Abstract

We present a projection system that is capable of two-dimensional and three-dimensional image display. A novel projection architecture is discussed that can simultaneously generate two linear polarized full-color images with orthogonal states of polarization using only one optical system. Both images are modulated by using two high-resolution liquid crystal on silicon panels that are illuminated with high-power light emitting diodes. The optical core and the illumination system are simulated, characterized, and optimized with nonsequential ray tracing software. A proof-of-concept demonstrator of the entire projection system is built and characterized. Important component specifications are discussed to improve the system performance.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Son, B. Javidi, and K. Kwack, “Methods for displaying three-dimensional images,” Proc. IEEE 94, 502-523, (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Börner, “Four autostereoscopic monitors on the level of industrial prototypes,” Displays 20, 57-64 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Nam, Y. Oh, J. Lee, H. Jang, M. Song, and B. Kim, “Auto-stereoscopic 3D display apparatus using projectors and LC image-splitter,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 33, 1415-1417 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Takizawa, T. Fujii, T. Sunaga, and K. Kishi, “Three-dimensional large-screen display with reflection-mode spatial light modulators and a single-projection optical system: analysis of a retardation-modulation method,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6182-6195 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Takizawa, “Three-dimensional large screen display using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal light valves and a schlieren optical system: proposal and basic experiments,” Opt. Rev. 13, 1-7 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kim and E. Kim, “A novel configuration of LCD projectors for efficient orthogonal polarization of two projected views,” Opt. Commun. 266, 55-66 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Takizawa, “Analysis of three-dimensional large screen display using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal light valves and a schlieren optical system,” Opt. Rev. 13, 8-13 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. Geißler, “Meeting the challenges of developing LED-based projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6196, 1-12 (2006).
  9. L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, and H. Thienpont, “LED based full color stereoscopic projection system,” Proc. SPIE 6489, 64890E (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Sharp, M. Robinson, J. Chen, and J. Birge, “LCoS projection color management using retarder stack technology,” Displays 23, 139-144 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Kuhn, S. Groetsch, N. Breidenassel, W. Schnabel, and S. Wallner, “A new LED light source for projection applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 36, 1702-1705 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Thienpont, H. Murat, and H. De Smet, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 947-950 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, F. Christiaens, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient illumination in LED-based projection systems using lenslet integrators,” Proc. SPIE 6196, 48-57 (2006).
  14. P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Using a fly's eye integrator in efficient illumination engines with multiple light-emitting diode light sources,” Opt. Eng. 46, 043001 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Advanced Systems Analysis Program (ASAP) is a trademark of Breault Research Organization, Inc., 6400 East Grant Road, Suite 350, Tucson, Arizona 85715; http://www.breault.com/.
  17. Thin Film Center Inc., Essential Macleod 8.3a.
  18. J. Chen, M. Robinson, and G. Sharp, “High contrast MacNeille PBS based LCOS projection systems,” Proc. SPIE 5470, 76-87 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Arnold, E. Gardner, D. Hansen, and R. Perkins, “An improved polarizing beamsplitter LCOS projection display based on wire-grid polarizers,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32, 1282-1285 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Vermandel, D. Van Den Wouwer, T. Coosemans, and G. Van Doorselaer, “A novel 0.82′′ QXGA analog LCOS micro display for professional applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 105-108 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Comparison of the light output of LCOS projection architectures using LEDs,” Displays 29, 1-9 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Comparison of the light output of LCOS projection architectures using LEDs,” Displays 29, 1-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, and H. Thienpont, “LED based full color stereoscopic projection system,” Proc. SPIE 6489, 64890E (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Thienpont, H. Murat, and H. De Smet, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 947-950 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Using a fly's eye integrator in efficient illumination engines with multiple light-emitting diode light sources,” Opt. Eng. 46, 043001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Vermandel, D. Van Den Wouwer, T. Coosemans, and G. Van Doorselaer, “A novel 0.82′′ QXGA analog LCOS micro display for professional applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 105-108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, F. Christiaens, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient illumination in LED-based projection systems using lenslet integrators,” Proc. SPIE 6196, 48-57 (2006).

J. Son, B. Javidi, and K. Kwack, “Methods for displaying three-dimensional images,” Proc. IEEE 94, 502-523, (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Takizawa, “Three-dimensional large screen display using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal light valves and a schlieren optical system: proposal and basic experiments,” Opt. Rev. 13, 1-7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim and E. Kim, “A novel configuration of LCD projectors for efficient orthogonal polarization of two projected views,” Opt. Commun. 266, 55-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Takizawa, “Analysis of three-dimensional large screen display using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal light valves and a schlieren optical system,” Opt. Rev. 13, 8-13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Geißler, “Meeting the challenges of developing LED-based projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6196, 1-12 (2006).

