Abstract

We characterize bismuth-doped fibers under different excitation wavelengths. The fiber laser performance at 1179nm was investigated, incorporating different cooling arrangements. Effective heat extraction can reduce the temperature-dependent unsaturable loss in fiber, resulting in increased laser performance. The operation of a bismuth-doped fiber amplifier at 1179nm, at both low and high input signals, is also examined. The amplifier efficiency and the saturation power both depend on effective fiber cooling.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. B 24, 1749-1755 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 834-840 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Payne, “Bismuth-doped fiber laser at 1.16 μm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Application Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CFL4.
    [PubMed]
  4. M. P. Kalita, S. Yoo, and J. Sahu, “Bismuth doped fiber laser and study of unsaturable loss and pump induced absorption in laser performance,” Opt. Express 16, 21032-21038 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melmukov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, ““High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1749-1751 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, “The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities,” Dermatol. Surg. 28, 21-25(2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. E. Davis, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. H. Pantell, “Characterization of clusters in rare earth-doped fibers by transmission measurements,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 120-126(1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y.-S. Seo, R. Sasahara, Y. Fujimoto, C. Lim, S.-K. Hong, and M. Nakatsuka, “10.6 dB gain at a 1310 nm wavelength for a bismuth-doped silica fiber amplifier,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim 2007, Seoul, Korea (IOP Publishing, 2007), paper FE2_2.
  10. I. A. Bufetov, K. M. Golant, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Kholodkov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth activated alumosilicate optical fibers fabricated by surface-plasma chemical vapor deposition technology,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4940-4944(2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38, 615-617(2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. V. Dvoyrin, O. I. Medvedkov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical amplification in 1430-1495 nm range and laser action in Bi-doped fibers,” Opt. Express 16, 16971-16976 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. K. Sahu, M. P. Kalita, S. -U. Alam, M. Ibsen, and A. J. Boyland, “12 W Ytterbium doped all-fiber laser at 1179 nm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics--European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CJ4.1.
    [PubMed]
  14. S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and C. Oton, “Measurement of excited state absorption in bismuth-doped silica fibers,” in Proceedings of the Europhoton Conference on Solid-State and Fiber Coherent Light Sources (European Physical Society, 2008).
  15. S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 530-532(2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. S. Kurkov, “Oscillation spectral range of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 93-102 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

2009 (1)

2008 (5)

2007 (3)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melmukov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, ““High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1749-1751 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Kurkov, “Oscillation spectral range of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 93-102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. B 24, 1749-1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, “The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities,” Dermatol. Surg. 28, 21-25(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. E. Davis, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. H. Pantell, “Characterization of clusters in rare earth-doped fibers by transmission measurements,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 120-126(1995).
[CrossRef]

Alam, S. -U.

J. K. Sahu, M. P. Kalita, S. -U. Alam, M. Ibsen, and A. J. Boyland, “12 W Ytterbium doped all-fiber laser at 1179 nm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics--European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CJ4.1.
[PubMed]

An, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Avicola, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

Beeman, B. V.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bissinger, H. D.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boyland, A. J.

J. K. Sahu, M. P. Kalita, S. -U. Alam, M. Ibsen, and A. J. Boyland, “12 W Ytterbium doped all-fiber laser at 1179 nm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics--European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CJ4.1.
[PubMed]

Brase, J. M.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38, 615-617(2008).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, K. M. Golant, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Kholodkov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth activated alumosilicate optical fibers fabricated by surface-plasma chemical vapor deposition technology,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4940-4944(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melmukov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, ““High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1749-1751 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. B 24, 1749-1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Davis, M. E.

M. E. Davis, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. H. Pantell, “Characterization of clusters in rare earth-doped fibers by transmission measurements,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 120-126(1995).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 834-840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, K. M. Golant, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Kholodkov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth activated alumosilicate optical fibers fabricated by surface-plasma chemical vapor deposition technology,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4940-4944(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38, 615-617(2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, O. I. Medvedkov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical amplification in 1430-1495 nm range and laser action in Bi-doped fibers,” Opt. Express 16, 16971-16976 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melmukov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, ““High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1749-1751 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. B 24, 1749-1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

M. E. Davis, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. H. Pantell, “Characterization of clusters in rare earth-doped fibers by transmission measurements,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 120-126(1995).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Erbert, G. V.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Firstov, S. V.

