Abstract

We report a simple method for generating microaxicons at the extremity of commercial optical fibers. The proposed solution, based on a polishing technique, can readily produce any desired microaxicon cone angle and is independent of the nature of the fiber. An optical study of microaxicon performance, in terms of confinement ability and length of the generated Bessel-like beams, is presented as a function of the microaxicon angle. This study, made possible by the experimental acquisition of the 3D light distribution of the Bessel-like beams, reveals the relationship between the Bessel-like beam confinement zone and the beam length. Finally, the effect of diffraction of the Bessel-like beams, induced by the limited lateral extent of the incident fiber mode, is studied and discussed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2006 (1)

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, "Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling," Microelectron. Eng. 83, 804-807 (2006).

2003 (1)

S.-K. Eah and W. Jhe, "Nearly diffraction-limited focusing of a fiber axicon microlens," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4969-4971 (2003).

2002 (1)

V. Garces-Chavez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using self-reconstructing light beam," Nature (London) 419, 145 (2002).

2001 (3)

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Optical micromanipulation using a Bessel light beam," Opt. Commun. 197, 239-245 (2001).

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E. M. Wright, "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams," Phys. Rev. A 63, 1-8 (2001).

A. Marcinkevicius, S. Juodkazis, S. Matsuo, V. Mizeikis, and H. Misawa, "Application of Bessel beams for microfabrication of dielectrics by femtosecond laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1197-1199 (2001).

2000 (3)

T. Held, S. Emonin, O. Marti, and O. Hollricher, "Method to produce high-resolution scanning near-field optical microscope probes by beveling optical fibers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3118-3122 (2000).

C. Yu, M. R. Wang, A. J. Varela, and B. Chen, "High-density non-diffracting beam array for optical interconnection," Opt. Commun. 177, 369-376 (2000).

V. Jarutis, A. Matijosius, V. Smilgevicius, and A. Stabinis, "Second harmonic generation of higher-order Bessel beams," Opt. Commun. 185, 159-169 (2000).

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

S. Klewitz, S. Sogomonian, M. Woerner, and S. Herminghaus, "Stimulated Raman scattering of femtosecond Bessel pulses," Opt. Commun. 154, 186-190 (1998).

1997 (4)

K. Shinozaki, C. Xu, H. Sasaki, and T. Kamijoh, "A comparison of optical second-harmonic generation efficiency using Bessel and Gaussian beams in bulk crystals," Opt. Commun. 133, 300-304 (1997).

M. Erdelyi, Z. L. Horvath, G. Szabo, Zs. Bor, F. K. Tittel, J. R. Cavallaro, and M. C. Smayling, "Generation of diffraction-free beams for application in optical microlithography," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 287-292 (1997).

V. E. Peet and R. V. Tsubin, "Third-harmonic generation and multiphoton ionization in Bessel beams," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1613-1620 (1997).

B. Hafizi, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle, "Laser-driven acceleration with Bessel beams," Phys. Rev. E. 55, 3539-3545 (1997).

1996 (1)

R. P. MacDonald, S. A. Boothroyd, T. Okamoto, J. Chrostowski, and B. A. Syrett, "Interboard optical data distribution by Bessel beam shadowing," Opt. Commun. 122, 169-177 (1996).

1993 (1)

T. Wulle and S. Herminghaus, "Nonlinear optics of Bessel beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1401-1405 (1993).

1992 (3)

S. C. Tidwell, D. H. Ford, and W. D. Kimura, "Transporting and focusing radially polarized laser beams," Opt. Eng. 31, 1527-1531 (1992).

R. Arimoto, C. Saloma, T. Tanaka, and S. Kawata, "Imaging properties of axicon in a scanning optical system," Appl. Opt. 31, 6653-6657 (1992).

G. Scott and N. McArdle, "Efficient generation of nearly diffraction-free beams using an axicon," Opt. Eng. 31, 2640-2643 (1992).

