Abstract

Current accurate applications of reflection interference contrast microscopy (RICM) are limited to known geometries; when the geometry of the object is unknown, an approximated fringe spacing analysis is usually performed. To complete an accurate RICM analysis in more general situations, we review and improve the formulation for intensity calculation based on nonplanar interface image formation theory and develop a method for its practical implementation in wedges and convex surfaces. In addition, a suitable RICM model for an arbitrary convex surface, with or without a uniform layer such as a membrane or ultrathin coating, is presented. Experimental work with polymer vesicles shows that the coupling of the improved RICM image formation theory, the calculation method, and the surface model allow an accurate reconstruction of the convex bottom shape of an object close to the substrate by fitting its experimental intensity pattern.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Wiegand, K. R. Neumaier, and E. Sackmann, “Microinterferometry: three-dimensional reconstruction of surface microtopography for thin-film and wetting studies by reflection interference contrast microscopy (RICM),” Appl. Opt. 37, 6892–6905 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. G. Clack and J. T. Groves, “Many-particle tracking with nanometer resolution in three dimensions by reflection interference contrast microscopy,” Langmuir 21, 6430–6435(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. W. Gomez, N. G. Clack, H. J. Wu, and J. T. Groves, “Like-charge interactions between colloidal particles are asymmetric with respect to sign,” Soft Matt. 5, 1931–1936 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Albersdorfer, T. Feder, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced domain formation by interplay of long-range repulsion and short-range attraction force: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 73, 245–257 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Kloboucek, A. Behrisch, J. Faix, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced receptor segregation and adhesion plaque formation: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 77, 2311–2328 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Sackmann and R. F. Bruinsma, “Cell adhesion as wetting transition?” Chem. Phys. Chem. 3, 262–269 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Sackmann and S. Goennenwein, “Cell adhesion as dynamic interplay of lock-and-key, generic and elastic forces,” Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 78–99 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Moulinet and D. Bartolo, “Life and death of a fakir droplet: impalement transitions on superhydrophobic surfaces,” Eur. Phys. J. E 24, 251–260 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Sundberg, A. Mansson, and S. Tagerud, “Contact angle measurements by confocal microscopy for non-destructive microscale surface characterization,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 313, 454–460 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. M. Discher, Y. Y. Won, D. S. Ege, J. C. M. Lee, F. S. Bates, D. E. Discher, and D. A. Hammer, “Polymersomes: tough vesicles made from diblock copolymers,” Science 284, 1143–1146(1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. M. Discher, H. Bermudez, D. A. Hammer, D. E. Discher, Y. Y. Won, and F. S. Bates, “Cross-linked polymersome membranes: vesicles with broadly adjustable properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2848–2854 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Kita-Tokarczyk, J. Grumelard, T. Haefele, and W. Meier, “Block copolymer vesicles—using concepts from polymer chemistry to mimic biomembranes,” Polymer 46, 3540–3563(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Mecke, C. Dittrich, and W. Meier, “Biomimetic membranes designed from amphiphilic block copolymers,” Soft Matt. 2, 751–759 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. B. Sukhorukov, E. Donath, H. Lichtenfeld, E. Knippel, M. Knippel, A. Budde, and H. Mohwald, “Layer-by-layer self assembly of polyelectrolytes on colloidal particles,” Colloids Surf. A 137, 253–266 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Wang, A. S. Angelatos, and F. Caruso, “Template synthesis of nanostructured materials via layer-by-layer assembly,” Chem. Mater. 20, 848–858 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. K. Liu, “Deformation behaviour of soft particles: a review,” J. Phys. D 39, R189–R199 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Gingell and I. Todd, “Interference reflection microscopy—a quantitative theory for image interpretation and its application to cell-substratum separation measurement,” Biophys. J. 26, 507–526 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Radler and E. Sackmann, “Imaging optical thicknesses and separation distances of phospholipid vesicles at solid surfaces,” J. Phys. (Paris) II 3, 727–748 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Kuhner and E. Sackmann, “Ultrathin hydrated dextran films grafted on glass: Preparation and characterization of structural, viscous, and elastic properties by quantitative microinterferometry,” Langmuir 12, 4866–4876 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  20. O. Theodoly, Z.-H. Huang, and M.-P. Valignat, “New modeling of reflection interference contrast microscopy including polarization and numerical aperture effects: application to nanometric distance measurements and object profile reconstruction,” Langmuir 26, 1940–1948 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. E. W. Weisstein, “Change of variables theorem,” retrieved from http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ChangeofVariablesTheorem.html.
  22. D. E. Discher and A. Eisenberg, “Polymer vesicles,” Science 297, 967–973 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. Radler and E. Sackmann, “On the measurement of weak repulsive and frictional colloidal forces by reflection interference contrast microscopy,” Langmuir 8, 848–853 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  24. H. Bermudez, A. K. Brannan, D. A. Hammer, F. S. Bates, and D. E. Discher, “Molecular weight dependence of polymersome membrane structure, elasticity, and stability,” Macromol. 35, 8203–8208 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  25. J. E. Mark, Polymer Data Handbook (Oxford U. Press, 1999).
  26. L. Limozin and K. Sengupta, “Modulation of vesicle adhesion and spreading kinetics by hyaluronan cushions,” Biophys. J. 93, 3300–3313 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  27. G. Wiegand, T. Jaworek, G. Wegner, and E. Sackmann, “Studies of structure and local wetting properties on heterogeneous, micropatterned solid surfaces by microinterferometry,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 196, 299–312 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  28. K. W. Stockelhuber, B. Radoev, and H. J. Schulze, “Some new observations on line tension of microscopic droplets,” Colloids Surf. A 156, 323–333 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  29. E. W. Weisstein, “Delaunay triangulation,” retrieved from http://mathworld.wolfram.com/DelaunayTriangulation.html.

