Abstract

We suggest a compact and efficient duplexer using the multimode interference (MMI) effect and the extraneous self-imaging phenomenon for gigabit-capable passive optical network and gigabit Ethernet passive optical network applications. To experimentally evaluate the suggested duplexer, silica-based MMI couplers were tested using light sources with wavelengths of 1310 and 1490nm. From the ex perimental results, this device showed relative output powers of 0.3 and 0.7dBm for the light sources with 1490 and 1310nm wavelengths, respectively. The return power was measured to be less than 40dBm.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Effenberger, D. Clearly, O. Haran, G. Kramer, R. D. Li, M. Oron, and T. Pfeiffer, “An introduction to PON technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, S17-S25 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Li, G. Li, E. Liu, Z. Jiang, J. Qin, and X. Wang, “Low-loss 1×2 multimode interference wavelength demultiplexer in silicon-germanium alloy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 575-577 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Iwase, Y. Ishikawa, T. Komatsu, J. Kasahara, N. Hattori, M. Miura, N. Nakamura, and K. Odaka, “Optical transceiver modules for Gigabit Ethernet PON FTTH system,” Furukawa Review 28, 8-14 (2005).
  4. T. Sugimoto, T. Shimizu, Y. Akimoto, M. Noguchi, J. Sone, T. Watanabe, and Y. Urino, “A small and low cost bidirectional transceiver module with polymer waveguide for G-PON/GE-PON,” in Proceedings of the Electronic Components and Technology Conference 2007 (IEEE, 2007), Vol. 57, pp. 707-711.
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Bachmann, P. A. Besse, and H. Melchior, “General self-imaging properties in N×N multimode interference couplers including phase relations,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3905-3911(1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. J. K. Hong, S. S. Lee, and S. D. Lee, “Extraneous self-imaging phenomenon with weak-guiding condition,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1311-1313 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. K. Hong and S. S. Lee, “A study of the extraneous self-imaging phenomenon under a multimode interference configuration,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 1630-1633 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Himeno, H. Terui, and M. Kobayashi, “Loss measurement and analysis of high-silica reflection bending optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 41-46 (1988).
    [CrossRef]

2008

J. K. Hong and S. S. Lee, “A study of the extraneous self-imaging phenomenon under a multimode interference configuration,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 1630-1633 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. K. Hong, S. S. Lee, and S. D. Lee, “Extraneous self-imaging phenomenon with weak-guiding condition,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1311-1313 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Effenberger, D. Clearly, O. Haran, G. Kramer, R. D. Li, M. Oron, and T. Pfeiffer, “An introduction to PON technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, S17-S25 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. Iwase, Y. Ishikawa, T. Komatsu, J. Kasahara, N. Hattori, M. Miura, N. Nakamura, and K. Odaka, “Optical transceiver modules for Gigabit Ethernet PON FTTH system,” Furukawa Review 28, 8-14 (2005).

1999

B. Li, G. Li, E. Liu, Z. Jiang, J. Qin, and X. Wang, “Low-loss 1×2 multimode interference wavelength demultiplexer in silicon-germanium alloy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 575-577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615-627(1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

1988

A. Himeno, H. Terui, and M. Kobayashi, “Loss measurement and analysis of high-silica reflection bending optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 41-46 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Akimoto, Y.

T. Sugimoto, T. Shimizu, Y. Akimoto, M. Noguchi, J. Sone, T. Watanabe, and Y. Urino, “A small and low cost bidirectional transceiver module with polymer waveguide for G-PON/GE-PON,” in Proceedings of the Electronic Components and Technology Conference 2007 (IEEE, 2007), Vol. 57, pp. 707-711.
[CrossRef]

Bachmann, M.

Besse, P. A.

Clearly, D.

F. Effenberger, D. Clearly, O. Haran, G. Kramer, R. D. Li, M. Oron, and T. Pfeiffer, “An introduction to PON technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, S17-S25 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Effenberger, F.

F. Effenberger, D. Clearly, O. Haran, G. Kramer, R. D. Li, M. Oron, and T. Pfeiffer, “An introduction to PON technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, S17-S25 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Haran, O.

F. Effenberger, D. Clearly, O. Haran, G. Kramer, R. D. Li, M. Oron, and T. Pfeiffer, “An introduction to PON technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, S17-S25 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, N.

M. Iwase, Y. Ishikawa, T. Komatsu, J. Kasahara, N. Hattori, M. Miura, N. Nakamura, and K. Odaka, “Optical transceiver modules for Gigabit Ethernet PON FTTH system,” Furukawa Review 28, 8-14 (2005).

Himeno, A.

A. Himeno, H. Terui, and M. Kobayashi, “Loss measurement and analysis of high-silica reflection bending optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 41-46 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J. K.

