Abstract

Carrier-envelope (CE) phase stabilization of a two-stage chirped pulse amplifier laser system with regenerative amplification as the preamplifier is demonstrated. The CE phase stability of this laser system is found to have a 90mrad rms error averaged over 50 laser shots for a locking period of 4.5 h. The CE phase locking was confirmed unambiguously by experimental observation of the 2π periodicity of the high-order harmonic spectrum generated by double optical gating.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (6)

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, Y. Furukawa, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Interferometry of attosecond pulse trains in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Peralta Conde, J. Kruse, O. Faucher, P. Tzallas, E. P. Benis, and D. Charalambidis, “Realization of time-resolved two-vacuum-ultraviolet-photon ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 061405(R) (2009).

S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, S. Khan, M. Chini, H. Wang, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Direct measurement of an electric field in femtosecond Bessel-Gaussian beams,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2390-2392 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Practical issues of retrieving isolated attosecond pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Yun, S. Chen, H. Wang, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Temperature feedback control for long-term carrier-envelope phase locking,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5127-5130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (7)

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105(2008).
[CrossRef]

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Optimizing the photon flux of double optical gated high-order harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, T. Shimizu, R. Ma, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear Fourier transformation spectroscopy of CO2 in extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

Z. Chang, “Controlling attosecond pulse generation with a double optical gating,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 051403(R)(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

B. Shan and Z. Chang, “Dramatic extension of the high-order harmonic cutoff by using a long-wavelength driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804(R) (2002).

2001 (1)

1996 (1)

1990 (1)

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anis, F.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Apolonski, A.

Aquila, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Attwood, D. T.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bado, P.

Baltuka, A.

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benis, E. P.

A. Peralta Conde, J. Kruse, O. Faucher, P. Tzallas, E. P. Benis, and D. Charalambidis, “Realization of time-resolved two-vacuum-ultraviolet-photon ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 061405(R) (2009).

Ben-Itzhak, I.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blanc, C. Le

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carnes, K. D.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, S. Khan, M. Chini, H. Wang, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Direct measurement of an electric field in femtosecond Bessel-Gaussian beams,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2390-2392 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Yun, S. Chen, H. Wang, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Temperature feedback control for long-term carrier-envelope phase locking,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5127-5130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Practical issues of retrieving isolated attosecond pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Optimizing the photon flux of double optical gated high-order harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105(2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, “Controlling attosecond pulse generation with a double optical gating,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 051403(R)(2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, P. Ranitovic, C. M. Maharjan, C. L. Cocke, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, “Precision control of carrier-envelope phase in grating based chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Express 14, 11468-11476(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase shift caused by grating-based stretchers and compressors,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8350-8353 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Shan and Z. Chang, “Dramatic extension of the high-order harmonic cutoff by using a long-wavelength driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804(R) (2002).

Charalambidis, D.

A. Peralta Conde, J. Kruse, O. Faucher, P. Tzallas, E. P. Benis, and D. Charalambidis, “Realization of time-resolved two-vacuum-ultraviolet-photon ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 061405(R) (2009).

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Practical issues of retrieving isolated attosecond pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Yun, S. Chen, H. Wang, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Temperature feedback control for long-term carrier-envelope phase locking,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5127-5130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chini, M.

Cocke, C. L.

Coe, J. S.

Conde, A. Peralta

A. Peralta Conde, J. Kruse, O. Faucher, P. Tzallas, E. P. Benis, and D. Charalambidis, “Realization of time-resolved two-vacuum-ultraviolet-photon ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 061405(R) (2009).

Dromey, B.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Esry, B. D.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faucher, O.

A. Peralta Conde, J. Kruse, O. Faucher, P. Tzallas, E. P. Benis, and D. Charalambidis, “Realization of time-resolved two-vacuum-ultraviolet-photon ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 061405(R) (2009).

Feng, X.

S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, S. Khan, M. Chini, H. Wang, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Direct measurement of an electric field in femtosecond Bessel-Gaussian beams,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2390-2392 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Practical issues of retrieving isolated attosecond pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuji, T.

Fujihira, Y.

Furukawa, Y.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, Y. Furukawa, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Interferometry of attosecond pulse trains in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gagnon, J.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaire, B.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gilbertson, S.

S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, S. Khan, M. Chini, H. Wang, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Direct measurement of an electric field in femtosecond Bessel-Gaussian beams,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2390-2392 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Practical issues of retrieving isolated attosecond pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Optimizing the photon flux of double optical gated high-order harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105(2008).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, Ch.

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gullikson, E. M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, T.

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Homma, T.

Hörlein, R.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hua, J. J.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, Nora G.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kakehata, M.

Karsch, S.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Khan, S.

Khan, S. D.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Practical issues of retrieving isolated attosecond pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, Y.

Koyamada, Y.

Krausz, F.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kruse, J.

A. Peralta Conde, J. Kruse, O. Faucher, P. Tzallas, E. P. Benis, and D. Charalambidis, “Realization of time-resolved two-vacuum-ultraviolet-photon ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 061405(R) (2009).

Li, C.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Optimizing the photon flux of double optical gated high-order harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105(2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, P. Ranitovic, C. M. Maharjan, C. L. Cocke, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, “Precision control of carrier-envelope phase in grating based chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Express 14, 11468-11476(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, R.

T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, T. Shimizu, R. Ma, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear Fourier transformation spectroscopy of CO2 in extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maharjan, C. M.

