Abstract

An all-fiber sensor capable of simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain is newly presented. The sensing head is formed by a fiber Bragg grating combined with a section of multimode fiber that acts as a Mach-Zehnder interferometer for temperature and strain discrimination. The strain and temperature coefficients of multimode fibers vary with the core sizes and materials. This feature can be used to improve the strain and temperature resolution by suitably choosing the multimode fiber. For a 10 pm wavelength resolution, a resolution of 9.21 με in strain and 0.26 °C in temperature can be achieved.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Farahi, D. J. Webb, J. D. C Jones, and D. A. Jackson, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain: cross-sensitivity considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 138-142(1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Jin, W. C. Michie, G. Thursby, M. Konstantaki, and B. Culshaw, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature: error analysis,” Opt. Eng. 36, 598-609 (1997).
  3. M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using fibre grating sensors,” Proc. SPIE 2360, 191-194 (1994).
  4. M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fibre grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085-1087 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Chehura, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275, 344-347 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. W. James, M. L. Dockney, and R. P. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1133-1134(1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. M. Cavaleiro, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and F. Farahi, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using Bragg gratings written in germanosilicate and boron-codoped germanosilicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1635-1637 (1999).
  8. B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 33, 200-202 (2002).
  9. O. Frazão and J. L. Santos, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a Bragg grating structure written in germanosilicate fibres,” J. Opt. A 6, 553-556 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223-1225 (1996).
  11. B. O. Guan, H. W. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement using a superstructure fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675-677 (2000).
  12. O. Frazão, R. Romero, G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, and J. L. Santos, “Sampled fibre Bragg grating sensors for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” Electron. Lett. 38, 693-695 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, and J. M. Baptista, “Fibre Bragg grating interrogation based on high-birefringence fibre loop mirror for strain-temperature discrimination,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2326-2328 (2006).
  14. Q. Wang and G. Farrell, “All-fiber multimode-interference-based refractometer sensor: proposal and design,” Opt. Lett. 31, 317-319 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Mehta, W. Mohammed, and E. G. Johnson, “Multimode interference-based fiber-optic displacement sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1129-1131 (2003).
  16. O. Frazão, J. Viegas, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, and F. Farahi, “All-fiber Mach-Zehnder curvature sensor based on multimode interference combined with a long-period grating,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3074-3076 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Q. Li, C. H. Lin, P. Y. Tseng, and H. P. Lee, “Demonstration of high extinction ratio modal interference in a two-mode fiber and its applications for all-fiber comb filter and high-temperature sensor,” Opt. Commun. 250, 280-285 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. W. S. Mohammed, P. W. E. Smith, and X. Gu, “All-fiber multimode interference bandpass filter,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2547-2549(2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. Li, “Temperature compensation of multimode-interference-based fiber devices,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2064-2066 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Liu and L. Wei, “Low-cost high-sensitivity strain and temperature sensing using graded-index multimode fibers,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2516-2519 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. Sivanesan, J. S. Sirkis, Y. Murata, and S. G. Buckley, “Optimal wavelength pair selection and accuracy analysis of dual fiber grating sensors for simultaneously measuring strain and temperature,” Opt. Eng. 41, 2456-2463 (2002).

2007 (4)

2006 (3)

W. S. Mohammed, P. W. E. Smith, and X. Gu, “All-fiber multimode interference bandpass filter,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2547-2549(2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, and J. M. Baptista, “Fibre Bragg grating interrogation based on high-birefringence fibre loop mirror for strain-temperature discrimination,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2326-2328 (2006).

Q. Wang and G. Farrell, “All-fiber multimode-interference-based refractometer sensor: proposal and design,” Opt. Lett. 31, 317-319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Q. Li, C. H. Lin, P. Y. Tseng, and H. P. Lee, “Demonstration of high extinction ratio modal interference in a two-mode fiber and its applications for all-fiber comb filter and high-temperature sensor,” Opt. Commun. 250, 280-285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

O. Frazão and J. L. Santos, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a Bragg grating structure written in germanosilicate fibres,” J. Opt. A 6, 553-556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Mehta, W. Mohammed, and E. G. Johnson, “Multimode interference-based fiber-optic displacement sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1129-1131 (2003).

