Abstract

Liquid-filled microstructured polymer optical fibers (MPOFs) as monolithic liquid-core array fiber are proposed and prepared by injecting high-refractive-index liquid into the holes array of the MPOFs. One example for potential applications is demonstrated as a new kind of coherent imaging fiber. It provides great potential for applications in chemical sensing, biosensors, and endoscopy, particularly in bifunctional detection.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Altkorn, I. Koev, R. P. Van Duyne, and M. Litorja, “Low-loss liquid-core optical fiber for low-refractive-index liquids: fabrication, characterization, and application in Raman spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8992-8998 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. E. Walrafen and J. Stone, “Intensification of spontaneous Raman spectra by use of liquid core optical fibers,” Appl. Spectrosc. 26, 585-589 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. J. Tian, L. Y. Zhang, J. Zuo, Z. W. Li, S. Q. Gao, and G. H. Lu, “Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell,” Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. H. Xu, X. F. Chen, and Y. Zhu, “High sensitive temperature sensor using a liquid-core optical fiber with small refractive index difference between core and cladding materials,” Sensors 8, 1872-1878 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Yiou, P. Delaye, A. Rouvie, J. Chinaud, R. Frey, G. Roosen, P. Viale, S. Février, P. Roy, J.-L. Auguste, and J.-M. Blondy, “Stimulated Raman scattering in an ethanol core microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express 13, 4786-4791 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Qi and A. J. Berger, “Chemical concentration measurement in blood serum and urine samples using liquid-core optical fiber Raman spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 46, 1726-1734 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Y. Ye and M. Ishikawa, “Enhancing fluorescence detection with a photonic crystal structure in a total-internal-reflection configuration,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1729-1731 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Vienne, M. Yan, T. Luo, T. K. Liang, P. Ho, and C. Lin, “Liquid core fibers based on hollow core microstructured fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 551-552.
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. J. De Matos, C. M. B. Cordeiro, E. M. dos Santos, J. S. Ong, A. Bozolan, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Liquid-core, liquid-cladding photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 11207-11212 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. J. Muldoon, M. C. Pierce, D. L. Nida, M. D. Williams, A. Gillenwater, and R. Richards-Kortum, “Subcellular-resolution molecular imaging within living tissue by fiber microendoscopy,” Opt. Express 15, 16413-16423 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt, “Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber,” Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Li, T. Wang, H. Kosaka, S. Kawai, and K. Kasahara, “Fiber-image-guide-based bit-parallel optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6920-6933 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Maj, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, J. F. Ahadian, C. G. Fonstad, K. L. Lear, K. Tatah, M. S. Robinson, and J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a two-dimensional array of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers to a receiver array via a fiber image guide,” Appl. Opt. 39, 683-689 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Amatore, A. Chovin, P. Garrigue, L. Servant, N. Sojic, S. Szunerits, and L. Thouin, “Remote fluorescence imaging of dynamic concentration profiles with micrometer resolution using a coherent optical fiber bundle,” Anal. Chem. 76, 7202-7210 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. E. Bosch, A. J. R. Sánchez , F. S. Rojas, and C. B. Ojeda, “Recent development in optical fiber biosensors,” Sensors 7, 797-859 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Ai and Y. Li, “Polymer fiber-image-guide-based embedded optical circuit board,” Appl. Opt. 38, 325-332 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. A. van Eijkelenborg, “Imaging with microstructured polymer fibre,” Opt. Express 12, 342-346 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Wang, X. H. Yang, and L. L. Wang, “Fabrication and experimental observation of monolithic multi-air-core fiber array for image transmission,” Opt. Express 16, 7703-7708 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. D. N. Payne and W. A. Gambling, “New low-loss liquid-core fiber waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 8, 374-376 (1972).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (5)

2005 (2)

G. Vienne, M. Yan, T. Luo, T. K. Liang, P. Ho, and C. Lin, “Liquid core fibers based on hollow core microstructured fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 551-552.
[CrossRef]

S. Yiou, P. Delaye, A. Rouvie, J. Chinaud, R. Frey, G. Roosen, P. Viale, S. Février, P. Roy, J.-L. Auguste, and J.-M. Blondy, “Stimulated Raman scattering in an ethanol core microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express 13, 4786-4791 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

C. Amatore, A. Chovin, P. Garrigue, L. Servant, N. Sojic, S. Szunerits, and L. Thouin, “Remote fluorescence imaging of dynamic concentration profiles with micrometer resolution using a coherent optical fiber bundle,” Anal. Chem. 76, 7202-7210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, “Imaging with microstructured polymer fibre,” Opt. Express 12, 342-346 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt, “Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber,” Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1972 (2)

Ahadian, J. F.