2005 (3)

P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Kuhn, S. Groetsch, N. Breidenassel, W. Schnabel, and S. Wallner, “A new LED light source for projection applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 36, 1702-1705 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, M. Robinson, and G. Sharp, “High contrast MacNeille PBS based LCOS projection systems,” Proc. SPIE 5470, 76-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

G. Sharp, M. Robinson, J. Chen, and J. Birge, “LCoS projection color management using retarder stack technology,” Displays 23, 139-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Nam, Y. Oh, J. Lee, H. Jang, M. Song, and B. Kim, “Auto-stereoscopic 3D display apparatus using projectors and LC image-splitter,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 33, 1415-1417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Arnold, E. Gardner, D. Hansen, and R. Perkins, “An improved polarizing beamsplitter LCOS projection display based on wire-grid polarizers,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32, 1282-1285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. Börner, “Four autostereoscopic monitors on the level of industrial prototypes,” Displays 20, 57-64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Arnold, S.

S. Arnold, E. Gardner, D. Hansen, and R. Perkins, “An improved polarizing beamsplitter LCOS projection display based on wire-grid polarizers,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32, 1282-1285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Birge, J.

G. Sharp, M. Robinson, J. Chen, and J. Birge, “LCoS projection color management using retarder stack technology,” Displays 23, 139-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bogaert, L.

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Comparison of the light output of LCOS projection architectures using LEDs,” Displays 29, 1-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Thienpont, H. Murat, and H. De Smet, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 947-950 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, and H. Thienpont, “LED based full color stereoscopic projection system,” Proc. SPIE 6489, 64890E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Börner, R.

R. Börner, “Four autostereoscopic monitors on the level of industrial prototypes,” Displays 20, 57-64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Breidenassel, N.

G. Kuhn, S. Groetsch, N. Breidenassel, W. Schnabel, and S. Wallner, “A new LED light source for projection applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 36, 1702-1705 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, M. Robinson, and G. Sharp, “High contrast MacNeille PBS based LCOS projection systems,” Proc. SPIE 5470, 76-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Sharp, M. Robinson, J. Chen, and J. Birge, “LCoS projection color management using retarder stack technology,” Displays 23, 139-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Christiaens, F.

Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, F. Christiaens, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient illumination in LED-based projection systems using lenslet integrators,” Proc. SPIE 6196, 48-57 (2006).

Coosemans, T.

M. Vermandel, D. Van Den Wouwer, T. Coosemans, and G. Van Doorselaer, “A novel 0.82′′ QXGA analog LCOS micro display for professional applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 105-108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dannberg, P.

P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
[CrossRef]

De Smet, H.

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Comparison of the light output of LCOS projection architectures using LEDs,” Displays 29, 1-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Thienpont, H. Murat, and H. De Smet, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 947-950 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, T.

Gardner, E.

S. Arnold, E. Gardner, D. Hansen, and R. Perkins, “An improved polarizing beamsplitter LCOS projection display based on wire-grid polarizers,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32, 1282-1285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Geißler, E.

E. Geißler, “Meeting the challenges of developing LED-based projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6196, 1-12 (2006).

Groetsch, S.

G. Kuhn, S. Groetsch, N. Breidenassel, W. Schnabel, and S. Wallner, “A new LED light source for projection applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 36, 1702-1705 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, D.

S. Arnold, E. Gardner, D. Hansen, and R. Perkins, “An improved polarizing beamsplitter LCOS projection display based on wire-grid polarizers,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32, 1282-1285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jang, H.

H. Nam, Y. Oh, J. Lee, H. Jang, M. Song, and B. Kim, “Auto-stereoscopic 3D display apparatus using projectors and LC image-splitter,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 33, 1415-1417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Javidi, B.

J. Son, B. Javidi, and K. Kwack, “Methods for displaying three-dimensional images,” Proc. IEEE 94, 502-523, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.

H. Nam, Y. Oh, J. Lee, H. Jang, M. Song, and B. Kim, “Auto-stereoscopic 3D display apparatus using projectors and LC image-splitter,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 33, 1415-1417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, E.

S. Kim and E. Kim, “A novel configuration of LCD projectors for efficient orthogonal polarization of two projected views,” Opt. Commun. 266, 55-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

S. Kim and E. Kim, “A novel configuration of LCD projectors for efficient orthogonal polarization of two projected views,” Opt. Commun. 266, 55-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kishi, K.

Kudaev, S.

P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuhn, G.

G. Kuhn, S. Groetsch, N. Breidenassel, W. Schnabel, and S. Wallner, “A new LED light source for projection applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 36, 1702-1705 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kwack, K.