2002 (3)

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 33, 200-202 (2002).

O. Frazão, R. Romero, G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, and J. L. Santos, “Sampled fibre Bragg grating sensors for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” Electron. Lett. 38, 693-695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Sivanesan, J. S. Sirkis, Y. Murata, and S. G. Buckley, “Optimal wavelength pair selection and accuracy analysis of dual fiber grating sensors for simultaneously measuring strain and temperature,” Opt. Eng. 41, 2456-2463 (2002).

2000 (1)

B. O. Guan, H. W. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement using a superstructure fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675-677 (2000).

1999 (1)

P. M. Cavaleiro, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and F. Farahi, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using Bragg gratings written in germanosilicate and boron-codoped germanosilicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1635-1637 (1999).

1997 (1)

W. Jin, W. C. Michie, G. Thursby, M. Konstantaki, and B. Culshaw, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature: error analysis,” Opt. Eng. 36, 598-609 (1997).

1996 (2)

S. W. James, M. L. Dockney, and R. P. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1133-1134(1996).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223-1225 (1996).

1994 (2)

M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using fibre grating sensors,” Proc. SPIE 2360, 191-194 (1994).

M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fibre grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085-1087 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

F. Farahi, D. J. Webb, J. D. C Jones, and D. A. Jackson, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain: cross-sensitivity considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 138-142(1990).
[CrossRef]

Araújo, F. M.

O. Frazão, J. Viegas, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, and F. Farahi, “All-fiber Mach-Zehnder curvature sensor based on multimode interference combined with a long-period grating,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3074-3076 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Cavaleiro, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and F. Farahi, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using Bragg gratings written in germanosilicate and boron-codoped germanosilicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1635-1637 (1999).

Archambault, J.-L.

M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fibre grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085-1087 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using fibre grating sensors,” Proc. SPIE 2360, 191-194 (1994).

Baptista, J. M.

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, and J. M. Baptista, “Fibre Bragg grating interrogation based on high-birefringence fibre loop mirror for strain-temperature discrimination,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2326-2328 (2006).

Buckley, S. G.

P. Sivanesan, J. S. Sirkis, Y. Murata, and S. G. Buckley, “Optimal wavelength pair selection and accuracy analysis of dual fiber grating sensors for simultaneously measuring strain and temperature,” Opt. Eng. 41, 2456-2463 (2002).

Caldas, P.

Cavaleiro, P. M.

P. M. Cavaleiro, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and F. Farahi, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using Bragg gratings written in germanosilicate and boron-codoped germanosilicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1635-1637 (1999).

Chehura, E.

E. Chehura, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275, 344-347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Choy, C. L.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 33, 200-202 (2002).

Culshaw, B.

W. Jin, W. C. Michie, G. Thursby, M. Konstantaki, and B. Culshaw, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature: error analysis,” Opt. Eng. 36, 598-609 (1997).

Dakin, J. P.

M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fibre grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085-1087 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using fibre grating sensors,” Proc. SPIE 2360, 191-194 (1994).

Demokan, M. S.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 33, 200-202 (2002).

Dockney, M. L.

S. W. James, M. L. Dockney, and R. P. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1133-1134(1996).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. W. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement using a superstructure fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675-677 (2000).

E. Smith, P. W.

Farahi, F.

O. Frazão, J. Viegas, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, and F. Farahi, “All-fiber Mach-Zehnder curvature sensor based on multimode interference combined with a long-period grating,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3074-3076 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Cavaleiro, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and F. Farahi, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using Bragg gratings written in germanosilicate and boron-codoped germanosilicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1635-1637 (1999).

F. Farahi, D. J. Webb, J. D. C Jones, and D. A. Jackson, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain: cross-sensitivity considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 138-142(1990).
[CrossRef]

Farrell, G.

