Abstract

We present the results of our investigation of photoanisotropy and photogyrotropy in the compositions of several dye mixtures in a polymer matrix. A variety of light-sensitive media are available today in which polarized light induces photophysical and photochemical processes that result in photoanisotropy and photogyrotropy. Among these media the materials on the basis of organic dyes in a polymer matrix are available. The photochemical behavior of single dyes usually differs from their behavior in mixtures; it is, therefore, natural to assume that photoanisotropic properties of dye mixtures will also differ. Based on these assumptions we created several compositions of organic dyes from different classes. The physical and chemical properties as well as the mechanisms responsible for anisotropy of the dyes used in this investigation differ significantly. A special technique was needed to make the most of their photoanisotropic properties.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Eggert und H. Högg, “Weitere Versuche uber den Weigert-Effekt,” Z. Phys. Chem. Neue Folge 64, 115-121 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. F. Cameron and A. M. Taylor, “Photophysical changes in silver-silver chloride systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 24, 316-330 (1934).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Kondo, “Uber den Weigert-Effekt an Farbstoffen,” Z. Wiss. Phot. 31, 153-165 (1932).
  4. S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The investigation of structural factors influencing on the Weigert-effect in azo-dyes,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 101, 581-587 (2006).
  5. A. N. Terenin, Photonics of Dye Molecules (Nauka, 1967).
  6. SH. D. Kakichashvili, “The effect of the rotation an axis of the photoinduced anisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 56, 977-978 (1984).
  7. S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The investigations of circular dichroism in the Mordant Yellow azo-dyes,” J. Tech. Phys. 77, 65-68 (2007).
  8. Sh. Kakichashvili, Polarization Holography (Nauka, 1989).
  9. A. Balabanov, G. Kakauridze, Sh. Kakichashvili, A. Savitski, V. Shaverdova, and J. Shvaitser, “On the investigation of spectral characteristics of photoanisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 67, 409-412 (1989).
  10. R. M. A. Azzam and N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (Mir, 1981).
  11. Sh. D. Kakichashvili and V. G. Shaverdova, “The Weigert-effekt in the dyes of TPM group,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 41, 892-893 (1976).
  12. S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The photoanisotropic compositions with the expanded spectral range of anisotropy,” J. Tech. Phys. 74, 123-125 (2004).
  13. S. Petrova, N. Chichinadze, and V. Shaverdova, “Kinetics of Weigert effect in azo dyes embedded in polymeric matrices with different activities,” J. Tech. Phys. 50, 89-93 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Fok, “The decomposition of complex spectra on the separated strips by the generalised method of Alentsev,” J. Phys. Inst. Acad. Sci. USSR 59, 3-24 (1972).
  15. V. Shaverdova and M. Dolzhenko, “The investigations of the absorption spectra of the Mordant Pure Yellow by the generalized method of Alentsev-Fok,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 57, 34-36 (1984).

2007

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The investigations of circular dichroism in the Mordant Yellow azo-dyes,” J. Tech. Phys. 77, 65-68 (2007).

2006

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The investigation of structural factors influencing on the Weigert-effect in azo-dyes,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 101, 581-587 (2006).

2005

S. Petrova, N. Chichinadze, and V. Shaverdova, “Kinetics of Weigert effect in azo dyes embedded in polymeric matrices with different activities,” J. Tech. Phys. 50, 89-93 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The photoanisotropic compositions with the expanded spectral range of anisotropy,” J. Tech. Phys. 74, 123-125 (2004).

1989

A. Balabanov, G. Kakauridze, Sh. Kakichashvili, A. Savitski, V. Shaverdova, and J. Shvaitser, “On the investigation of spectral characteristics of photoanisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 67, 409-412 (1989).

1984

SH. D. Kakichashvili, “The effect of the rotation an axis of the photoinduced anisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 56, 977-978 (1984).

V. Shaverdova and M. Dolzhenko, “The investigations of the absorption spectra of the Mordant Pure Yellow by the generalized method of Alentsev-Fok,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 57, 34-36 (1984).

1976

Sh. D. Kakichashvili and V. G. Shaverdova, “The Weigert-effekt in the dyes of TPM group,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 41, 892-893 (1976).

1972

M. Fok, “The decomposition of complex spectra on the separated strips by the generalised method of Alentsev,” J. Phys. Inst. Acad. Sci. USSR 59, 3-24 (1972).

1969

J. Eggert und H. Högg, “Weitere Versuche uber den Weigert-Effekt,” Z. Phys. Chem. Neue Folge 64, 115-121 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1934

1932

T. Kondo, “Uber den Weigert-Effekt an Farbstoffen,” Z. Wiss. Phot. 31, 153-165 (1932).

Azzam, R. M. A.

