Abstract

Volumetric 3D displays are frequently purported to lack the ability to reconstruct scenes with viewer-position-dependent effects such as occlusion. To counter these claims, a swept-screen 198-view horizontal-parallax-only 3D display is reported here that is capable of viewer-position-dependent effects. A digital projector illuminates a rotating vertical diffuser with a series of multiperspective 768×768 pixel renderings of a 3D scene. Evidence of near–far object occlusion is reported. The aggregate virtual screen surface for a stationary observer is described, as are guidelines to construct a full-parallax system and the theoretical ability of the present system to project imagery outside of the volume swept by the screen.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  2. G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," in Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applications, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE 4712, 300-312 (2002).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. S. P. McGrew, "System for synthesizing strip-multiplexed holograms," U.S. patent 4,206,965 (10 June 1980).
  18. T. Honda, Y. Kajiki, K. Susami, T. Hamaguchi, T. Endo, T. Hatada, and T. Fujii, "Three-dimensional display-technologies satisfying 'super multiview condition,"' in Three-Dimensional Video and Display: Devices and Systems, B. Javidi and F. Okano, eds., Proc. SPIE CR76, 218-249 (2000).
  19. R. B. Collender, "Three dimensional unaided viewing method and apparatus," U.S. patent 3,178,720 (13 April 1965).
  20. R. B. Collender, "The stereoptiplexer," Inf. Disp. 4, 27-31 (1967).
  21. R. B. Collender, "Methods for electronic 3-D moving pictures without glasses," Displays 8, 193-209 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. K. Dorval, M. Thomas, and J. L. Bareau, "Volumetric three-dimensional display system," U.S. patent 6,554,430 (29 April 2003).
  23. W.-S. Chun, J. Napoli, O. S. Cossairt, R. K. Dorval, D. M. Hall, T. J. Purtell II, J. F. Schooler, Y. Banker, and G. E. Favalora, "Spatial 3D infrastructure: display-independent software framework, high-speed rendering electronics, and several new displays," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XII, A. J. Woods, M. T. Bolas, J. O. Merritt, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 5664, 302-312 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Hirsch, "Three-dimensional display," U.S. patent 3,822,938 (9 July 1974).
  25. M. W. Halle, "Multiple viewpoint rendering for three-dimensional displays," Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1997).
  26. W.-S. Chun and O. S. Cossairt, "Data processing for three-dimensional displays," U.S. patent application US2005/0230641 A1 (filed 16 March 2005).
  27. M. W. Halle, S. A. Benton, M. A. Klug, and J. S. Underkoffler, "The ultragram: a generalized holographic stereogram," in Practical Holography V, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE 1461, 142-155 (1991).
  28. D. J. DeBitetto, "Bandwidth reduction of hologram transmission systems by elimination of vertical parallax," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 176-178 (1968), reprinted in Selected Papers on Three-Dimensional Displays, S. A. Benton, ed., SPIE Milestone Series MS 162, pp. 402-404 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. G. Lippmann, "Épreuves réversibles. Photographies intégrales," Compt. Rend. 146, 446-451 (1908), reprinted in Selected Papers on Three-Dimensional Displays, S. A. Benton, ed., SPIE Milestone Series MS 162, pp. 305-310 (2001).
  30. H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Layered-panel integral imaging without the translucent problem," Opt. Express 13, 5769-5776 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. M. Lasher, P. Soltan, W. Dahlke, N. Acantilado, and M. McDonald, "Laser projected 3-D volumetric displays," in Projection Displays II, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE 2650, 285-295 (1996).

2006 (1)

K. Tanaka and S. Aoki, "A method for the real-time construction of a full parallax light field," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XIII, A. J. Woods, N. A. Dodgson, J. O. Merritt, M. T. Bolas, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 6055, 605516 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Layered-panel integral imaging without the translucent problem," Opt. Express 13, 5769-5776 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. E. Favalora, "Volumetric 3D displays and application infrastructure," Computer 38, 37-44 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W.-S. Chun, J. Napoli, O. S. Cossairt, R. K. Dorval, D. M. Hall, T. J. Purtell II, J. F. Schooler, Y. Banker, and G. E. Favalora, "Spatial 3D infrastructure: display-independent software framework, high-speed rendering electronics, and several new displays," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XII, A. J. Woods, M. T. Bolas, J. O. Merritt, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 5664, 302-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," in Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applications, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE 4712, 300-312 (2002).

