Abstract

Hyperspectral instruments provide the spectral detail necessary for extracting multiple layers of information from inherently complex coastal environments. We evaluate the performance of a semi-analytical optimization model for deriving bathymetry, benthic reflectance, and water optical properties using hyperspectral AVIRIS imagery of Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. We examine the relative impacts on model performance using two different atmospheric correction algorithms and two different methods for reducing the effects of sunglint. We also examine the impact of varying view and illumination geometry, changing the default bottom reflectance, and using a kernel processing scheme to normalize water properties over small areas. Results indicate robust model performance for most model formulations, with the most significant impact on model output being generated by differences in the atmospheric and deglint algorithms used for preprocessing.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (3)

M. P. Lesser and C. D. Mobley, “Bathymetry, water optical properties, and benthic classification of coral reefs using hyperspectral imagery,” Coral reefs : Journal of the International Society for Reef Studies 26, 819-829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Goodman and S. L. Ustin, “Classification of benthic composition in a coral reef environment using spectral unmixing,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011501 (2007).

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

P. J. Mumby, W. Skirving, A. E. Strong, J. T. Hardy, E. F. LeDrew, E. J. Hochberg, R. P. Stumpf, and L. D. David, “Remote sensing of coral reefs and their physical environment,” Mar. Pollution Bull. 48, 219-228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (8)

V. E. Brando and A. G. Dekker, “Satellite hyperspectral remote sensing for estimating estuarine and coastal water quality,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 41, 1378-1387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Louchard, R. P. Reid, F. C. Stephens, C. O. Davis, R. A. Leathers, and T. V. Downes, “Optical remote sensing of benthic habitats and bathymetry in coastal environments at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas: a comparative spectral classification approach,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 511-521(2003).

H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, R. A. Leathers, T. V. Downes, and C. O. Davis, “Ocean color remote sensing of seagrass and bathymetry in the Bahamas Banks by high-resolution airborne imagery,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 444-455 (2003).

J. D. Hedley and P. J. Mumby, “A remote sensing method for resolving depth and subpixel composition of aquatic benthos,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 480-488 (2003).

E. J. Hochberg and M. J. Atkinson, “Capabilities of remote sensors to classify coral, algae, and sand as pure and mixed spectra,” Remote Sens. Environ. 85, 174-189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Voss, C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, J. E. Ivey, and C. H. Mazel, “The spectral upwelling radiance distribution in optically shallow waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 364-373 (2003).

M. Montes, B.-C. Gao, and C. O. Davis, “Tafkaa atmospheric correction of hyperspectral data,” Proc. SPIE 5159, 188-197(2003).

E. J. Hochberg, S. Andrefouet, and M. R. Tyler, “Sea surface correction of high spatial resolution Ikonos images to improve bottom mapping in near-shore environments,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote 41, 1724-1729 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

Z. Lee and K. L. Carder, “Effect of spectral band numbers on the retrieval of water column and bottom properties from ocean color data,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2191-2201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Thiemann and H. Kaufmann, “Lake water quality monitoring using hyperspectral airborne data--a semiempirical multisensor and multitemporal approach for the Mecklenburg Lake District, Germany,” Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 228-237(2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

D. Lubin, W. Li, P. Dustan, C. H. Mazel, and K. Stamnes, “Spectral signatures of coral reefs: features from space,” Remote Sens. Environ. 75, 127-137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, “Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11639-11651 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, and C. O. Davis, “A new algorithm for atmospheric correction of hyperspectral remote sensing data,” Proc. SPIE 4383, 23-30 (2001).

2000 (4)

J. L. Irish, J. K. McClung, and W. J. Lillycrop, “Airborne lidar bathymetry: the SHOALS system,” PIANC Bull. 103-2000, 43-53 (2000).

B.-C. Gao, M. J. Montes, Z. Ahmad, and C. O. Davis, “Atmospheric correction algorithm for hyperspectral remote sensing of ocean color from space,” Appl. Opt. 39, 887-896 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Hochberg and M. J. Atkinson, “Spectral discrimination of coral reef benthic communities,” Coral reefs : Journal of the International Society for Reef Studies 19, 164-171(2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Durand, J. Bijaoui, and F. Cauneau, “Optical remote sensing of shallow-water environmental parameters: a feasibility study,” Remote Sens. Environ. 73, 152-161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

Z. Lee, K. Carder, C. D. Mobley, R. Steward, and J. Patch, “Hyperspectral remote sensing for shallow waters: 2. deriving bottom depths and water properties by optimization,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3831-3843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Irish and W. J. Lillycrop, “Scanning laser mapping of the coastal zone: the SHOALS system,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 54, 123-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, K. Carder, C. D. Mobley, R. Steward, and J. Patch, “Hyperspectral remote sensing for shallow waters. 1. a semianalytical model,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6329-6338 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Bagheri, M. Stein, and R. Dios, “Utility of hyperspectral data for bathymetric mapping in a turbid estuary,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 1179-1188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Sandidge and R. J. Holyer, “Coastal bathymetry from hyperspectral observations of water radiance,” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 341-352 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. L. Richardson, “Remote sensing of algal bloom dynamics,” BioScience 46, 492-501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