Ferreira, L. A.

O. Frazão, J. Viegas, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, and F. Farahi, “All-fiber Mach-Zehnder curvature sensor based on multimode interference combined with a long-period grating,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3074-3076 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Cavaleiro, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and F. Farahi, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using Bragg gratings written in germanosilicate and boron-codoped germanosilicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1635-1637 (1999).

Frazão, O.

O. Frazão, J. Viegas, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, and F. Farahi, “All-fiber Mach-Zehnder curvature sensor based on multimode interference combined with a long-period grating,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3074-3076 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, and J. M. Baptista, “Fibre Bragg grating interrogation based on high-birefringence fibre loop mirror for strain-temperature discrimination,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2326-2328 (2006).

O. Frazão and J. L. Santos, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a Bragg grating structure written in germanosilicate fibres,” J. Opt. A 6, 553-556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, R. Romero, G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, and J. L. Santos, “Sampled fibre Bragg grating sensors for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” Electron. Lett. 38, 693-695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

Guan, B. O.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 33, 200-202 (2002).

B. O. Guan, H. W. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement using a superstructure fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675-677 (2000).

Jackson, D. A.

F. Farahi, D. J. Webb, J. D. C Jones, and D. A. Jackson, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain: cross-sensitivity considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 138-142(1990).
[CrossRef]

James, S. W.

E. Chehura, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275, 344-347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. W. James, M. L. Dockney, and R. P. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1133-1134(1996).
[CrossRef]

Jin, W.

W. Jin, W. C. Michie, G. Thursby, M. Konstantaki, and B. Culshaw, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature: error analysis,” Opt. Eng. 36, 598-609 (1997).

Johnson, E. G.

A. Mehta, W. Mohammed, and E. G. Johnson, “Multimode interference-based fiber-optic displacement sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1129-1131 (2003).

Jones, J. D. C

F. Farahi, D. J. Webb, J. D. C Jones, and D. A. Jackson, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain: cross-sensitivity considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 138-142(1990).
[CrossRef]

Kersey, A. D.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223-1225 (1996).

Konstantaki, M.

W. Jin, W. C. Michie, G. Thursby, M. Konstantaki, and B. Culshaw, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature: error analysis,” Opt. Eng. 36, 598-609 (1997).

Lee, H. P.

Q. Li, C. H. Lin, P. Y. Tseng, and H. P. Lee, “Demonstration of high extinction ratio modal interference in a two-mode fiber and its applications for all-fiber comb filter and high-temperature sensor,” Opt. Commun. 250, 280-285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, E.

Li, Q.

Q. Li, C. H. Lin, P. Y. Tseng, and H. P. Lee, “Demonstration of high extinction ratio modal interference in a two-mode fiber and its applications for all-fiber comb filter and high-temperature sensor,” Opt. Commun. 250, 280-285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. H.

Q. Li, C. H. Lin, P. Y. Tseng, and H. P. Lee, “Demonstration of high extinction ratio modal interference in a two-mode fiber and its applications for all-fiber comb filter and high-temperature sensor,” Opt. Commun. 250, 280-285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Marques, L. M.

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, and J. M. Baptista, “Fibre Bragg grating interrogation based on high-birefringence fibre loop mirror for strain-temperature discrimination,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2326-2328 (2006).

Mehta, A.

A. Mehta, W. Mohammed, and E. G. Johnson, “Multimode interference-based fiber-optic displacement sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1129-1131 (2003).

Michie, W. C.

W. Jin, W. C. Michie, G. Thursby, M. Konstantaki, and B. Culshaw, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature: error analysis,” Opt. Eng. 36, 598-609 (1997).

Mohammed, W.

A. Mehta, W. Mohammed, and E. G. Johnson, “Multimode interference-based fiber-optic displacement sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1129-1131 (2003).

Mohammed, W. S.

Murata, Y.