2000 (1)

T. Honda, Y. Kajiki, K. Susami, T. Hamaguchi, T. Endo, T. Hatada, and T. Fujii, "Three-dimensional display-technologies satisfying 'super multiview condition,"' in Three-Dimensional Video and Display: Devices and Systems, B. Javidi and F. Okano, eds., Proc. SPIE CR76, 218-249 (2000).

1997 (1)

M. Halle, "Autostereoscopic displays and computer graphics," Comput. Graphics 31, 58-62 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Lasher, P. Soltan, W. Dahlke, N. Acantilado, and M. McDonald, "Laser projected 3-D volumetric displays," in Projection Displays II, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE 2650, 285-295 (1996).

1991 (1)

M. W. Halle, S. A. Benton, M. A. Klug, and J. S. Underkoffler, "The ultragram: a generalized holographic stereogram," in Practical Holography V, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE 1461, 142-155 (1991).

1990 (1)

1987 (1)

R. B. Collender, "Methods for electronic 3-D moving pictures without glasses," Displays 8, 193-209 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

D. J. DeBitetto, "Bandwidth reduction of hologram transmission systems by elimination of vertical parallax," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 176-178 (1968), reprinted in Selected Papers on Three-Dimensional Displays, S. A. Benton, ed., SPIE Milestone Series MS 162, pp. 402-404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

R. B. Collender, "The stereoptiplexer," Inf. Disp. 4, 27-31 (1967).

1908 (1)

M. G. Lippmann, "Épreuves réversibles. Photographies intégrales," Compt. Rend. 146, 446-451 (1908), reprinted in Selected Papers on Three-Dimensional Displays, S. A. Benton, ed., SPIE Milestone Series MS 162, pp. 305-310 (2001).

Acantilado, N.

M. Lasher, P. Soltan, W. Dahlke, N. Acantilado, and M. McDonald, "Laser projected 3-D volumetric displays," in Projection Displays II, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE 2650, 285-295 (1996).

Aoki, S.

K. Tanaka and S. Aoki, "A method for the real-time construction of a full parallax light field," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XIII, A. J. Woods, N. A. Dodgson, J. O. Merritt, M. T. Bolas, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 6055, 605516 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Banker, Y.

W.-S. Chun, J. Napoli, O. S. Cossairt, R. K. Dorval, D. M. Hall, T. J. Purtell II, J. F. Schooler, Y. Banker, and G. E. Favalora, "Spatial 3D infrastructure: display-independent software framework, high-speed rendering electronics, and several new displays," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XII, A. J. Woods, M. T. Bolas, J. O. Merritt, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 5664, 302-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bareau, J. L.

R. K. Dorval, M. Thomas, and J. L. Bareau, "Volumetric three-dimensional display system," U.S. patent 6,554,430 (29 April 2003).

Benton, S. A.

M. W. Halle, S. A. Benton, M. A. Klug, and J. S. Underkoffler, "The ultragram: a generalized holographic stereogram," in Practical Holography V, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE 1461, 142-155 (1991).

Blundell, B.

B. Blundell and A. Schwarz, Volumetric Three-Dimensional Display Systems (Wiley, 2000).

Cho, S.-W.

Choi, H.

Chun, W. S.

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," in Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applications, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE 4712, 300-312 (2002).

Chun, W.-S.

W.-S. Chun, J. Napoli, O. S. Cossairt, R. K. Dorval, D. M. Hall, T. J. Purtell II, J. F. Schooler, Y. Banker, and G. E. Favalora, "Spatial 3D infrastructure: display-independent software framework, high-speed rendering electronics, and several new displays," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XII, A. J. Woods, M. T. Bolas, J. O. Merritt, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 5664, 302-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W.-S. Chun and O. S. Cossairt, "Data processing for three-dimensional displays," U.S. patent application US2005/0230641 A1 (filed 16 March 2005).

Collender, R. B.

R. B. Collender, "Methods for electronic 3-D moving pictures without glasses," Displays 8, 193-209 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Collender, "The stereoptiplexer," Inf. Disp. 4, 27-31 (1967).

R. B. Collender, "Three dimensional unaided viewing method and apparatus," U.S. patent 3,178,720 (13 April 1965).

Cossairt, O. S.