2010 (1)

O. Theodoly, Z.-H. Huang, and M.-P. Valignat, “New modeling of reflection interference contrast microscopy including polarization and numerical aperture effects: application to nanometric distance measurements and object profile reconstruction,” Langmuir 26, 1940–1948 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

E. W. Gomez, N. G. Clack, H. J. Wu, and J. T. Groves, “Like-charge interactions between colloidal particles are asymmetric with respect to sign,” Soft Matt. 5, 1931–1936 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

Y. Wang, A. S. Angelatos, and F. Caruso, “Template synthesis of nanostructured materials via layer-by-layer assembly,” Chem. Mater. 20, 848–858 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

S. Moulinet and D. Bartolo, “Life and death of a fakir droplet: impalement transitions on superhydrophobic surfaces,” Eur. Phys. J. E 24, 251–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sundberg, A. Mansson, and S. Tagerud, “Contact angle measurements by confocal microscopy for non-destructive microscale surface characterization,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 313, 454–460 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Limozin and K. Sengupta, “Modulation of vesicle adhesion and spreading kinetics by hyaluronan cushions,” Biophys. J. 93, 3300–3313 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

E. Sackmann and S. Goennenwein, “Cell adhesion as dynamic interplay of lock-and-key, generic and elastic forces,” Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 78–99 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Liu, “Deformation behaviour of soft particles: a review,” J. Phys. D 39, R189–R199 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Mecke, C. Dittrich, and W. Meier, “Biomimetic membranes designed from amphiphilic block copolymers,” Soft Matt. 2, 751–759 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

K. Kita-Tokarczyk, J. Grumelard, T. Haefele, and W. Meier, “Block copolymer vesicles—using concepts from polymer chemistry to mimic biomembranes,” Polymer 46, 3540–3563(2005).
[CrossRef]

N. G. Clack and J. T. Groves, “Many-particle tracking with nanometer resolution in three dimensions by reflection interference contrast microscopy,” Langmuir 21, 6430–6435(2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

E. Sackmann and R. F. Bruinsma, “Cell adhesion as wetting transition?” Chem. Phys. Chem. 3, 262–269 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Discher, H. Bermudez, D. A. Hammer, D. E. Discher, Y. Y. Won, and F. S. Bates, “Cross-linked polymersome membranes: vesicles with broadly adjustable properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2848–2854 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Discher and A. Eisenberg, “Polymer vesicles,” Science 297, 967–973 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Bermudez, A. K. Brannan, D. A. Hammer, F. S. Bates, and D. E. Discher, “Molecular weight dependence of polymersome membrane structure, elasticity, and stability,” Macromol. 35, 8203–8208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