P. Sivanesan, J. S. Sirkis, Y. Murata, and S. G. Buckley, “Optimal wavelength pair selection and accuracy analysis of dual fiber grating sensors for simultaneously measuring strain and temperature,” Opt. Eng. 41, 2456-2463 (2002).

Patrick, H. J.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223-1225 (1996).

Pedrazzani, J. R.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223-1225 (1996).

Reekie, L.

M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using fibre grating sensors,” Proc. SPIE 2360, 191-194 (1994).

M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fibre grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085-1087 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rego, G.

O. Frazão, R. Romero, G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, and J. L. Santos, “Sampled fibre Bragg grating sensors for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” Electron. Lett. 38, 693-695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Romero, R.

O. Frazão, R. Romero, G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, and J. L. Santos, “Sampled fibre Bragg grating sensors for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” Electron. Lett. 38, 693-695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Marques, P. V.

O. Frazão, R. Romero, G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, and J. L. Santos, “Sampled fibre Bragg grating sensors for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” Electron. Lett. 38, 693-695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Salgado, H. M.

O. Frazão, R. Romero, G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, and J. L. Santos, “Sampled fibre Bragg grating sensors for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” Electron. Lett. 38, 693-695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Santos, J. L.

O. Frazão, J. Viegas, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, and F. Farahi, “All-fiber Mach-Zehnder curvature sensor based on multimode interference combined with a long-period grating,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3074-3076 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão and J. L. Santos, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a Bragg grating structure written in germanosilicate fibres,” J. Opt. A 6, 553-556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, R. Romero, G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, and J. L. Santos, “Sampled fibre Bragg grating sensors for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” Electron. Lett. 38, 693-695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Cavaleiro, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, and F. Farahi, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using Bragg gratings written in germanosilicate and boron-codoped germanosilicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1635-1637 (1999).

Sirkis, J. S.

P. Sivanesan, J. S. Sirkis, Y. Murata, and S. G. Buckley, “Optimal wavelength pair selection and accuracy analysis of dual fiber grating sensors for simultaneously measuring strain and temperature,” Opt. Eng. 41, 2456-2463 (2002).

Sivanesan, P.

P. Sivanesan, J. S. Sirkis, Y. Murata, and S. G. Buckley, “Optimal wavelength pair selection and accuracy analysis of dual fiber grating sensors for simultaneously measuring strain and temperature,” Opt. Eng. 41, 2456-2463 (2002).

Tam, H. W.

B. O. Guan, H. W. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement using a superstructure fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675-677 (2000).

Tam, H. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 33, 200-202 (2002).

Tao, X. M.

B. O. Guan, H. W. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement using a superstructure fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675-677 (2000).

Tatam, R. P.

E. Chehura, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275, 344-347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. W. James, M. L. Dockney, and R. P. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1133-1134(1996).
[CrossRef]

Thursby, G.

W. Jin, W. C. Michie, G. Thursby, M. Konstantaki, and B. Culshaw, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature: error analysis,” Opt. Eng. 36, 598-609 (1997).

Tseng, P. Y.

Q. Li, C. H. Lin, P. Y. Tseng, and H. P. Lee, “Demonstration of high extinction ratio modal interference in a two-mode fiber and its applications for all-fiber comb filter and high-temperature sensor,” Opt. Commun. 250, 280-285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223-1225 (1996).

Viegas, J.

W. Chan, H. L.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 33, 200-202 (2002).

Wang, Q.

Webb, D. J.

F. Farahi, D. J. Webb, J. D. C Jones, and D. A. Jackson, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain: cross-sensitivity considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 138-142(1990).
[CrossRef]

Wei, L.

Williams, G. M.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223-1225 (1996).

Xu, M. G.

M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using fibre grating sensors,” Proc. SPIE 2360, 191-194 (1994).

M. G. Xu, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fibre grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085-1087 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (3)

O. Frazão, R. Romero, G. Rego, P. V. S. Marques, H. M. Salgado, and J. L. Santos, “Sampled fibre Bragg grating sensors for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” Electron. Lett. 38, 693-695 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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