1991 (1)

1987 (3)

J. Durnin, "Exact solutions for nondiffracting beams. I. The scalar theory," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 651-654 (1987).

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).

F. Gori, G. Guattari, and C. Padovani, "Bessel-Gauss beams," Opt. Commun. 64, 491-495 (1987).

1982 (1)

1960 (1)

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

M. Erdelyi, Z. L. Horvath, G. Szabo, Zs. Bor, F. K. Tittel, J. R. Cavallaro, and M. C. Smayling, "Generation of diffraction-free beams for application in optical microlithography," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 287-292 (1997).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Marcinkevicius, S. Juodkazis, S. Matsuo, V. Mizeikis, and H. Misawa, "Application of Bessel beams for microfabrication of dielectrics by femtosecond laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1197-1199 (2001).

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

S. Cabrini, C. Liberale, D. Cojoc, A. Carpentiero, M. Prasciolu, S. Mora, V. Degiorgio, F. De Angelis, and E. Di Fabrizio, "Axicon lens on optical fiber forming optical tweezers, made by focused ion beam milling," Microelectron. Eng. 83, 804-807 (2006).

Nature (1)

V. Garces-Chavez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using self-reconstructing light beam," Nature (London) 419, 145 (2002).

Opt. Commun. (8)

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Optical micromanipulation using a Bessel light beam," Opt. Commun. 197, 239-245 (2001).

K. Shinozaki, C. Xu, H. Sasaki, and T. Kamijoh, "A comparison of optical second-harmonic generation efficiency using Bessel and Gaussian beams in bulk crystals," Opt. Commun. 133, 300-304 (1997).

V. Jarutis, A. Matijosius, V. Smilgevicius, and A. Stabinis, "Second harmonic generation of higher-order Bessel beams," Opt. Commun. 185, 159-169 (2000).

V. N. Belyi, N. S. Kazak, and N. A. Khilo, "Properties of parametric frequency conversion with Bessel light beams," Opt. Commun. 162, 169-176 (1999).

S. Klewitz, S. Sogomonian, M. Woerner, and S. Herminghaus, "Stimulated Raman scattering of femtosecond Bessel pulses," Opt. Commun. 154, 186-190 (1998).

R. P. MacDonald, S. A. Boothroyd, T. Okamoto, J. Chrostowski, and B. A. Syrett, "Interboard optical data distribution by Bessel beam shadowing," Opt. Commun. 122, 169-177 (1996).

C. Yu, M. R. Wang, A. J. Varela, and B. Chen, "High-density non-diffracting beam array for optical interconnection," Opt. Commun. 177, 369-376 (2000).

F. Gori, G. Guattari, and C. Padovani, "Bessel-Gauss beams," Opt. Commun. 64, 491-495 (1987).

Opt. Eng. (2)

G. Scott and N. McArdle, "Efficient generation of nearly diffraction-free beams using an axicon," Opt. Eng. 31, 2640-2643 (1992).

S. C. Tidwell, D. H. Ford, and W. D. Kimura, "Transporting and focusing radially polarized laser beams," Opt. Eng. 31, 1527-1531 (1992).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E. M. Wright, "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams," Phys. Rev. A 63, 1-8 (2001).

V. E. Peet and R. V. Tsubin, "Third-harmonic generation and multiphoton ionization in Bessel beams," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1613-1620 (1997).

Phys. Rev. E. (1)

B. Hafizi, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle, "Laser-driven acceleration with Bessel beams," Phys. Rev. E. 55, 3539-3545 (1997).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).

T. Wulle and S. Herminghaus, "Nonlinear optics of Bessel beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1401-1405 (1993).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

T. Held, S. Emonin, O. Marti, and O. Hollricher, "Method to produce high-resolution scanning near-field optical microscope probes by beveling optical fibers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3118-3122 (2000).

S.-K. Eah and W. Jhe, "Nearly diffraction-limited focusing of a fiber axicon microlens," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4969-4971 (2003).

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