Ai, J.

Altkorn, R.

Amatore, C.

C. Amatore, A. Chovin, P. Garrigue, L. Servant, N. Sojic, S. Szunerits, and L. Thouin, “Remote fluorescence imaging of dynamic concentration profiles with micrometer resolution using a coherent optical fiber bundle,” Anal. Chem. 76, 7202-7210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auguste, J.-L.

Berger, A. J.

Blondy, J.-M.

Bosch, M. E.

M. E. Bosch, A. J. R. Sánchez , F. S. Rojas, and C. B. Ojeda, “Recent development in optical fiber biosensors,” Sensors 7, 797-859 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bozolan, A.

Bronk, S.

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt, “Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber,” Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X. F.

Y. H. Xu, X. F. Chen, and Y. Zhu, “High sensitive temperature sensor using a liquid-core optical fiber with small refractive index difference between core and cladding materials,” Sensors 8, 1872-1878 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chinaud, J.

Chovin, A.

C. Amatore, A. Chovin, P. Garrigue, L. Servant, N. Sojic, S. Szunerits, and L. Thouin, “Remote fluorescence imaging of dynamic concentration profiles with micrometer resolution using a coherent optical fiber bundle,” Anal. Chem. 76, 7202-7210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Cruz, C. H. B.

De Matos, C. J.

Delaye, P.

dos Santos, E. M.

Février, S.

Fonstad, C. G.

Frey, R.

Gambling, W. A.

D. N. Payne and W. A. Gambling, “New low-loss liquid-core fiber waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 8, 374-376 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Gao, S. Q.

Y. J. Tian, L. Y. Zhang, J. Zuo, Z. W. Li, S. Q. Gao, and G. H. Lu, “Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell,” Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garrigue, P.

C. Amatore, A. Chovin, P. Garrigue, L. Servant, N. Sojic, S. Szunerits, and L. Thouin, “Remote fluorescence imaging of dynamic concentration profiles with micrometer resolution using a coherent optical fiber bundle,” Anal. Chem. 76, 7202-7210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gillenwater, A.

Ho, P.

G. Vienne, M. Yan, T. Luo, T. K. Liang, P. Ho, and C. Lin, “Liquid core fibers based on hollow core microstructured fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 551-552.
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, M.

Kasahara, K.

Kawai, S.

Kirk, A. G.

Koev, I.

Kosaka, H.

Lear, K. L.

Li, Y.

Li, Z. W.

Y. J. Tian, L. Y. Zhang, J. Zuo, Z. W. Li, S. Q. Gao, and G. H. Lu, “Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell,” Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, T. K.

G. Vienne, M. Yan, T. Luo, T. K. Liang, P. Ho, and C. Lin, “Liquid core fibers based on hollow core microstructured fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 551-552.
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

G. Vienne, M. Yan, T. Luo, T. K. Liang, P. Ho, and C. Lin, “Liquid core fibers based on hollow core microstructured fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 551-552.
[CrossRef]

Litorja, M.

Lu, G. H.

Y. J. Tian, L. Y. Zhang, J. Zuo, Z. W. Li, S. Q. Gao, and G. H. Lu, “Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell,” Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, T.

G. Vienne, M. Yan, T. Luo, T. K. Liang, P. Ho, and C. Lin, “Liquid core fibers based on hollow core microstructured fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 551-552.
[CrossRef]

Maj, T.

Michael, K. L.

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt, “Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber,” Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muldoon, T. J.

Nida, D. L.

Ojeda, C. B.

M. E. Bosch, A. J. R. Sánchez , F. S. Rojas, and C. B. Ojeda, “Recent development in optical fiber biosensors,” Sensors 7, 797-859 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ong, J. S.

Pantano, P.

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt, “Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber,” Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payne, D. N.

D. N. Payne and W. A. Gambling, “New low-loss liquid-core fiber waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 8, 374-376 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, M. C.

Plant, D. V.

Qi, D.

Richards-Kortum, R.

Robinson, M. S.

Rojas, F. S.

M. E. Bosch, A. J. R. Sánchez , F. S. Rojas, and C. B. Ojeda, “Recent development in optical fiber biosensors,” Sensors 7, 797-859 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roosen, G.

Rouvie, A.

Roy, P.

Sánchez , A. J. R.

M. E. Bosch, A. J. R. Sánchez , F. S. Rojas, and C. B. Ojeda, “Recent development in optical fiber biosensors,” Sensors 7, 797-859 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Servant, L.

C. Amatore, A. Chovin, P. Garrigue, L. Servant, N. Sojic, S. Szunerits, and L. Thouin, “Remote fluorescence imaging of dynamic concentration profiles with micrometer resolution using a coherent optical fiber bundle,” Anal. Chem. 76, 7202-7210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sojic, N.

