Abstract

A holey fiber having a core with an elliptical-hole lattice structure, which is referred to as an elliptical-hole core circular-hole holey fiber (EC-CHF), can be easily designed as a single-polarization fiber by using the fundamental space-filling modes of the core and cladding lattices. However, because the guided mode in an EC-CHF has a polarization that arises from the large geometric anisotropy of the core lattice, the influence of the bending direction on the bending loss is a crucial issue for the practical implementation of EC-CHFs. Here, the bending losses of an EC-CHF bent in arbitrary angular orientations with respect to the core cross section are calculated numerically using the equivalent anisotropic step-index circular fiber model for a real EC-CHF, and the influence of the bending direction of the fiber on the bending loss is discussed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems3rd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. J. R. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 477–488 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071–1089 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 370–374 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. W. Snyder and F. Rühl, “New single-mode single-polarisation fibre,” Electron. Lett. 19, 185–186 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, R. D. Birch, and E. J. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246–247 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Okoshi, T. Aihara, and K. Kikuchi, “Prediction of the ultimate performance of side-tunnel single-polarisation fibre,” Electron. Lett. 19, 1080–1082 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Tajima, M. Ohashi, and Y. Sasaki, “A new single-polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1499–1503(1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, “A broad-band single polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817–820 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. R. Folkenberg, M. D. Nielsen, and C. Jakobsen, “Broadband single-polarization photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1446–1448 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Schreiber, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tünnermann, “Stress-induced single-polarization single-transverse mode photonic crystal fiber with low nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 13, 7621–7630 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Eguchi and Y. Tsuji, “Single-mode single-polarization holey fiber using anisotropic fundamental space-filling mode,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2112–2114 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Eguchi and Y. Tsuji, “Design of single-polarization elliptical-hole core circular-hole holey fibers with zero dispersion at 1.55μm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1690–1701 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonic crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. Marcuse, “Curvature loss formula for optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 216–220 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963(1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, “Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 149, 206–210 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, M. Albertsen, J. R. Folkenberg, A. Bjarklev, and D. Bonacinni, “Predicting macrobending loss for large-mode area photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12, 1775–1779 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. S. Février, R. Jamier, J.-M. Blondy, S. L. Semjonov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-loss singlemode large mode area all-silica photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 562–569 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. D. Marcuse, “Influence of curvature on the losses of doubly clad fibers,” Appl. Opt. 21, 4208–4213 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. Heiblum and J. H. Harris, “Analysis of curved optical waveguides by conformal transformation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 75–83 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Eguchi and Y. Tsuji, “Bending loss evaluations of holey fibers having a core consisting of an elliptical-hole lattice by various approaches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 601–609 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, and W. Urbańczyk, “Effect of coupling between fundamental and cladding modes on bending losses in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 6015–6022 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. T. Martynkien, J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental investigations of bending loss oscillations in large mode area photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 13547–13556 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, F. Berghmans, T. Nasiłowski, and H. Thienpont, “Analytical evaluation of bending loss oscillations in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Commun. 269, 261–270 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  27. N. H. Vu, I.-K. Hwang, and Y.-H. Lee, “Bending loss analyses of photonic crystal fibers based on the finite-difference time-domain method,” Opt. Lett. 33, 119–121 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

M. Eguchi and Y. Tsuji, “Bending loss evaluations of holey fibers having a core consisting of an elliptical-hole lattice by various approaches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 601–609 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (4)

2004 (2)

M. Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, M. Albertsen, J. R. Folkenberg, A. Bjarklev, and D. Bonacinni, “Predicting macrobending loss for large-mode area photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12, 1775–1779 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, “Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 149, 206–210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1991 (1)

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, “A broad-band single polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817–820 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

K. Tajima, M. Ohashi, and Y. Sasaki, “A new single-polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1499–1503(1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071–1089 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1983 (4)

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 370–374 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Snyder and F. Rühl, “New single-mode single-polarisation fibre,” Electron. Lett. 19, 185–186 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, R. D. Birch, and E. J. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246–247 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, T. Aihara, and K. Kikuchi, “Prediction of the ultimate performance of side-tunnel single-polarisation fibre,” Electron. Lett. 19, 1080–1082 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. J. R. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 477–488 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. Marcuse, “Influence of curvature on the losses of doubly clad fibers,” Appl. Opt. 21, 4208–4213 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1976 (1)

1975 (1)

M. Heiblum and J. H. Harris, “Analysis of curved optical waveguides by conformal transformation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 75–83 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems3rd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Aihara, T.

