Abstract

Application of fiber-coupled superluminescent diodes with a wideband optical source for the detection of various gases is reported. Superluminescent diodes with two different wavelengths around 760 and 1530nm are used for O2 and NH3 gas sensing, respectively. The technique allows multiple-gas sensing for combustion monitoring.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Hielscher, C. E. Miler, D. C. Bayard, U. Simon, K. P. Smolka, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Optimization of a midinfrared high-resolution difference frequency laser spectrometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1962-1967 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Goldberg, W. K. Burns, and R. W. McElhanon, “Difference-frequency-generation of tunable midinfrared radiation in bulk periodically poled LiNbO2,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1280-1282 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. P. Petrov, S. Waltman, E. J. Dlugokencky, M. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, F. K. Tittel, and L. W. Hollberg, “Precise measurement of methane in air using diode-pumped 3.4 μm difference-frequency generation in PPLN,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 567-572 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Richter, D. G. Lanaster, R. F. Curl, W. Neu, and F. K. Tittel, “Compact mid-infrared trace gas sensor based on difference-frequency generation of two diode lasers in periodically poled LiNbO2,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 347-350 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Mazzotti, S. Borri, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, and P. D. Natale, “Low-power Lamb-dip spectroscopy of very weak CO2 transitions near 4.25 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1256-1258 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. J. Vasa, K. Funakoshi, and S. Yokoyama, “Development of a widely tunable mid-infrared coherent optical source based on a difference frequency generation in a periodically poled LiNbO2,” Eng. Sci. Rep. 26, 389-394 (2005).
  7. N. Matsuoka, S. Yamaguchi, K. Nanri, T. Fujioka, D. Richter, and F. K. Tittel, “Yb fiber laser pumped Mid-IR source based on difference frequency generation and its application to ammonia detection,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 625-628(2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Parhat, N. J. Vasa, T. Okada, M. Maeda, and H. Taniguchi, “Widely tunable difference frequency generation in periodically-poled LiNbO2 using an all-solid-state Cr3+∶LiSrAlF6 laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L800-L802 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Kauppinen, K. Wilcken, I. Kauppinen, and V. Koskinen, “High sensitivity in gas analysis with photoacoustic detection,” Microchem. J. 76, 151-159 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Uotila and J. Kauppinen, “Fourier transform infrared measurement of solid-, liquid-, and gas-phase samples with a single photoacoustic cell,” Appl. Spectrosc. 62, 655-660(2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. M. Mihalcea, D. S. Baer, and R. K. Hanson, “A diode-laser absorption sensor system for combustion emission measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 327-338 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Culshaw, G. Stewart, F. Dong, C. Tandy, and D. Moodie, “Fiber optic techniques for remote spectroscopic methane detection--from concept to system realization,” Sens. Actuators B 51, 25-37 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Uehara and H. Tai, “Remote detection of methane with a 1.66 μm diode laser,” Appl. Opt. 31, 809-814 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, and F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 162, 230-245 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

N. J. Vasa, K. Funakoshi, and S. Yokoyama, “Development of a widely tunable mid-infrared coherent optical source based on a difference frequency generation in a periodically poled LiNbO2,” Eng. Sci. Rep. 26, 389-394 (2005).

2004 (1)

J. Kauppinen, K. Wilcken, I. Kauppinen, and V. Koskinen, “High sensitivity in gas analysis with photoacoustic detection,” Microchem. J. 76, 151-159 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

N. Matsuoka, S. Yamaguchi, K. Nanri, T. Fujioka, D. Richter, and F. K. Tittel, “Yb fiber laser pumped Mid-IR source based on difference frequency generation and its application to ammonia detection,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 625-628(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

H. Parhat, N. J. Vasa, T. Okada, M. Maeda, and H. Taniguchi, “Widely tunable difference frequency generation in periodically-poled LiNbO2 using an all-solid-state Cr3+∶LiSrAlF6 laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L800-L802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

D. Richter, D. G. Lanaster, R. F. Curl, W. Neu, and F. K. Tittel, “Compact mid-infrared trace gas sensor based on difference-frequency generation of two diode lasers in periodically poled LiNbO2,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 347-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Mihalcea, D. S. Baer, and R. K. Hanson, “A diode-laser absorption sensor system for combustion emission measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 327-338 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Culshaw, G. Stewart, F. Dong, C. Tandy, and D. Moodie, “Fiber optic techniques for remote spectroscopic methane detection--from concept to system realization,” Sens. Actuators B 51, 25-37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. P. Petrov, S. Waltman, E. J. Dlugokencky, M. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, F. K. Tittel, and L. W. Hollberg, “Precise measurement of methane in air using diode-pumped 3.4 μm difference-frequency generation in PPLN,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 567-572 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, and F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 162, 230-245 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

Arbore, M.