R. M. A. Azzam and N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (Mir, 1981).

Balabanov, A.

A. Balabanov, G. Kakauridze, Sh. Kakichashvili, A. Savitski, V. Shaverdova, and J. Shvaitser, “On the investigation of spectral characteristics of photoanisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 67, 409-412 (1989).

Bashara, N. M.

R. M. A. Azzam and N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (Mir, 1981).

Cameron, A. F.

Chichinadze, N.

S. Petrova, N. Chichinadze, and V. Shaverdova, “Kinetics of Weigert effect in azo dyes embedded in polymeric matrices with different activities,” J. Tech. Phys. 50, 89-93 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dolzhenko, M.

V. Shaverdova and M. Dolzhenko, “The investigations of the absorption spectra of the Mordant Pure Yellow by the generalized method of Alentsev-Fok,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 57, 34-36 (1984).

Eggert, J.

J. Eggert und H. Högg, “Weitere Versuche uber den Weigert-Effekt,” Z. Phys. Chem. Neue Folge 64, 115-121 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Fok, M.

M. Fok, “The decomposition of complex spectra on the separated strips by the generalised method of Alentsev,” J. Phys. Inst. Acad. Sci. USSR 59, 3-24 (1972).

Högg, H.

J. Eggert und H. Högg, “Weitere Versuche uber den Weigert-Effekt,” Z. Phys. Chem. Neue Folge 64, 115-121 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kakauridze, G.

A. Balabanov, G. Kakauridze, Sh. Kakichashvili, A. Savitski, V. Shaverdova, and J. Shvaitser, “On the investigation of spectral characteristics of photoanisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 67, 409-412 (1989).

Kakichashvili, Sh.

A. Balabanov, G. Kakauridze, Sh. Kakichashvili, A. Savitski, V. Shaverdova, and J. Shvaitser, “On the investigation of spectral characteristics of photoanisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 67, 409-412 (1989).

Sh. Kakichashvili, Polarization Holography (Nauka, 1989).

Kakichashvili, SH. D.

SH. D. Kakichashvili, “The effect of the rotation an axis of the photoinduced anisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 56, 977-978 (1984).

Sh. D. Kakichashvili and V. G. Shaverdova, “The Weigert-effekt in the dyes of TPM group,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 41, 892-893 (1976).

Kondo, T.

T. Kondo, “Uber den Weigert-Effekt an Farbstoffen,” Z. Wiss. Phot. 31, 153-165 (1932).

Petrova, S.

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The investigations of circular dichroism in the Mordant Yellow azo-dyes,” J. Tech. Phys. 77, 65-68 (2007).

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The investigation of structural factors influencing on the Weigert-effect in azo-dyes,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 101, 581-587 (2006).

S. Petrova, N. Chichinadze, and V. Shaverdova, “Kinetics of Weigert effect in azo dyes embedded in polymeric matrices with different activities,” J. Tech. Phys. 50, 89-93 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The photoanisotropic compositions with the expanded spectral range of anisotropy,” J. Tech. Phys. 74, 123-125 (2004).

Savitski, A.

A. Balabanov, G. Kakauridze, Sh. Kakichashvili, A. Savitski, V. Shaverdova, and J. Shvaitser, “On the investigation of spectral characteristics of photoanisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 67, 409-412 (1989).

Shaverdova, V.

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The investigations of circular dichroism in the Mordant Yellow azo-dyes,” J. Tech. Phys. 77, 65-68 (2007).

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The investigation of structural factors influencing on the Weigert-effect in azo-dyes,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 101, 581-587 (2006).

S. Petrova, N. Chichinadze, and V. Shaverdova, “Kinetics of Weigert effect in azo dyes embedded in polymeric matrices with different activities,” J. Tech. Phys. 50, 89-93 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The photoanisotropic compositions with the expanded spectral range of anisotropy,” J. Tech. Phys. 74, 123-125 (2004).

A. Balabanov, G. Kakauridze, Sh. Kakichashvili, A. Savitski, V. Shaverdova, and J. Shvaitser, “On the investigation of spectral characteristics of photoanisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 67, 409-412 (1989).

V. Shaverdova and M. Dolzhenko, “The investigations of the absorption spectra of the Mordant Pure Yellow by the generalized method of Alentsev-Fok,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 57, 34-36 (1984).

Shaverdova, V. G.

Sh. D. Kakichashvili and V. G. Shaverdova, “The Weigert-effekt in the dyes of TPM group,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 41, 892-893 (1976).