K. W. Stockelhuber, B. Radoev, and H. J. Schulze, “Some new observations on line tension of microscopic droplets,” Colloids Surf. A 156, 323–333 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Discher, Y. Y. Won, D. S. Ege, J. C. M. Lee, F. S. Bates, D. E. Discher, and D. A. Hammer, “Polymersomes: tough vesicles made from diblock copolymers,” Science 284, 1143–1146(1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Kloboucek, A. Behrisch, J. Faix, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced receptor segregation and adhesion plaque formation: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 77, 2311–2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

G. B. Sukhorukov, E. Donath, H. Lichtenfeld, E. Knippel, M. Knippel, A. Budde, and H. Mohwald, “Layer-by-layer self assembly of polyelectrolytes on colloidal particles,” Colloids Surf. A 137, 253–266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Wiegand, K. R. Neumaier, and E. Sackmann, “Microinterferometry: three-dimensional reconstruction of surface microtopography for thin-film and wetting studies by reflection interference contrast microscopy (RICM),” Appl. Opt. 37, 6892–6905 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

G. Wiegand, T. Jaworek, G. Wegner, and E. Sackmann, “Studies of structure and local wetting properties on heterogeneous, micropatterned solid surfaces by microinterferometry,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 196, 299–312 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Albersdorfer, T. Feder, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced domain formation by interplay of long-range repulsion and short-range attraction force: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 73, 245–257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Kuhner and E. Sackmann, “Ultrathin hydrated dextran films grafted on glass: Preparation and characterization of structural, viscous, and elastic properties by quantitative microinterferometry,” Langmuir 12, 4866–4876 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. Radler and E. Sackmann, “Imaging optical thicknesses and separation distances of phospholipid vesicles at solid surfaces,” J. Phys. (Paris) II 3, 727–748 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. Radler and E. Sackmann, “On the measurement of weak repulsive and frictional colloidal forces by reflection interference contrast microscopy,” Langmuir 8, 848–853 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

D. Gingell and I. Todd, “Interference reflection microscopy—a quantitative theory for image interpretation and its application to cell-substratum separation measurement,” Biophys. J. 26, 507–526 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Albersdorfer, A.

A. Albersdorfer, T. Feder, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced domain formation by interplay of long-range repulsion and short-range attraction force: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 73, 245–257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Angelatos, A. S.

Y. Wang, A. S. Angelatos, and F. Caruso, “Template synthesis of nanostructured materials via layer-by-layer assembly,” Chem. Mater. 20, 848–858 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bartolo, D.

S. Moulinet and D. Bartolo, “Life and death of a fakir droplet: impalement transitions on superhydrophobic surfaces,” Eur. Phys. J. E 24, 251–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bates, F. S.

B. M. Discher, H. Bermudez, D. A. Hammer, D. E. Discher, Y. Y. Won, and F. S. Bates, “Cross-linked polymersome membranes: vesicles with broadly adjustable properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2848–2854 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Bermudez, A. K. Brannan, D. A. Hammer, F. S. Bates, and D. E. Discher, “Molecular weight dependence of polymersome membrane structure, elasticity, and stability,” Macromol. 35, 8203–8208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Discher, Y. Y. Won, D. S. Ege, J. C. M. Lee, F. S. Bates, D. E. Discher, and D. A. Hammer, “Polymersomes: tough vesicles made from diblock copolymers,” Science 284, 1143–1146(1999).
[CrossRef]

Behrisch, A.

A. Kloboucek, A. Behrisch, J. Faix, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced receptor segregation and adhesion plaque formation: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 77, 2311–2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bermudez, H.

B. M. Discher, H. Bermudez, D. A. Hammer, D. E. Discher, Y. Y. Won, and F. S. Bates, “Cross-linked polymersome membranes: vesicles with broadly adjustable properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2848–2854 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Bermudez, A. K. Brannan, D. A. Hammer, F. S. Bates, and D. E. Discher, “Molecular weight dependence of polymersome membrane structure, elasticity, and stability,” Macromol. 35, 8203–8208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brannan, A. K.

