Abstract

As a kind of Na-incorporating control method, NaF co-evaporation or soda-lime glass thin films (SLGTFs) are useful to improve the photovoltaic performance of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) cells fabricated on low-Na substrates. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns and scanning electron microscope pictures demonstrate that the grain size of CIGS thin film is reduced with the addition of Na. In addition, a variance of the preferred orientation is found by XRD patterns in terms of SLGTF samples. By a use of 100nm thick SLGTF as a Na source, the best CIGS solar cell with an efficiency of 13.42% has been obtained.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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