M. K. Hamilton, C. O. Davis, W. J. Rhea, S. H. Pilorz, and K. L. Carder, “Estimating chlorophyll content and bathymetry of Lake Tahoe using AVIRIS data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 217-230 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, P. Reinersman, R. F. Chen, F. Muller-Karger, C. O. Davis, and M. Hamilton, “AVIRIS calibration and application in coastal oceanic environments,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 205-216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Vane, R. O. Green, T. G. Chrien, H. T. Enmark, E. G. Hansen, and W. M. Porter, “The airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 127-143 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

B.-C. Gao and A. F. H. Goetz, “Column atmospheric water vapor and vegetation liquid water retrievals from airborne imaging spectrometer data,” J. Geophys. Res. 95, 3549-3564 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, Z.

Andrefouet, S.

E. J. Hochberg, S. Andrefouet, and M. R. Tyler, “Sea surface correction of high spatial resolution Ikonos images to improve bottom mapping in near-shore environments,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote 41, 1724-1729 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, R.

J. A. Goodman, M. Velez-Reyes, S. Hunt, and R. Armstrong, “Development of a field test environment for the validation of coastal remote sensing algorithms: Enrique Reef, Puerto Rico,” in Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, and Large Water Regions, C. R. Bostater, X. Neyt, S. P. Mertikas, and M. Velez-Reyes, eds. (SPIE, 2006), p. 8.

Arnone, R.

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

Aronsson, M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, M. J.

E. J. Hochberg and M. J. Atkinson, “Capabilities of remote sensors to classify coral, algae, and sand as pure and mixed spectra,” Remote Sens. Environ. 85, 174-189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Hochberg and M. J. Atkinson, “Spectral discrimination of coral reef benthic communities,” Coral reefs : Journal of the International Society for Reef Studies 19, 164-171(2000).
[CrossRef]

Bagheri, S.

S. Bagheri, M. Stein, and R. Dios, “Utility of hyperspectral data for bathymetric mapping in a turbid estuary,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 1179-1188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bijaoui, J.

D. Durand, J. Bijaoui, and F. Cauneau, “Optical remote sensing of shallow-water environmental parameters: a feasibility study,” Remote Sens. Environ. 73, 152-161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bisset, W. P.

Bowles, J. H.

Brando, V. E.

V. E. Brando and A. G. Dekker, “Satellite hyperspectral remote sensing for estimating estuarine and coastal water quality,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 41, 1378-1387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carder, K.

Carder, K. L.

Z. Lee and K. L. Carder, “Effect of spectral band numbers on the retrieval of water column and bottom properties from ocean color data,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2191-2201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, “Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11639-11651 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, P. Reinersman, R. F. Chen, F. Muller-Karger, C. O. Davis, and M. Hamilton, “AVIRIS calibration and application in coastal oceanic environments,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 205-216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Hamilton, C. O. Davis, W. J. Rhea, S. H. Pilorz, and K. L. Carder, “Estimating chlorophyll content and bathymetry of Lake Tahoe using AVIRIS data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 217-230 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Casey, B.

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

Cauneau, F.

D. Durand, J. Bijaoui, and F. Cauneau, “Optical remote sensing of shallow-water environmental parameters: a feasibility study,” Remote Sens. Environ. 73, 152-161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R. F.

Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, “Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11639-11651 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, P. Reinersman, R. F. Chen, F. Muller-Karger, C. O. Davis, and M. Hamilton, “AVIRIS calibration and application in coastal oceanic environments,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 205-216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chippendale, B. J.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

Chovit, C. J.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

Chrien, T. G.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Vane, R. O. Green, T. G. Chrien, H. T. Enmark, E. G. Hansen, and W. M. Porter, “The airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 127-143 (1993).
[CrossRef]

David, L. D.

P. J. Mumby, W. Skirving, A. E. Strong, J. T. Hardy, E. F. LeDrew, E. J. Hochberg, R. P. Stumpf, and L. D. David, “Remote sensing of coral reefs and their physical environment,” Mar. Pollution Bull. 48, 219-228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. O.

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, C. O. Davis, J. H. Bowles, T. V. Downes, R. A. Leathers, M. J. Montes, W. P. Bisset, D. D. R. Kohler, R. P. Reid, E. M. Louchard, and A. Gleason, “Interpretation of hyperspectral remote-sensing imagery by spectrum matching and look-up tables,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3576-3592 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Louchard, R. P. Reid, F. C. Stephens, C. O. Davis, R. A. Leathers, and T. V. Downes, “Optical remote sensing of benthic habitats and bathymetry in coastal environments at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas: a comparative spectral classification approach,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 511-521(2003).