K. P. Petrov, S. Waltman, E. J. Dlugokencky, M. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, F. K. Tittel, and L. W. Hollberg, “Precise measurement of methane in air using diode-pumped 3.4 μm difference-frequency generation in PPLN,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 567-572 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Baer, D. S.

R. M. Mihalcea, D. S. Baer, and R. K. Hanson, “A diode-laser absorption sensor system for combustion emission measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 327-338 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bayard, D. C.

Borri, S.

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

Camy-Peyret, C.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cancio, P.

Chance, K. V.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Culshaw, B.

B. Culshaw, G. Stewart, F. Dong, C. Tandy, and D. Moodie, “Fiber optic techniques for remote spectroscopic methane detection--from concept to system realization,” Sens. Actuators B 51, 25-37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Curl, R. F.

D. Richter, D. G. Lanaster, R. F. Curl, W. Neu, and F. K. Tittel, “Compact mid-infrared trace gas sensor based on difference-frequency generation of two diode lasers in periodically poled LiNbO2,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 347-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Hielscher, C. E. Miler, D. C. Bayard, U. Simon, K. P. Smolka, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Optimization of a midinfrared high-resolution difference frequency laser spectrometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1962-1967 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dlugokencky, E. J.

K. P. Petrov, S. Waltman, E. J. Dlugokencky, M. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, F. K. Tittel, and L. W. Hollberg, “Precise measurement of methane in air using diode-pumped 3.4 μm difference-frequency generation in PPLN,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 567-572 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, F.

B. Culshaw, G. Stewart, F. Dong, C. Tandy, and D. Moodie, “Fiber optic techniques for remote spectroscopic methane detection--from concept to system realization,” Sens. Actuators B 51, 25-37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, D. P.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

K. P. Petrov, S. Waltman, E. J. Dlugokencky, M. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, F. K. Tittel, and L. W. Hollberg, “Precise measurement of methane in air using diode-pumped 3.4 μm difference-frequency generation in PPLN,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 567-572 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J. M.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fujioka, T.

N. Matsuoka, S. Yamaguchi, K. Nanri, T. Fujioka, D. Richter, and F. K. Tittel, “Yb fiber laser pumped Mid-IR source based on difference frequency generation and its application to ammonia detection,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 625-628(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Funakoshi, K.

N. J. Vasa, K. Funakoshi, and S. Yokoyama, “Development of a widely tunable mid-infrared coherent optical source based on a difference frequency generation in a periodically poled LiNbO2,” Eng. Sci. Rep. 26, 389-394 (2005).

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Giusfredi, G.

Goldberg, L.

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hanson, R. K.

R. M. Mihalcea, D. S. Baer, and R. K. Hanson, “A diode-laser absorption sensor system for combustion emission measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 327-338 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hegelund, F.

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, and F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 162, 230-245 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hielscher, A.

Hollberg, L. W.

K. P. Petrov, S. Waltman, E. J. Dlugokencky, M. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, F. K. Tittel, and L. W. Hollberg, “Precise measurement of methane in air using diode-pumped 3.4 μm difference-frequency generation in PPLN,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 567-572 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jucks, K. W.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kauppinen, I.

J. Kauppinen, K. Wilcken, I. Kauppinen, and V. Koskinen, “High sensitivity in gas analysis with photoacoustic detection,” Microchem. J. 76, 151-159 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kauppinen, J.

J. Uotila and J. Kauppinen, “Fourier transform infrared measurement of solid-, liquid-, and gas-phase samples with a single photoacoustic cell,” Appl. Spectrosc. 62, 655-660(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kauppinen, K. Wilcken, I. Kauppinen, and V. Koskinen, “High sensitivity in gas analysis with photoacoustic detection,” Microchem. J. 76, 151-159 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koskinen, V.

J. Kauppinen, K. Wilcken, I. Kauppinen, and V. Koskinen, “High sensitivity in gas analysis with photoacoustic detection,” Microchem. J. 76, 151-159 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lanaster, D. G.

D. Richter, D. G. Lanaster, R. F. Curl, W. Neu, and F. K. Tittel, “Compact mid-infrared trace gas sensor based on difference-frequency generation of two diode lasers in periodically poled LiNbO2,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 347-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lundsberg-Nielsen, L.

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, and F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 162, 230-245 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, M.

H. Parhat, N. J. Vasa, T. Okada, M. Maeda, and H. Taniguchi, “Widely tunable difference frequency generation in periodically-poled LiNbO2 using an all-solid-state Cr3+∶LiSrAlF6 laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L800-L802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mandin, J. Y.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, N.

