Abstract

Switchable waveguiding is investigated in two liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fibers with a solid core using the nematic liquid-crystal mixture E7 under planar and homeotropic anchoring conditions. Addressing experiments using ac voltages show polarization-dependent and -independent effects with response times down to a few ms. It is shown that the attenuation spectra of the two liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fibers can be changed dramatically by just varying the boundary conditions. Electromagnetic field simulations are presented, which are in good agreement with the experimental findings.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (4)

G. B. Ren, P. Shum, L. R. Zhang, X. Yu, W. J. Tong, and J. Luo, “Low-loss all-solid photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1023–1025 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Matthias, A. Lorenz, and H.-S. Kitzerow, “Tuneable photonic crystals obtained by liquid crystal infiltration,” Phys. Status Solidi. A 11, 3754–3767 (2007).

G. Abbate, V. Tkachenko, A. Marino, F. Vita, M. Giocondo, A. Mazzulla, and L. De Stefano, “Optical characterization of liquid crystals by combined ellipsometry and half-leaky-guided-mode spectroscopy in the visible-near infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, C. C. Chang, and N. Ni, “Analysis of photonic crystal fibers infiltrated with nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 66–70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

L. Scolari, T. T. Alkeskjold, J. Riishede, and A. Bjarklev, “Continuously tunable devices based on electrical control of dual-frequency liquid crystal filled photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 7483–7496 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, “Electrically tunable photonic bandgap guidance in a liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819–821(2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

F. Du, Y. Q. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Electrically tunable liquid-crystal photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2181–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1975 (1)

D. Langevin and M. A. Bouchiat, “Anisotropy of the turbidity of an oriented nematic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. Colloq. 36, C197 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

Abbate, G.

G. Abbate, V. Tkachenko, A. Marino, F. Vita, M. Giocondo, A. Mazzulla, and L. De Stefano, “Optical characterization of liquid crystals by combined ellipsometry and half-leaky-guided-mode spectroscopy in the visible-near infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Abeeluck, A. K.

Alkeskjold, T. T.

L. Scolari, T. T. Alkeskjold, J. Riishede, and A. Bjarklev, “Continuously tunable devices based on electrical control of dual-frequency liquid crystal filled photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 7483–7496 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, “Electrically tunable photonic bandgap guidance in a liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819–821(2005).
[CrossRef]

Bartelt, H.

Bjarklev, A.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, “Electrically tunable photonic bandgap guidance in a liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819–821(2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Scolari, T. T. Alkeskjold, J. Riishede, and A. Bjarklev, “Continuously tunable devices based on electrical control of dual-frequency liquid crystal filled photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 7483–7496 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bouchiat, M. A.

D. Langevin and M. A. Bouchiat, “Anisotropy of the turbidity of an oriented nematic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. Colloq. 36, C197 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Buczynski, R.

Chang, C. C.

J. Sun, C. C. Chang, and N. Ni, “Analysis of photonic crystal fibers infiltrated with nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 66–70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Da, N.

Dabrowski, R.

De Stefano, L.

G. Abbate, V. Tkachenko, A. Marino, F. Vita, M. Giocondo, A. Mazzulla, and L. De Stefano, “Optical characterization of liquid crystals by combined ellipsometry and half-leaky-guided-mode spectroscopy in the visible-near infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Du, F.

F. Du, Y. Q. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Electrically tunable liquid-crystal photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2181–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Engan, H. E.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, “Electrically tunable photonic bandgap guidance in a liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819–821(2005).
[CrossRef]

Ertman, S.

Giocondo, M.

G. Abbate, V. Tkachenko, A. Marino, F. Vita, M. Giocondo, A. Mazzulla, and L. De Stefano, “Optical characterization of liquid crystals by combined ellipsometry and half-leaky-guided-mode spectroscopy in the visible-near infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Granzow, N.

Haakestad, M. W.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, “Electrically tunable photonic bandgap guidance in a liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819–821(2005).
[CrossRef]

Headley, C.

Hu, C.

Kitzerow, H.-S.

Kobelke, J.

Langevin, D.

D. Langevin and M. A. Bouchiat, “Anisotropy of the turbidity of an oriented nematic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. Colloq. 36, C197 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Litchinitser, N. M.

