Abstract

Dynamic holography using spatial light modulators is a very flexible technique that offers various new applications compared to static holography. We give an overview on the technical background of dynamic holography focusing on pixelated spatial light modulators and their technical restrictions, and we present a selection of the numerous applications of dynamic holography.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009 (14)

C. Kohler, T. Haist, and W. Osten, “Model-free method for measuring the full Jones matrix of reflective liquid-crystal displays,” Opt. Eng. 48, 044002 (2009).

M. Persson, D. Engström, A. Frank, J. Backsten, M. Goksör, and J. Bengtsson, “Computer generated holograms designed to reduce intensity fluctuations during SLM update,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DWC3.

J. Xia and H. Yin, “Three-dimensional light modulation using phase-only spatial light modulator,” Opt. Eng. 48, 020502(2009).

N. Tanabe, Y. Ichihashi, H. Nakayama, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Speed-up of hologram generation using clearspeed accelerator board,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 180, 1870–1873 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Yaras, H. Kang, and L. Onural, “Real-time multiple SLM color holographic display using multiple GPU acceleration,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DWA4.

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2008 (14)

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2007 (3)

2006 (11)

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of (a) recording and (b) reconstruction of digital holograms.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic setup of dynamic holography in microscopy. In the case of a Fourier geometry, the hologram (respectively SLM) is positioned in the Fourier plane of the object plane.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of diffraction efficiency with sine of diffraction angle (proportional to spatial frequency f x for a system obeying the sine condition) for λ = 1 μm and a pixel pitch of 10 μm . 0.05 denotes the Nyquist frequency (2 pixels per period). The different curves correspond to different maximum phase shifts of the simulated modulator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Detail region of a simulated hologram reconstruction (size: 1024 × 1024 pixels) with and without replication.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Principle of twin traps.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dynamic holgraphic ablation with pulses in Fe 2 O 3 using a ruby pulse laser (5 pulses at λ = 694 nm , 1 J / pulse , 40 ns pulse duration), measured using a confocal microscope [106]. With kind permission of IOP Publishing Ltd.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Section of a phase-shifting USAF-target imaged with different phase contrast methods. The filters for phase contrast imaging were displayed by the SLM. Zernike phase contrast includes the height information, whereas DIC emphasizes the phase gradients. W-DIC with Zernike is a combination of Zernike and DIC, and therefore comprises both kinds of information. Spiral phase contrast enhances the edges.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Setup of a dynamic multipoint or scanning vibrometer. PBC—polarizing beam splitter, BS—beam splitter, BC—Bragg cell, QWP—quarter wave plate.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Holgraphic versus conventional image-based projection.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Experimental results for imaging a circle (diameter 50 μm chrome on glass) with defocus. The small dirt particles visible to the left or right of the hole are located in different focal planes. Obviously the correction therefore is not perfect but quite satisfactory [126].

Equations (7)

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H = | o + r | 2 = | o | 2 + | r | 2 + o · r * + r · o * .
r · H = r · | o | 2 + r · | r | 2 + o · | r | 2 + r · r · o * .
h ( x , y ) = H ( x , y ) exp [ i 2 π λ f ( x x + y y ) ] d x d y .
ϕ ( G 1 , G 0 ) ϕ ( G 2 , G 0 ) ϕ ( G 1 , G 2 ) .
η = 1 I 0 x , y A I ( x , y )
E = f x , f y A ( | g ( f x , f y ) | γ | h ( f x , f y ) | ) 2 ,
γ = f x , f y B | g ( f x , f y ) | | h ( f x , f y ) | f x , f y B | h ( f x , f y ) | 2 ,

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