Abstract

This paper presents the characteristics of a multiwavelength L-band Brillouin–erbium comb fiber laser with a preamplified Brillouin pump (BP) power technique at low pumping powers. The issue of erbium-doped fiber gain depletion and Brillouin gain saturation are resolved by the proposed structure. For long single-mode fiber length, the Stokes line emission occurs at low pumping powers because of the high strength of spontaneous Brillouin scattering, which provides a strong seed for coherent regenerative amplification of the Stokes line in the laser cavity. The laser structure achieves a low threshold power of 17mW and is able to produce high number of output channels at low pumping powers. We experimentally show that the fiber laser structure can produce up to 37 channels at 55 and 0.045mW of 1480nm pump and BP powers, respectively.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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2008

2007

2006

2005

M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Saharudin, H. Abdul-Rashid, M. A. Mahdi, and M. K. Abdullah, “Characterization of multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser based on a linear cavity configuration,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2827-2831 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2002

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmed, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1234 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abdullah, M. K.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Saharudin, H. Abdul-Rashid, M. A. Mahdi, and M. K. Abdullah, “Characterization of multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser based on a linear cavity configuration,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2827-2831 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abdul-Rashid, H.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

Ahmad, H.

S. W. Harun, M. Z. Zulkifli, and H. Ahmad, “A linear cavity S-band Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 369-371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, H.

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmed, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1234 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

Chen, D.

Cowle, G. J.

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Haddud, T. A.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.

Han, Y. G.

Harrison, R. G.

Harun, S. W.

S. W. Harun, M. Z. Zulkifli, and H. Ahmad, “A linear cavity S-band Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 369-371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmed, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1234 (2002).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Jeong, M. Y.

Kadir, M. Z. A.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. U.

Kim, C.

Kovalev, V. I.

Lee, S. B.

Mahdi, M. A.

Qin, S.

Saharudin, S.

Shaharudin, S.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, D. Y.

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Tran, T. V.

Zulkifli, M. Z.

S. W. Harun, M. Z. Zulkifli, and H. Ahmad, “A linear cavity S-band Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 369-371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fibre lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmed, “Multiwavelength laser comb in L-band region with dual-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1234 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

S. W. Harun, M. Z. Zulkifli, and H. Ahmad, “A linear cavity S-band Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 369-371 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Z. A. Kadir, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “24-line of Brillouin-erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481-494 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Architecture of a linear-cavity multiwavelength BEFL utilizing preamplified BP: WSC, wavelength selective coupler; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; SMF, single-mode fiber; M 1 , mirror 1; M 2 , mirror 2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Threshold power with respect to BP power at different SMF lengths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Number of output channels versus BP power at 1603 nm BP wavelength and different 1480 nm pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectrum at 40 mW of 1480 nm pump power and different BP power of (a)  3.5 mW , (b)  0.54 mW , (c)  0.135 mW , and (d)  0.054 mW .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectrum of multiwavelength BEFL at 55 mW of 1480 nm pump power and 1603 nm BP wavelength with power of 0.045 mW .

Equations (1)

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G B = exp [ g B P B A eff L eff - α L ] ,

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