M. Akiba, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, "Ultrahigh-sensitivity high-linearity photodetection system using a low-gain avalanche photodiode with an ultralow-noise readout circuit," Opt. Lett. 30, 123-125 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, and S. W. Nam, "Noise-free high-efficiency photon-number-resolving detectors," Phys. Rev. A 71, 061803 (2005).

[CrossRef]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, S. Nam, and R. E. Schwall, "Performance of photon-number resolving transition-edge sensors with integrated 1550 nm resonant cavities," IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 15, 575-578 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara and M. Sasaki, "Multiphoton discrimination at telecom wavelength with charge integration photon detector," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111119 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara and M. Sasaki, "Performance of GaAs JFET at a cryogenic temperature for application to readout circuit of high-impedance detectors," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 51, 2042-2047 (2004).

[CrossRef]

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct observation of nonclassical photon statistics in parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors," Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).

[CrossRef]

E. Waks, K. Inoue, W. D. Oliver, E. Diamanti, and Y. Yamamoto, "High-efficiency photon-number detection for quantum information processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1502-1511 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Akiba and M. Fujiwara, "Ultralow-noise near-infrared detection system with a Si p-i-n photodiode," Opt. Lett. 28, 1010-1012 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Achilles, Ch. Silberhorn, C. Sliwa, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Fiber-assisted detection with photon number resolution," Opt. Lett. 28, 2387-2389 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and M. Akiba, "Reduction method for low-frequency noise of GaAs junction field-effect transistor at a cryogenic temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1844-1846 (2002).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Bartlett and B. C. Sanders, "Universal continuous-variable quantum computation: requirement of optical nonlinearity for photon counting," Phys. Rev. A 65, 042304 (2002).

[CrossRef]

K. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Gottesman, A. Kitaev, and J. Preskill, "Encoding a qubit in an oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 64, 012310 (2001).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Multiphoton detection using visible light photon counter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902-904 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, G. A. Davis, D. Pudvay, K. A. Costello, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting 1060-nm hybrid photomultiplier with high quantum efficiency," IEEE Electron Devices Lett. 20, 126-128 (1999).

[CrossRef]

H. Murakami, M. Akiba, T. Matsumoto, and M. Noda, "Low-noise infrared detection system with InSb photodiode for infrared astronomy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 27, L1973-L1975 (1998).

[CrossRef]

M. Akiba, "1/f dielectric polarization noise in silicon p-n junctions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3236-3238 (1997).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, K. A. Costello, G. A. Davis, J. P. Edgecumbe, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting III-V hybrid photomultipliers using transmission mode photocathodes," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 44, 672-678 (1997).

[CrossRef]

N. E. Israeloff, "Dielectric polarization noise through the glass transition," Phys. Rev. B 53, R11913-R11916 (1996).

[CrossRef]

R. J. McIntyre, "The distribution of gains in uniformly multiplying avalanche photodiodes: theory," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices ED-19, 703-713 (1972).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, G. A. Davis, D. Pudvay, K. A. Costello, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting 1060-nm hybrid photomultiplier with high quantum efficiency," IEEE Electron Devices Lett. 20, 126-128 (1999).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, K. A. Costello, G. A. Davis, J. P. Edgecumbe, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting III-V hybrid photomultipliers using transmission mode photocathodes," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 44, 672-678 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Akiba, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, "Ultrahigh-sensitivity high-linearity photodetection system using a low-gain avalanche photodiode with an ultralow-noise readout circuit," Opt. Lett. 30, 123-125 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Akiba and M. Fujiwara, "Ultralow-noise near-infrared detection system with a Si p-i-n photodiode," Opt. Lett. 28, 1010-1012 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and M. Akiba, "Reduction method for low-frequency noise of GaAs junction field-effect transistor at a cryogenic temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1844-1846 (2002).

[CrossRef]

H. Murakami, M. Akiba, T. Matsumoto, and M. Noda, "Low-noise infrared detection system with InSb photodiode for infrared astronomy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 27, L1973-L1975 (1998).

[CrossRef]

M. Akiba, "1/f dielectric polarization noise in silicon p-n junctions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3236-3238 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Sasaki, K. Wakui, J. Mizuno, M. Fujiwara, and M. Akiba, "EPR beams and photon number detector: toward synthesizing optical nonlinearity," in AIP Conference Proceedings of The Seventh International Conference on Quantum Communication, Measurement and Computing, S. M. Barnett et al., eds. (AIP, 2004) pp. 44-47.