T. Okoshi, T. Aihara, and K. Kikuchi, “Prediction of the ultimate performance of side-tunnel single-polarisation fibre,” Electron. Lett. 19, 1080–1082 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Albertsen, M.

Barlow, A. J.

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. J. R. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 477–488 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Belardi, W.

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonic crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berghmans, F.

T. Martynkien, J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental investigations of bending loss oscillations in large mode area photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 13547–13556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, F. Berghmans, T. Nasiłowski, and H. Thienpont, “Analytical evaluation of bending loss oscillations in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Commun. 269, 261–270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Birch, R. D.

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, R. D. Birch, and E. J. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246–247 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

M. Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, M. Albertsen, J. R. Folkenberg, A. Bjarklev, and D. Bonacinni, “Predicting macrobending loss for large-mode area photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12, 1775–1779 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, “Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 149, 206–210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Blondy, J.-M.

Bonacinni, D.

Bouwmans, G.

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonic crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

T. Schreiber, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tünnermann, “Stress-induced single-polarization single-transverse mode photonic crystal fiber with low nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 13, 7621–7630 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, “Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 149, 206–210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bubnov, M. M.

Dianov, E. M.

Douay, M.

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonic crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eguchi, M.

Février, S.

Folkenberg, J. R.

Golojuch, G.

Guryanov, A. N.

Hansen, J. J. R.

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. J. R. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 477–488 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, K. P.

Hansen, T. P.

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, “Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 149, 206–210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. H.

M. Heiblum and J. H. Harris, “Analysis of curved optical waveguides by conformal transformation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 75–83 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Heiblum, M.

M. Heiblum and J. H. Harris, “Analysis of curved optical waveguides by conformal transformation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 75–83 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Howard, R. E.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 370–374 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, I.-K.

Iliew, R.

Jacobsen, C.

Jakobsen, C.

Jamier, R.

Jensen, J. R.

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, “Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 149, 206–210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

Kikuchi, K.

T. Okoshi, T. Aihara, and K. Kikuchi, “Prediction of the ultimate performance of side-tunnel single-polarisation fibre,” Electron. Lett. 19, 1080–1082 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Knudsen, E.

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, “Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 149, 206–210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koyanagi, S.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, H.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

Lee, Y.-H.

Libori, S. E. B.

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, “Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 149, 206–210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Likhachev, M. E.

Limpert, J.

MacChesney, J. B.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 370–374 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

Martynkien, T.

T. Martynkien, J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental investigations of bending loss oscillations in large mode area photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 13547–13556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, F. Berghmans, T. Nasiłowski, and H. Thienpont, “Analytical evaluation of bending loss oscillations in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Commun. 269, 261–270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Messerly, M. J.

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, “A broad-band single polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817–820 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelson, R. C.

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, “A broad-band single polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817–820 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, N. A.

Nasilowski, T.

T. Martynkien, J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental investigations of bending loss oscillations in large mode area photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 13547–13556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, F. Berghmans, T. Nasiłowski, and H. Thienpont, “Analytical evaluation of bending loss oscillations in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Commun. 269, 261–270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, M.

Nielsen, M. D.

Noda, J.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071–1089 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ohashi, M.

K. Tajima, M. Ohashi, and Y. Sasaki, “A new single-polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1499–1503(1989).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071–1089 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, T. Aihara, and K. Kikuchi, “Prediction of the ultimate performance of side-tunnel single-polarisation fibre,” Electron. Lett. 19, 1080–1082 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Olszewski, J.

Onstott, J. R.

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, “A broad-band single polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817–820 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, R. D. Birch, and E. J. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246–247 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. J. R. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 477–488 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Petersson, A.

Pleibel, W.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 370–374 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Provino, L.

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonic crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

Rühl, F.

A. W. Snyder and F. Rühl, “New single-mode single-polarisation fibre,” Electron. Lett. 19, 185–186 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Salganskii, M. Y.

Sasaki, Y.

