Abstract

The characterization of repetitive frequency (S-on-1) laser resistance of optical coatings was investigated experimentally based on damage pattern divided into slight damage and severe damage. It was discovered that, when only the slight damage pattern was counted, a peak would be seen in the damage probability curve, and the laser fluence at this peak was stable as pulse sequence S changed. The stable laser fluence at this peak, therefore, could be employed to characterize the repetitive frequency laser resistance of optical coatings. This method is different from the method proposed by the International Organization for Standardization [ISO 11254-2 (2001)] and has the advantage of simplicity in practical applications. According to our analysis, it is a method that can obtain the functional damage threshold of optics.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Starke, T. Groeb, and D. Ristau, “Laser-induced damage threshold of optical components for high-repetition-rate Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 584-539 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. “Lasers and laser-related equipment--Determination of laser induced damage threshold of optical surfaces--Part 2: S-on-1 test,” ISO 11254-2 (International Organization for Standardization, 2001)
  3. A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Hue, J. Dijon, and P. Lyan, “CMO YAG laser damage test facility,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 102-113 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Y. Génin, C. J. Stolz, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Growth of laser-induced damage during repetitive illumination of HfO2−SiO2 multilayer mirror and polarizer coatings,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 273-282 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. E. Chmel, “Fatigue laser-induced damage in transparent materials,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 49, 175-190 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. W. Arenberg, “Direct comparision of the damage frequency method and binary search technique,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599125 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Taniguchi, N. E. LeBanon, J. Howe, D. J. Smith, C. J. Stolz, C. L. Weinzapfel, and J. F. Kimmons, “Functional damage thresholds of hafnia/silica coating designs for the NIF laser,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 109-117 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Bercegol, “What is laser conditioning: a review focused on dielectric multilayers,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 421-426 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Schildbach, L. L. Chase, and A. V. Hamza,, “Investigation of neutral atom and ion emission during laser conditioning of multilayer HfO2-SiO2 coatings,” Proc. SPIE 1441, 287-293 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

2005

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Arenberg, “Direct comparision of the damage frequency method and binary search technique,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599125 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. Taniguchi, N. E. LeBanon, J. Howe, D. J. Smith, C. J. Stolz, C. L. Weinzapfel, and J. F. Kimmons, “Functional damage thresholds of hafnia/silica coating designs for the NIF laser,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 109-117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

H. Bercegol, “What is laser conditioning: a review focused on dielectric multilayers,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 421-426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Starke, T. Groeb, and D. Ristau, “Laser-induced damage threshold of optical components for high-repetition-rate Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 584-539 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

F. Y. Génin, C. J. Stolz, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Growth of laser-induced damage during repetitive illumination of HfO2−SiO2 multilayer mirror and polarizer coatings,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 273-282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Chmel, “Fatigue laser-induced damage in transparent materials,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 49, 175-190 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

J. Hue, J. Dijon, and P. Lyan, “CMO YAG laser damage test facility,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 102-113 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991

M. A. Schildbach, L. L. Chase, and A. V. Hamza,, “Investigation of neutral atom and ion emission during laser conditioning of multilayer HfO2-SiO2 coatings,” Proc. SPIE 1441, 287-293 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Abromavicius, G.

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arenberg, J. W.

J. W. Arenberg, “Direct comparision of the damage frequency method and binary search technique,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599125 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bercegol, H.

H. Bercegol, “What is laser conditioning: a review focused on dielectric multilayers,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 421-426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Buzelis, R.

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

M. A. Schildbach, L. L. Chase, and A. V. Hamza,, “Investigation of neutral atom and ion emission during laser conditioning of multilayer HfO2-SiO2 coatings,” Proc. SPIE 1441, 287-293 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chmel, A. E.

A. E. Chmel, “Fatigue laser-induced damage in transparent materials,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 49, 175-190 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dijon, J.

J. Hue, J. Dijon, and P. Lyan, “CMO YAG laser damage test facility,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 102-113 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Drazdys, R.

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Génin, F. Y.

F. Y. Génin, C. J. Stolz, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Growth of laser-induced damage during repetitive illumination of HfO2−SiO2 multilayer mirror and polarizer coatings,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 273-282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grigonis, R.

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Groeb, T.

K. Starke, T. Groeb, and D. Ristau, “Laser-induced damage threshold of optical components for high-repetition-rate Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 584-539 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hamza, A. V.

M. A. Schildbach, L. L. Chase, and A. V. Hamza,, “Investigation of neutral atom and ion emission during laser conditioning of multilayer HfO2-SiO2 coatings,” Proc. SPIE 1441, 287-293 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Howe, J.

J. Taniguchi, N. E. LeBanon, J. Howe, D. J. Smith, C. J. Stolz, C. L. Weinzapfel, and J. F. Kimmons, “Functional damage thresholds of hafnia/silica coating designs for the NIF laser,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 109-117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hue, J.

J. Hue, J. Dijon, and P. Lyan, “CMO YAG laser damage test facility,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 102-113 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Juskenas, R.

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kimmons, J. F.