W.-S. Chun, J. Napoli, O. S. Cossairt, R. K. Dorval, D. M. Hall, T. J. Purtell II, J. F. Schooler, Y. Banker, and G. E. Favalora, "Spatial 3D infrastructure: display-independent software framework, high-speed rendering electronics, and several new displays," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XII, A. J. Woods, M. T. Bolas, J. O. Merritt, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 5664, 302-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W.-S. Chun and O. S. Cossairt, "Data processing for three-dimensional displays," U.S. patent application US2005/0230641 A1 (filed 16 March 2005).

O. S. Cossairt and J. Napoli, "Radial multiview three-dimensional displays," U.S. patent application 2005/0180007 A1 (provisional 16 January 2004), (nonprovisional 14 January 2005), (published 18 August 2005).

Dahlke, W.

M. Lasher, P. Soltan, W. Dahlke, N. Acantilado, and M. McDonald, "Laser projected 3-D volumetric displays," in Projection Displays II, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE 2650, 285-295 (1996).

DeBitetto, D. J.

D. J. DeBitetto, "Bandwidth reduction of hologram transmission systems by elimination of vertical parallax," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 176-178 (1968), reprinted in Selected Papers on Three-Dimensional Displays, S. A. Benton, ed., SPIE Milestone Series MS 162, pp. 402-404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dorval, R. K.

W.-S. Chun, J. Napoli, O. S. Cossairt, R. K. Dorval, D. M. Hall, T. J. Purtell II, J. F. Schooler, Y. Banker, and G. E. Favalora, "Spatial 3D infrastructure: display-independent software framework, high-speed rendering electronics, and several new displays," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XII, A. J. Woods, M. T. Bolas, J. O. Merritt, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 5664, 302-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," in Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applications, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE 4712, 300-312 (2002).

R. K. Dorval, M. Thomas, and J. L. Bareau, "Volumetric three-dimensional display system," U.S. patent 6,554,430 (29 April 2003).

Endo, T.

T. Honda, Y. Kajiki, K. Susami, T. Hamaguchi, T. Endo, T. Hatada, and T. Fujii, "Three-dimensional display-technologies satisfying 'super multiview condition,"' in Three-Dimensional Video and Display: Devices and Systems, B. Javidi and F. Okano, eds., Proc. SPIE CR76, 218-249 (2000).

Favalora, G. E.

G. E. Favalora, "Volumetric 3D displays and application infrastructure," Computer 38, 37-44 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W.-S. Chun, J. Napoli, O. S. Cossairt, R. K. Dorval, D. M. Hall, T. J. Purtell II, J. F. Schooler, Y. Banker, and G. E. Favalora, "Spatial 3D infrastructure: display-independent software framework, high-speed rendering electronics, and several new displays," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XII, A. J. Woods, M. T. Bolas, J. O. Merritt, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 5664, 302-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," in Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applications, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE 4712, 300-312 (2002).

G. E. Favalora, "Volumetric three-dimensional display architecture," U.S. patent 6,487,020 (26 November 2002).

G. E. Favalora, "The ultimate display: What will it be?" presented at ACM SIGGRAPH (Los Angeles, 2005).

Fujii, T.

T. Honda, Y. Kajiki, K. Susami, T. Hamaguchi, T. Endo, T. Hatada, and T. Fujii, "Three-dimensional display-technologies satisfying 'super multiview condition,"' in Three-Dimensional Video and Display: Devices and Systems, B. Javidi and F. Okano, eds., Proc. SPIE CR76, 218-249 (2000).

Giovinco, M. G.

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," in Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applications, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE 4712, 300-312 (2002).

Hall, D. M.

W.-S. Chun, J. Napoli, O. S. Cossairt, R. K. Dorval, D. M. Hall, T. J. Purtell II, J. F. Schooler, Y. Banker, and G. E. Favalora, "Spatial 3D infrastructure: display-independent software framework, high-speed rendering electronics, and several new displays," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XII, A. J. Woods, M. T. Bolas, J. O. Merritt, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 5664, 302-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," in Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applications, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE 4712, 300-312 (2002).

Halle, M.

M. Halle, "Autostereoscopic displays and computer graphics," Comput. Graphics 31, 58-62 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Halle, M. W.

M. W. Halle, S. A. Benton, M. A. Klug, and J. S. Underkoffler, "The ultragram: a generalized holographic stereogram," in Practical Holography V, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE 1461, 142-155 (1991).

