Abstract

We propose an optical structure for a vertical alignment (VA) liquid crystal (LC) cell with a wide viewing angle. The proposed LC cell consists of an A-plate and two C-plates for optical compensation. Optical compensation and optimization to eliminate off-axis light leakage in the entire visible wavelength range are performed on a Poincaré sphere using the Stokes vector and the Muller matrix method. After optimizing the wavelength dispersion of the retardation films that are used, we prove that the proposed VA LC cell can improve the viewing angle and contrast ratio by calculating optical characteristics, particularly in diagonal directions.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. H. Kim, K. H. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceedings of Asia Display'98 (Society for Information Display, 1998), pp. 383-386.
  2. M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Saitoh, S. Kimura, K. Kusafuka, and H. Shimizu, “Optimum film compensation of viewing angle of contrast in in-plane-switching-mode liquid crystal display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4822-4828 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Chen, K.-H. Kim, J.-J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29, 315-318 (1998).
  6. K. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image- quality vertical-alignment-mode LCD,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 28, 845-848 (1997).
  7. Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Extraordinarily high-contrast and wide-view liquid-crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Ishinabe, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle polarizer with a large wavelength range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4553-4558 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 1999).
  11. J. E. Bigelow and R. A. Kashnow, “Poincaré sphere analysis of liquid crystal optics,” Appl. Opt. 16, 2090-2096 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. Vermeirsch, A. D. Meyere, J. Fornier, and H. D. Vleeschouwer, “Viewing angle of liquid-crystal displays: representation on the Poincaré sphere,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2775-2786 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Goldstein, Polarized Light (CRC Press, 2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S.-T. Wu, “Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D.-K. Yang, and S.-T. Wu, Fundamentals of Liquid Crystal Devices (Wiley, 2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J.-H Lee, H. C. Choi, S. H. Lee, J. C. Kim, and G. D. Lee, “Optical configuration of a horizontal-switching liquid-crystal cell for improvement of the viewing angle,” Appl. Opt. 45, 7279-7285 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S.-H. Ji and G.-D. Lee, “An optical configuration for vertical alignment liquid crystal cell with wide viewing angle,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 9, 22-27 (2008).
  18. Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, “Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs,” Proc. SPIE 5003, 96-105 (2003).

2008 (1)

S.-H. Ji and G.-D. Lee, “An optical configuration for vertical alignment liquid crystal cell with wide viewing angle,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 9, 22-27 (2008).

2006 (3)

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S.-T. Wu, “Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-H Lee, H. C. Choi, S. H. Lee, J. C. Kim, and G. D. Lee, “Optical configuration of a horizontal-switching liquid-crystal cell for improvement of the viewing angle,” Appl. Opt. 45, 7279-7285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Extraordinarily high-contrast and wide-view liquid-crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, “Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs,” Proc. SPIE 5003, 96-105 (2003).

2002 (1)

T. Ishinabe, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle polarizer with a large wavelength range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4553-4558 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (3)

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Saitoh, S. Kimura, K. Kusafuka, and H. Shimizu, “Optimum film compensation of viewing angle of contrast in in-plane-switching-mode liquid crystal display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4822-4828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, K.-H. Kim, J.-J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29, 315-318 (1998).

1997 (1)

K. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image- quality vertical-alignment-mode LCD,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 28, 845-848 (1997).

1995 (1)

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

Bigelow, J. E.

Bos, P. J.

J. Chen, K.-H. Kim, J.-J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29, 315-318 (1998).

Chen, J.

J. Chen, K.-H. Kim, J.-J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29, 315-318 (1998).

Choi, H. C.

J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-H Lee, H. C. Choi, S. H. Lee, J. C. Kim, and G. D. Lee, “Optical configuration of a horizontal-switching liquid-crystal cell for improvement of the viewing angle,” Appl. Opt. 45, 7279-7285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, S.-W.

J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fornier, J.

Fujimura, Y.

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, “Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs,” Proc. SPIE 5003, 96-105 (2003).

Ge, Z.

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S.-T. Wu, “Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goldstein, D.

D. Goldstein, Polarized Light (CRC Press, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Gu, C.

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 1999).

Hong, Q.

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Extraordinarily high-contrast and wide-view liquid-crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ishinabe, T.

T. Ishinabe, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle polarizer with a large wavelength range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4553-4558 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ji, S.-H.

