Abstract

The refractive index of purple membranes in a water suspension has been measured refractometrically in the visible range of the spectrum. A region of anomalous dispersion has been found, due to a strong absorption by the retinal residue in bacteriorhodopsin macromolecules.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Oesterhelt and W. Stoeckenius, “Rhodopsin-like protein from the purple membrane of Halobacterium halobium,” Nat. New Biol. 233, 149-152 (1971).
  2. U. Haupts, J. Tittor, and D. Oesterhelt, “Closing in on bacteriorhodopsin: progress in understanding the molecule,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 28, 367-399 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. K. Lanyi and H. Luecke, “Bacteriorhodopsin,” Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 11, 415-419 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. H. Lozier and W. Niederberger,” The photochemical cycle of bacteriorhodopsin,” Fed. Proc. 36, 1805-1809 (1977).
  5. S. P. Balashov, “Protonation reactions and their coupling in bacteriorhodopsin,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1460, 75-94(2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. P. Balashev and F. F. Litvin, Photochemical Transformations of Bacteriorhodopsin (Moscow State University, 1985).
  7. N. N. Vsevolodov, Biopigments--Photoregisters (Nauka, 1988).
  8. M. Martin, M.-B. Saab, T. Cloitre, E. Esterhan, R. Legros, F. J. G. Guisinier, L. Zimayi, and C. Gergely, “A multitechnique study of Bacteriorhodopsin's photonics towards new optical devices,” Proc. SPIE 6991, 69910A (2008).
  9. P. Ormos, L. Fábián, L. Oroszi, Elmar K. Wolff, J. J. Ramsden, and A. Dér, “Protein-based integrated optical switching and modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4060 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Lukacs, G. Garab, and E. Papp, “Measurement of the optical parameters of purple membrane and plant light-harvesting complex films with optical waveguide light mode spectroscopy,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21, 1606-1612 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Ch. Zhang, Q. W. Song, C. Y. Ku, R. B. Gross, and R. R. Birge, “Determination of the refractive index of a bacteriorhodopsin film,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1409-1411 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Q. W. Song, C. Y. Ku, Ch. Zhang, R. B. Gross, R. R. Birge, and R. Michalak, “Modified critical angle method for measuring the refractive index of bio-optical materials and its application to bacteriorhodopsin,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 797-803 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. P. Leppanen, T. J. Haring, T. Jaaskelainen, E. Vartiainen, S. Parkkinen, and J. P. S. Parkkinen, “The intensity dependent refractive index change of photochromic proteins,” Opt. Commun. 163, 189-192 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Brith-Linder and K. Rosenheck, “The circular dichroism of bacteriorhodopsin: asymmetry and light scattering distortions,” FEBS Lett. 76, 41-44 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Zhivkov and V. A. Pechatnikov, “Photometric determination of refractive index of purple membranes,” Biofizika (Russia) 36, 1004-1006 (1991).
  16. S. P. Stoylov, Colloid Electro-optics: Theory, Techniques and Applications (Academic, 1991).
  17. A. M. Zhivkov, “Geometry of purple membranes in aqueous medium,” in Molecular and Colloidal Electro-Optics, S. P. Stoylov and M. V. Stoimenova, eds. (Taylor & Francis, 2006), pp. 327-365.
  18. D. Oesterhelt and W. Stoeckenius, “Isolation of the cell membrane of Halobacterium halobium and its fractionation into red and purple membrane,” Methods Enzymol. 31, 667-687(1974).
    [CrossRef]
  19. V. E. Eskin, Light Scattering by Polymer Solutions and Macromolecule Properties (Nauka, 1986).
  20. K. Clays, S. Van Elshocht, M. Chi, E. Lepoudre, and A. Persoons, “Bacteriorhodopsin: A natural, efficient (nonlinear) photonic crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1474-1482 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2008

M. Martin, M.-B. Saab, T. Cloitre, E. Esterhan, R. Legros, F. J. G. Guisinier, L. Zimayi, and C. Gergely, “A multitechnique study of Bacteriorhodopsin's photonics towards new optical devices,” Proc. SPIE 6991, 69910A (2008).