I. A. Bufetov, K. M. Golant, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Kholodkov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth activated alumosilicate optical fibers fabricated by surface-plasma chemical vapor deposition technology,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4940-4944(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38, 615-617(2008).
[CrossRef]

Friedman, H. W.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y.-S. Seo, R. Sasahara, Y. Fujimoto, C. Lim, S.-K. Hong, and M. Nakatsuka, “10.6 dB gain at a 1310 nm wavelength for a bismuth-doped silica fiber amplifier,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim 2007, Seoul, Korea (IOP Publishing, 2007), paper FE2_2.

Gavel, D. T.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Golant, K. M.

Guryanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38, 615-617(2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, O. I. Medvedkov, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical amplification in 1430-1495 nm range and laser action in Bi-doped fibers,” Opt. Express 16, 16971-16976 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, S.-K.

Y.-S. Seo, R. Sasahara, Y. Fujimoto, C. Lim, S.-K. Hong, and M. Nakatsuka, “10.6 dB gain at a 1310 nm wavelength for a bismuth-doped silica fiber amplifier,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim 2007, Seoul, Korea (IOP Publishing, 2007), paper FE2_2.

Ibsen, M.

J. K. Sahu, M. P. Kalita, S. -U. Alam, M. Ibsen, and A. J. Boyland, “12 W Ytterbium doped all-fiber laser at 1179 nm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics--European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CJ4.1.
[PubMed]

Kalita, M. P.

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 530-532(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Kalita, S. Yoo, and J. Sahu, “Bismuth doped fiber laser and study of unsaturable loss and pump induced absorption in laser performance,” Opt. Express 16, 21032-21038 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and C. Oton, “Measurement of excited state absorption in bismuth-doped silica fibers,” in Proceedings of the Europhoton Conference on Solid-State and Fiber Coherent Light Sources (European Physical Society, 2008).

J. K. Sahu, M. P. Kalita, S. -U. Alam, M. Ibsen, and A. J. Boyland, “12 W Ytterbium doped all-fiber laser at 1179 nm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics--European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CJ4.1.
[PubMed]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Payne, “Bismuth-doped fiber laser at 1.16 μm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Application Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CFL4.
[PubMed]

Kanz, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kholodkov, A. V.

Khopin, V. F.

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38, 615-617(2008).
[CrossRef]

Kurkov, A. S.

A. S. Kurkov, “Oscillation spectral range of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 93-102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lim, C.

Y.-S. Seo, R. Sasahara, Y. Fujimoto, C. Lim, S.-K. Hong, and M. Nakatsuka, “10.6 dB gain at a 1310 nm wavelength for a bismuth-doped silica fiber amplifier,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim 2007, Seoul, Korea (IOP Publishing, 2007), paper FE2_2.

Liu, M. C.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Macintosh, B.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

Max, C. E.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M. A.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. B 24, 1749-1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Melmukov, M. A.

Nakatsuka, M.

Y.-S. Seo, R. Sasahara, Y. Fujimoto, C. Lim, S.-K. Hong, and M. Nakatsuka, “10.6 dB gain at a 1310 nm wavelength for a bismuth-doped silica fiber amplifier,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim 2007, Seoul, Korea (IOP Publishing, 2007), paper FE2_2.

Neeb, K. P.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 530-532(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Payne, “Bismuth-doped fiber laser at 1.16 μm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Application Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CFL4.
[PubMed]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and C. Oton, “Measurement of excited state absorption in bismuth-doped silica fibers,” in Proceedings of the Europhoton Conference on Solid-State and Fiber Coherent Light Sources (European Physical Society, 2008).

Olivier, S. S.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

Oton, C.

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and C. Oton, “Measurement of excited state absorption in bismuth-doped silica fibers,” in Proceedings of the Europhoton Conference on Solid-State and Fiber Coherent Light Sources (European Physical Society, 2008).

Pantell, R. H.

M. E. Davis, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. H. Pantell, “Characterization of clusters in rare earth-doped fibers by transmission measurements,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 120-126(1995).
[CrossRef]

Patience, J.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D.