S.-H. Ji and G.-D. Lee, “An optical configuration for vertical alignment liquid crystal cell with wide viewing angle,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 9, 22-27 (2008).

Jyu, J.-J.

J. Chen, K.-H. Kim, J.-J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29, 315-318 (1998).

Kamijo, T.

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, “Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs,” Proc. SPIE 5003, 96-105 (2003).

Kashnow, R. A.

Kataoka, S.

K. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image- quality vertical-alignment-mode LCD,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 28, 845-848 (1997).

Kelly, J. R.

J. Chen, K.-H. Kim, J.-J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29, 315-318 (1998).

Kim, H. Y.

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. C.

J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-H Lee, H. C. Choi, S. H. Lee, J. C. Kim, and G. D. Lee, “Optical configuration of a horizontal-switching liquid-crystal cell for improvement of the viewing angle,” Appl. Opt. 45, 7279-7285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, K. H.

K. H. Kim, K. H. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceedings of Asia Display'98 (Society for Information Display, 1998), pp. 383-386.

Kim, K.-H.

J. Chen, K.-H. Kim, J.-J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29, 315-318 (1998).

Kim, K.-M.

J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. N.

K. H. Kim, K. H. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceedings of Asia Display'98 (Society for Information Display, 1998), pp. 383-386.

Kimura, S.

Y. Saitoh, S. Kimura, K. Kusafuka, and H. Shimizu, “Optimum film compensation of viewing angle of contrast in in-plane-switching-mode liquid crystal display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4822-4828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Koike, Y.

K. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image- quality vertical-alignment-mode LCD,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 28, 845-848 (1997).

Kondo, K.

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kusafuka, K.

Y. Saitoh, S. Kimura, K. Kusafuka, and H. Shimizu, “Optimum film compensation of viewing angle of contrast in in-plane-switching-mode liquid crystal display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4822-4828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G. D.

Lee, G.-D.

S.-H. Ji and G.-D. Lee, “An optical configuration for vertical alignment liquid crystal cell with wide viewing angle,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 9, 22-27 (2008).

J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-H

Lee, J.-H.

J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. H.

K. H. Kim, K. H. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceedings of Asia Display'98 (Society for Information Display, 1998), pp. 383-386.

Lee, S. H.

J.-H Lee, H. C. Choi, S. H. Lee, J. C. Kim, and G. D. Lee, “Optical configuration of a horizontal-switching liquid-crystal cell for improvement of the viewing angle,” Appl. Opt. 45, 7279-7285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. L.

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.-R.

J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, R.

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Extraordinarily high-contrast and wide-view liquid-crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meyere, A. D.

Miyashita, T.

T. Ishinabe, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle polarizer with a large wavelength range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4553-4558 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oh-e, M.

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ohmuro, K.

K. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image- quality vertical-alignment-mode LCD,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 28, 845-848 (1997).

Park, S. B.

K. H. Kim, K. H. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceedings of Asia Display'98 (Society for Information Display, 1998), pp. 383-386.

Saitoh, Y.

Y. Saitoh, S. Kimura, K. Kusafuka, and H. Shimizu, “Optimum film compensation of viewing angle of contrast in in-plane-switching-mode liquid crystal display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4822-4828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

K. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image- quality vertical-alignment-mode LCD,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 28, 845-848 (1997).

Shimizu, H.

Y. Saitoh, S. Kimura, K. Kusafuka, and H. Shimizu, “Optimum film compensation of viewing angle of contrast in in-plane-switching-mode liquid crystal display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4822-4828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Son, J.-H.

J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. K.

K. H. Kim, K. H. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceedings of Asia Display'98 (Society for Information Display, 1998), pp. 383-386.

Souk, J. H.

J. Chen, K.-H. Kim, J.-J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29, 315-318 (1998).

K. H. Kim, K. H. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceedings of Asia Display'98 (Society for Information Display, 1998), pp. 383-386.

Uchida, T.

T. Ishinabe, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle polarizer with a large wavelength range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4553-4558 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vermeirsch, K.

Vleeschouwer, H. D.

Wu, S.-T.

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S.-T. Wu, “Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Extraordinarily high-contrast and wide-view liquid-crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D.-K. Yang, and S.-T. Wu, Fundamentals of Liquid Crystal Devices (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, T. X.

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Extraordinarily high-contrast and wide-view liquid-crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.-K.