H. Bermudez, A. K. Brannan, D. A. Hammer, F. S. Bates, and D. E. Discher, “Molecular weight dependence of polymersome membrane structure, elasticity, and stability,” Macromol. 35, 8203–8208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bruinsma, R. F.

E. Sackmann and R. F. Bruinsma, “Cell adhesion as wetting transition?” Chem. Phys. Chem. 3, 262–269 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Budde, A.

G. B. Sukhorukov, E. Donath, H. Lichtenfeld, E. Knippel, M. Knippel, A. Budde, and H. Mohwald, “Layer-by-layer self assembly of polyelectrolytes on colloidal particles,” Colloids Surf. A 137, 253–266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Caruso, F.

Y. Wang, A. S. Angelatos, and F. Caruso, “Template synthesis of nanostructured materials via layer-by-layer assembly,” Chem. Mater. 20, 848–858 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Clack, N. G.

E. W. Gomez, N. G. Clack, H. J. Wu, and J. T. Groves, “Like-charge interactions between colloidal particles are asymmetric with respect to sign,” Soft Matt. 5, 1931–1936 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. G. Clack and J. T. Groves, “Many-particle tracking with nanometer resolution in three dimensions by reflection interference contrast microscopy,” Langmuir 21, 6430–6435(2005).
[CrossRef]

Discher, B. M.

B. M. Discher, H. Bermudez, D. A. Hammer, D. E. Discher, Y. Y. Won, and F. S. Bates, “Cross-linked polymersome membranes: vesicles with broadly adjustable properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2848–2854 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Discher, Y. Y. Won, D. S. Ege, J. C. M. Lee, F. S. Bates, D. E. Discher, and D. A. Hammer, “Polymersomes: tough vesicles made from diblock copolymers,” Science 284, 1143–1146(1999).
[CrossRef]

Discher, D. E.

B. M. Discher, H. Bermudez, D. A. Hammer, D. E. Discher, Y. Y. Won, and F. S. Bates, “Cross-linked polymersome membranes: vesicles with broadly adjustable properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2848–2854 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Bermudez, A. K. Brannan, D. A. Hammer, F. S. Bates, and D. E. Discher, “Molecular weight dependence of polymersome membrane structure, elasticity, and stability,” Macromol. 35, 8203–8208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Discher and A. Eisenberg, “Polymer vesicles,” Science 297, 967–973 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Discher, Y. Y. Won, D. S. Ege, J. C. M. Lee, F. S. Bates, D. E. Discher, and D. A. Hammer, “Polymersomes: tough vesicles made from diblock copolymers,” Science 284, 1143–1146(1999).
[CrossRef]

Dittrich, C.

A. Mecke, C. Dittrich, and W. Meier, “Biomimetic membranes designed from amphiphilic block copolymers,” Soft Matt. 2, 751–759 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Donath, E.

G. B. Sukhorukov, E. Donath, H. Lichtenfeld, E. Knippel, M. Knippel, A. Budde, and H. Mohwald, “Layer-by-layer self assembly of polyelectrolytes on colloidal particles,” Colloids Surf. A 137, 253–266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ege, D. S.

B. M. Discher, Y. Y. Won, D. S. Ege, J. C. M. Lee, F. S. Bates, D. E. Discher, and D. A. Hammer, “Polymersomes: tough vesicles made from diblock copolymers,” Science 284, 1143–1146(1999).
[CrossRef]

Eisenberg, A.

D. E. Discher and A. Eisenberg, “Polymer vesicles,” Science 297, 967–973 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Faix, J.

A. Kloboucek, A. Behrisch, J. Faix, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced receptor segregation and adhesion plaque formation: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 77, 2311–2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Feder, T.

A. Albersdorfer, T. Feder, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced domain formation by interplay of long-range repulsion and short-range attraction force: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 73, 245–257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gingell, D.

D. Gingell and I. Todd, “Interference reflection microscopy—a quantitative theory for image interpretation and its application to cell-substratum separation measurement,” Biophys. J. 26, 507–526 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Goennenwein, S.

E. Sackmann and S. Goennenwein, “Cell adhesion as dynamic interplay of lock-and-key, generic and elastic forces,” Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 78–99 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, E. W.

E. W. Gomez, N. G. Clack, H. J. Wu, and J. T. Groves, “Like-charge interactions between colloidal particles are asymmetric with respect to sign,” Soft Matt. 5, 1931–1936 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Groves, J. T.