J. K. Hong and S. S. Lee, “A study of the extraneous self-imaging phenomenon under a multimode interference configuration,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 1630-1633 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Hong, S. S. Lee, and S. D. Lee, “Extraneous self-imaging phenomenon with weak-guiding condition,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1311-1313 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, Y.

M. Iwase, Y. Ishikawa, T. Komatsu, J. Kasahara, N. Hattori, M. Miura, N. Nakamura, and K. Odaka, “Optical transceiver modules for Gigabit Ethernet PON FTTH system,” Furukawa Review 28, 8-14 (2005).

Iwase, M.

M. Iwase, Y. Ishikawa, T. Komatsu, J. Kasahara, N. Hattori, M. Miura, N. Nakamura, and K. Odaka, “Optical transceiver modules for Gigabit Ethernet PON FTTH system,” Furukawa Review 28, 8-14 (2005).

Jiang, Z.

B. Li, G. Li, E. Liu, Z. Jiang, J. Qin, and X. Wang, “Low-loss 1×2 multimode interference wavelength demultiplexer in silicon-germanium alloy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 575-577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kasahara, J.

M. Iwase, Y. Ishikawa, T. Komatsu, J. Kasahara, N. Hattori, M. Miura, N. Nakamura, and K. Odaka, “Optical transceiver modules for Gigabit Ethernet PON FTTH system,” Furukawa Review 28, 8-14 (2005).

Kobayashi, M.

A. Himeno, H. Terui, and M. Kobayashi, “Loss measurement and analysis of high-silica reflection bending optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 41-46 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, T.

M. Iwase, Y. Ishikawa, T. Komatsu, J. Kasahara, N. Hattori, M. Miura, N. Nakamura, and K. Odaka, “Optical transceiver modules for Gigabit Ethernet PON FTTH system,” Furukawa Review 28, 8-14 (2005).

Kramer, G.

F. Effenberger, D. Clearly, O. Haran, G. Kramer, R. D. Li, M. Oron, and T. Pfeiffer, “An introduction to PON technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, S17-S25 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. D.

Lee, S. S.

J. K. Hong and S. S. Lee, “A study of the extraneous self-imaging phenomenon under a multimode interference configuration,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 1630-1633 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Hong, S. S. Lee, and S. D. Lee, “Extraneous self-imaging phenomenon with weak-guiding condition,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1311-1313 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, B.

B. Li, G. Li, E. Liu, Z. Jiang, J. Qin, and X. Wang, “Low-loss 1×2 multimode interference wavelength demultiplexer in silicon-germanium alloy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 575-577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

B. Li, G. Li, E. Liu, Z. Jiang, J. Qin, and X. Wang, “Low-loss 1×2 multimode interference wavelength demultiplexer in silicon-germanium alloy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 575-577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, R. D.

F. Effenberger, D. Clearly, O. Haran, G. Kramer, R. D. Li, M. Oron, and T. Pfeiffer, “An introduction to PON technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, S17-S25 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, E.

B. Li, G. Li, E. Liu, Z. Jiang, J. Qin, and X. Wang, “Low-loss 1×2 multimode interference wavelength demultiplexer in silicon-germanium alloy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 575-577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

Miura, M.

M. Iwase, Y. Ishikawa, T. Komatsu, J. Kasahara, N. Hattori, M. Miura, N. Nakamura, and K. Odaka, “Optical transceiver modules for Gigabit Ethernet PON FTTH system,” Furukawa Review 28, 8-14 (2005).

Nakamura, N.

M. Iwase, Y. Ishikawa, T. Komatsu, J. Kasahara, N. Hattori, M. Miura, N. Nakamura, and K. Odaka, “Optical transceiver modules for Gigabit Ethernet PON FTTH system,” Furukawa Review 28, 8-14 (2005).

Noguchi, M.

T. Sugimoto, T. Shimizu, Y. Akimoto, M. Noguchi, J. Sone, T. Watanabe, and Y. Urino, “A small and low cost bidirectional transceiver module with polymer waveguide for G-PON/GE-PON,” in Proceedings of the Electronic Components and Technology Conference 2007 (IEEE, 2007), Vol. 57, pp. 707-711.
[CrossRef]

Odaka, K.

M. Iwase, Y. Ishikawa, T. Komatsu, J. Kasahara, N. Hattori, M. Miura, N. Nakamura, and K. Odaka, “Optical transceiver modules for Gigabit Ethernet PON FTTH system,” Furukawa Review 28, 8-14 (2005).

Oron, M.

F. Effenberger, D. Clearly, O. Haran, G. Kramer, R. D. Li, M. Oron, and T. Pfeiffer, “An introduction to PON technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, S17-S25 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pennings, E. C. M.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615-627(1995).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, T.

