R. M. Marino and W. R. Davis Jr., “Jigsaw: a foliage-penetrating 3D imaging laser radar system,” Lincoln Lab. J. 15, 23-36 (2005).

J. Liu, R. A. Melloh, C. E. Woodcock, R. E. Davis, and E. S. Ochs, “The effect of viewing geometry and topography on gap fractions through forest canopies,” Hydrol. Process. 18, 3595-3607 (2004).

[CrossRef]

B. Lalic and D. T. Mihailovic, “An empirical relation describing leaf-area density inside the forest for environmental modeling,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 43, 641-645 (2004).

[CrossRef]

L. Claustres, Y. Boucher, and M. Paulin, “Wavelet-based modeling of spectral bidirectional reflectance distribution function data,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2327-2339 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. T. Murray, S. E. Moran, N. Roddier, R. Vercillo, R. Bridges, and W. Austin, “Advanced 3D polarimetric flash ladar imaging through foliage,” Proc. SPIE 5086, 84-95 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Falster and M. Westoby, “Leaf size and angle vary widely across species: what consequences for light interception?,” New Phytol. 158, 509-525 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. Ross, V. Ross, and A. Koppel, “Estimation of leaf area and its vertical distribution during growth period,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 101, 237-246 (2000).

[CrossRef]

J. L. Privette, R. B. Myneni, W. J. Emery, and B. Pinty, “Inversion of a soil bidirectional reflectance model for use with vegetation reflectance models,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 25497-25508 (1995).

[CrossRef]

T. W. Brakke, “Specular and diffuse components of radiation scattered by leaves,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 71, 283-295(1994).

[CrossRef]

R. B. Myneni, J. Ross, and G. Asrar, “A review of the theory of photon transport in leaf canopies,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 45, 1-153 (1989).

[CrossRef]

M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, “Laplace transforms,” in *Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs and Mathematical Tables* (Dover, 1972), pp. 1020-1021.

R. B. Myneni, J. Ross, and G. Asrar, “A review of the theory of photon transport in leaf canopies,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 45, 1-153 (1989).

[CrossRef]

J. T. Murray, S. E. Moran, N. Roddier, R. Vercillo, R. Bridges, and W. Austin, “Advanced 3D polarimetric flash ladar imaging through foliage,” Proc. SPIE 5086, 84-95 (2003).

[CrossRef]

L. Claustres, Y. Boucher, and M. Paulin, “Wavelet-based modeling of spectral bidirectional reflectance distribution function data,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2327-2339 (2004).

[CrossRef]

T. W. Brakke, “Specular and diffuse components of radiation scattered by leaves,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 71, 283-295(1994).

[CrossRef]

T. W. Brakke, “Goniometric measurements of light scattered in the principle plane from leaves,” in *International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium* (IEEE, 1992), pp. 508-510.

J. T. Murray, S. E. Moran, N. Roddier, R. Vercillo, R. Bridges, and W. Austin, “Advanced 3D polarimetric flash ladar imaging through foliage,” Proc. SPIE 5086, 84-95 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Miller and D. Childers, “Operations on a single random variable,” in *Probability and Random Processes* (Elsevier, 2004), pp. 100-107.

L. Claustres, Y. Boucher, and M. Paulin, “Wavelet-based modeling of spectral bidirectional reflectance distribution function data,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2327-2339 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Liu, R. A. Melloh, C. E. Woodcock, R. E. Davis, and E. S. Ochs, “The effect of viewing geometry and topography on gap fractions through forest canopies,” Hydrol. Process. 18, 3595-3607 (2004).

[CrossRef]

R. M. Marino and W. R. Davis Jr., “Jigsaw: a foliage-penetrating 3D imaging laser radar system,” Lincoln Lab. J. 15, 23-36 (2005).

J. L. Privette, R. B. Myneni, W. J. Emery, and B. Pinty, “Inversion of a soil bidirectional reflectance model for use with vegetation reflectance models,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 25497-25508 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Falster and M. Westoby, “Leaf size and angle vary widely across species: what consequences for light interception?,” New Phytol. 158, 509-525 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Karam and A. K. Fung, “A canopy scattering model and its application to a deciduous forest,” in *International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium* (IEEE, 1990), pp. 137-140.

E. F. Gilman and D. G. Watson, “Acer saccharum sugar maple,” Fact Sheet ST-51, Environmental Horticultural Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (1993).

S. Jacquemoud and S. Ustin, “Leaf optical properties: a state of the art,” in *8th International Symposium Physical Measurements and Signatures in Remote Sensing* (CNES, 2001), pp. 223-232.