J. Son, B. Javidi, and K. Kwack, “Methods for displaying three-dimensional images,” Proc. IEEE 94, 502-523, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

H. Nam, Y. Oh, J. Lee, H. Jang, M. Song, and B. Kim, “Auto-stereoscopic 3D display apparatus using projectors and LC image-splitter,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 33, 1415-1417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meuret, Y.

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Comparison of the light output of LCOS projection architectures using LEDs,” Displays 29, 1-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Using a fly's eye integrator in efficient illumination engines with multiple light-emitting diode light sources,” Opt. Eng. 46, 043001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Thienpont, H. Murat, and H. De Smet, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 947-950 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, and H. Thienpont, “LED based full color stereoscopic projection system,” Proc. SPIE 6489, 64890E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, F. Christiaens, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient illumination in LED-based projection systems using lenslet integrators,” Proc. SPIE 6196, 48-57 (2006).

Murat, H.

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Comparison of the light output of LCOS projection architectures using LEDs,” Displays 29, 1-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Thienpont, H. Murat, and H. De Smet, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 947-950 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nam, H.

H. Nam, Y. Oh, J. Lee, H. Jang, M. Song, and B. Kim, “Auto-stereoscopic 3D display apparatus using projectors and LC image-splitter,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 33, 1415-1417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y.

H. Nam, Y. Oh, J. Lee, H. Jang, M. Song, and B. Kim, “Auto-stereoscopic 3D display apparatus using projectors and LC image-splitter,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 33, 1415-1417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Perkins, R.

S. Arnold, E. Gardner, D. Hansen, and R. Perkins, “An improved polarizing beamsplitter LCOS projection display based on wire-grid polarizers,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32, 1282-1285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, M.

J. Chen, M. Robinson, and G. Sharp, “High contrast MacNeille PBS based LCOS projection systems,” Proc. SPIE 5470, 76-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Sharp, M. Robinson, J. Chen, and J. Birge, “LCoS projection color management using retarder stack technology,” Displays 23, 139-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schnabel, W.

G. Kuhn, S. Groetsch, N. Breidenassel, W. Schnabel, and S. Wallner, “A new LED light source for projection applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 36, 1702-1705 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, P.

P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sharp, G.

J. Chen, M. Robinson, and G. Sharp, “High contrast MacNeille PBS based LCOS projection systems,” Proc. SPIE 5470, 76-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Sharp, M. Robinson, J. Chen, and J. Birge, “LCoS projection color management using retarder stack technology,” Displays 23, 139-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Son, J.

J. Son, B. Javidi, and K. Kwack, “Methods for displaying three-dimensional images,” Proc. IEEE 94, 502-523, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, M.

H. Nam, Y. Oh, J. Lee, H. Jang, M. Song, and B. Kim, “Auto-stereoscopic 3D display apparatus using projectors and LC image-splitter,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 33, 1415-1417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sunaga, T.

Takizawa, K.

K. Takizawa, “Analysis of three-dimensional large screen display using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal light valves and a schlieren optical system,” Opt. Rev. 13, 8-13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Takizawa, “Three-dimensional large screen display using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal light valves and a schlieren optical system: proposal and basic experiments,” Opt. Rev. 13, 1-7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Takizawa, T. Fujii, T. Sunaga, and K. Kishi, “Three-dimensional large-screen display with reflection-mode spatial light modulators and a single-projection optical system: analysis of a retardation-modulation method,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6182-6195 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Comparison of the light output of LCOS projection architectures using LEDs,” Displays 29, 1-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Using a fly's eye integrator in efficient illumination engines with multiple light-emitting diode light sources,” Opt. Eng. 46, 043001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, and H. Thienpont, “LED based full color stereoscopic projection system,” Proc. SPIE 6489, 64890E (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Thienpont, H. Murat, and H. De Smet, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 947-950 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, F. Christiaens, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient illumination in LED-based projection systems using lenslet integrators,” Proc. SPIE 6196, 48-57 (2006).

Van Den Wouwer, D.

M. Vermandel, D. Van Den Wouwer, T. Coosemans, and G. Van Doorselaer, “A novel 0.82′′ QXGA analog LCOS micro display for professional applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 105-108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Doorselaer, G.

M. Vermandel, D. Van Den Wouwer, T. Coosemans, and G. Van Doorselaer, “A novel 0.82′′ QXGA analog LCOS micro display for professional applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 105-108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Giel, B.

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Comparison of the light output of LCOS projection architectures using LEDs,” Displays 29, 1-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Using a fly's eye integrator in efficient illumination engines with multiple light-emitting diode light sources,” Opt. Eng. 46, 043001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, and H. Thienpont, “LED based full color stereoscopic projection system,” Proc. SPIE 6489, 64890E (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Thienpont, H. Murat, and H. De Smet, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 947-950 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, F. Christiaens, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient illumination in LED-based projection systems using lenslet integrators,” Proc. SPIE 6196, 48-57 (2006).