[PubMed]

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct observation of nonclassical photon statistics in parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. D. Bartlett and B. C. Sanders, "Universal continuous-variable quantum computation: requirement of optical nonlinearity for photon counting," Phys. Rev. A 65, 042304 (2002).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, G. A. Davis, D. Pudvay, K. A. Costello, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting 1060-nm hybrid photomultiplier with high quantum efficiency," IEEE Electron Devices Lett. 20, 126-128 (1999).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, K. A. Costello, G. A. Davis, J. P. Edgecumbe, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting III-V hybrid photomultipliers using transmission mode photocathodes," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 44, 672-678 (1997).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, G. A. Davis, D. Pudvay, K. A. Costello, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting 1060-nm hybrid photomultiplier with high quantum efficiency," IEEE Electron Devices Lett. 20, 126-128 (1999).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, K. A. Costello, G. A. Davis, J. P. Edgecumbe, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting III-V hybrid photomultipliers using transmission mode photocathodes," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 44, 672-678 (1997).

[CrossRef]

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct observation of nonclassical photon statistics in parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Waks, K. Inoue, W. D. Oliver, E. Diamanti, and Y. Yamamoto, "High-efficiency photon-number detection for quantum information processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1502-1511 (2003).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, K. A. Costello, G. A. Davis, J. P. Edgecumbe, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting III-V hybrid photomultipliers using transmission mode photocathodes," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 44, 672-678 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors," Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors," Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara and M. Sasaki, "Photon-number-resolving detection at a telecommunications wavelength with a charge-integration photon detector," Opt. Lett. 31, 691-693 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Fujiwara and M. Sasaki, "Multiphoton discrimination at telecom wavelength with charge integration photon detector," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111119 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Akiba, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, "Ultrahigh-sensitivity high-linearity photodetection system using a low-gain avalanche photodiode with an ultralow-noise readout circuit," Opt. Lett. 30, 123-125 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Fujiwara and M. Sasaki, "Performance of GaAs JFET at a cryogenic temperature for application to readout circuit of high-impedance detectors," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 51, 2042-2047 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. Akiba and M. Fujiwara, "Ultralow-noise near-infrared detection system with a Si p-i-n photodiode," Opt. Lett. 28, 1010-1012 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and M. Akiba, "Reduction method for low-frequency noise of GaAs junction field-effect transistor at a cryogenic temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1844-1846 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. Sasaki, K. Wakui, J. Mizuno, M. Fujiwara, and M. Akiba, "EPR beams and photon number detector: toward synthesizing optical nonlinearity," in AIP Conference Proceedings of The Seventh International Conference on Quantum Communication, Measurement and Computing, S. M. Barnett et al., eds. (AIP, 2004) pp. 44-47.

[PubMed]

D. Gottesman, A. Kitaev, and J. Preskill, "Encoding a qubit in an oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 64, 012310 (2001).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Multiphoton detection using visible light photon counter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902-904 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).

[CrossRef]

E. Waks, K. Inoue, W. D. Oliver, E. Diamanti, and Y. Yamamoto, "High-efficiency photon-number detection for quantum information processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1502-1511 (2003).

[CrossRef]

N. E. Israeloff, "Dielectric polarization noise through the glass transition," Phys. Rev. B 53, R11913-R11916 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors," Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Multiphoton detection using visible light photon counter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902-904 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).

[CrossRef]

D. Gottesman, A. Kitaev, and J. Preskill, "Encoding a qubit in an oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 64, 012310 (2001).

[CrossRef]

K. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. A. La Rue, G. A. Davis, D. Pudvay, K. A. Costello, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting 1060-nm hybrid photomultiplier with high quantum efficiency," IEEE Electron Devices Lett. 20, 126-128 (1999).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, K. A. Costello, G. A. Davis, J. P. Edgecumbe, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting III-V hybrid photomultipliers using transmission mode photocathodes," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 44, 672-678 (1997).

[CrossRef]

K. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, and S. W. Nam, "Noise-free high-efficiency photon-number-resolving detectors," Phys. Rev. A 71, 061803 (2005).

[CrossRef]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, S. Nam, and R. E. Schwall, "Performance of photon-number resolving transition-edge sensors with integrated 1550 nm resonant cavities," IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 15, 575-578 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).

