Abstract

Recording of efficient reflection holograms is achieved in CdTe:Ge at λ=1.064μm and λ=1.55μm. The gain factor measured at both wavelengths for counterpropagating two-beam coupling considerably exceeds the absorption constant and transcends all values previously reported for semiconductors with no external field. The dependences of the gain factor on intensity and grating spacing are studied. Some crystal characteristics are estimated in the frame of a single band, one mobile species approximation of space-charge formation. The homogeneity of photorefractive properties in the crystal volume is demonstrated.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive Bi12SiO20 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249-254 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. P. Petrov, S. I. Stepanov, and A. V. Khomenko, Photorefractive Crystals in Coherent Optical Systems (Springer-Verlag, 1991).
  3. S. I. Stepanov and M. P. Petrov, “Efficient unstationary holographic recording in photorefractive crystals under an external alternating electric field,” Opt. Commun. 53, 292-295 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. V. Khomenko, A. López Navarro, M. García-Zárate, and K. Shcherbin, “Optically stimulated electron-hole resonance in photorefractive CdTe with a low frequency ac field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2172-2176 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Shcherbin, A. Shumeljuk, S. Odoulov, P. Fochuk, and G. Brost, “Relaxation of photorefractive gratings in cadmium telluride crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2795, 236-243 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and É. Ducloux, “Relaxation of the single-mode emission conditions in extended-cavity semiconductor lasers with a self-organizing photorefractive filter,” Appl. Opt. 43, 3543-3547 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. Tada and M. Aoki, “Linear electro-optic properties of ZnTe at 10.6 microns,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 10, 998-1001 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Shcherbin, “Recent progress in semiconductor photorefractive crystals,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P. Günter and J. -P. Huignard, eds. (Springer, 2007), pp. 391-418.
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Briat, K. Shcherbin, B. Farid, and F. Ramaz, “Optical and magnetooptical study of photorefractive germanium-doped cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 156, 337-340 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Briat, F. Ramaz, B. Farid, K. Shcherbin, and H. J. von Bardeleben, “Spectroscopic characterization of photorefractive CdTe:Ge,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 724-728 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electro-optic crystals. II. Beam coupling--light amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. T. F. Marple, “Refractive indexes of ZnSe, ZnTe, and CdTe,” J. Appl. Phys. 35, 539-542 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. A. de Montmorillon, Ph. Delaye, G. Roosen, H. Bou Rjeily, F. Ramaz, B. Briat, J. G. Gies, J. P. Zielinger, M. Tapiero, H. J. von Bardeleben, T. Arnoux, and J. C. Launay, “Correlation between microscopic properties and the photorefractive response for vanadium-doped CdTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2341-2351 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

1999 (1)

B. Briat, F. Ramaz, B. Farid, K. Shcherbin, and H. J. von Bardeleben, “Spectroscopic characterization of photorefractive CdTe:Ge,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 724-728 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

B. Briat, K. Shcherbin, B. Farid, and F. Ramaz, “Optical and magnetooptical study of photorefractive germanium-doped cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 156, 337-340 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

1985 (1)

S. I. Stepanov and M. P. Petrov, “Efficient unstationary holographic recording in photorefractive crystals under an external alternating electric field,” Opt. Commun. 53, 292-295 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive Bi12SiO20 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249-254 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electro-optic crystals. II. Beam coupling--light amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

K. Tada and M. Aoki, “Linear electro-optic properties of ZnTe at 10.6 microns,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 10, 998-1001 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

D. T. F. Marple, “Refractive indexes of ZnSe, ZnTe, and CdTe,” J. Appl. Phys. 35, 539-542 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, M.

K. Tada and M. Aoki, “Linear electro-optic properties of ZnTe at 10.6 microns,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 10, 998-1001 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Arnoux, T.

Bou Rjeily, H.

Briat, B.

B. Briat, F. Ramaz, B. Farid, K. Shcherbin, and H. J. von Bardeleben, “Spectroscopic characterization of photorefractive CdTe:Ge,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 724-728 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Briat, K. Shcherbin, B. Farid, and F. Ramaz, “Optical and magnetooptical study of photorefractive germanium-doped cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 156, 337-340 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. A. de Montmorillon, Ph. Delaye, G. Roosen, H. Bou Rjeily, F. Ramaz, B. Briat, J. G. Gies, J. P. Zielinger, M. Tapiero, H. J. von Bardeleben, T. Arnoux, and J. C. Launay, “Correlation between microscopic properties and the photorefractive response for vanadium-doped CdTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2341-2351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brost, G.

K. Shcherbin, A. Shumeljuk, S. Odoulov, P. Fochuk, and G. Brost, “Relaxation of photorefractive gratings in cadmium telluride crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2795, 236-243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

de Montmorillon, L. A.

Delaye, Ph.

Ducloux, É.

Farid, B.

B. Briat, F. Ramaz, B. Farid, K. Shcherbin, and H. J. von Bardeleben, “Spectroscopic characterization of photorefractive CdTe:Ge,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 724-728 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Briat, K. Shcherbin, B. Farid, and F. Ramaz, “Optical and magnetooptical study of photorefractive germanium-doped cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 156, 337-340 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fochuk, P.

K. Shcherbin, A. Shumeljuk, S. Odoulov, P. Fochuk, and G. Brost, “Relaxation of photorefractive gratings in cadmium telluride crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2795, 236-243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

García-Zárate, M.

Gies, J. G.

Godard, A.

Huignard, J. P.

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive Bi12SiO20 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249-254 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Khomenko, A. V.

Kukhtarev, N. V.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electro-optic crystals. II. Beam coupling--light amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Launay, J. C.

Markov, V. B.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electro-optic crystals. II. Beam coupling--light amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Marple, D. T. F.

