Abstract

We report on a single shot optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier designed to seed the Petawatt Aquitaine Laser on the Laser Integration Line facility multipetawatt high-energy laser. The scheme is based on a stretched signal pulse at 1053  nm amplified with 20% conversion efficiency by a monomode pump pulse at 527  nm. The homemade pump laser is able to deliver a single shot beam with a square flat top spatial profile and programmable temporal shape. A high-stability 150   mJ, 8   nm, and 4.5   ns stretched pulse is then obtained with an excellent quality spatially shaped beam.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  33. V. Bagnoud, J. Luce, L. Videau, and C. Rouyer, "Diode-pumped regenerative amplifier delivering 100 mJ single-mode laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 26, 337-339 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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2006 (6)

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. Le Garrec, C. Danson, N. Miyagana, P. K. Rambo, C. Le Blanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, "Laser challenges for fast ignition," Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453-482 (2006).

N. Blanchot, G. Marre, J. Neauport, E. Sibe, C. Rouyer, S. Montant, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, and C. Sauteret, "Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multi-Petawatt high energy laser," Appl. Opt. 45, 1-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. Piskarskas, "Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 163-172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal'shakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomki, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, I. V. Yakovlev, S. G. Garanin, S. A. Sukharev, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. V. Charukhchev, R. R. Gerke, and V. E. Yashin, "200 TW 45 fs laser based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 446-454 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Hugonnot, J. Luce, and H. Coïc, "Optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and spatiotemporal shaping for a petawatt laser," Appl. Opt. 45, 377-382 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. V. Chekhlov, J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, P. K. Bates, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, W. Shaikh, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, P. Matousek, and S. Hancock, "35 J broadband femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 31, 3665-3667 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (5)

V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, and J. Zuegel, "5 Hz, >250 mJ optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier at 1053 nm," Opt. Lett. 30, 1843-1845 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Forget, A. Cotel, E. Brambrink, P. Audebert, C. Le Blanc, A. Jullien, O. Albert, and G. Cheriaux, "Pump-noise transfer in optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 30, 2921-2923 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753-756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, "High-energy Petawatt capability for the Omega laser," Opt. Photonics News 16, 30-36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, "Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project," Fusion Sci. Technol. 47, 662-666 (2005).

2004 (3)

C. Cavailler, N. Fleurot, T. Lonjaret, and J. M. Di-Nicola, "Prospects and progress at LIL and Megajoule," Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 46, B135-B141 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattelier, "An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments," Nucl. Fusion 44, S266-S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, "Vulcan petawatt--an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility," Nucl. Fusion 44, S239-S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

B. C. Li, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, and R. Sauerbrey, "Optimization of grating size in CPA laser system," Appl. Phys. B 71, 819-826 (2000).

K. A. Tanaka, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, M. Heya, N. Izumi, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, A. Pukhov, A. Sunhara, K. Takahashi, M. Allen, H. Habara, T. Iwatani, T. Matusita, T. Miyakosi, M. Mori, H. Setoguchi, T. Sonomoto, M. Tanpo, S. Tohyama, H. Azuma, T. Kawasaki, T. Komeno, O. Maekawa, S. Matsuo, T. Shozaki, K. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, Y. Sentoku, F. Weber, T. W. Barbee, and L. DaSilva, "Studies of ultra-intense laser plasma interactions for fast ignition," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2014-2022 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Trentelman, I. Ross, and C. Danson, "Finite size compression gratings in a large aperture chirped pulse amplification laser system," Appl. Opt. 36, 8567-8573 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

J. R. Leger, D. Chen, and Z. Wang, "Diffractive optical element for mode shaping of a Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 19, 108-110 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, and A. Migus, "Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1662-1670 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. E. Treacy, "Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454-458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, "Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier," J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346-2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

B. C. Li, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, and R. Sauerbrey, "Optimization of grating size in CPA laser system," Appl. Phys. B 71, 819-826 (2000).

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753-756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Sci. Technol. (2)

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. Le Garrec, C. Danson, N. Miyagana, P. K. Rambo, C. Le Blanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, "Laser challenges for fast ignition," Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453-482 (2006).

K. Mima, H. Azechi, Y. Johzaki, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, Y. Kozaki, N. Miyanaga, K. Nagai, H. Nagatomo, M. Nakai, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, H. Shiraga, K. Tanaka, Y. Izawa, Y. Nakao, and H. Sakagami, "Present status of fast ignition research and prospects of FIREX project," Fusion Sci. Technol. 47, 662-666 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

E. E. Treacy, "Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454-458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, and A. Migus, "Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1662-1670 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. Piskarskas, "Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 163-172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, "Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier," J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346-2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nucl. Fusion (2)

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, "Vulcan petawatt--an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility," Nucl. Fusion 44, S239-S246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Dawson, A. C. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Ngyuen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattelier, "An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments," Nucl. Fusion 44, S266-S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (9)

V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, and J. Zuegel, "5 Hz, >250 mJ optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier at 1053 nm," Opt. Lett. 30, 1843-1845 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Forget, A. Cotel, E. Brambrink, P. Audebert, C. Le Blanc, A. Jullien, O. Albert, and G. Cheriaux, "Pump-noise transfer in optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Lett. 30, 2921-2923 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Bagnoud, J. Luce, L. Videau, and C. Rouyer, "Diode-pumped regenerative amplifier delivering 100 mJ single-mode laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 26, 337-339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Chekhlov, J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, P. K. Bates, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, W. Shaikh, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, P. Matousek, and S. Hancock, "35 J broadband femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 31, 3665-3667 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, E. Ishii, R. Kodama, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Izawa, and T. Yamanaka, "High-power and high-contrast optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in β-BaB2O4 crystal," Opt. Lett. 28, 257-259 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, and J. D. Zuegel, "High-conversion efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatiotemporally shaped pump pulses," Opt. Lett. 28, 1245-1247 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Ribeyre, L. Videau, A. Migus, R. Mercier, and M. Mullot, "Nd:glass diode-pumped regenerative amplifier, multimillijoule short-pulse chirped-pulse-amplifier laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1374-1376 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: DM, dichroic mirror; FI, Faraday isolator; IP, image plane; PC, Pockels cell; PM, polarization maintaining.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Chirped signal profile measured in the temporal domain at the output of Öffner stretcher. Clipping is given by limited aperture of optics in the stretcher.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Temporal profiles of pump regenerative amplifier seed pulse (thin curve) and frequency doubled 1.2   J pump pulse (thick curve). (b) Spatial profile of frequency doubled pump pulse measured with an 8-bit CMOS camera.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Mask pattern designed for fabricating mode-selecting mirror with a 64-level phase quantization.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temporal and spectral profile of the 150   mJ chirped and amplified signal pulse.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Near-field image of the 150   mJ output beam measured with an 8-bit CMOS camera. (b) Horizontal profile measured in the center of the near-field beam. (c) Far-field image of the output beam at the focus of an f = 1.2   m lens measured with a 12-bit CMOS camera. (d) Profile of the far-field beam shown in logarithmic scale.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured single shot autocorrelation trace of the compressed amplified signal pulse (thick curve) compared to simulated autocorrelation function (thin curve).

Equations (2)

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I ( t ) = [ sin ( t / t 0 ) / ( t / t 0 ) ] 2 ,
G 2 ( τ ) = I ( t ) I ( t τ ) d t I 2 ( t ) d t = 3 2 sin ( τ / t 0 ) cos ( τ / t 0 ) τ / t 0 ( τ / t 0 ) 3 .

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