[CrossRef]

H. Murakami, M. Akiba, T. Matsumoto, and M. Noda, "Low-noise infrared detection system with InSb photodiode for infrared astronomy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 27, L1973-L1975 (1998).

[CrossRef]

R. J. McIntyre, "The distribution of gains in uniformly multiplying avalanche photodiodes: theory," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices ED-19, 703-713 (1972).

[CrossRef]

K. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, S. Nam, and R. E. Schwall, "Performance of photon-number resolving transition-edge sensors with integrated 1550 nm resonant cavities," IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 15, 575-578 (2005).

[CrossRef]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, and S. W. Nam, "Noise-free high-efficiency photon-number-resolving detectors," Phys. Rev. A 71, 061803 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Sasaki, K. Wakui, J. Mizuno, M. Fujiwara, and M. Akiba, "EPR beams and photon number detector: toward synthesizing optical nonlinearity," in AIP Conference Proceedings of The Seventh International Conference on Quantum Communication, Measurement and Computing, S. M. Barnett et al., eds. (AIP, 2004) pp. 44-47.

[PubMed]

H. Murakami, M. Akiba, T. Matsumoto, and M. Noda, "Low-noise infrared detection system with InSb photodiode for infrared astronomy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 27, L1973-L1975 (1998).

[CrossRef]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, S. Nam, and R. E. Schwall, "Performance of photon-number resolving transition-edge sensors with integrated 1550 nm resonant cavities," IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 15, 575-578 (2005).

[CrossRef]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, and S. W. Nam, "Noise-free high-efficiency photon-number-resolving detectors," Phys. Rev. A 71, 061803 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).

[CrossRef]

H. Murakami, M. Akiba, T. Matsumoto, and M. Noda, "Low-noise infrared detection system with InSb photodiode for infrared astronomy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 27, L1973-L1975 (1998).

[CrossRef]

E. Waks, K. Inoue, W. D. Oliver, E. Diamanti, and Y. Yamamoto, "High-efficiency photon-number detection for quantum information processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1502-1511 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors," Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. Gottesman, A. Kitaev, and J. Preskill, "Encoding a qubit in an oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 64, 012310 (2001).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, G. A. Davis, D. Pudvay, K. A. Costello, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting 1060-nm hybrid photomultiplier with high quantum efficiency," IEEE Electron Devices Lett. 20, 126-128 (1999).

[CrossRef]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, S. Nam, and R. E. Schwall, "Performance of photon-number resolving transition-edge sensors with integrated 1550 nm resonant cavities," IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 15, 575-578 (2005).

[CrossRef]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, and S. W. Nam, "Noise-free high-efficiency photon-number-resolving detectors," Phys. Rev. A 71, 061803 (2005).

[CrossRef]

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct observation of nonclassical photon statistics in parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. D. Bartlett and B. C. Sanders, "Universal continuous-variable quantum computation: requirement of optical nonlinearity for photon counting," Phys. Rev. A 65, 042304 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara and M. Sasaki, "Photon-number-resolving detection at a telecommunications wavelength with a charge-integration photon detector," Opt. Lett. 31, 691-693 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Fujiwara and M. Sasaki, "Multiphoton discrimination at telecom wavelength with charge integration photon detector," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111119 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Akiba, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, "Ultrahigh-sensitivity high-linearity photodetection system using a low-gain avalanche photodiode with an ultralow-noise readout circuit," Opt. Lett. 30, 123-125 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Fujiwara and M. Sasaki, "Performance of GaAs JFET at a cryogenic temperature for application to readout circuit of high-impedance detectors," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 51, 2042-2047 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and M. Akiba, "Reduction method for low-frequency noise of GaAs junction field-effect transistor at a cryogenic temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1844-1846 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. Sasaki, K. Wakui, J. Mizuno, M. Fujiwara, and M. Akiba, "EPR beams and photon number detector: toward synthesizing optical nonlinearity," in AIP Conference Proceedings of The Seventh International Conference on Quantum Communication, Measurement and Computing, S. M. Barnett et al., eds. (AIP, 2004) pp. 44-47.

[PubMed]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, S. Nam, and R. E. Schwall, "Performance of photon-number resolving transition-edge sensors with integrated 1550 nm resonant cavities," IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 15, 575-578 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Multiphoton detection using visible light photon counter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902-904 (1999).

