, bare PET, IZO/PC, and ITO/PET substrates under the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic structure of the proposed PTF-LCD.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagrams of PTF-LCD states: (a) OFF in the homogeneous state, (b) sample is written as a 90 ° TN cell, (c) ON state, (d) sample is heated and irradiated from the bottom to switch it back to the homogeneous state.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Images of the sample PTF-LCD under an OPM: (a) right region is optically switched into the 90 ° TN state, (b) upper-right region is switched back to the homogeneous alignment while the bottom-right region retains the TN structure.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Variations in transmission of a PTF-LCD sample with (a) writing time and (b) erasing time.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Images of the fabricated photo-rewritable PTF-LCD: (a) “731” is written, (b) “7” is erased, (c) “5” is rewritten, (d) display after being bent to a radius of curvature of 65 mm .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Times Required for Completing the Photoalignment Process [from Fig. 1b] and Optical Property of Four Different Substrates

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