Vermandel, M.

M. Vermandel, D. Van Den Wouwer, T. Coosemans, and G. Van Doorselaer, “A novel 0.82′′ QXGA analog LCOS micro display for professional applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 105-108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wallner, S.

G. Kuhn, S. Groetsch, N. Breidenassel, W. Schnabel, and S. Wallner, “A new LED light source for projection applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 36, 1702-1705 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zeitner, U.

P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Displays (3)

G. Sharp, M. Robinson, J. Chen, and J. Birge, “LCoS projection color management using retarder stack technology,” Displays 23, 139-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Comparison of the light output of LCOS projection architectures using LEDs,” Displays 29, 1-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Börner, “Four autostereoscopic monitors on the level of industrial prototypes,” Displays 20, 57-64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Kim and E. Kim, “A novel configuration of LCD projectors for efficient orthogonal polarization of two projected views,” Opt. Commun. 266, 55-66 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, and H. Thienpont, “Using a fly's eye integrator in efficient illumination engines with multiple light-emitting diode light sources,” Opt. Eng. 46, 043001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Rev. (2)

K. Takizawa, “Analysis of three-dimensional large screen display using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal light valves and a schlieren optical system,” Opt. Rev. 13, 8-13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Takizawa, “Three-dimensional large screen display using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal light valves and a schlieren optical system: proposal and basic experiments,” Opt. Rev. 13, 1-7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

J. Son, B. Javidi, and K. Kwack, “Methods for displaying three-dimensional images,” Proc. IEEE 94, 502-523, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (5)

J. Chen, M. Robinson, and G. Sharp, “High contrast MacNeille PBS based LCOS projection systems,” Proc. SPIE 5470, 76-87 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Geißler, “Meeting the challenges of developing LED-based projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 6196, 1-12 (2006).

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, and H. Thienpont, “LED based full color stereoscopic projection system,” Proc. SPIE 6489, 64890E (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, F. Christiaens, and H. Thienpont, “Efficient illumination in LED-based projection systems using lenslet integrators,” Proc. SPIE 6196, 48-57 (2006).

P. Schreiber, S. Kudaev, P. Dannberg, and U. Zeitner, “Homogeneous LED-illumination using microlens arrays,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420K (2005).
[CrossRef]

SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers (5)

G. Kuhn, S. Groetsch, N. Breidenassel, W. Schnabel, and S. Wallner, “A new LED light source for projection applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 36, 1702-1705 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Van Giel, Y. Meuret, L. Bogaert, H. Thienpont, H. Murat, and H. De Smet, “Efficient and compact illumination in LED projection displays,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 947-950 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Arnold, E. Gardner, D. Hansen, and R. Perkins, “An improved polarizing beamsplitter LCOS projection display based on wire-grid polarizers,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 32, 1282-1285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Vermandel, D. Van Den Wouwer, T. Coosemans, and G. Van Doorselaer, “A novel 0.82′′ QXGA analog LCOS micro display for professional applications,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 38, 105-108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Nam, Y. Oh, J. Lee, H. Jang, M. Song, and B. Kim, “Auto-stereoscopic 3D display apparatus using projectors and LC image-splitter,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 33, 1415-1417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Advanced Systems Analysis Program (ASAP) is a trademark of Breault Research Organization, Inc., 6400 East Grant Road, Suite 350, Tucson, Arizona 85715; http://www.breault.com/.

Thin Film Center Inc., Essential Macleod 8.3a.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Modulation of (a) the red or blue and (b) the green image in both light paths of the optical core.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Illumination system using multiple LED light sources, ensuring telecentric illumination of the LCOS panels.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Top view of the prototype projection system with the illumination system and the optical core located, respectively, at the left- and right-hand sides.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured spectra of the OSTAR LEDs and the transmission spectrum of the wavelength-selective HWPs between two crossed polarizers.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Decrease of the color saturation of a red or blue image, illustrated in one light path, due to green light whose SOP is not changed by the wavelength-selective HWPs.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured spectral light output when displaying a blue or red colored image. Green light whose SOP is not changed by the wavelength-selective HWPs is also present.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Decrease of the green on-state flux and (b) increase of the green off-state flux, illustrated for one light path. The fraction of the green light rays, at a certain wavelength, that are not affected by the wavelength-selective HWP before PBS 4 are dashed.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured spectral light output when the LCOS panels are in the off state.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Simulated Full-On/Full-Off Contrast

Tables Icon

Table 2 Simulated Full-On/Full-Off Contrast, PBSs with Only One AR-Coated Facet a

Tables Icon

Table 3 Measured Full-On/Full-Off Contrast, Demonstator System

Tables Icon

Table 4 Throughput Parameters, One Light Path in the Prototype Optical Core

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E = n 2 A π sin 2 ( θ ) .

Metrics