[CrossRef]

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct observation of nonclassical photon statistics in parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Waks, K. Inoue, W. D. Oliver, E. Diamanti, and Y. Yamamoto, "High-efficiency photon-number detection for quantum information processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1502-1511 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Sasaki, K. Wakui, J. Mizuno, M. Fujiwara, and M. Akiba, "EPR beams and photon number detector: toward synthesizing optical nonlinearity," in AIP Conference Proceedings of The Seventh International Conference on Quantum Communication, Measurement and Computing, S. M. Barnett et al., eds. (AIP, 2004) pp. 44-47.

[PubMed]

E. Waks, E. Diamanti, B. C. Sanders, S. D. Bartlett, and Y. Yamamoto, "Direct observation of nonclassical photon statistics in parametric down-conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113602 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Waks, K. Inoue, W. D. Oliver, E. Diamanti, and Y. Yamamoto, "High-efficiency photon-number detection for quantum information processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1502-1511 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Multiphoton detection using visible light photon counter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902-904 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Akiba, "1/f dielectric polarization noise in silicon p-n junctions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3236-3238 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Multiphoton detection using visible light photon counter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902-904 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Hogue, "Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063-1065 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Miller, S. W. Nam, J. M. Martinis, and A. V. Sergienko, "Demonstration of a low-noise near-infrared photon counter with multiphoton discrimination," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 791-793 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and M. Akiba, "Reduction method for low-frequency noise of GaAs junction field-effect transistor at a cryogenic temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1844-1846 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara and M. Sasaki, "Multiphoton discrimination at telecom wavelength with charge integration photon detector," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111119 (2005).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, G. A. Davis, D. Pudvay, K. A. Costello, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting 1060-nm hybrid photomultiplier with high quantum efficiency," IEEE Electron Devices Lett. 20, 126-128 (1999).

[CrossRef]

E. Waks, K. Inoue, W. D. Oliver, E. Diamanti, and Y. Yamamoto, "High-efficiency photon-number detection for quantum information processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1502-1511 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, S. Nam, and R. E. Schwall, "Performance of photon-number resolving transition-edge sensors with integrated 1550 nm resonant cavities," IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 15, 575-578 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara and M. Sasaki, "Performance of GaAs JFET at a cryogenic temperature for application to readout circuit of high-impedance detectors," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 51, 2042-2047 (2004).

[CrossRef]

R. J. McIntyre, "The distribution of gains in uniformly multiplying avalanche photodiodes: theory," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices ED-19, 703-713 (1972).

[CrossRef]

R. A. La Rue, K. A. Costello, G. A. Davis, J. P. Edgecumbe, and V. W. Aebi, "Photon counting III-V hybrid photomultipliers using transmission mode photocathodes," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 44, 672-678 (1997).

[CrossRef]

H. Murakami, M. Akiba, T. Matsumoto, and M. Noda, "Low-noise infrared detection system with InSb photodiode for infrared astronomy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 27, L1973-L1975 (1998).

[CrossRef]

K. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Akiba and M. Fujiwara, "Ultralow-noise near-infrared detection system with a Si p-i-n photodiode," Opt. Lett. 28, 1010-1012 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Achilles, Ch. Silberhorn, C. Sliwa, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Fiber-assisted detection with photon number resolution," Opt. Lett. 28, 2387-2389 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Akiba, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, "Ultrahigh-sensitivity high-linearity photodetection system using a low-gain avalanche photodiode with an ultralow-noise readout circuit," Opt. Lett. 30, 123-125 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Fujiwara and M. Sasaki, "Photon-number-resolving detection at a telecommunications wavelength with a charge-integration photon detector," Opt. Lett. 31, 691-693 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Gottesman, A. Kitaev, and J. Preskill, "Encoding a qubit in an oscillator," Phys. Rev. A 64, 012310 (2001).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Bartlett and B. C. Sanders, "Universal continuous-variable quantum computation: requirement of optical nonlinearity for photon counting," Phys. Rev. A 65, 042304 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Photon-number resolution using time-multiplexed single-photon detectors," Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. Rosenberg, A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, and S. W. Nam, "Noise-free high-efficiency photon-number-resolving detectors," Phys. Rev. A 71, 061803 (2005).

[CrossRef]

N. E. Israeloff, "Dielectric polarization noise through the glass transition," Phys. Rev. B 53, R11913-R11916 (1996).

[CrossRef]

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When the avalanche process comes into play in a Si APD, the probability distribution usually deviates from a Gaussian shape, having a tail in the higher voltage side. Then standard deviation σ also includes the avalanche noise, and photon number discrimination based on the CIPD becomes impossible.