Abstract

A new L-band automatic-gain-controlled (AGC) erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) for dense wavelength-division-multiplexing transmission systems is presented, in which a single 1480nm laser with an internal thermoelectric cooler is used as a primary pump for stable amplification. All C-band amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) is recycled by the secondary pump to enhance the gain efficiency. A fraction of the output signal is used as an electrical feedback monitor for the AGC to improve the gain-clamped (GC) flatness. Experimental results prove that the AGC EDFA has a gain flatness of better than 0.46dB/40nm, i.e., below 1.5%, and a higher gain of approximately 36.5dB compared to that of approximately 35.3dB for the conventional GC EDFA at 30dBm input signal power. The best gain flatness of ±0.25dB can be achieved over the dynamic range greater than 20dB. The dynamic range of noise figure is between 6.7 and 7.1. The 3dB down bandwidth is more than 40nm. Overall dynamics measurements for the AGC EDFA feedback stabilization have been carried out. The recorded corresponding rise time of 1.565ms indicates that the system does not exhibit any overshoot of gain or ASE variation due to the signal at the beginning of the pulse.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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