C. Amatore, A. Chovin, P. Garrigue, L. Servant, N. Sojic, S. Szunerits, and L. Thouin, “Remote fluorescence imaging of dynamic concentration profiles with micrometer resolution using a coherent optical fiber bundle,” Anal. Chem. 76, 7202-7210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stone, J.

Szunerits, S.

C. Amatore, A. Chovin, P. Garrigue, L. Servant, N. Sojic, S. Szunerits, and L. Thouin, “Remote fluorescence imaging of dynamic concentration profiles with micrometer resolution using a coherent optical fiber bundle,” Anal. Chem. 76, 7202-7210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tatah, K.

Thouin, L.

C. Amatore, A. Chovin, P. Garrigue, L. Servant, N. Sojic, S. Szunerits, and L. Thouin, “Remote fluorescence imaging of dynamic concentration profiles with micrometer resolution using a coherent optical fiber bundle,” Anal. Chem. 76, 7202-7210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, Y. J.

Y. J. Tian, L. Y. Zhang, J. Zuo, Z. W. Li, S. Q. Gao, and G. H. Lu, “Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell,” Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trezza, J. A.

Van Duyne, R. P.

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

Viale, P.

Vienne, G.

G. Vienne, M. Yan, T. Luo, T. K. Liang, P. Ho, and C. Lin, “Liquid core fibers based on hollow core microstructured fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 551-552.
[CrossRef]

Walrafen, G. E.

Walt, D. R.

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt, “Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber,” Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

Wang, L. L.

Wang, T.

Williams, M. D.

Xu, Y. H.

Y. H. Xu, X. F. Chen, and Y. Zhu, “High sensitive temperature sensor using a liquid-core optical fiber with small refractive index difference between core and cladding materials,” Sensors 8, 1872-1878 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

G. Vienne, M. Yan, T. Luo, T. K. Liang, P. Ho, and C. Lin, “Liquid core fibers based on hollow core microstructured fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 551-552.
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. H.

Ye, J. Y.

Yiou, S.

Zhang, L. Y.

Y. J. Tian, L. Y. Zhang, J. Zuo, Z. W. Li, S. Q. Gao, and G. H. Lu, “Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell,” Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

Y. H. Xu, X. F. Chen, and Y. Zhu, “High sensitive temperature sensor using a liquid-core optical fiber with small refractive index difference between core and cladding materials,” Sensors 8, 1872-1878 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zuo, J.

Y. J. Tian, L. Y. Zhang, J. Zuo, Z. W. Li, S. Q. Gao, and G. H. Lu, “Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell,” Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (2)

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt, “Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber,” Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Amatore, A. Chovin, P. Garrigue, L. Servant, N. Sojic, S. Szunerits, and L. Thouin, “Remote fluorescence imaging of dynamic concentration profiles with micrometer resolution using a coherent optical fiber bundle,” Anal. Chem. 76, 7202-7210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chim. Acta (1)

Y. J. Tian, L. Y. Zhang, J. Zuo, Z. W. Li, S. Q. Gao, and G. H. Lu, “Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell,” Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. N. Payne and W. A. Gambling, “New low-loss liquid-core fiber waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 8, 374-376 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sensors (2)

Y. H. Xu, X. F. Chen, and Y. Zhu, “High sensitive temperature sensor using a liquid-core optical fiber with small refractive index difference between core and cladding materials,” Sensors 8, 1872-1878 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Bosch, A. J. R. Sánchez , F. S. Rojas, and C. B. Ojeda, “Recent development in optical fiber biosensors,” Sensors 7, 797-859 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. Vienne, M. Yan, T. Luo, T. K. Liang, P. Ho, and C. Lin, “Liquid core fibers based on hollow core microstructured fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Pacific Rim (IEEE, 2005), pp. 551-552.
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scanning electron micrograph of the cleaved end faces of MPOFs. (a) and (b) MPOF with a 547-hole hexagonal array in different magnifications. (c) and (d) MPOF with a 525-hole rectangular array in different magnifications.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Transmittance of triphenyl phosphite (solid curve) and hexachloro-1, 3-butadiene (dotted curve). (b) Schematic of injecting liquid into the hole array of a fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photos of MLCAFs illuminated on the distal end. (a) Hexagonal array with 547 liquid cores. (b) Rectangular array with 525 liquid cores.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of the MLCAF imaging system.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

CCD camera images of the “E”-shaped aluminum screen transmitted by (a) a MPOF with a hexagonal array of 547 liquid cores and (b) a MPOF with a rectangular array of 525 liquid cores, respectively.

Metrics