Abstract

We report the behavior of spatial optical solitons propagating through inhomogeneous waveguides with Gaussian, single triangular, and double-triangular refractive index profiles. In a given Gaussian profile, as the soliton amplitude decreases below a certain value, its behavior deviates from that of a particlelike soliton. Dependence of the swing period of a spatial soliton in a single triangular index profile on its amplitude, η, is less significant than that in a Gaussian profile. We also report the interacting behavior of two solitons propagating simultaneously through a waveguide with a double-triangular index profile. Furthermore, we present the effects of the solitons’ initial phase factors and amplitude on their behavior.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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