H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, R. A. Leathers, T. V. Downes, and C. O. Davis, “Ocean color remote sensing of seagrass and bathymetry in the Bahamas Banks by high-resolution airborne imagery,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 444-455 (2003).

M. Montes, B.-C. Gao, and C. O. Davis, “Tafkaa atmospheric correction of hyperspectral data,” Proc. SPIE 5159, 188-197(2003).

M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, and C. O. Davis, “A new algorithm for atmospheric correction of hyperspectral remote sensing data,” Proc. SPIE 4383, 23-30 (2001).

B.-C. Gao, M. J. Montes, Z. Ahmad, and C. O. Davis, “Atmospheric correction algorithm for hyperspectral remote sensing of ocean color from space,” Appl. Opt. 39, 887-896 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Hamilton, C. O. Davis, W. J. Rhea, S. H. Pilorz, and K. L. Carder, “Estimating chlorophyll content and bathymetry of Lake Tahoe using AVIRIS data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 217-230 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Carder, P. Reinersman, R. F. Chen, F. Muller-Karger, C. O. Davis, and M. Hamilton, “AVIRIS calibration and application in coastal oceanic environments,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 205-216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, A. G.

V. E. Brando and A. G. Dekker, “Satellite hyperspectral remote sensing for estimating estuarine and coastal water quality,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 41, 1378-1387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dierssen, H. M.

H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, R. A. Leathers, T. V. Downes, and C. O. Davis, “Ocean color remote sensing of seagrass and bathymetry in the Bahamas Banks by high-resolution airborne imagery,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 444-455 (2003).

Dios, R.

S. Bagheri, M. Stein, and R. Dios, “Utility of hyperspectral data for bathymetric mapping in a turbid estuary,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 1179-1188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Downes, T. V.

C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, C. O. Davis, J. H. Bowles, T. V. Downes, R. A. Leathers, M. J. Montes, W. P. Bisset, D. D. R. Kohler, R. P. Reid, E. M. Louchard, and A. Gleason, “Interpretation of hyperspectral remote-sensing imagery by spectrum matching and look-up tables,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3576-3592 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Louchard, R. P. Reid, F. C. Stephens, C. O. Davis, R. A. Leathers, and T. V. Downes, “Optical remote sensing of benthic habitats and bathymetry in coastal environments at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas: a comparative spectral classification approach,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 511-521(2003).

H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, R. A. Leathers, T. V. Downes, and C. O. Davis, “Ocean color remote sensing of seagrass and bathymetry in the Bahamas Banks by high-resolution airborne imagery,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 444-455 (2003).

Durand, D.

D. Durand, J. Bijaoui, and F. Cauneau, “Optical remote sensing of shallow-water environmental parameters: a feasibility study,” Remote Sens. Environ. 73, 152-161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dustan, P.

D. Lubin, W. Li, P. Dustan, C. H. Mazel, and K. Stamnes, “Spectral signatures of coral reefs: features from space,” Remote Sens. Environ. 75, 127-137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dye, J.

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

Eastwood, M. L.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

Enmark, H. T.

G. Vane, R. O. Green, T. G. Chrien, H. T. Enmark, E. G. Hansen, and W. M. Porter, “The airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 127-143 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Faust, J. A.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, J.

T. Heege and J. Fischer, “Sun glitter correction in remote sensing imaging spectrometry,” in SPIE Ocean Optics XV (SPIE, 2000), p. 11.

Gao, B.-C.

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

M. Montes, B.-C. Gao, and C. O. Davis, “Tafkaa atmospheric correction of hyperspectral data,” Proc. SPIE 5159, 188-197(2003).

M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, and C. O. Davis, “A new algorithm for atmospheric correction of hyperspectral remote sensing data,” Proc. SPIE 4383, 23-30 (2001).

B.-C. Gao, M. J. Montes, Z. Ahmad, and C. O. Davis, “Atmospheric correction algorithm for hyperspectral remote sensing of ocean color from space,” Appl. Opt. 39, 887-896 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B.-C. Gao and A. F. H. Goetz, “Column atmospheric water vapor and vegetation liquid water retrievals from airborne imaging spectrometer data,” J. Geophys. Res. 95, 3549-3564 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B.-C. Gao, K. B. Heidebrecht, and A. F. H. Goetz, Atmospheric Removal Program (ATREM) User's Guide (University of Colorado at Boulder, 1992).

Geophysics,

L. Analytical Imaging and Geophysics, “ACORN 4.0 User's Guide,” (ImSpec, LLC, Boulder, CO, 2002).

Gleason, A.

Goetz, A. F. H.

B.-C. Gao and A. F. H. Goetz, “Column atmospheric water vapor and vegetation liquid water retrievals from airborne imaging spectrometer data,” J. Geophys. Res. 95, 3549-3564 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B.-C. Gao, K. B. Heidebrecht, and A. F. H. Goetz, Atmospheric Removal Program (ATREM) User's Guide (University of Colorado at Boulder, 1992).

Goode, W.

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

Goodman, J.