Lorenz, A.

Lu, Y. Q.

F. Du, Y. Q. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Electrically tunable liquid-crystal photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2181–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luo, J.

Marino, A.

G. Abbate, V. Tkachenko, A. Marino, F. Vita, M. Giocondo, A. Mazzulla, and L. De Stefano, “Optical characterization of liquid crystals by combined ellipsometry and half-leaky-guided-mode spectroscopy in the visible-near infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matthias, H.

H. Matthias, A. Lorenz, and H.-S. Kitzerow, “Tuneable photonic crystals obtained by liquid crystal infiltration,” Phys. Status Solidi. A 11, 3754–3767 (2007).

Mazzulla, A.

G. Abbate, V. Tkachenko, A. Marino, F. Vita, M. Giocondo, A. Mazzulla, and L. De Stefano, “Optical characterization of liquid crystals by combined ellipsometry and half-leaky-guided-mode spectroscopy in the visible-near infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ni, N.

J. Sun, C. C. Chang, and N. Ni, “Analysis of photonic crystal fibers infiltrated with nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 66–70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, M. D.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, “Electrically tunable photonic bandgap guidance in a liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819–821(2005).
[CrossRef]

Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, E.

Peng, M.

Pysz, D.

Ren, G. B.

Riishede, J.

L. Scolari, T. T. Alkeskjold, J. Riishede, and A. Bjarklev, “Continuously tunable devices based on electrical control of dual-frequency liquid crystal filled photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 7483–7496 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, “Electrically tunable photonic bandgap guidance in a liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819–821(2005).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

Schmidt, M. A.

Schuhmann, R.

Schwuchow, A.

Scolari, L.

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, “Electrically tunable photonic bandgap guidance in a liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819–821(2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Scolari, T. T. Alkeskjold, J. Riishede, and A. Bjarklev, “Continuously tunable devices based on electrical control of dual-frequency liquid crystal filled photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 7483–7496 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Sun, J.

J. Sun, C. C. Chang, and N. Ni, “Analysis of photonic crystal fibers infiltrated with nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 66–70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tkachenko, V.

G. Abbate, V. Tkachenko, A. Marino, F. Vita, M. Giocondo, A. Mazzulla, and L. De Stefano, “Optical characterization of liquid crystals by combined ellipsometry and half-leaky-guided-mode spectroscopy in the visible-near infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tong, W. J.

Vita, F.

G. Abbate, V. Tkachenko, A. Marino, F. Vita, M. Giocondo, A. Mazzulla, and L. De Stefano, “Optical characterization of liquid crystals by combined ellipsometry and half-leaky-guided-mode spectroscopy in the visible-near infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Whinnery, J. R.

Wolinski, T. R.

Wondraczek, L.

Wu, S. T.

F. Du, Y. Q. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Electrically tunable liquid-crystal photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2181–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

Zhang, L. R.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Du, Y. Q. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Electrically tunable liquid-crystal photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2181–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, “Electrically tunable photonic bandgap guidance in a liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 819–821(2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Abbate, V. Tkachenko, A. Marino, F. Vita, M. Giocondo, A. Mazzulla, and L. De Stefano, “Optical characterization of liquid crystals by combined ellipsometry and half-leaky-guided-mode spectroscopy in the visible-near infrared range,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Colloq. (1)

D. Langevin and M. A. Bouchiat, “Anisotropy of the turbidity of an oriented nematic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. Colloq. 36, C197 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Sun, C. C. Chang, and N. Ni, “Analysis of photonic crystal fibers infiltrated with nematic liquid crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 66–70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Status Solidi. A (1)

H. Matthias, A. Lorenz, and H.-S. Kitzerow, “Tuneable photonic crystals obtained by liquid crystal infiltration,” Phys. Status Solidi. A 11, 3754–3767 (2007).

Other (3)

COMSOL 3.5a, Comsol Multiphysics, http://www.comsol.com.

Fiber LMA-8 and LMA-10, NKT Photonics A/S, Denmark, http://www.nktphotonics.com.

Parameters obtained by a fit to data for Heraeus Suprasil glass.

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