2006

A. Lukacs, G. Garab, and E. Papp, “Measurement of the optical parameters of purple membrane and plant light-harvesting complex films with optical waveguide light mode spectroscopy,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21, 1606-1612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Zhivkov, “Geometry of purple membranes in aqueous medium,” in Molecular and Colloidal Electro-Optics, S. P. Stoylov and M. V. Stoimenova, eds. (Taylor & Francis, 2006), pp. 327-365.

2002

P. Ormos, L. Fábián, L. Oroszi, Elmar K. Wolff, J. J. Ramsden, and A. Dér, “Protein-based integrated optical switching and modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4060 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

S. P. Balashov, “Protonation reactions and their coupling in bacteriorhodopsin,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1460, 75-94(2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

U. Haupts, J. Tittor, and D. Oesterhelt, “Closing in on bacteriorhodopsin: progress in understanding the molecule,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 28, 367-399 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Leppanen, T. J. Haring, T. Jaaskelainen, E. Vartiainen, S. Parkkinen, and J. P. S. Parkkinen, “The intensity dependent refractive index change of photochromic proteins,” Opt. Commun. 163, 189-192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

1991

A. Zhivkov and V. A. Pechatnikov, “Photometric determination of refractive index of purple membranes,” Biofizika (Russia) 36, 1004-1006 (1991).

S. P. Stoylov, Colloid Electro-optics: Theory, Techniques and Applications (Academic, 1991).

1988

N. N. Vsevolodov, Biopigments--Photoregisters (Nauka, 1988).

1986

V. E. Eskin, Light Scattering by Polymer Solutions and Macromolecule Properties (Nauka, 1986).

1985

S. P. Balashev and F. F. Litvin, Photochemical Transformations of Bacteriorhodopsin (Moscow State University, 1985).

1977

R. H. Lozier and W. Niederberger,” The photochemical cycle of bacteriorhodopsin,” Fed. Proc. 36, 1805-1809 (1977).

M. Brith-Linder and K. Rosenheck, “The circular dichroism of bacteriorhodopsin: asymmetry and light scattering distortions,” FEBS Lett. 76, 41-44 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1974

D. Oesterhelt and W. Stoeckenius, “Isolation of the cell membrane of Halobacterium halobium and its fractionation into red and purple membrane,” Methods Enzymol. 31, 667-687(1974).
[CrossRef]

1971

D. Oesterhelt and W. Stoeckenius, “Rhodopsin-like protein from the purple membrane of Halobacterium halobium,” Nat. New Biol. 233, 149-152 (1971).

Balashev, S. P.

S. P. Balashev and F. F. Litvin, Photochemical Transformations of Bacteriorhodopsin (Moscow State University, 1985).

Balashov, S. P.

S. P. Balashov, “Protonation reactions and their coupling in bacteriorhodopsin,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1460, 75-94(2000).
[CrossRef]

Birge, R. R.

Brith-Linder, M.

M. Brith-Linder and K. Rosenheck, “The circular dichroism of bacteriorhodopsin: asymmetry and light scattering distortions,” FEBS Lett. 76, 41-44 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Chi, M.

Clays, K.

Cloitre, T.

M. Martin, M.-B. Saab, T. Cloitre, E. Esterhan, R. Legros, F. J. G. Guisinier, L. Zimayi, and C. Gergely, “A multitechnique study of Bacteriorhodopsin's photonics towards new optical devices,” Proc. SPIE 6991, 69910A (2008).

Dér, A.

P. Ormos, L. Fábián, L. Oroszi, Elmar K. Wolff, J. J. Ramsden, and A. Dér, “Protein-based integrated optical switching and modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4060 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eskin, V. E.

V. E. Eskin, Light Scattering by Polymer Solutions and Macromolecule Properties (Nauka, 1986).

Esterhan, E.

M. Martin, M.-B. Saab, T. Cloitre, E. Esterhan, R. Legros, F. J. G. Guisinier, L. Zimayi, and C. Gergely, “A multitechnique study of Bacteriorhodopsin's photonics towards new optical devices,” Proc. SPIE 6991, 69910A (2008).