J. Goodman and S. L. Ustin, “Classification of benthic composition in a coral reef environment using spectral unmixing,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011501 (2007).

Goodman, J. A.

J. A. Goodman, M. Velez-Reyes, S. Hunt, and R. Armstrong, “Development of a field test environment for the validation of coastal remote sensing algorithms: Enrique Reef, Puerto Rico,” in Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, and Large Water Regions, C. R. Bostater, X. Neyt, S. P. Mertikas, and M. Velez-Reyes, eds. (SPIE, 2006), p. 8.

J. A. Goodman and S. L. Ustin, “Acquisition of underwater reflectance measurements as ground truth,” presented at the 11th JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California, USA, 4-8 March 2002.

J. A. Goodman and S. L. Ustin, “Underwater spectroscopy: methods and applications in a coral reef environment,” presented at the 7th International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, Miami, Florida, USA, 20-22 May 2002.

Green, R. O.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Vane, R. O. Green, T. G. Chrien, H. T. Enmark, E. G. Hansen, and W. M. Porter, “The airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 127-143 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hamilton, M.

K. L. Carder, P. Reinersman, R. F. Chen, F. Muller-Karger, C. O. Davis, and M. Hamilton, “AVIRIS calibration and application in coastal oceanic environments,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 205-216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hamilton, M. K.

M. K. Hamilton, C. O. Davis, W. J. Rhea, S. H. Pilorz, and K. L. Carder, “Estimating chlorophyll content and bathymetry of Lake Tahoe using AVIRIS data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 217-230 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, E. G.

G. Vane, R. O. Green, T. G. Chrien, H. T. Enmark, E. G. Hansen, and W. M. Porter, “The airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 127-143 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Harborne, A. R.

J. D. Hedley, A. R. Harborne, and P. J. Mumby, “Simple and robust removal of sun glint for mapping shallow-water benthos,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 2107-2112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, J. T.

P. J. Mumby, W. Skirving, A. E. Strong, J. T. Hardy, E. F. LeDrew, E. J. Hochberg, R. P. Stumpf, and L. D. David, “Remote sensing of coral reefs and their physical environment,” Mar. Pollution Bull. 48, 219-228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hedley, J. D.

J. D. Hedley, A. R. Harborne, and P. J. Mumby, “Simple and robust removal of sun glint for mapping shallow-water benthos,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 2107-2112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Hedley and P. J. Mumby, “A remote sensing method for resolving depth and subpixel composition of aquatic benthos,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 480-488 (2003).

Heege, T.

T. Heege and J. Fischer, “Sun glitter correction in remote sensing imaging spectrometry,” in SPIE Ocean Optics XV (SPIE, 2000), p. 11.

Heidebrecht, K. B.

B.-C. Gao, K. B. Heidebrecht, and A. F. H. Goetz, Atmospheric Removal Program (ATREM) User's Guide (University of Colorado at Boulder, 1992).

Hochberg, E. J.

P. J. Mumby, W. Skirving, A. E. Strong, J. T. Hardy, E. F. LeDrew, E. J. Hochberg, R. P. Stumpf, and L. D. David, “Remote sensing of coral reefs and their physical environment,” Mar. Pollution Bull. 48, 219-228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Hochberg and M. J. Atkinson, “Capabilities of remote sensors to classify coral, algae, and sand as pure and mixed spectra,” Remote Sens. Environ. 85, 174-189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Hochberg, S. Andrefouet, and M. R. Tyler, “Sea surface correction of high spatial resolution Ikonos images to improve bottom mapping in near-shore environments,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote 41, 1724-1729 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Hochberg and M. J. Atkinson, “Spectral discrimination of coral reef benthic communities,” Coral reefs : Journal of the International Society for Reef Studies 19, 164-171(2000).
[CrossRef]

Holyer, R. J.

J. C. Sandidge and R. J. Holyer, “Coastal bathymetry from hyperspectral observations of water radiance,” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 341-352 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hunt, S.

J. A. Goodman, M. Velez-Reyes, S. Hunt, and R. Armstrong, “Development of a field test environment for the validation of coastal remote sensing algorithms: Enrique Reef, Puerto Rico,” in Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, and Large Water Regions, C. R. Bostater, X. Neyt, S. P. Mertikas, and M. Velez-Reyes, eds. (SPIE, 2006), p. 8.

Imaging, L. Analytical

L. Analytical Imaging and Geophysics, “ACORN 4.0 User's Guide,” (ImSpec, LLC, Boulder, CO, 2002).

Irish, J. L.

J. L. Irish, J. K. McClung, and W. J. Lillycrop, “Airborne lidar bathymetry: the SHOALS system,” PIANC Bull. 103-2000, 43-53 (2000).

J. L. Irish and W. J. Lillycrop, “Scanning laser mapping of the coastal zone: the SHOALS system,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 54, 123-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ivey, J. E.

K. J. Voss, C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, J. E. Ivey, and C. H. Mazel, “The spectral upwelling radiance distribution in optically shallow waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 364-373 (2003).

