In this paper, we propose an efficient compression method for integral images based on three- dimensional discrete cosine transform (3D-DCT). Even though the existing 3D-DCT based techniques are efficient, they may not be optimized to the characteristics of integral images, such as applying a fixed size block construction and a fixed scanning in placing 2D blocks to construct a 3D block. Therefore, we propose a variable size block construction and a scanning method adaptive to characteristics of integral images, which are realized by adaptive 3D block modes. Experimental results show that the proposed method gives significant improvement in coding efficiency. In particular, at the high bit rates, the proposed method is more improved, since overhead bits for signaling of the 3D block modes take a smaller part of the total bits.
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