E. W. Gomez, N. G. Clack, H. J. Wu, and J. T. Groves, “Like-charge interactions between colloidal particles are asymmetric with respect to sign,” Soft Matt. 5, 1931–1936 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. G. Clack and J. T. Groves, “Many-particle tracking with nanometer resolution in three dimensions by reflection interference contrast microscopy,” Langmuir 21, 6430–6435(2005).
[CrossRef]

Grumelard, J.

K. Kita-Tokarczyk, J. Grumelard, T. Haefele, and W. Meier, “Block copolymer vesicles—using concepts from polymer chemistry to mimic biomembranes,” Polymer 46, 3540–3563(2005).
[CrossRef]

Haefele, T.

K. Kita-Tokarczyk, J. Grumelard, T. Haefele, and W. Meier, “Block copolymer vesicles—using concepts from polymer chemistry to mimic biomembranes,” Polymer 46, 3540–3563(2005).
[CrossRef]

Hammer, D. A.

H. Bermudez, A. K. Brannan, D. A. Hammer, F. S. Bates, and D. E. Discher, “Molecular weight dependence of polymersome membrane structure, elasticity, and stability,” Macromol. 35, 8203–8208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Discher, H. Bermudez, D. A. Hammer, D. E. Discher, Y. Y. Won, and F. S. Bates, “Cross-linked polymersome membranes: vesicles with broadly adjustable properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2848–2854 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Discher, Y. Y. Won, D. S. Ege, J. C. M. Lee, F. S. Bates, D. E. Discher, and D. A. Hammer, “Polymersomes: tough vesicles made from diblock copolymers,” Science 284, 1143–1146(1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Z.-H.

O. Theodoly, Z.-H. Huang, and M.-P. Valignat, “New modeling of reflection interference contrast microscopy including polarization and numerical aperture effects: application to nanometric distance measurements and object profile reconstruction,” Langmuir 26, 1940–1948 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jaworek, T.

G. Wiegand, T. Jaworek, G. Wegner, and E. Sackmann, “Studies of structure and local wetting properties on heterogeneous, micropatterned solid surfaces by microinterferometry,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 196, 299–312 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kita-Tokarczyk, K.

K. Kita-Tokarczyk, J. Grumelard, T. Haefele, and W. Meier, “Block copolymer vesicles—using concepts from polymer chemistry to mimic biomembranes,” Polymer 46, 3540–3563(2005).
[CrossRef]

Kloboucek, A.

A. Kloboucek, A. Behrisch, J. Faix, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced receptor segregation and adhesion plaque formation: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 77, 2311–2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knippel, E.

G. B. Sukhorukov, E. Donath, H. Lichtenfeld, E. Knippel, M. Knippel, A. Budde, and H. Mohwald, “Layer-by-layer self assembly of polyelectrolytes on colloidal particles,” Colloids Surf. A 137, 253–266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Knippel, M.

G. B. Sukhorukov, E. Donath, H. Lichtenfeld, E. Knippel, M. Knippel, A. Budde, and H. Mohwald, “Layer-by-layer self assembly of polyelectrolytes on colloidal particles,” Colloids Surf. A 137, 253–266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kuhner, M.

M. Kuhner and E. Sackmann, “Ultrathin hydrated dextran films grafted on glass: Preparation and characterization of structural, viscous, and elastic properties by quantitative microinterferometry,” Langmuir 12, 4866–4876 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. C. M.

B. M. Discher, Y. Y. Won, D. S. Ege, J. C. M. Lee, F. S. Bates, D. E. Discher, and D. A. Hammer, “Polymersomes: tough vesicles made from diblock copolymers,” Science 284, 1143–1146(1999).
[CrossRef]

Lichtenfeld, H.

G. B. Sukhorukov, E. Donath, H. Lichtenfeld, E. Knippel, M. Knippel, A. Budde, and H. Mohwald, “Layer-by-layer self assembly of polyelectrolytes on colloidal particles,” Colloids Surf. A 137, 253–266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Limozin, L.

L. Limozin and K. Sengupta, “Modulation of vesicle adhesion and spreading kinetics by hyaluronan cushions,” Biophys. J. 93, 3300–3313 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K. K.