Kaufmann, H.

S. Thiemann and H. Kaufmann, “Lake water quality monitoring using hyperspectral airborne data--a semiempirical multisensor and multitemporal approach for the Mecklenburg Lake District, Germany,” Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 228-237(2002).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, D. D. R.

Leathers, R. A.

C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, C. O. Davis, J. H. Bowles, T. V. Downes, R. A. Leathers, M. J. Montes, W. P. Bisset, D. D. R. Kohler, R. P. Reid, E. M. Louchard, and A. Gleason, “Interpretation of hyperspectral remote-sensing imagery by spectrum matching and look-up tables,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3576-3592 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Louchard, R. P. Reid, F. C. Stephens, C. O. Davis, R. A. Leathers, and T. V. Downes, “Optical remote sensing of benthic habitats and bathymetry in coastal environments at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas: a comparative spectral classification approach,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 511-521(2003).

H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, R. A. Leathers, T. V. Downes, and C. O. Davis, “Ocean color remote sensing of seagrass and bathymetry in the Bahamas Banks by high-resolution airborne imagery,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 444-455 (2003).

LeDrew, E. F.

P. J. Mumby, W. Skirving, A. E. Strong, J. T. Hardy, E. F. LeDrew, E. J. Hochberg, R. P. Stumpf, and L. D. David, “Remote sensing of coral reefs and their physical environment,” Mar. Pollution Bull. 48, 219-228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Z.

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

Z. Lee and K. L. Carder, “Effect of spectral band numbers on the retrieval of water column and bottom properties from ocean color data,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2191-2201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, “Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11639-11651 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, K. Carder, C. D. Mobley, R. Steward, and J. Patch, “Hyperspectral remote sensing for shallow waters: 2. deriving bottom depths and water properties by optimization,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3831-3843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, K. Carder, C. D. Mobley, R. Steward, and J. Patch, “Hyperspectral remote sensing for shallow waters. 1. a semianalytical model,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6329-6338 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lesser, M. P.

M. P. Lesser and C. D. Mobley, “Bathymetry, water optical properties, and benthic classification of coral reefs using hyperspectral imagery,” Coral reefs : Journal of the International Society for Reef Studies 26, 819-829 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

D. Lubin, W. Li, P. Dustan, C. H. Mazel, and K. Stamnes, “Spectral signatures of coral reefs: features from space,” Remote Sens. Environ. 75, 127-137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lillycrop, W. J.

J. L. Irish, J. K. McClung, and W. J. Lillycrop, “Airborne lidar bathymetry: the SHOALS system,” PIANC Bull. 103-2000, 43-53 (2000).

J. L. Irish and W. J. Lillycrop, “Scanning laser mapping of the coastal zone: the SHOALS system,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 54, 123-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Louchard, E. M.

C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, C. O. Davis, J. H. Bowles, T. V. Downes, R. A. Leathers, M. J. Montes, W. P. Bisset, D. D. R. Kohler, R. P. Reid, E. M. Louchard, and A. Gleason, “Interpretation of hyperspectral remote-sensing imagery by spectrum matching and look-up tables,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3576-3592 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Louchard, R. P. Reid, F. C. Stephens, C. O. Davis, R. A. Leathers, and T. V. Downes, “Optical remote sensing of benthic habitats and bathymetry in coastal environments at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas: a comparative spectral classification approach,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 511-521(2003).

Lubin, D.

D. Lubin, W. Li, P. Dustan, C. H. Mazel, and K. Stamnes, “Spectral signatures of coral reefs: features from space,” Remote Sens. Environ. 75, 127-137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mazel, C. H.

K. J. Voss, C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, J. E. Ivey, and C. H. Mazel, “The spectral upwelling radiance distribution in optically shallow waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 364-373 (2003).

D. Lubin, W. Li, P. Dustan, C. H. Mazel, and K. Stamnes, “Spectral signatures of coral reefs: features from space,” Remote Sens. Environ. 75, 127-137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

McClung, J. K.

J. L. Irish, J. K. McClung, and W. J. Lillycrop, “Airborne lidar bathymetry: the SHOALS system,” PIANC Bull. 103-2000, 43-53 (2000).

Mobley, C. D.

Montes, M.

M. Montes, B.-C. Gao, and C. O. Davis, “Tafkaa atmospheric correction of hyperspectral data,” Proc. SPIE 5159, 188-197(2003).

Montes, M. J.

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, C. O. Davis, J. H. Bowles, T. V. Downes, R. A. Leathers, M. J. Montes, W. P. Bisset, D. D. R. Kohler, R. P. Reid, E. M. Louchard, and A. Gleason, “Interpretation of hyperspectral remote-sensing imagery by spectrum matching and look-up tables,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3576-3592 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, and C. O. Davis, “A new algorithm for atmospheric correction of hyperspectral remote sensing data,” Proc. SPIE 4383, 23-30 (2001).

B.-C. Gao, M. J. Montes, Z. Ahmad, and C. O. Davis, “Atmospheric correction algorithm for hyperspectral remote sensing of ocean color from space,” Appl. Opt. 39, 887-896 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Montes, Naval Research Laboratory, Code 7232, Washington, D.C., 20375, (personal communication, 2005).

Muller-Karger, F.

K. L. Carder, P. Reinersman, R. F. Chen, F. Muller-Karger, C. O. Davis, and M. Hamilton, “AVIRIS calibration and application in coastal oceanic environments,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 205-216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mumby, P. J.

J. D. Hedley, A. R. Harborne, and P. J. Mumby, “Simple and robust removal of sun glint for mapping shallow-water benthos,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 2107-2112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Mumby, W. Skirving, A. E. Strong, J. T. Hardy, E. F. LeDrew, E. J. Hochberg, R. P. Stumpf, and L. D. David, “Remote sensing of coral reefs and their physical environment,” Mar. Pollution Bull. 48, 219-228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Hedley and P. J. Mumby, “A remote sensing method for resolving depth and subpixel composition of aquatic benthos,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 480-488 (2003).

Olah, M. R.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

Parsons, R.

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

Patch, J.

Pavri, B. E.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

Peacock, T. G.

Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, “Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11639-11651 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pilorz, S. H.

M. K. Hamilton, C. O. Davis, W. J. Rhea, S. H. Pilorz, and K. L. Carder, “Estimating chlorophyll content and bathymetry of Lake Tahoe using AVIRIS data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 217-230 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Porter, W. M.

G. Vane, R. O. Green, T. G. Chrien, H. T. Enmark, E. G. Hansen, and W. M. Porter, “The airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 127-143 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reid, R. P.

C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, C. O. Davis, J. H. Bowles, T. V. Downes, R. A. Leathers, M. J. Montes, W. P. Bisset, D. D. R. Kohler, R. P. Reid, E. M. Louchard, and A. Gleason, “Interpretation of hyperspectral remote-sensing imagery by spectrum matching and look-up tables,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3576-3592 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Louchard, R. P. Reid, F. C. Stephens, C. O. Davis, R. A. Leathers, and T. V. Downes, “Optical remote sensing of benthic habitats and bathymetry in coastal environments at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas: a comparative spectral classification approach,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 511-521(2003).

Reinersman, P.

K. L. Carder, P. Reinersman, R. F. Chen, F. Muller-Karger, C. O. Davis, and M. Hamilton, “AVIRIS calibration and application in coastal oceanic environments,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 205-216 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rhea, W. J.

M. K. Hamilton, C. O. Davis, W. J. Rhea, S. H. Pilorz, and K. L. Carder, “Estimating chlorophyll content and bathymetry of Lake Tahoe using AVIRIS data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 217-230 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, L. L.

L. L. Richardson, “Remote sensing of algal bloom dynamics,” BioScience 46, 492-501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sandidge, J. C.

J. C. Sandidge and R. J. Holyer, “Coastal bathymetry from hyperspectral observations of water radiance,” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 341-352 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sarture, C. M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

Skirving, W.

P. J. Mumby, W. Skirving, A. E. Strong, J. T. Hardy, E. F. LeDrew, E. J. Hochberg, R. P. Stumpf, and L. D. David, “Remote sensing of coral reefs and their physical environment,” Mar. Pollution Bull. 48, 219-228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Solis, M.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

Stamnes, K.

D. Lubin, W. Li, P. Dustan, C. H. Mazel, and K. Stamnes, “Spectral signatures of coral reefs: features from space,” Remote Sens. Environ. 75, 127-137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stein, M.

S. Bagheri, M. Stein, and R. Dios, “Utility of hyperspectral data for bathymetric mapping in a turbid estuary,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 1179-1188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stephens, F. C.

E. M. Louchard, R. P. Reid, F. C. Stephens, C. O. Davis, R. A. Leathers, and T. V. Downes, “Optical remote sensing of benthic habitats and bathymetry in coastal environments at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas: a comparative spectral classification approach,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 511-521(2003).

Steward, R.

Strong, A. E.

P. J. Mumby, W. Skirving, A. E. Strong, J. T. Hardy, E. F. LeDrew, E. J. Hochberg, R. P. Stumpf, and L. D. David, “Remote sensing of coral reefs and their physical environment,” Mar. Pollution Bull. 48, 219-228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stumpf, R. P.

P. J. Mumby, W. Skirving, A. E. Strong, J. T. Hardy, E. F. LeDrew, E. J. Hochberg, R. P. Stumpf, and L. D. David, “Remote sensing of coral reefs and their physical environment,” Mar. Pollution Bull. 48, 219-228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sundman, L. K.

Thiemann, S.

S. Thiemann and H. Kaufmann, “Lake water quality monitoring using hyperspectral airborne data--a semiempirical multisensor and multitemporal approach for the Mecklenburg Lake District, Germany,” Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 228-237(2002).
[CrossRef]

Tyler, M. R.

E. J. Hochberg, S. Andrefouet, and M. R. Tyler, “Sea surface correction of high spatial resolution Ikonos images to improve bottom mapping in near-shore environments,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote 41, 1724-1729 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ustin, S. L.

J. Goodman and S. L. Ustin, “Classification of benthic composition in a coral reef environment using spectral unmixing,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011501 (2007).

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J. A. Goodman and S. L. Ustin, “Underwater spectroscopy: methods and applications in a coral reef environment,” presented at the 7th International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, Miami, Florida, USA, 20-22 May 2002.

Vane, G.

G. Vane, R. O. Green, T. G. Chrien, H. T. Enmark, E. G. Hansen, and W. M. Porter, “The airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 127-143 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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J. A. Goodman, M. Velez-Reyes, S. Hunt, and R. Armstrong, “Development of a field test environment for the validation of coastal remote sensing algorithms: Enrique Reef, Puerto Rico,” in Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, and Large Water Regions, C. R. Bostater, X. Neyt, S. P. Mertikas, and M. Velez-Reyes, eds. (SPIE, 2006), p. 8.

Voss, K. J.

K. J. Voss, C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, J. E. Ivey, and C. H. Mazel, “The spectral upwelling radiance distribution in optically shallow waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 364-373 (2003).

Weidemann, A.

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

Williams, O.

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
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H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, R. A. Leathers, T. V. Downes, and C. O. Davis, “Ocean color remote sensing of seagrass and bathymetry in the Bahamas Banks by high-resolution airborne imagery,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 444-455 (2003).

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, and C. O. Davis, “A new algorithm for atmospheric correction of hyperspectral remote sensing data,” Proc. SPIE 4383, 23-30 (2001).

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[CrossRef]

Coral reefs : Journal of the International Society for Reef Studies (2)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote (1)

E. J. Hochberg, S. Andrefouet, and M. R. Tyler, “Sea surface correction of high spatial resolution Ikonos images to improve bottom mapping in near-shore environments,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote 41, 1724-1729 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (1)

V. E. Brando and A. G. Dekker, “Satellite hyperspectral remote sensing for estimating estuarine and coastal water quality,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 41, 1378-1387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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S. Bagheri, M. Stein, and R. Dios, “Utility of hyperspectral data for bathymetric mapping in a turbid estuary,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 1179-1188 (1998).
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J. D. Hedley, A. R. Harborne, and P. J. Mumby, “Simple and robust removal of sun glint for mapping shallow-water benthos,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 2107-2112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. (1)

J. L. Irish and W. J. Lillycrop, “Scanning laser mapping of the coastal zone: the SHOALS system,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 54, 123-129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Remote Sens. (1)

J. Goodman and S. L. Ustin, “Classification of benthic composition in a coral reef environment using spectral unmixing,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011501 (2007).

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[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, “Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11639-11651 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Limnol. Oceanogr. (4)

E. M. Louchard, R. P. Reid, F. C. Stephens, C. O. Davis, R. A. Leathers, and T. V. Downes, “Optical remote sensing of benthic habitats and bathymetry in coastal environments at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas: a comparative spectral classification approach,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 511-521(2003).

H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, R. A. Leathers, T. V. Downes, and C. O. Davis, “Ocean color remote sensing of seagrass and bathymetry in the Bahamas Banks by high-resolution airborne imagery,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 444-455 (2003).

J. D. Hedley and P. J. Mumby, “A remote sensing method for resolving depth and subpixel composition of aquatic benthos,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 480-488 (2003).

K. J. Voss, C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, J. E. Ivey, and C. H. Mazel, “The spectral upwelling radiance distribution in optically shallow waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 364-373 (2003).

Mar. Pollution Bull. (1)

P. J. Mumby, W. Skirving, A. E. Strong, J. T. Hardy, E. F. LeDrew, E. J. Hochberg, R. P. Stumpf, and L. D. David, “Remote sensing of coral reefs and their physical environment,” Mar. Pollution Bull. 48, 219-228 (2004).
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J. L. Irish, J. K. McClung, and W. J. Lillycrop, “Airborne lidar bathymetry: the SHOALS system,” PIANC Bull. 103-2000, 43-53 (2000).

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M. Montes, B.-C. Gao, and C. O. Davis, “Tafkaa atmospheric correction of hyperspectral data,” Proc. SPIE 5159, 188-197(2003).

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G. Vane, R. O. Green, T. G. Chrien, H. T. Enmark, E. G. Hansen, and W. M. Porter, “The airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 44, 127-143 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Green, M. L. Eastwood, C. M. Sarture, T. G. Chrien, M. Aronsson, B. J. Chippendale, J. A. Faust, B. E. Pavri, C. J. Chovit, M. Solis, M. R. Olah, and O. Williams, “Imaging spectroscopy and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 65, 227-248(1998).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Other (8)

B.-C. Gao, K. B. Heidebrecht, and A. F. H. Goetz, Atmospheric Removal Program (ATREM) User's Guide (University of Colorado at Boulder, 1992).

J. A. Goodman and S. L. Ustin, “Underwater spectroscopy: methods and applications in a coral reef environment,” presented at the 7th International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, Miami, Florida, USA, 20-22 May 2002.

J. A. Goodman and S. L. Ustin, “Acquisition of underwater reflectance measurements as ground truth,” presented at the 11th JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California, USA, 4-8 March 2002.

M. J. Montes, Naval Research Laboratory, Code 7232, Washington, D.C., 20375, (personal communication, 2005).

T. Heege and J. Fischer, “Sun glitter correction in remote sensing imaging spectrometry,” in SPIE Ocean Optics XV (SPIE, 2000), p. 11.

L. Analytical Imaging and Geophysics, “ACORN 4.0 User's Guide,” (ImSpec, LLC, Boulder, CO, 2002).

Z. Lee, B. Casey, R. Arnone, A. Weidemann, R. Parsons, M. J. Montes, B.-C. Gao, W. Goode, C. O. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1, 011502 (2007).

J. A. Goodman, M. Velez-Reyes, S. Hunt, and R. Armstrong, “Development of a field test environment for the validation of coastal remote sensing algorithms: Enrique Reef, Puerto Rico,” in Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, and Large Water Regions, C. R. Bostater, X. Neyt, S. P. Mertikas, and M. Velez-Reyes, eds. (SPIE, 2006), p. 8.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

AVIRIS imagery of Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized average field spectra, shown with spectral resampling to match AVIRIS spectral characteristics.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Remote sensing reflectance output following atmospheric correction: (a) 10-line cross-track average of deep water at 750 nm , (b) 9-pixel average spectral profile for submerged sand at 3 m depth.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Remote sensing reflectance output following atmospheric correction and Hochberg et al. deglint algorithm: (a) 10-line cross-track average of deep water at 750 nm , (b) 9-pixel average spectral profile for submerged sand at 3 m depth.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Remote sensing reflectance output following atmospheric correction and 750 normalizing deglint algorithm: (a) 10-line cross-track average of deep water at 750 nm , (b) 9-pixel average spectral profile for submerged sand at 3 m depth.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Bathymetry analysis using full geometry Tafkaa, 750 nm normalizing deglint, full geometry for view and illumination angles, and an average sand spectrum as the default benthic input: (a) scatterplot of model derived bathymetry versus SHOALS bathymetry, (b) histogram of bathymetry errors.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison of model derived reflectance at 550 nm versus measured data at 12 sand target areas; model derivation performed using full geometry Tafkaa, 750 nm normalizing deglint, full geometry for view and illumination angles, and an average sand spectrum as the default benthic input.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 SHOALS Data Versus Estimated Bathymetry (Correlation Coefficient, r; Slope of Best Fit Curve, m; absolute error, a) for 0 20 m Water Depth Using Different Preprocessing Algorithms for Atmospheric Correction and Deglint a

Tables Icon

Table 2 SHOALS Data Versus Estimated Bathymetry (Correlation Coefficient, r; Slope of Best Fit Curve, m; Absolute Error, a) for 0 20 m Water Depth Using Different Subsurface View and Illumination Geometries a

Tables Icon

Table 3 SHOALS Data Versus Estimated Bathymetry (Correlation Coefficient, r; Slope of Best Fit Curve, m; Absolute Error, a) for 0 20 m Water Depth Using Different Default Bottom Spectra as Model Input a

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Table 4 SHOALS Data Versus Estimated Bathymetry (Correlation Coefficient, r; Slope of Best Fit Curve, m; Absolute Error, a) for 0 20 m Water Depth Using Different Spatial Kernels for Averaging Water Properties a

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R rs ( λ ) = R rs raw ( λ ) R rs raw ( 750 ) + Δ ,
Δ = 0.000019 + 0.1 [ R rs raw ( 640 ) R rs raw ( 750 ) ] .
R rs ( λ ) = R rs raw ( λ ) f g R rs glint ( λ ) .
R rs = 0.5 r rs 1 1.5 r rs ,
r rs r rs d p ( 1 exp { [ 1 cos ( θ w ) + D u C cos ( θ ) ] κ H } ) Water column contribution + 1 π ρ b B exp { [ 1 cos ( θ w ) + D u B cos ( θ ) ] κ H } Bottom contribution ,
R rs = f { P , G , B P , B , H } .
min R rs ( λ ) R rs e s t ( λ , P , G , B P , B , H ) 2 R rs ( λ ) 2 for     λ ( 400 675 720 800 ) subject to { 0.005 P 0.5 0.002 G 3.5 0.001 B P 0.5 0.01 B 0.6 0.2 H 33.0 ,
min i , j = 1 n R rs i , j ( λ ) R r s i , j e s t ( λ , P , G , B P , B i , j , H i , j ) 2 R r s i , j ( λ ) 2 ,

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