In the process of phase unwrapping for an image obtained by an interferometer or in-line holography, noisy image data may pose difficulties. Traditional phase unwrapping algorithms used to estimate a two-dimensional phase distribution include much estimation error, due to the effect of singular points. This paper introduces an accurate phase-unwrapping algorithm based on three techniques: a rotational compensator, unconstrained singular point positioning, and virtual singular points. The new algorithm can confine the effect of singularities to the local region around each singular point. The phase- unwrapped result demonstrates that accuracy is improved, compared with past methods based on the least-squares approach.
© 2010 Optical Society of America
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