K. K. Liu, “Deformation behaviour of soft particles: a review,” J. Phys. D 39, R189–R199 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mansson, A.

M. Sundberg, A. Mansson, and S. Tagerud, “Contact angle measurements by confocal microscopy for non-destructive microscale surface characterization,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 313, 454–460 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mark, J. E.

J. E. Mark, Polymer Data Handbook (Oxford U. Press, 1999).

Mecke, A.

A. Mecke, C. Dittrich, and W. Meier, “Biomimetic membranes designed from amphiphilic block copolymers,” Soft Matt. 2, 751–759 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meier, W.

A. Mecke, C. Dittrich, and W. Meier, “Biomimetic membranes designed from amphiphilic block copolymers,” Soft Matt. 2, 751–759 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Kita-Tokarczyk, J. Grumelard, T. Haefele, and W. Meier, “Block copolymer vesicles—using concepts from polymer chemistry to mimic biomembranes,” Polymer 46, 3540–3563(2005).
[CrossRef]

Mohwald, H.

G. B. Sukhorukov, E. Donath, H. Lichtenfeld, E. Knippel, M. Knippel, A. Budde, and H. Mohwald, “Layer-by-layer self assembly of polyelectrolytes on colloidal particles,” Colloids Surf. A 137, 253–266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moulinet, S.

S. Moulinet and D. Bartolo, “Life and death of a fakir droplet: impalement transitions on superhydrophobic surfaces,” Eur. Phys. J. E 24, 251–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Neumaier, K. R.

Radler, J.

J. Radler and E. Sackmann, “Imaging optical thicknesses and separation distances of phospholipid vesicles at solid surfaces,” J. Phys. (Paris) II 3, 727–748 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Radler and E. Sackmann, “On the measurement of weak repulsive and frictional colloidal forces by reflection interference contrast microscopy,” Langmuir 8, 848–853 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Radoev, B.

K. W. Stockelhuber, B. Radoev, and H. J. Schulze, “Some new observations on line tension of microscopic droplets,” Colloids Surf. A 156, 323–333 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sackmann, E.

E. Sackmann and S. Goennenwein, “Cell adhesion as dynamic interplay of lock-and-key, generic and elastic forces,” Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 78–99 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Sackmann and R. F. Bruinsma, “Cell adhesion as wetting transition?” Chem. Phys. Chem. 3, 262–269 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Kloboucek, A. Behrisch, J. Faix, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced receptor segregation and adhesion plaque formation: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 77, 2311–2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Wiegand, K. R. Neumaier, and E. Sackmann, “Microinterferometry: three-dimensional reconstruction of surface microtopography for thin-film and wetting studies by reflection interference contrast microscopy (RICM),” Appl. Opt. 37, 6892–6905 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Albersdorfer, T. Feder, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced domain formation by interplay of long-range repulsion and short-range attraction force: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 73, 245–257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Wiegand, T. Jaworek, G. Wegner, and E. Sackmann, “Studies of structure and local wetting properties on heterogeneous, micropatterned solid surfaces by microinterferometry,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 196, 299–312 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuhner and E. Sackmann, “Ultrathin hydrated dextran films grafted on glass: Preparation and characterization of structural, viscous, and elastic properties by quantitative microinterferometry,” Langmuir 12, 4866–4876 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Radler and E. Sackmann, “Imaging optical thicknesses and separation distances of phospholipid vesicles at solid surfaces,” J. Phys. (Paris) II 3, 727–748 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Radler and E. Sackmann, “On the measurement of weak repulsive and frictional colloidal forces by reflection interference contrast microscopy,” Langmuir 8, 848–853 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schulze, H. J.

K. W. Stockelhuber, B. Radoev, and H. J. Schulze, “Some new observations on line tension of microscopic droplets,” Colloids Surf. A 156, 323–333 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sengupta, K.

L. Limozin and K. Sengupta, “Modulation of vesicle adhesion and spreading kinetics by hyaluronan cushions,” Biophys. J. 93, 3300–3313 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stockelhuber, K. W.

K. W. Stockelhuber, B. Radoev, and H. J. Schulze, “Some new observations on line tension of microscopic droplets,” Colloids Surf. A 156, 323–333 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sukhorukov, G. B.