Fábián, L.

P. Ormos, L. Fábián, L. Oroszi, Elmar K. Wolff, J. J. Ramsden, and A. Dér, “Protein-based integrated optical switching and modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4060 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Garab, G.

A. Lukacs, G. Garab, and E. Papp, “Measurement of the optical parameters of purple membrane and plant light-harvesting complex films with optical waveguide light mode spectroscopy,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21, 1606-1612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gergely, C.

M. Martin, M.-B. Saab, T. Cloitre, E. Esterhan, R. Legros, F. J. G. Guisinier, L. Zimayi, and C. Gergely, “A multitechnique study of Bacteriorhodopsin's photonics towards new optical devices,” Proc. SPIE 6991, 69910A (2008).

Gross, R. B.

Guisinier, F. J. G.

M. Martin, M.-B. Saab, T. Cloitre, E. Esterhan, R. Legros, F. J. G. Guisinier, L. Zimayi, and C. Gergely, “A multitechnique study of Bacteriorhodopsin's photonics towards new optical devices,” Proc. SPIE 6991, 69910A (2008).

Haring, T. J.

V. P. Leppanen, T. J. Haring, T. Jaaskelainen, E. Vartiainen, S. Parkkinen, and J. P. S. Parkkinen, “The intensity dependent refractive index change of photochromic proteins,” Opt. Commun. 163, 189-192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Haupts, U.

U. Haupts, J. Tittor, and D. Oesterhelt, “Closing in on bacteriorhodopsin: progress in understanding the molecule,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 28, 367-399 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jaaskelainen, T.

V. P. Leppanen, T. J. Haring, T. Jaaskelainen, E. Vartiainen, S. Parkkinen, and J. P. S. Parkkinen, “The intensity dependent refractive index change of photochromic proteins,” Opt. Commun. 163, 189-192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ku, C. Y.

Lanyi, J. K.

J. K. Lanyi and H. Luecke, “Bacteriorhodopsin,” Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 11, 415-419 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Legros, R.

M. Martin, M.-B. Saab, T. Cloitre, E. Esterhan, R. Legros, F. J. G. Guisinier, L. Zimayi, and C. Gergely, “A multitechnique study of Bacteriorhodopsin's photonics towards new optical devices,” Proc. SPIE 6991, 69910A (2008).

Lepoudre, E.

Leppanen, V. P.

V. P. Leppanen, T. J. Haring, T. Jaaskelainen, E. Vartiainen, S. Parkkinen, and J. P. S. Parkkinen, “The intensity dependent refractive index change of photochromic proteins,” Opt. Commun. 163, 189-192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Litvin, F. F.

S. P. Balashev and F. F. Litvin, Photochemical Transformations of Bacteriorhodopsin (Moscow State University, 1985).

Lozier, R. H.

R. H. Lozier and W. Niederberger,” The photochemical cycle of bacteriorhodopsin,” Fed. Proc. 36, 1805-1809 (1977).

Luecke, H.

J. K. Lanyi and H. Luecke, “Bacteriorhodopsin,” Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 11, 415-419 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lukacs, A.

A. Lukacs, G. Garab, and E. Papp, “Measurement of the optical parameters of purple membrane and plant light-harvesting complex films with optical waveguide light mode spectroscopy,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21, 1606-1612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M.

M. Martin, M.-B. Saab, T. Cloitre, E. Esterhan, R. Legros, F. J. G. Guisinier, L. Zimayi, and C. Gergely, “A multitechnique study of Bacteriorhodopsin's photonics towards new optical devices,” Proc. SPIE 6991, 69910A (2008).

Michalak, R.

Niederberger, W.

R. H. Lozier and W. Niederberger,” The photochemical cycle of bacteriorhodopsin,” Fed. Proc. 36, 1805-1809 (1977).

Oesterhelt, D.