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Payne, “Bismuth-doped fiber laser at 1.16 μm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Application Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CFL4.
[PubMed]

Sadick, N. S.

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, “The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities,” Dermatol. Surg. 28, 21-25(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

J. K. Sahu, M. P. Kalita, S. -U. Alam, M. Ibsen, and A. J. Boyland, “12 W Ytterbium doped all-fiber laser at 1179 nm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics--European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CJ4.1.
[PubMed]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Payne, “Bismuth-doped fiber laser at 1.16 μm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Application Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CFL4.
[PubMed]

Sasahara, R.

Y.-S. Seo, R. Sasahara, Y. Fujimoto, C. Lim, S.-K. Hong, and M. Nakatsuka, “10.6 dB gain at a 1310 nm wavelength for a bismuth-doped silica fiber amplifier,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim 2007, Seoul, Korea (IOP Publishing, 2007), paper FE2_2.

Seo, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Seo, R. Sasahara, Y. Fujimoto, C. Lim, S.-K. Hong, and M. Nakatsuka, “10.6 dB gain at a 1310 nm wavelength for a bismuth-doped silica fiber amplifier,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim 2007, Seoul, Korea (IOP Publishing, 2007), paper FE2_2.

Shubin, A. V.

Simpson, J. R.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

Umnikov, A. A.

Waltjen, K. E.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, R.

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, “The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities,” Dermatol. Surg. 28, 21-25(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoo, S.

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 530-532(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Kalita, S. Yoo, and J. Sahu, “Bismuth doped fiber laser and study of unsaturable loss and pump induced absorption in laser performance,” Opt. Express 16, 21032-21038 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Payne, “Bismuth-doped fiber laser at 1.16 μm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Application Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CFL4.
[PubMed]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and C. Oton, “Measurement of excited state absorption in bismuth-doped silica fibers,” in Proceedings of the Europhoton Conference on Solid-State and Fiber Coherent Light Sources (European Physical Society, 2008).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Dermatol. Surg. (1)

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, “The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities,” Dermatol. Surg. 28, 21-25(2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 834-840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. E. Davis, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. H. Pantell, “Characterization of clusters in rare earth-doped fibers by transmission measurements,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 120-126(1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Opt. Soc. B (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. B 24, 1749-1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. S. Kurkov, “Oscillation spectral range of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 93-102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Quantum Electron. (1)

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38, 615-617(2008).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, K. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277, 1649-1652 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

Y.-S. Seo, R. Sasahara, Y. Fujimoto, C. Lim, S.-K. Hong, and M. Nakatsuka, “10.6 dB gain at a 1310 nm wavelength for a bismuth-doped silica fiber amplifier,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim 2007, Seoul, Korea (IOP Publishing, 2007), paper FE2_2.

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Payne, “Bismuth-doped fiber laser at 1.16 μm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Application Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CFL4.
[PubMed]

J. K. Sahu, M. P. Kalita, S. -U. Alam, M. Ibsen, and A. J. Boyland, “12 W Ytterbium doped all-fiber laser at 1179 nm,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics--European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CJ4.1.
[PubMed]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and C. Oton, “Measurement of excited state absorption in bismuth-doped silica fibers,” in Proceedings of the Europhoton Conference on Solid-State and Fiber Coherent Light Sources (European Physical Society, 2008).

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement for a bismuth-doped fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the bismuth-doped fiber amplifier experimental setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption spectrum of the bismuth-doped Ge:Al:SiO2 fiber.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluorescence spectra of bismuth-doped fiber at different excitation wavelengths (intensity scaled to unity).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Bismuth-doped fiber laser performance at different heat sink arrangements.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Emission spectra of bismuth-doped fiber when core pumped at 976 nm .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Dependence of gain on pump power for different seed powers; (b) gain versus signal output power at different pump powers (as labeled) with water cooling, 20 ° C , and room temperature.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Output power with and without a heat sink at a seed power of 2.2 W ; (b) output spectrum taken with an OSA with 0.2 nm resolution at maximum output power and at room temperature.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Unsaturable loss in bismuth-doped fiber at different temperatures.

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