Major, Zs.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mashiko, H.

S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, S. Khan, M. Chini, H. Wang, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Direct measurement of an electric field in femtosecond Bessel-Gaussian beams,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2390-2392 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Practical issues of retrieving isolated attosecond pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Optimizing the photon flux of double optical gated high-order harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105(2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, P. Ranitovic, C. M. Maharjan, C. L. Cocke, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, “Precision control of carrier-envelope phase in grating based chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Express 14, 11468-11476(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKenna, J.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, Y. Furukawa, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Interferometry of attosecond pulse trains in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, T. Shimizu, R. Ma, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear Fourier transformation spectroscopy of CO2 in extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moon, E.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Optimizing the photon flux of double optical gated high-order harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105(2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, P. Ranitovic, C. M. Maharjan, C. L. Cocke, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, “Precision control of carrier-envelope phase in grating based chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Express 14, 11468-11476(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G. A.

Nabekawa, Y.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, Y. Furukawa, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Interferometry of attosecond pulse trains in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, T. Shimizu, R. Ma, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear Fourier transformation spectroscopy of CO2 in extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakamura, C. M.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, E. Moon, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, P. Ranitovic, C. M. Maharjan, C. L. Cocke, Z. Chang, and G. G. Paulus, “Precision control of carrier-envelope phase in grating based chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Express 14, 11468-11476(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakamura, S.

Nishijima, K.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nomura, Y.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Norris, T. B.

Okino, T.

T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, T. Shimizu, R. Ma, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear Fourier transformation spectroscopy of CO2 in extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okubo, K.

Osterhoff, J.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Parke, E.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raksi, F.

Ranitovic, P.

Rauschenberger, J.

Rose-Petruck, C.

Rykovanov, S.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sayler, A. M.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shakya, M. M.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shan, B.

B. Shan and Z. Chang, “Dramatic extension of the high-order harmonic cutoff by using a long-wavelength driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804(R) (2002).

Shimizu, T.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, Y. Furukawa, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Interferometry of attosecond pulse trains in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, T. Shimizu, R. Ma, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear Fourier transformation spectroscopy of CO2 in extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silvestri, S. D.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Squier, J.

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takada, H.

Takahashi, E.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, Y. Furukawa, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Interferometry of attosecond pulse trains in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, H.

Takamiya, H.

Tempea, G.

Torizuka, K.

Tsakiris, G. D.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tzallas, P.

A. Peralta Conde, J. Kruse, O. Faucher, P. Tzallas, E. P. Benis, and D. Charalambidis, “Realization of time-resolved two-vacuum-ultraviolet-photon ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 061405(R) (2009).

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Udem, Th.

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vaillancourt, G.

Veisz, L.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, S. Khan, M. Chini, H. Wang, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Direct measurement of an electric field in femtosecond Bessel-Gaussian beams,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2390-2392 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Practical issues of retrieving isolated attosecond pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Yun, S. Chen, H. Wang, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Temperature feedback control for long-term carrier-envelope phase locking,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5127-5130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, K. R.

Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, A. Apolonski, V. S. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, and F. Krausz, “Monolithic carrier-envelope phase-stabilization scheme,” Opt. Lett. 30, 332-334 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yamakawa, K.

Yamanouchi, K.

T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, T. Shimizu, R. Ma, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear Fourier transformation spectroscopy of CO2 in extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yun, C.

Zepf, M.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105(2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, E. Moon, S. Gilbertson, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase stabilization by controlling compressor grating separation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 191114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, T. Shimizu, R. Ma, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear Fourier transformation spectroscopy of CO2 in extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 161103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. B (1)

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. D. Khan, S. Chen, S. Gilbertson, X. Feng, H. Mashiko, and Z. Chang, “Practical issues of retrieving isolated attosecond pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 134007 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

A. Baltuka, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature Phys. (1)

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nature Phys. 5, 124-128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Optimizing the photon flux of double optical gated high-order harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 063423 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Peralta Conde, J. Kruse, O. Faucher, P. Tzallas, E. P. Benis, and D. Charalambidis, “Realization of time-resolved two-vacuum-ultraviolet-photon ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 061405(R) (2009).

Z. Chang, “Controlling attosecond pulse generation with a double optical gating,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 051403(R)(2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Shan and Z. Chang, “Dramatic extension of the high-order harmonic cutoff by using a long-wavelength driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804(R) (2002).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, F. Anis, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, E. Parke, J. J. Hua, H. Mashiko, C. M. Nakamura, E. Moon, Z. Chang, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H beams with few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133001(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, Y. Furukawa, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Interferometry of attosecond pulse trains in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength region,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614-1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses, ” Science 314, 443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Layout of the MARS laser system. BS: beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Long-term CE phase stabilization: (a) f-to- 2 f interference fringes, (b) retrieved CE phase from the fringes, which has a 90 mrad rms averaged over 50 laser shots.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Periodic CE phase sweep from π to π: (a) f-to- 2 f interferometer fringes, (b) scanning phase value retrieved from the fringes, (c) CE phase error of the retrieved phase relative to the preset scanning phase. The periodic increases in error are due to the PZT response at the turning points of the control curve.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) DOG harmonic spectra taken with the CE phase scanned from 0 to 8 π . (b) Line out of the normalized integrated spectrum. The integration range is from 48 to 20 nm . The 2 π periodicity is consistent with the asymmetric electric field of DOG.

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