F. Effenberger, D. Clearly, O. Haran, G. Kramer, R. D. Li, M. Oron, and T. Pfeiffer, “An introduction to PON technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, S17-S25 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qin, J.

B. Li, G. Li, E. Liu, Z. Jiang, J. Qin, and X. Wang, “Low-loss 1×2 multimode interference wavelength demultiplexer in silicon-germanium alloy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 575-577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, T.

T. Sugimoto, T. Shimizu, Y. Akimoto, M. Noguchi, J. Sone, T. Watanabe, and Y. Urino, “A small and low cost bidirectional transceiver module with polymer waveguide for G-PON/GE-PON,” in Proceedings of the Electronic Components and Technology Conference 2007 (IEEE, 2007), Vol. 57, pp. 707-711.
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L. B.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615-627(1995).
[CrossRef]

Sone, J.

T. Sugimoto, T. Shimizu, Y. Akimoto, M. Noguchi, J. Sone, T. Watanabe, and Y. Urino, “A small and low cost bidirectional transceiver module with polymer waveguide for G-PON/GE-PON,” in Proceedings of the Electronic Components and Technology Conference 2007 (IEEE, 2007), Vol. 57, pp. 707-711.
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, T.

T. Sugimoto, T. Shimizu, Y. Akimoto, M. Noguchi, J. Sone, T. Watanabe, and Y. Urino, “A small and low cost bidirectional transceiver module with polymer waveguide for G-PON/GE-PON,” in Proceedings of the Electronic Components and Technology Conference 2007 (IEEE, 2007), Vol. 57, pp. 707-711.
[CrossRef]

Terui, H.

A. Himeno, H. Terui, and M. Kobayashi, “Loss measurement and analysis of high-silica reflection bending optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 41-46 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Urino, Y.

T. Sugimoto, T. Shimizu, Y. Akimoto, M. Noguchi, J. Sone, T. Watanabe, and Y. Urino, “A small and low cost bidirectional transceiver module with polymer waveguide for G-PON/GE-PON,” in Proceedings of the Electronic Components and Technology Conference 2007 (IEEE, 2007), Vol. 57, pp. 707-711.
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

B. Li, G. Li, E. Liu, Z. Jiang, J. Qin, and X. Wang, “Low-loss 1×2 multimode interference wavelength demultiplexer in silicon-germanium alloy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 575-577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

T. Sugimoto, T. Shimizu, Y. Akimoto, M. Noguchi, J. Sone, T. Watanabe, and Y. Urino, “A small and low cost bidirectional transceiver module with polymer waveguide for G-PON/GE-PON,” in Proceedings of the Electronic Components and Technology Conference 2007 (IEEE, 2007), Vol. 57, pp. 707-711.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Furukawa Review

M. Iwase, Y. Ishikawa, T. Komatsu, J. Kasahara, N. Hattori, M. Miura, N. Nakamura, and K. Odaka, “Optical transceiver modules for Gigabit Ethernet PON FTTH system,” Furukawa Review 28, 8-14 (2005).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

F. Effenberger, D. Clearly, O. Haran, G. Kramer, R. D. Li, M. Oron, and T. Pfeiffer, “An introduction to PON technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, S17-S25 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

B. Li, G. Li, E. Liu, Z. Jiang, J. Qin, and X. Wang, “Low-loss 1×2 multimode interference wavelength demultiplexer in silicon-germanium alloy,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 575-577 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Korean Phys. Soc.

J. K. Hong and S. S. Lee, “A study of the extraneous self-imaging phenomenon under a multimode interference configuration,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 53, 1630-1633 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

A. Himeno, H. Terui, and M. Kobayashi, “Loss measurement and analysis of high-silica reflection bending optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 41-46 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615-627(1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

T. Sugimoto, T. Shimizu, Y. Akimoto, M. Noguchi, J. Sone, T. Watanabe, and Y. Urino, “A small and low cost bidirectional transceiver module with polymer waveguide for G-PON/GE-PON,” in Proceedings of the Electronic Components and Technology Conference 2007 (IEEE, 2007), Vol. 57, pp. 707-711.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Structure and function of the suggested duplexer using a MMI coupler and the ExSI phenomenon.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulation results for the MMI coupler using wavelengths of 1310 and 1490 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results for the output characteristics of the MMI couplers with 30 μm step lengths. (a) Relative output power profiles along the propagation length for the wavelength of 1310 nm . (b) Relative output power profiles along the propagation length for the wavelength of 1490 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental results for the relative output powers of MMI couplers for both wavelengths revealing the optimum length of the multimode waveguide for the suggested duplexer.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Characteristics of the Third 0 dB Self-Imaging and the Third Extraneous Self-Imaging for Wavelengths of 1490 and 1310 nm

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summarized Experimental Results for the Compact Duplexer

Equations (1)

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δ W MMI = W MMI 2 · δ L MMI L MMI .

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