M. A. Karam and A. K. Fung, “A canopy scattering model and its application to a deciduous forest,” in *International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium* (IEEE, 1990), pp. 137-140.

C. Kittel and H. Kroemer, “Collision cross sections and mean free paths,” in *Thermal Physics* (Freeman, 1980), pp. 395-397.

J. Ross, V. Ross, and A. Koppel, “Estimation of leaf area and its vertical distribution during growth period,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 101, 237-246 (2000).

[CrossRef]

C. Kittel and H. Kroemer, “Collision cross sections and mean free paths,” in *Thermal Physics* (Freeman, 1980), pp. 395-397.

B. Lalic and D. T. Mihailovic, “An empirical relation describing leaf-area density inside the forest for environmental modeling,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 43, 641-645 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Liu, R. A. Melloh, C. E. Woodcock, R. E. Davis, and E. S. Ochs, “The effect of viewing geometry and topography on gap fractions through forest canopies,” Hydrol. Process. 18, 3595-3607 (2004).

[CrossRef]

R. M. Marino and W. R. Davis Jr., “Jigsaw: a foliage-penetrating 3D imaging laser radar system,” Lincoln Lab. J. 15, 23-36 (2005).

J. Liu, R. A. Melloh, C. E. Woodcock, R. E. Davis, and E. S. Ochs, “The effect of viewing geometry and topography on gap fractions through forest canopies,” Hydrol. Process. 18, 3595-3607 (2004).

[CrossRef]

B. Lalic and D. T. Mihailovic, “An empirical relation describing leaf-area density inside the forest for environmental modeling,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 43, 641-645 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Miller and D. Childers, “Operations on a single random variable,” in *Probability and Random Processes* (Elsevier, 2004), pp. 100-107.

J. T. Murray, S. E. Moran, N. Roddier, R. Vercillo, R. Bridges, and W. Austin, “Advanced 3D polarimetric flash ladar imaging through foliage,” Proc. SPIE 5086, 84-95 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. T. Murray, S. E. Moran, N. Roddier, R. Vercillo, R. Bridges, and W. Austin, “Advanced 3D polarimetric flash ladar imaging through foliage,” Proc. SPIE 5086, 84-95 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. L. Privette, R. B. Myneni, W. J. Emery, and B. Pinty, “Inversion of a soil bidirectional reflectance model for use with vegetation reflectance models,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 25497-25508 (1995).

[CrossRef]

R. B. Myneni, J. Ross, and G. Asrar, “A review of the theory of photon transport in leaf canopies,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 45, 1-153 (1989).

[CrossRef]

J. Liu, R. A. Melloh, C. E. Woodcock, R. E. Davis, and E. S. Ochs, “The effect of viewing geometry and topography on gap fractions through forest canopies,” Hydrol. Process. 18, 3595-3607 (2004).

[CrossRef]

L. Claustres, Y. Boucher, and M. Paulin, “Wavelet-based modeling of spectral bidirectional reflectance distribution function data,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2327-2339 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. L. Privette, R. B. Myneni, W. J. Emery, and B. Pinty, “Inversion of a soil bidirectional reflectance model for use with vegetation reflectance models,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 25497-25508 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. L. Privette, R. B. Myneni, W. J. Emery, and B. Pinty, “Inversion of a soil bidirectional reflectance model for use with vegetation reflectance models,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 25497-25508 (1995).

[CrossRef]

S. F. Ray, “The fisheye lens and immersed optics,” in *Applied Photographic Optics* (Focal, 2002), pp. 327-332.

J. T. Murray, S. E. Moran, N. Roddier, R. Vercillo, R. Bridges, and W. Austin, “Advanced 3D polarimetric flash ladar imaging through foliage,” Proc. SPIE 5086, 84-95 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. Ross, V. Ross, and A. Koppel, “Estimation of leaf area and its vertical distribution during growth period,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 101, 237-246 (2000).

[CrossRef]

R. B. Myneni, J. Ross, and G. Asrar, “A review of the theory of photon transport in leaf canopies,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 45, 1-153 (1989).

[CrossRef]

J. Ross, V. Ross, and A. Koppel, “Estimation of leaf area and its vertical distribution during growth period,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 101, 237-246 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, “Laplace transforms,” in *Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs and Mathematical Tables* (Dover, 1972), pp. 1020-1021.

S. Jacquemoud and S. Ustin, “Leaf optical properties: a state of the art,” in *8th International Symposium Physical Measurements and Signatures in Remote Sensing* (CNES, 2001), pp. 223-232.

