Although barcodes can be used to manage data conveniently, they cannot be applied to small areas. Therefore, pointcodes are used to overcome the issue in this article. A pointcode uses a pointcode pattern to encode data and uses a pointcode image to decode data. A pointcode pattern is composed of many grating dots with different specified grating pitches and grating orientations. Moreover, there are two grating-dot sizes generated. When a laser beam illuminates a pointcode pattern with correct illuminating conditions, a pointcode image corresponding to the hidden data is diffractively reconstructed. A pointcode image is composed of many bright points with different positions. There are two possible bright-point sizes generated. A bright point or two bright points at specified positions are used to denote a number. Small pointcode patterns are enough to diffractively form pointcode images.
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