U. Haupts, J. Tittor, and D. Oesterhelt, “Closing in on bacteriorhodopsin: progress in understanding the molecule,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 28, 367-399 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Oesterhelt and W. Stoeckenius, “Isolation of the cell membrane of Halobacterium halobium and its fractionation into red and purple membrane,” Methods Enzymol. 31, 667-687(1974).
[CrossRef]

D. Oesterhelt and W. Stoeckenius, “Rhodopsin-like protein from the purple membrane of Halobacterium halobium,” Nat. New Biol. 233, 149-152 (1971).

Ormos, P.

P. Ormos, L. Fábián, L. Oroszi, Elmar K. Wolff, J. J. Ramsden, and A. Dér, “Protein-based integrated optical switching and modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4060 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oroszi, L.

P. Ormos, L. Fábián, L. Oroszi, Elmar K. Wolff, J. J. Ramsden, and A. Dér, “Protein-based integrated optical switching and modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4060 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Papp, E.

A. Lukacs, G. Garab, and E. Papp, “Measurement of the optical parameters of purple membrane and plant light-harvesting complex films with optical waveguide light mode spectroscopy,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21, 1606-1612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Parkkinen, J. P. S.

V. P. Leppanen, T. J. Haring, T. Jaaskelainen, E. Vartiainen, S. Parkkinen, and J. P. S. Parkkinen, “The intensity dependent refractive index change of photochromic proteins,” Opt. Commun. 163, 189-192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Parkkinen, S.

V. P. Leppanen, T. J. Haring, T. Jaaskelainen, E. Vartiainen, S. Parkkinen, and J. P. S. Parkkinen, “The intensity dependent refractive index change of photochromic proteins,” Opt. Commun. 163, 189-192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pechatnikov, V. A.

A. Zhivkov and V. A. Pechatnikov, “Photometric determination of refractive index of purple membranes,” Biofizika (Russia) 36, 1004-1006 (1991).

Persoons, A.

Ramsden, J. J.

P. Ormos, L. Fábián, L. Oroszi, Elmar K. Wolff, J. J. Ramsden, and A. Dér, “Protein-based integrated optical switching and modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4060 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rosenheck, K.

M. Brith-Linder and K. Rosenheck, “The circular dichroism of bacteriorhodopsin: asymmetry and light scattering distortions,” FEBS Lett. 76, 41-44 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Saab, M.-B.

M. Martin, M.-B. Saab, T. Cloitre, E. Esterhan, R. Legros, F. J. G. Guisinier, L. Zimayi, and C. Gergely, “A multitechnique study of Bacteriorhodopsin's photonics towards new optical devices,” Proc. SPIE 6991, 69910A (2008).

Song, Q. W.

Stoeckenius, W.

D. Oesterhelt and W. Stoeckenius, “Isolation of the cell membrane of Halobacterium halobium and its fractionation into red and purple membrane,” Methods Enzymol. 31, 667-687(1974).
[CrossRef]

D. Oesterhelt and W. Stoeckenius, “Rhodopsin-like protein from the purple membrane of Halobacterium halobium,” Nat. New Biol. 233, 149-152 (1971).

Stoylov, S. P.

S. P. Stoylov, Colloid Electro-optics: Theory, Techniques and Applications (Academic, 1991).

Tittor, J.

U. Haupts, J. Tittor, and D. Oesterhelt, “Closing in on bacteriorhodopsin: progress in understanding the molecule,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 28, 367-399 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Van Elshocht, S.

Vartiainen, E.

V. P. Leppanen, T. J. Haring, T. Jaaskelainen, E. Vartiainen, S. Parkkinen, and J. P. S. Parkkinen, “The intensity dependent refractive index change of photochromic proteins,” Opt. Commun. 163, 189-192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vsevolodov, N. N.

N. N. Vsevolodov, Biopigments--Photoregisters (Nauka, 1988).

Wolff, Elmar K.

P. Ormos, L. Fábián, L. Oroszi, Elmar K. Wolff, J. J. Ramsden, and A. Dér, “Protein-based integrated optical switching and modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4060 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Ch.

Zhivkov, A.

A. Zhivkov and V. A. Pechatnikov, “Photometric determination of refractive index of purple membranes,” Biofizika (Russia) 36, 1004-1006 (1991).

Zhivkov, A. M.