G. B. Sukhorukov, E. Donath, H. Lichtenfeld, E. Knippel, M. Knippel, A. Budde, and H. Mohwald, “Layer-by-layer self assembly of polyelectrolytes on colloidal particles,” Colloids Surf. A 137, 253–266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sundberg, M.

M. Sundberg, A. Mansson, and S. Tagerud, “Contact angle measurements by confocal microscopy for non-destructive microscale surface characterization,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 313, 454–460 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tagerud, S.

M. Sundberg, A. Mansson, and S. Tagerud, “Contact angle measurements by confocal microscopy for non-destructive microscale surface characterization,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 313, 454–460 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Theodoly, O.

O. Theodoly, Z.-H. Huang, and M.-P. Valignat, “New modeling of reflection interference contrast microscopy including polarization and numerical aperture effects: application to nanometric distance measurements and object profile reconstruction,” Langmuir 26, 1940–1948 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Todd, I.

D. Gingell and I. Todd, “Interference reflection microscopy—a quantitative theory for image interpretation and its application to cell-substratum separation measurement,” Biophys. J. 26, 507–526 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Valignat, M.-P.

O. Theodoly, Z.-H. Huang, and M.-P. Valignat, “New modeling of reflection interference contrast microscopy including polarization and numerical aperture effects: application to nanometric distance measurements and object profile reconstruction,” Langmuir 26, 1940–1948 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, A. S. Angelatos, and F. Caruso, “Template synthesis of nanostructured materials via layer-by-layer assembly,” Chem. Mater. 20, 848–858 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, G.

G. Wiegand, T. Jaworek, G. Wegner, and E. Sackmann, “Studies of structure and local wetting properties on heterogeneous, micropatterned solid surfaces by microinterferometry,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 196, 299–312 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weisstein, E. W.

E. W. Weisstein, “Delaunay triangulation,” retrieved from http://mathworld.wolfram.com/DelaunayTriangulation.html.

E. W. Weisstein, “Change of variables theorem,” retrieved from http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ChangeofVariablesTheorem.html.

Wiegand, G.

G. Wiegand, K. R. Neumaier, and E. Sackmann, “Microinterferometry: three-dimensional reconstruction of surface microtopography for thin-film and wetting studies by reflection interference contrast microscopy (RICM),” Appl. Opt. 37, 6892–6905 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Wiegand, T. Jaworek, G. Wegner, and E. Sackmann, “Studies of structure and local wetting properties on heterogeneous, micropatterned solid surfaces by microinterferometry,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 196, 299–312 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Won, Y. Y.

B. M. Discher, H. Bermudez, D. A. Hammer, D. E. Discher, Y. Y. Won, and F. S. Bates, “Cross-linked polymersome membranes: vesicles with broadly adjustable properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2848–2854 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Discher, Y. Y. Won, D. S. Ege, J. C. M. Lee, F. S. Bates, D. E. Discher, and D. A. Hammer, “Polymersomes: tough vesicles made from diblock copolymers,” Science 284, 1143–1146(1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H. J.

E. W. Gomez, N. G. Clack, H. J. Wu, and J. T. Groves, “Like-charge interactions between colloidal particles are asymmetric with respect to sign,” Soft Matt. 5, 1931–1936 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Biophys. J. (4)

L. Limozin and K. Sengupta, “Modulation of vesicle adhesion and spreading kinetics by hyaluronan cushions,” Biophys. J. 93, 3300–3313 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Albersdorfer, T. Feder, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced domain formation by interplay of long-range repulsion and short-range attraction force: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 73, 245–257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Kloboucek, A. Behrisch, J. Faix, and E. Sackmann, “Adhesion-induced receptor segregation and adhesion plaque formation: a model membrane study,” Biophys. J. 77, 2311–2328 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Gingell and I. Todd, “Interference reflection microscopy—a quantitative theory for image interpretation and its application to cell-substratum separation measurement,” Biophys. J. 26, 507–526 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

Y. Wang, A. S. Angelatos, and F. Caruso, “Template synthesis of nanostructured materials via layer-by-layer assembly,” Chem. Mater. 20, 848–858 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Chem. (1)