J. T. Murray, S. E. Moran, N. Roddier, R. Vercillo, R. Bridges, and W. Austin, “Advanced 3D polarimetric flash ladar imaging through foliage,” Proc. SPIE 5086, 84-95 (2003).

[CrossRef]

E. F. Gilman and D. G. Watson, “Acer saccharum sugar maple,” Fact Sheet ST-51, Environmental Horticultural Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (1993).

D. S. Falster and M. Westoby, “Leaf size and angle vary widely across species: what consequences for light interception?,” New Phytol. 158, 509-525 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. Liu, R. A. Melloh, C. E. Woodcock, R. E. Davis, and E. S. Ochs, “The effect of viewing geometry and topography on gap fractions through forest canopies,” Hydrol. Process. 18, 3595-3607 (2004).

[CrossRef]

T. W. Brakke, “Specular and diffuse components of radiation scattered by leaves,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 71, 283-295(1994).

[CrossRef]

R. B. Myneni, J. Ross, and G. Asrar, “A review of the theory of photon transport in leaf canopies,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 45, 1-153 (1989).

[CrossRef]

J. Ross, V. Ross, and A. Koppel, “Estimation of leaf area and its vertical distribution during growth period,” Agric. Forest Meteorol. 101, 237-246 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. Greiner, B. Duncan, and M. Dierking, “Bidirectional scattering distribution functions of maple and cottonwood leaves,” Appl. Opt. 46, 6485-6494 (2007).

[CrossRef]

E. A. Bucher, “Computer simulation of light pulse propagation for communication through thick clouds,” Appl. Opt. 12, 2391-2400 (1973).

[CrossRef]

B. W. Schilling, D. N. Barr, G. C. Templeton, L. J. Mizerka, and C. W. Trussell, “Multiple-return laser radar for three-dimensional imaging through obscurations,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2791-2799 (2002).

[CrossRef]

J. Liu, R. A. Melloh, C. E. Woodcock, R. E. Davis, and E. S. Ochs, “The effect of viewing geometry and topography on gap fractions through forest canopies,” Hydrol. Process. 18, 3595-3607 (2004).

[CrossRef]

B. Lalic and D. T. Mihailovic, “An empirical relation describing leaf-area density inside the forest for environmental modeling,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 43, 641-645 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. L. Privette, R. B. Myneni, W. J. Emery, and B. Pinty, “Inversion of a soil bidirectional reflectance model for use with vegetation reflectance models,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 25497-25508 (1995).

[CrossRef]

R. M. Marino and W. R. Davis Jr., “Jigsaw: a foliage-penetrating 3D imaging laser radar system,” Lincoln Lab. J. 15, 23-36 (2005).

D. S. Falster and M. Westoby, “Leaf size and angle vary widely across species: what consequences for light interception?,” New Phytol. 158, 509-525 (2003).

[CrossRef]

L. Claustres, Y. Boucher, and M. Paulin, “Wavelet-based modeling of spectral bidirectional reflectance distribution function data,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2327-2339 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. T. Murray, S. E. Moran, N. Roddier, R. Vercillo, R. Bridges, and W. Austin, “Advanced 3D polarimetric flash ladar imaging through foliage,” Proc. SPIE 5086, 84-95 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. Jacquemoud and S. Ustin, “Leaf optical properties: a state of the art,” in *8th International Symposium Physical Measurements and Signatures in Remote Sensing* (CNES, 2001), pp. 223-232.

C. Kittel and H. Kroemer, “Collision cross sections and mean free paths,” in *Thermal Physics* (Freeman, 1980), pp. 395-397.

E. F. Gilman and D. G. Watson, “Acer saccharum sugar maple,” Fact Sheet ST-51, Environmental Horticultural Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (1993).

M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, “Laplace transforms,” in *Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs and Mathematical Tables* (Dover, 1972), pp. 1020-1021.

M. A. Karam and A. K. Fung, “A canopy scattering model and its application to a deciduous forest,” in *International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium* (IEEE, 1990), pp. 137-140.

T. W. Brakke, “Goniometric measurements of light scattered in the principle plane from leaves,” in *International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium* (IEEE, 1992), pp. 508-510.

S. L. Miller and D. Childers, “Operations on a single random variable,” in *Probability and Random Processes* (Elsevier, 2004), pp. 100-107.

S. F. Ray, “The fisheye lens and immersed optics,” in *Applied Photographic Optics* (Focal, 2002), pp. 327-332.