Shvaitser, J.

A. Balabanov, G. Kakauridze, Sh. Kakichashvili, A. Savitski, V. Shaverdova, and J. Shvaitser, “On the investigation of spectral characteristics of photoanisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 67, 409-412 (1989).

Taylor, A. M.

Terenin, A. N.

A. N. Terenin, Photonics of Dye Molecules (Nauka, 1967).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Phys. Inst. Acad. Sci. USSR

M. Fok, “The decomposition of complex spectra on the separated strips by the generalised method of Alentsev,” J. Phys. Inst. Acad. Sci. USSR 59, 3-24 (1972).

J. Tech. Phys.

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The photoanisotropic compositions with the expanded spectral range of anisotropy,” J. Tech. Phys. 74, 123-125 (2004).

S. Petrova, N. Chichinadze, and V. Shaverdova, “Kinetics of Weigert effect in azo dyes embedded in polymeric matrices with different activities,” J. Tech. Phys. 50, 89-93 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Tech. Phys.

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The investigations of circular dichroism in the Mordant Yellow azo-dyes,” J. Tech. Phys. 77, 65-68 (2007).

Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia)

S. Petrova and V. Shaverdova, “The investigation of structural factors influencing on the Weigert-effect in azo-dyes,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 101, 581-587 (2006).

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR)

SH. D. Kakichashvili, “The effect of the rotation an axis of the photoinduced anisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 56, 977-978 (1984).

A. Balabanov, G. Kakauridze, Sh. Kakichashvili, A. Savitski, V. Shaverdova, and J. Shvaitser, “On the investigation of spectral characteristics of photoanisotropy,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 67, 409-412 (1989).

V. Shaverdova and M. Dolzhenko, “The investigations of the absorption spectra of the Mordant Pure Yellow by the generalized method of Alentsev-Fok,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 57, 34-36 (1984).

Sh. D. Kakichashvili and V. G. Shaverdova, “The Weigert-effekt in the dyes of TPM group,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 41, 892-893 (1976).

Z. Phys. Chem. Neue Folge

J. Eggert und H. Högg, “Weitere Versuche uber den Weigert-Effekt,” Z. Phys. Chem. Neue Folge 64, 115-121 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wiss. Phot.

T. Kondo, “Uber den Weigert-Effekt an Farbstoffen,” Z. Wiss. Phot. 31, 153-165 (1932).

Other

A. N. Terenin, Photonics of Dye Molecules (Nauka, 1967).

R. M. A. Azzam and N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (Mir, 1981).

Sh. Kakichashvili, Polarization Holography (Nauka, 1989).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectral dependence of light-induced absorption: 1, λ = 441.6 nm , t = 10 min ; 2, λ = 514.5 nm , t = 30 s ; 3, λ = 632.8 nm , t = 15 min ; 4, λ = 632.8 nm , t = 15 min .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time dependence of effective anisotropy: 1, Turquoise Basic–Propil Orange; 2, Turquoise Basic–Diethyl Orange Na; 3, Turquoise Basic–Alizarin Yellow. Irradiation and pickup at λ = 488.0 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schedules of decomposition for (a)  separate dyes of Rhоdulin Violet and Alizarine Yellow and (b) complex Rhоdulin Violet–Alizarine Yellow in a PVP matrix.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time dependence of effective anisotropy and dark relaxation for compositions of (a) Rhоdulin Violet–Alizarine Yellow and (b) Rhоdulin Violet–Metanil Yellow in 1, a gelatin matrix and 2, a PVP matrix. The vertical lines indicate that the light was turned off.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectra of proper circular dichroism for (a) 1, Mordant Pure Yellow (MPY); 2, MPY-M; and 3, MPY-H. (b) Their structural formulas.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Angles of Rotation and Values of Complex Circular Birefringence for Different Compositions

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ ( n τ ) = 1 2 κ d ln I 0 I 90 ,
Δ n = 1 κ d arccos 4 I 45 ( I 0 + I 90 ) 2 I 0 . I 90 ,
A eff = | γ 2 | = 1 2 exp { [ 2 κ d ( n τ ) ] [ ch ( κ d Δ ( n τ ) ) cos ( κ d Δ n ) ] } .
α = 1 2 arctan I 45 I 45 I 90 I 0 .
Δ n τ ± = λ 2 π d ln T s ,
Δ n ± = λ 2 π d δ s ,
ρ s = exp ( 2 i A ) [ tan ( C + i ) + ρ c ( 1 i tan C ) tan ( P C ) tan ( C i ) + ρ c ( 1 + i tan C ) tan ( P C ) ] ,

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