N. Matsuoka, S. Yamaguchi, K. Nanri, T. Fujioka, D. Richter, and F. K. Tittel, “Yb fiber laser pumped Mid-IR source based on difference frequency generation and its application to ammonia detection,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 625-628(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazzotti, D.

McCann, A.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McElhanon, R. W.

Mihalcea, R. M.

R. M. Mihalcea, D. S. Baer, and R. K. Hanson, “A diode-laser absorption sensor system for combustion emission measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 327-338 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miler, C. E.

Moodie, D.

B. Culshaw, G. Stewart, F. Dong, C. Tandy, and D. Moodie, “Fiber optic techniques for remote spectroscopic methane detection--from concept to system realization,” Sens. Actuators B 51, 25-37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nanri, K.

N. Matsuoka, S. Yamaguchi, K. Nanri, T. Fujioka, D. Richter, and F. K. Tittel, “Yb fiber laser pumped Mid-IR source based on difference frequency generation and its application to ammonia detection,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 625-628(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Natale, P. D.

Nemtchinov, V.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Neu, W.

D. Richter, D. G. Lanaster, R. F. Curl, W. Neu, and F. K. Tittel, “Compact mid-infrared trace gas sensor based on difference-frequency generation of two diode lasers in periodically poled LiNbO2,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 347-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nicolaisen, F. M.

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, and F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 162, 230-245 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Okada, T.

H. Parhat, N. J. Vasa, T. Okada, M. Maeda, and H. Taniguchi, “Widely tunable difference frequency generation in periodically-poled LiNbO2 using an all-solid-state Cr3+∶LiSrAlF6 laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L800-L802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Parhat, H.

H. Parhat, N. J. Vasa, T. Okada, M. Maeda, and H. Taniguchi, “Widely tunable difference frequency generation in periodically-poled LiNbO2 using an all-solid-state Cr3+∶LiSrAlF6 laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L800-L802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, K. P.

K. P. Petrov, S. Waltman, E. J. Dlugokencky, M. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, F. K. Tittel, and L. W. Hollberg, “Precise measurement of methane in air using diode-pumped 3.4 μm difference-frequency generation in PPLN,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 567-572 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Richter, D.

N. Matsuoka, S. Yamaguchi, K. Nanri, T. Fujioka, D. Richter, and F. K. Tittel, “Yb fiber laser pumped Mid-IR source based on difference frequency generation and its application to ammonia detection,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 625-628(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Richter, D. G. Lanaster, R. F. Curl, W. Neu, and F. K. Tittel, “Compact mid-infrared trace gas sensor based on difference-frequency generation of two diode lasers in periodically poled LiNbO2,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 347-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, J.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Simon, U.

Smolka, K. P.

Stewart, G.

B. Culshaw, G. Stewart, F. Dong, C. Tandy, and D. Moodie, “Fiber optic techniques for remote spectroscopic methane detection--from concept to system realization,” Sens. Actuators B 51, 25-37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tai, H.

Tandy, C.

B. Culshaw, G. Stewart, F. Dong, C. Tandy, and D. Moodie, “Fiber optic techniques for remote spectroscopic methane detection--from concept to system realization,” Sens. Actuators B 51, 25-37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, H.

H. Parhat, N. J. Vasa, T. Okada, M. Maeda, and H. Taniguchi, “Widely tunable difference frequency generation in periodically-poled LiNbO2 using an all-solid-state Cr3+∶LiSrAlF6 laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L800-L802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

N. Matsuoka, S. Yamaguchi, K. Nanri, T. Fujioka, D. Richter, and F. K. Tittel, “Yb fiber laser pumped Mid-IR source based on difference frequency generation and its application to ammonia detection,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 625-628(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Richter, D. G. Lanaster, R. F. Curl, W. Neu, and F. K. Tittel, “Compact mid-infrared trace gas sensor based on difference-frequency generation of two diode lasers in periodically poled LiNbO2,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 347-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Petrov, S. Waltman, E. J. Dlugokencky, M. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, F. K. Tittel, and L. W. Hollberg, “Precise measurement of methane in air using diode-pumped 3.4 μm difference-frequency generation in PPLN,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 567-572 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Hielscher, C. E. Miler, D. C. Bayard, U. Simon, K. P. Smolka, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Optimization of a midinfrared high-resolution difference frequency laser spectrometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1962-1967 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Uehara, K.

Uotila, J.

Varanasi, P.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vasa, N. J.

N. J. Vasa, K. Funakoshi, and S. Yokoyama, “Development of a widely tunable mid-infrared coherent optical source based on a difference frequency generation in a periodically poled LiNbO2,” Eng. Sci. Rep. 26, 389-394 (2005).