D.-K. Yang, and S.-T. Wu, Fundamentals of Liquid Crystal Devices (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-S.

J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 1999).

Yoshimi, H.

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, “Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs,” Proc. SPIE 5003, 96-105 (2003).

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S.-T. Wu, “Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Extraordinarily high-contrast and wide-view liquid-crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Extraordinarily high-contrast and wide-view liquid-crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, and S.-T. Wu, “Analytical solutions for uniaxial-film-compensated wide-view liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 2, 2-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Son, S.-W. Choi, W.-R. Lee, K.-M. Kim, J.-S. Yang, J. C. Kim, H. C. Choi, and G.-D. Lee, “Compensation for phase dispersion in horizontal-switching liquid crystal cell for improved viewing angle,” J. Phys. D 39, 5143-5148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

S.-H. Ji and G.-D. Lee, “An optical configuration for vertical alignment liquid crystal cell with wide viewing angle,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 9, 22-27 (2008).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

T. Ishinabe, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle polarizer with a large wavelength range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4553-4558 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Saitoh, S. Kimura, K. Kusafuka, and H. Shimizu, “Optimum film compensation of viewing angle of contrast in in-plane-switching-mode liquid crystal display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4822-4828 (1998).
[CrossRef]

SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers (1)

K. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image- quality vertical-alignment-mode LCD,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 28, 845-848 (1997).

Other (6)

K. H. Kim, K. H. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceedings of Asia Display'98 (Society for Information Display, 1998), pp. 383-386.

J. Chen, K.-H. Kim, J.-J. Jyu, J. H. Souk, J. R. Kelly, and P. J. Bos, “Optimum film compensation modes for TN and VA LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 29, 315-318 (1998).

Y. Fujimura, T. Kamijo, and H. Yoshimi, “Improvement of optical films for high performance LCDs,” Proc. SPIE 5003, 96-105 (2003).

D.-K. Yang, and S.-T. Wu, Fundamentals of Liquid Crystal Devices (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 1999).

D. Goldstein, Polarized Light (CRC Press, 2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical configuration of the conventional VA LC cell and polarization states in the oblique incidence: (a) optical structure and (b) polarization path on the Poincaré sphere in the oblique incidence.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical configuration of the proposed VA LC cell and polarization states in the oblique incidence: (a) optical structure and (b) polarization path on the Poincaré sphere in the oblique incidence.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Polarization state of the light for wavelengths R, G, and B on the Poincaré sphere: (a) polarization states of the light passing through the A-plate and positive C-plate and (b) polarization states of the light passing through the VA LC layer and negative C-plate.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated optimized optical anisotropy of the optical films.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of the transmittance between the proposed VA LC cell and the conventional VA LC cell as a function of the polar angle at ϕ = 45 ° in the dark state.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated luminance in the dark state: (a) conventional and (b) proposed VA LC cell.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Calculated normalized isocontrast contour: (a) conventional and (b) proposed VA LC cell.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Calculated Optimized Dispersion Properties of the Optical Anisotropy of the Optical Films

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

sin ( δ δ o ) = sin 2 ϕ c sin 2 ( θ o / 2 ) 1 ( sin ϕ c sin θ o ) 2 ,
Γ A = 2 π λ d [ n e ( 1 sin 2 θ sin 2 ϕ n e 2 sin 2 θ cos 2 ϕ n o 2 ) 1 / 2 n o ( 1 sin 2 θ n o 2 ) 1 / 2 ] ,
Γ C = 2 π λ n o d ( 1 sin 2 θ n e 2 1 sin 2 θ n o 2 ) ,
S = ( S 0 , S 1 , S 2 , S 3 ) T .
S = R ( 2 θ ) · M ( Γ ) · R ( 2 θ ) · S ( C + ) = ( 1 0 0 0 0 cos 2 2 θ + cos Γ sin 2 2 θ ( 1 cos Γ ) sin 2 θ cos 2 θ sin Γ sin 2 θ 0 ( 1 cos Γ ) sin 2 θ cos 2 θ sin 2 2 θ + cos Γ cos 2 2 θ sin Γ cos 2 θ 0 sin Γ sin 2 θ sin Γ cos 2 θ cos Γ ) ( S 0 _ C + S 1 _ C + S 2 _ C + S 3 _ C + ) = ( S 0 S 1 S 2 S 3 ) ,

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