Abstract

Hyperspectral imaging sensors suffer from spectral and spatial misregistrations due to optical-system aberrations and misalignments. These artifacts distort spectral signatures that are specific to target objects and thus reduce classification accuracy. The main objective of this work is to detect and correct spectral and spatial misregistrations of hyperspectral images. The Hyperion visible near-infrared subsystem is used as an example. An image registration method based on phase correlation demonstrates the accurate detection of the spectral and spatial misregistrations. Cubic spline interpolation using estimated properties makes it possible to modify the spectral signatures. The accuracy of the proposed postlaunch estimation of the Hyperion characteristics is comparable to that of the prelaunch measurements, which enables the accurate onboard calibration of hyperspectral sensors.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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