J. Taniguchi, N. E. LeBanon, J. Howe, D. J. Smith, C. J. Stolz, C. L. Weinzapfel, and J. F. Kimmons, “Functional damage thresholds of hafnia/silica coating designs for the NIF laser,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 109-117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kozlowski, M. R.

F. Y. Génin, C. J. Stolz, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Growth of laser-induced damage during repetitive illumination of HfO2−SiO2 multilayer mirror and polarizer coatings,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 273-282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

LeBanon, N. E.

J. Taniguchi, N. E. LeBanon, J. Howe, D. J. Smith, C. J. Stolz, C. L. Weinzapfel, and J. F. Kimmons, “Functional damage thresholds of hafnia/silica coating designs for the NIF laser,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 109-117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lyan, P.

J. Hue, J. Dijon, and P. Lyan, “CMO YAG laser damage test facility,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 102-113 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Melninkaitis, A.

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miksys, D.

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rakickas, T.

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ristau, D.

K. Starke, T. Groeb, and D. Ristau, “Laser-induced damage threshold of optical components for high-repetition-rate Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 584-539 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schildbach, M. A.

M. A. Schildbach, L. L. Chase, and A. V. Hamza,, “Investigation of neutral atom and ion emission during laser conditioning of multilayer HfO2-SiO2 coatings,” Proc. SPIE 1441, 287-293 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Selskis, A.

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sirutkaitis, V.

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Skrebutenas, A.

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. J.

J. Taniguchi, N. E. LeBanon, J. Howe, D. J. Smith, C. J. Stolz, C. L. Weinzapfel, and J. F. Kimmons, “Functional damage thresholds of hafnia/silica coating designs for the NIF laser,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 109-117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Starke, K.

K. Starke, T. Groeb, and D. Ristau, “Laser-induced damage threshold of optical components for high-repetition-rate Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 584-539 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stolz, C. J.

J. Taniguchi, N. E. LeBanon, J. Howe, D. J. Smith, C. J. Stolz, C. L. Weinzapfel, and J. F. Kimmons, “Functional damage thresholds of hafnia/silica coating designs for the NIF laser,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 109-117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Génin, C. J. Stolz, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Growth of laser-induced damage during repetitive illumination of HfO2−SiO2 multilayer mirror and polarizer coatings,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 273-282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, J.

J. Taniguchi, N. E. LeBanon, J. Howe, D. J. Smith, C. J. Stolz, C. L. Weinzapfel, and J. F. Kimmons, “Functional damage thresholds of hafnia/silica coating designs for the NIF laser,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 109-117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weinzapfel, C. L.

J. Taniguchi, N. E. LeBanon, J. Howe, D. J. Smith, C. J. Stolz, C. L. Weinzapfel, and J. F. Kimmons, “Functional damage thresholds of hafnia/silica coating designs for the NIF laser,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 109-117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B

A. E. Chmel, “Fatigue laser-induced damage in transparent materials,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 49, 175-190 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. W. Arenberg, “Direct comparision of the damage frequency method and binary search technique,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599125 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Taniguchi, N. E. LeBanon, J. Howe, D. J. Smith, C. J. Stolz, C. L. Weinzapfel, and J. F. Kimmons, “Functional damage thresholds of hafnia/silica coating designs for the NIF laser,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 109-117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, “What is laser conditioning: a review focused on dielectric multilayers,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 421-426 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Schildbach, L. L. Chase, and A. V. Hamza,, “Investigation of neutral atom and ion emission during laser conditioning of multilayer HfO2-SiO2 coatings,” Proc. SPIE 1441, 287-293 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Starke, T. Groeb, and D. Ristau, “Laser-induced damage threshold of optical components for high-repetition-rate Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 584-539 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Melninkaitis, T. Rakickas, D. Miksys, R. Grigonis, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Skrebutenas, R. Buzelis, R. Drazdys, G. Abromavicius, R. Juskenas, and A. Selskis, “Effect of deposition method and substrate surface quality on laser induced damage threshold for repetitive 13-ns and 130-fs pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 43-52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Hue, J. Dijon, and P. Lyan, “CMO YAG laser damage test facility,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 102-113 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Génin, C. J. Stolz, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Growth of laser-induced damage during repetitive illumination of HfO2−SiO2 multilayer mirror and polarizer coatings,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 273-282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

“Lasers and laser-related equipment--Determination of laser induced damage threshold of optical surfaces--Part 2: S-on-1 test,” ISO 11254-2 (International Organization for Standardization, 2001)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Test system of repetitive frequency laser resistance of optical coatings.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical laser beam profile.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photographs of repetitive frequency laser damage of optical coatings.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Slight damage probability versus repetitive frequency laser fluence for AR coating samples in various pulse sequence S (5, 10, 20, and 40).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Slight damage probability versus repetitive frequency laser fluence for HR coating samples in various pulse sequence S (10, 20, and 40).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Correlations between laser conditioning, LIDT, and FDT.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Laser Parameters for the Test System

Tables Icon

Table 2 Peak Damage Probability and Corresponding Laser Fluence for AR Samples, Obtained from Fig. 4

Tables Icon

Table 3 Peak Damage Probability and Corresponding Laser Fluence for HR Samples, Obtained from Fig. 5

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