H. Parhat, N. J. Vasa, T. Okada, M. Maeda, and H. Taniguchi, “Widely tunable difference frequency generation in periodically-poled LiNbO2 using an all-solid-state Cr3+∶LiSrAlF6 laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L800-L802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Waltman, S.

K. P. Petrov, S. Waltman, E. J. Dlugokencky, M. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, F. K. Tittel, and L. W. Hollberg, “Precise measurement of methane in air using diode-pumped 3.4 μm difference-frequency generation in PPLN,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 567-572 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wattson, R. B.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wilcken, K.

J. Kauppinen, K. Wilcken, I. Kauppinen, and V. Koskinen, “High sensitivity in gas analysis with photoacoustic detection,” Microchem. J. 76, 151-159 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, S.

N. Matsuoka, S. Yamaguchi, K. Nanri, T. Fujioka, D. Richter, and F. K. Tittel, “Yb fiber laser pumped Mid-IR source based on difference frequency generation and its application to ammonia detection,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 625-628(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yokoyama, S.

N. J. Vasa, K. Funakoshi, and S. Yokoyama, “Development of a widely tunable mid-infrared coherent optical source based on a difference frequency generation in a periodically poled LiNbO2,” Eng. Sci. Rep. 26, 389-394 (2005).

Yoshino, K.

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

K. P. Petrov, S. Waltman, E. J. Dlugokencky, M. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, F. K. Tittel, and L. W. Hollberg, “Precise measurement of methane in air using diode-pumped 3.4 μm difference-frequency generation in PPLN,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 567-572 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Richter, D. G. Lanaster, R. F. Curl, W. Neu, and F. K. Tittel, “Compact mid-infrared trace gas sensor based on difference-frequency generation of two diode lasers in periodically poled LiNbO2,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 347-350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Eng. Sci. Rep. (1)

N. J. Vasa, K. Funakoshi, and S. Yokoyama, “Development of a widely tunable mid-infrared coherent optical source based on a difference frequency generation in a periodically poled LiNbO2,” Eng. Sci. Rep. 26, 389-394 (2005).

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

L. Lundsberg-Nielsen, F. Hegelund, and F. M. Nicolaisen, “Analysis of the high-resolution spectrum of ammonia (14NH3) in the near-infrared region, 6400-6900 cm−1,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 162, 230-245 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, J. Y. Mandin, J. Schroeder, A. McCann, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Jucks, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN Atmospheric Workstation): 1996 edition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 665-710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. Matsuoka, S. Yamaguchi, K. Nanri, T. Fujioka, D. Richter, and F. K. Tittel, “Yb fiber laser pumped Mid-IR source based on difference frequency generation and its application to ammonia detection,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 625-628(2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Parhat, N. J. Vasa, T. Okada, M. Maeda, and H. Taniguchi, “Widely tunable difference frequency generation in periodically-poled LiNbO2 using an all-solid-state Cr3+∶LiSrAlF6 laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L800-L802 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

R. M. Mihalcea, D. S. Baer, and R. K. Hanson, “A diode-laser absorption sensor system for combustion emission measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 327-338 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Microchem. J. (1)

J. Kauppinen, K. Wilcken, I. Kauppinen, and V. Koskinen, “High sensitivity in gas analysis with photoacoustic detection,” Microchem. J. 76, 151-159 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Sens. Actuators B (1)

B. Culshaw, G. Stewart, F. Dong, C. Tandy, and D. Moodie, “Fiber optic techniques for remote spectroscopic methane detection--from concept to system realization,” Sens. Actuators B 51, 25-37 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental observed transmission spectra of SLD for different concentrations of O 2 . Absorption path length, 8 m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for NH 3 gas measurements.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental observed transmission spectra of SLD for different concentrations of NH 3 . Absorption path length, 2 m .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Effective absorption cross-sectional values for O 2 taking into consideration a spectral resolution of 0.1 cm 1 .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Estimated transmission spectra corresponding to different spectral resolution values of a spectrum analyzer. O 2 concentration, 100%; path length, 8 m .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Theoretically estimated and experimentally measured transmission spectra. Solid lines show experimentally measured spectra without and with NH 3 ( 13.5 kP a ). Dotted lines show theoretical estimated spectra corresponding to a spectral resolution of 0.04 cm 1 .

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( υ ) = I 0 ( υ ) exp [ α ( υ ) l ] ,
α ( υ ) = σ eff ( υ ) N ,
σ eff ( υ ) = g ( υ ) σ ( υ ) d υ ,

Metrics