Abstract

We propose a tri-arm (or Y-shaped) multipinhole (MP) interferometer for wavefront measurement based on a specially designed tri-arm MP plate. We demonstrate that the complex amplitude of a wavefront sampled by the tri-arm MP plate inserted between the object and the detector plane can be extracted directly from the Fourier transform of a far-field diffraction intensity pattern without the need for any iterative algorithm. A form of coherent diffractive imaging based on a rotatable tri-arm MP plate is also demonstrated, which provides a feasible approach for lensless diffractive imaging in real time

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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