M. W. Halle, "Multiple viewpoint rendering for three-dimensional displays," Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1997).

Hamaguchi, T.

T. Honda, Y. Kajiki, K. Susami, T. Hamaguchi, T. Endo, T. Hatada, and T. Fujii, "Three-dimensional display-technologies satisfying 'super multiview condition,"' in Three-Dimensional Video and Display: Devices and Systems, B. Javidi and F. Okano, eds., Proc. SPIE CR76, 218-249 (2000).

Hatada, T.

T. Honda, Y. Kajiki, K. Susami, T. Hamaguchi, T. Endo, T. Hatada, and T. Fujii, "Three-dimensional display-technologies satisfying 'super multiview condition,"' in Three-Dimensional Video and Display: Devices and Systems, B. Javidi and F. Okano, eds., Proc. SPIE CR76, 218-249 (2000).

Hess, W.

W. Hess, "Stereoscopic picture," U.S. patent 1,128,979 (16 February 1915).

Hirsch, M.

M. Hirsch, "Three-dimensional display," U.S. patent 3,822,938 (9 July 1974).

Honda, T.

T. Honda, Y. Kajiki, K. Susami, T. Hamaguchi, T. Endo, T. Hatada, and T. Fujii, "Three-dimensional display-technologies satisfying 'super multiview condition,"' in Three-Dimensional Video and Display: Devices and Systems, B. Javidi and F. Okano, eds., Proc. SPIE CR76, 218-249 (2000).

Horry, Y.

R. Otsuka, T. Hoshino, and Y. Horry, "Transpost: all-around display system for 3D solid image," in Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology (Hong Kong, 2004), pp. 187-194.
[CrossRef]

Hoshino, T.

R. Otsuka, T. Hoshino, and Y. Horry, "Transpost: all-around display system for 3D solid image," in Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology (Hong Kong, 2004), pp. 187-194.
[CrossRef]

Ives, F. E.

F. E. Ives, "Parallax stereogram and process of making same," U.S. patent 725,567 (14 April 1903).

Kajiki, Y.

T. Honda, Y. Kajiki, K. Susami, T. Hamaguchi, T. Endo, T. Hatada, and T. Fujii, "Three-dimensional display-technologies satisfying 'super multiview condition,"' in Three-Dimensional Video and Display: Devices and Systems, B. Javidi and F. Okano, eds., Proc. SPIE CR76, 218-249 (2000).

Kim, J.

Kim, Y.

Klug, M. A.

M. W. Halle, S. A. Benton, M. A. Klug, and J. S. Underkoffler, "The ultragram: a generalized holographic stereogram," in Practical Holography V, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE 1461, 142-155 (1991).

Kollin, J. S.

J. S. Kollin, "Time multiplexed auto-stereoscopic three-dimensional imaging system," U.S. patent 4,853,769 (1 August 1989).

Lasher, M.

M. Lasher, P. Soltan, W. Dahlke, N. Acantilado, and M. McDonald, "Laser projected 3-D volumetric displays," in Projection Displays II, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE 2650, 285-295 (1996).

Lee, B.

Lippmann, M. G.

M. G. Lippmann, "Épreuves réversibles. Photographies intégrales," Compt. Rend. 146, 446-451 (1908), reprinted in Selected Papers on Three-Dimensional Displays, S. A. Benton, ed., SPIE Milestone Series MS 162, pp. 305-310 (2001).

McDonald, M.

M. Lasher, P. Soltan, W. Dahlke, N. Acantilado, and M. McDonald, "Laser projected 3-D volumetric displays," in Projection Displays II, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE 2650, 285-295 (1996).

McGrew, S. P.

S. P. McGrew, "System for synthesizing strip-multiplexed holograms," U.S. patent 4,206,965 (10 June 1980).

Napoli, J.

W.-S. Chun, J. Napoli, O. S. Cossairt, R. K. Dorval, D. M. Hall, T. J. Purtell II, J. F. Schooler, Y. Banker, and G. E. Favalora, "Spatial 3D infrastructure: display-independent software framework, high-speed rendering electronics, and several new displays," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XII, A. J. Woods, M. T. Bolas, J. O. Merritt, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 5664, 302-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," in Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applications, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE 4712, 300-312 (2002).

O. S. Cossairt and J. Napoli, "Radial multiview three-dimensional displays," U.S. patent application 2005/0180007 A1 (provisional 16 January 2004), (nonprovisional 14 January 2005), (published 18 August 2005).