A. M. Zhivkov, “Geometry of purple membranes in aqueous medium,” in Molecular and Colloidal Electro-Optics, S. P. Stoylov and M. V. Stoimenova, eds. (Taylor & Francis, 2006), pp. 327-365.

Zimayi, L.

M. Martin, M.-B. Saab, T. Cloitre, E. Esterhan, R. Legros, F. J. G. Guisinier, L. Zimayi, and C. Gergely, “A multitechnique study of Bacteriorhodopsin's photonics towards new optical devices,” Proc. SPIE 6991, 69910A (2008).

Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct.

U. Haupts, J. Tittor, and D. Oesterhelt, “Closing in on bacteriorhodopsin: progress in understanding the molecule,” Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 28, 367-399 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. Ormos, L. Fábián, L. Oroszi, Elmar K. Wolff, J. J. Ramsden, and A. Dér, “Protein-based integrated optical switching and modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4060 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Biochim. Biophys. Acta

S. P. Balashov, “Protonation reactions and their coupling in bacteriorhodopsin,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1460, 75-94(2000).
[CrossRef]

Biofizika (Russia)

A. Zhivkov and V. A. Pechatnikov, “Photometric determination of refractive index of purple membranes,” Biofizika (Russia) 36, 1004-1006 (1991).

Biosens. Bioelectron.

A. Lukacs, G. Garab, and E. Papp, “Measurement of the optical parameters of purple membrane and plant light-harvesting complex films with optical waveguide light mode spectroscopy,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21, 1606-1612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol.

J. K. Lanyi and H. Luecke, “Bacteriorhodopsin,” Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 11, 415-419 (2001).
[CrossRef]

FEBS Lett.

M. Brith-Linder and K. Rosenheck, “The circular dichroism of bacteriorhodopsin: asymmetry and light scattering distortions,” FEBS Lett. 76, 41-44 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Fed. Proc.

R. H. Lozier and W. Niederberger,” The photochemical cycle of bacteriorhodopsin,” Fed. Proc. 36, 1805-1809 (1977).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Methods Enzymol.

D. Oesterhelt and W. Stoeckenius, “Isolation of the cell membrane of Halobacterium halobium and its fractionation into red and purple membrane,” Methods Enzymol. 31, 667-687(1974).
[CrossRef]

Nat. New Biol.

D. Oesterhelt and W. Stoeckenius, “Rhodopsin-like protein from the purple membrane of Halobacterium halobium,” Nat. New Biol. 233, 149-152 (1971).

Opt. Commun.

V. P. Leppanen, T. J. Haring, T. Jaaskelainen, E. Vartiainen, S. Parkkinen, and J. P. S. Parkkinen, “The intensity dependent refractive index change of photochromic proteins,” Opt. Commun. 163, 189-192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

M. Martin, M.-B. Saab, T. Cloitre, E. Esterhan, R. Legros, F. J. G. Guisinier, L. Zimayi, and C. Gergely, “A multitechnique study of Bacteriorhodopsin's photonics towards new optical devices,” Proc. SPIE 6991, 69910A (2008).

Other

S. P. Balashev and F. F. Litvin, Photochemical Transformations of Bacteriorhodopsin (Moscow State University, 1985).

N. N. Vsevolodov, Biopigments--Photoregisters (Nauka, 1988).

V. E. Eskin, Light Scattering by Polymer Solutions and Macromolecule Properties (Nauka, 1986).

S. P. Stoylov, Colloid Electro-optics: Theory, Techniques and Applications (Academic, 1991).

A. M. Zhivkov, “Geometry of purple membranes in aqueous medium,” in Molecular and Colloidal Electro-Optics, S. P. Stoylov and M. V. Stoimenova, eds. (Taylor & Francis, 2006), pp. 327-365.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum (curve 1, left ordinate) and dispersion of the refractive index (curve 2, right ordinate) of PM in water suspension.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n 1 = [ ν ¯ n 0 ( n 0 2 + 2 ) + 4 ( d n / d c ) ( ν ¯ / n 0 ) ( n 0 2 + 2 ) 2 ( d n / d c ) ] 1 / 2 .

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