E. Sackmann and R. F. Bruinsma, “Cell adhesion as wetting transition?” Chem. Phys. Chem. 3, 262–269 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Colloids Surf. A (2)

K. W. Stockelhuber, B. Radoev, and H. J. Schulze, “Some new observations on line tension of microscopic droplets,” Colloids Surf. A 156, 323–333 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. B. Sukhorukov, E. Donath, H. Lichtenfeld, E. Knippel, M. Knippel, A. Budde, and H. Mohwald, “Layer-by-layer self assembly of polyelectrolytes on colloidal particles,” Colloids Surf. A 137, 253–266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. E (1)

S. Moulinet and D. Bartolo, “Life and death of a fakir droplet: impalement transitions on superhydrophobic surfaces,” Eur. Phys. J. E 24, 251–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Colloid Interface Sci. (2)

M. Sundberg, A. Mansson, and S. Tagerud, “Contact angle measurements by confocal microscopy for non-destructive microscale surface characterization,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 313, 454–460 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Wiegand, T. Jaworek, G. Wegner, and E. Sackmann, “Studies of structure and local wetting properties on heterogeneous, micropatterned solid surfaces by microinterferometry,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 196, 299–312 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. (Paris) II (1)

J. Radler and E. Sackmann, “Imaging optical thicknesses and separation distances of phospholipid vesicles at solid surfaces,” J. Phys. (Paris) II 3, 727–748 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

B. M. Discher, H. Bermudez, D. A. Hammer, D. E. Discher, Y. Y. Won, and F. S. Bates, “Cross-linked polymersome membranes: vesicles with broadly adjustable properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 2848–2854 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

K. K. Liu, “Deformation behaviour of soft particles: a review,” J. Phys. D 39, R189–R199 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (4)

M. Kuhner and E. Sackmann, “Ultrathin hydrated dextran films grafted on glass: Preparation and characterization of structural, viscous, and elastic properties by quantitative microinterferometry,” Langmuir 12, 4866–4876 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Theodoly, Z.-H. Huang, and M.-P. Valignat, “New modeling of reflection interference contrast microscopy including polarization and numerical aperture effects: application to nanometric distance measurements and object profile reconstruction,” Langmuir 26, 1940–1948 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. G. Clack and J. T. Groves, “Many-particle tracking with nanometer resolution in three dimensions by reflection interference contrast microscopy,” Langmuir 21, 6430–6435(2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Radler and E. Sackmann, “On the measurement of weak repulsive and frictional colloidal forces by reflection interference contrast microscopy,” Langmuir 8, 848–853 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Macromol. (1)

H. Bermudez, A. K. Brannan, D. A. Hammer, F. S. Bates, and D. E. Discher, “Molecular weight dependence of polymersome membrane structure, elasticity, and stability,” Macromol. 35, 8203–8208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Polymer (1)

K. Kita-Tokarczyk, J. Grumelard, T. Haefele, and W. Meier, “Block copolymer vesicles—using concepts from polymer chemistry to mimic biomembranes,” Polymer 46, 3540–3563(2005).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. (1)

E. Sackmann and S. Goennenwein, “Cell adhesion as dynamic interplay of lock-and-key, generic and elastic forces,” Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 78–99 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

B. M. Discher, Y. Y. Won, D. S. Ege, J. C. M. Lee, F. S. Bates, D. E. Discher, and D. A. Hammer, “Polymersomes: tough vesicles made from diblock copolymers,” Science 284, 1143–1146(1999).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Discher and A. Eisenberg, “Polymer vesicles,” Science 297, 967–973 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soft Matt. (2)

E. W. Gomez, N. G. Clack, H. J. Wu, and J. T. Groves, “Like-charge interactions between colloidal particles are asymmetric with respect to sign,” Soft Matt. 5, 1931–1936 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Mecke, C. Dittrich, and W. Meier, “Biomimetic membranes designed from amphiphilic block copolymers,” Soft Matt. 2, 751–759 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

E. W. Weisstein, “Change of variables theorem,” retrieved from http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ChangeofVariablesTheorem.html.

J. E. Mark, Polymer Data Handbook (Oxford U. Press, 1999).

E. W. Weisstein, “Delaunay triangulation,” retrieved from http://mathworld.wolfram.com/DelaunayTriangulation.html.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics