Abstract

To allow angular separation of the beam reflected off a liquid crystal wavefront corrector from the incident beam, it is convenient to introduce a small incident angle. This avoids using a beam splitter and the associated energy losses. The effect of the tilt incidence on the liquid crystal wavefront corrector was investigated in this paper. For a parallel aligned liquid crystal wavefront corrector, a simplified model was established and used to analyze the change of the phase modulation under the tilt incidence. The simulated results showed that the effect of the tilt incidence on the phase modulation can be ignored when the angle of tilt incidence is less than 6°. The phase modulation related to the incident angle was measured and the changing trend was similar to the calculated results. The effect of the tilt incidence on the diffraction efficiency of the liquid crystal wavefront corrector was also discussed. The simulated results indicated that the reduction of the diffraction efficiency is less than 1% for incidence angles under 3°. Last, a closed loop correction experiment was done with an incident angle of 1°. After correction, the averaged peak to valley (PV) and root mean square (RMS) of the wavefront were down to 0.15λ and 0.03λ, respectively, and a resolvable image was acquired.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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