D. T. F. Marple, “Refractive indexes of ZnSe, ZnTe, and CdTe,” J. Appl. Phys. 35, 539-542 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Marrakchi, A.

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive Bi12SiO20 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249-254 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Navarro, A. López

Odoulov, S.

K. Shcherbin, A. Shumeljuk, S. Odoulov, P. Fochuk, and G. Brost, “Relaxation of photorefractive gratings in cadmium telluride crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2795, 236-243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Odoulov, S. G.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electro-optic crystals. II. Beam coupling--light amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Pauliat, G.

Petrov, M. P.

S. I. Stepanov and M. P. Petrov, “Efficient unstationary holographic recording in photorefractive crystals under an external alternating electric field,” Opt. Commun. 53, 292-295 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Petrov, S. I. Stepanov, and A. V. Khomenko, Photorefractive Crystals in Coherent Optical Systems (Springer-Verlag, 1991).

Ramaz, F.

B. Briat, F. Ramaz, B. Farid, K. Shcherbin, and H. J. von Bardeleben, “Spectroscopic characterization of photorefractive CdTe:Ge,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 724-728 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Briat, K. Shcherbin, B. Farid, and F. Ramaz, “Optical and magnetooptical study of photorefractive germanium-doped cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 156, 337-340 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. A. de Montmorillon, Ph. Delaye, G. Roosen, H. Bou Rjeily, F. Ramaz, B. Briat, J. G. Gies, J. P. Zielinger, M. Tapiero, H. J. von Bardeleben, T. Arnoux, and J. C. Launay, “Correlation between microscopic properties and the photorefractive response for vanadium-doped CdTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2341-2351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Roosen, G.

Shcherbin, K.

A. V. Khomenko, A. López Navarro, M. García-Zárate, and K. Shcherbin, “Optically stimulated electron-hole resonance in photorefractive CdTe with a low frequency ac field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2172-2176 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Briat, F. Ramaz, B. Farid, K. Shcherbin, and H. J. von Bardeleben, “Spectroscopic characterization of photorefractive CdTe:Ge,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 724-728 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Briat, K. Shcherbin, B. Farid, and F. Ramaz, “Optical and magnetooptical study of photorefractive germanium-doped cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 156, 337-340 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Shcherbin, A. Shumeljuk, S. Odoulov, P. Fochuk, and G. Brost, “Relaxation of photorefractive gratings in cadmium telluride crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2795, 236-243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Shcherbin, “Recent progress in semiconductor photorefractive crystals,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P. Günter and J. -P. Huignard, eds. (Springer, 2007), pp. 391-418.
[CrossRef]

Shumeljuk, A.

K. Shcherbin, A. Shumeljuk, S. Odoulov, P. Fochuk, and G. Brost, “Relaxation of photorefractive gratings in cadmium telluride crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2795, 236-243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Soskin, M. S.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electro-optic crystals. II. Beam coupling--light amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, S. I.

S. I. Stepanov and M. P. Petrov, “Efficient unstationary holographic recording in photorefractive crystals under an external alternating electric field,” Opt. Commun. 53, 292-295 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Petrov, S. I. Stepanov, and A. V. Khomenko, Photorefractive Crystals in Coherent Optical Systems (Springer-Verlag, 1991).

Tada, K.

K. Tada and M. Aoki, “Linear electro-optic properties of ZnTe at 10.6 microns,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 10, 998-1001 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Tapiero, M.

Vinetskii, V. L.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electro-optic crystals. II. Beam coupling--light amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

von Bardeleben, H. J.

Zielinger, J. P.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Ferroelectrics (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odoulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electro-optic crystals. II. Beam coupling--light amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 961-964 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. T. F. Marple, “Refractive indexes of ZnSe, ZnTe, and CdTe,” J. Appl. Phys. 35, 539-542 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

B. Briat, F. Ramaz, B. Farid, K. Shcherbin, and H. J. von Bardeleben, “Spectroscopic characterization of photorefractive CdTe:Ge,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 724-728 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Tada and M. Aoki, “Linear electro-optic properties of ZnTe at 10.6 microns,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 10, 998-1001 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

S. I. Stepanov and M. P. Petrov, “Efficient unstationary holographic recording in photorefractive crystals under an external alternating electric field,” Opt. Commun. 53, 292-295 (1985).
[CrossRef]

B. Briat, K. Shcherbin, B. Farid, and F. Ramaz, “Optical and magnetooptical study of photorefractive germanium-doped cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 156, 337-340 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive Bi12SiO20 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249-254 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

K. Shcherbin, A. Shumeljuk, S. Odoulov, P. Fochuk, and G. Brost, “Relaxation of photorefractive gratings in cadmium telluride crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2795, 236-243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. P. Petrov, S. I. Stepanov, and A. V. Khomenko, Photorefractive Crystals in Coherent Optical Systems (Springer-Verlag, 1991).

K. Shcherbin, “Recent progress in semiconductor photorefractive crystals,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P. Günter and J. -P. Huignard, eds. (Springer, 2007), pp. 391-418.
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for (a) copropagating and (b) counterpropagating two-beam coupling.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity dependences of the gain factor measured for counterpropagating geometry at (a)  λ = 1.064 μm and (b)  λ = 1.55 μm ; circles—experimental data, solid lines—best fit by Eq. (1).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Grating spacing dependences of the gain factor measured at (a)  λ = 1.064 μm and (b)  λ = 1.55 μm ; circles—experimental data, solid lines—best fit by Eq. (2).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Scan of the gain factor along z axis parallel to [ 110 ] direction measured at λ = 1.064 μm for counterpropagating geometry.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Γ = Γ 0 1 + σ D / ( κ I ) ,
Γ = 4 π 2 n 3 r eff ξ k B T λ e Λ Λ 2 + S 2 ,

Metrics