Otsuka, R.

R. Otsuka, T. Hoshino, and Y. Horry, "Transpost: all-around display system for 3D solid image," in Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology (Hong Kong, 2004), pp. 187-194.
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-H.

Purtell, T. J.

W.-S. Chun, J. Napoli, O. S. Cossairt, R. K. Dorval, D. M. Hall, T. J. Purtell II, J. F. Schooler, Y. Banker, and G. E. Favalora, "Spatial 3D infrastructure: display-independent software framework, high-speed rendering electronics, and several new displays," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XII, A. J. Woods, M. T. Bolas, J. O. Merritt, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 5664, 302-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richmond, M. J.

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, and W. S. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," in Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applications, D. G. Hopper, ed., Proc. SPIE 4712, 300-312 (2002).

Schooler, J. F.

W.-S. Chun, J. Napoli, O. S. Cossairt, R. K. Dorval, D. M. Hall, T. J. Purtell II, J. F. Schooler, Y. Banker, and G. E. Favalora, "Spatial 3D infrastructure: display-independent software framework, high-speed rendering electronics, and several new displays," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XII, A. J. Woods, M. T. Bolas, J. O. Merritt, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 5664, 302-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schwarz, A.

B. Blundell and A. Schwarz, Volumetric Three-Dimensional Display Systems (Wiley, 2000).

Soltan, P.

M. Lasher, P. Soltan, W. Dahlke, N. Acantilado, and M. McDonald, "Laser projected 3-D volumetric displays," in Projection Displays II, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE 2650, 285-295 (1996).

Susami, K.

T. Honda, Y. Kajiki, K. Susami, T. Hamaguchi, T. Endo, T. Hatada, and T. Fujii, "Three-dimensional display-technologies satisfying 'super multiview condition,"' in Three-Dimensional Video and Display: Devices and Systems, B. Javidi and F. Okano, eds., Proc. SPIE CR76, 218-249 (2000).

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka and S. Aoki, "A method for the real-time construction of a full parallax light field," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XIII, A. J. Woods, N. A. Dodgson, J. O. Merritt, M. T. Bolas, and I. E. McDowall, eds., Proc. SPIE 6055, 605516 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, M.

R. K. Dorval, M. Thomas, and J. L. Bareau, "Volumetric three-dimensional display system," U.S. patent 6,554,430 (29 April 2003).

Travis, A. R. L.

Underkoffler, J. S.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scene V composed of three opaque objects. Our multiview volumetric display reconstructs the A ray when the projection screen traverses point 1, the B ray at point 2, and the C ray at point 3 when the screen is at angles θA , θB , and θC , respectively. In a traditional volumetric display, the three rays have contributions from all objects intersecting those rays, usually resulting in incorrect reconstruction. Top view.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Perspecta display projects a series of 2D images onto a rotating diffuse screen.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Photograph of a sugar molecule as reconstructed by the Perspecta multiplanar volumetric display before modification. The molecule's inner structure is visible through the necessarily translucent outer shell.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Side view of one ray showing the action of the final fold mirror and vertically diffusing screen. (b) Top view of the same, showing four rays incident on the screen.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Top view) Reconstruction of a single line segment O. From the viewpoint of a stationary observer, end point O[A] of the line segment is visible when projected from screen point S[A]; likewise, end point O[B] is projected to that particular viewer position from screen point S[B] when the screen has rotated to a different location. For simplicity, this assumes light travels principally normal to the screen plane. Unlike many volumetric displays, the screen is often not colocated with the points it reconstructs.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Photograph of multiview volumetric display. The snowman's right arm is clearly visible as a set of polygons that appear to occlude the snowman's white body.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Scene in the multiview volumetric display, showing text in front of and behind a tilted, solid-shaded torus. The display's brightness contributed to the difficulty of minimizing the blur in this photograph.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Example of a sparse scene exhibiting occlusion; note rightmost moons in right half of figure.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Reconstruction of a point P perceived to be external to the volume swept by the projection screen. Top view.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Assuming an observer principally sees illumination exiting normal to the screen, the virtual aggregate projection surface for a single stationary observer is curved. As the screen rotates, it passes through the marked regions, which depict intersections with the observer's shortest line of sight to the screen. Top view. Screen is dark axis.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Specifications of the Multiview Volumetric Three-Dimensional Display

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