K. Tajima, M. Ohashi, and Y. Sasaki, “A new single-polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1499–1503(1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071–1089 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Sears, F. M.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 370–374 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Semjonov, S. L.

Simonsen, H. R.

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, “Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 149, 206–210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 370–374 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder and F. Rühl, “New single-mode single-polarisation fibre,” Electron. Lett. 19, 185–186 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sørensen, T.

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, “Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 149, 206–210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 370–374 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Szpulak, M.

Tajima, K.

K. Tajima, M. Ohashi, and Y. Sasaki, “A new single-polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1499–1503(1989).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, M.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tarbox, E. J.

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, R. D. Birch, and E. J. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246–247 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

T. Martynkien, J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental investigations of bending loss oscillations in large mode area photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 13547–13556 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, F. Berghmans, T. Nasiłowski, and H. Thienpont, “Analytical evaluation of bending loss oscillations in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Commun. 269, 261–270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsuji, Y.

Tünnermann, A.

Urbanczyk, W.

Varnham, M. P.

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, R. D. Birch, and E. J. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246–247 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Vu, N. H.

Yamaguchi, S.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (3)

A. W. Snyder and F. Rühl, “New single-mode single-polarisation fibre,” Electron. Lett. 19, 185–186 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, R. D. Birch, and E. J. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246–247 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, T. Aihara, and K. Kikuchi, “Prediction of the ultimate performance of side-tunnel single-polarisation fibre,” Electron. Lett. 19, 1080–1082 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. Optoelectron. (1)

T. Sørensen, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, T. P. Hansen, E. Knudsen, S. E. B. Libori, H. R. Simonsen, and J. R. Jensen, “Spectral macro-bending loss considerations for photonic crystal fibres,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 149, 206–210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, “Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonic crystal fiber with large mode area,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558–1564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and J. J. R. Hansen, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 477–488 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Heiblum and J. H. Harris, “Analysis of curved optical waveguides by conformal transformation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 75–83 (1975).
[CrossRef]

M. Eguchi and Y. Tsuji, “Bending loss evaluations of holey fibers having a core consisting of an elliptical-hole lattice by various approaches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 601–609 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, “Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071–1089 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 370–374 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Tajima, M. Ohashi, and Y. Sasaki, “A new single-polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1499–1503(1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, “A broad-band single polarization optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817–820 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, F. Berghmans, T. Nasiłowski, and H. Thienpont, “Analytical evaluation of bending loss oscillations in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Commun. 269, 261–270 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems3rd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of y EC - CHF , (b) two-ring y EC - CHF , (c) three-ring y EC - CHF , and (d) four-ring y EC - CHF .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Bending loss evaluations for a single-polarization three-ring y EC - CHF (open circles) bent in the orientation perpendicular to the polarization direction of the guided mode and two equivalent SI circular fibers (solid lines).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Bending of an equivalent anisotropic SI circular fiber in arbitrary bending directions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Estimation of the bending losses for the directions along the major and minor axes of elliptical holes in the core.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Estimation of the bending loss ( R = 2.5 cm ) of an equivalent anisotropic SI circular fiber ( a = 2.5 Λ ) for a two-ring y EC - CHF in arbitrary bending directions.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Estimation of the bending loss ( R = 2.5 cm ) of an equivalent anisotropic SI circular fiber ( a = 3.5 Λ ) for a three-ring y EC - CHF in arbitrary bending directions.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Estimation of the bending loss ( R = 2.5 cm ) of an equivalent anisotropic SI circular fiber ( a = 4.5 Λ ) for a four-ring y EC - CHF in arbitrary bending directions.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Mode field in an equivalent anisotropic SI circular fiber ( a = 3.5 Λ ) for a δ = 0 ° bent three-ring y EC - CHF with R = 1 cm . (b) Magnification around the core region.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε r , 1 = [ ε X X , 1 0 0 0 ε Y Y , 1 0 0 0 ε Y Y , 1 ] ,
ε X X , 1 = ( n eff , E x ) 2 ,
ε Y Y , 1 = ( n eff , E y ) 2 ,
ε r , 2 = ( n eff , C ) 2 ,
α B ( δ = 90 ° ) α B ( δ = 0 ° ) α B ( δ = 0 ° ) × 100 .

Metrics