T. S. Ross and W. P. Latham, "Appropriate measures and consistent standard for high-energy laser beam quality," J. Directed Energy 2, 22-58 (2006).

J. F. Riker, "TEM 2003-27: Exact tilt Strehl for degraded Gaussian beams," 30 September 2003. See also: J. F. Riker, "Active track optical cross sections in the presence of local tilt," SPIE International Symposium on Defense and Security, Orlando, Florida, April 2004.

R. K. Tyson and B. W. Frazier, *Field Guide to Adaptive Optics*, (SPIE Press, June 2004, the relevant equations are in pages 55-56, equations for brightness page 55, Strehl ratio with wave front error and jitter page 55, and Gaussian growth spot with turbulence page 56).

B. E. Stribling, M. C. Roggemann, D. Archambeault, and R. B. Holmes, "Laser beam uplink jitter and boresight estimation for a point source target," SPIE International Symposium on Defense and Security, Orlando, Florida, April 2004 (unpublished). For information of readers, SPIE digital library does not provide a copy of this paper.

J. F. Riker, "Active tracking lasers for precision target stabilization," keynote paper, SPIE Aerosense Conference, Orlando, FL, 21 April, 2003.

J. F. Riker, "TEM 2004-07: Beam diameter at distant targets illuminated from Maui," Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 3 April 2004. A related summary and results can also be found in J. F. Riker, "Validation of active track Gaussian beam propagation and target signature prediction," in *Laser Weapons Technology III*, William E. Thompson and Paul H. Merritt (Ed.), Proc. SPIE , Vol. 4724, 45-56, (2002).

[Crossref]

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and C. Barnard, "Estimation of satellite laser optical cross section: a comparison of simulation and field results," Proc. SPIE 4167, 53-63 (2001).

[Crossref]

A. Ishimaru, S. Jaruwatanadilok, and Y. Kuga, "Polarized pulse waves in random discrete scatterers," Appl. Opt. 40, 5495-5502 (2001).

E. Caudill, D. G. Voelz, G. Lukesh, and S. Chandler, "Satellite Laser Cross Sections from the Floodbeam Experiments," Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 1998.

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and D. Voelz, "Estimation of laser system pointing performance by the statistics of return signal," Proc. SPIE 3494, 111-121 (1998).

[Crossref]

J. F. Riker, P. Merritt, and J. T. Roark, "Laser requirements for active tracking," OSA Conference on non-astronomical adaptive optics," Munich, Germany, 16 June 1997.

D. Voelz, "Flood Beam Experiments I," PL-TR-96-1162, Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 1996.

J. M. Mendel, "Tutorial on higher order statistics (spectra) in signal processing and system theory: theoretical results and some applications," Proc. IEEE 79, 278-305 (1991).

[Crossref]

J. W. Goodman, *Statistical Optics* (Wiley, 1985).

A. Papoulis, *Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Processes* (McGraw-Hill, 1984).

I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Rhyzak, *Table of Integrals, Series and Products* (Academic Press, 4th edition, 1965).

B. E. Stribling, M. C. Roggemann, D. Archambeault, and R. B. Holmes, "Laser beam uplink jitter and boresight estimation for a point source target," SPIE International Symposium on Defense and Security, Orlando, Florida, April 2004 (unpublished). For information of readers, SPIE digital library does not provide a copy of this paper.

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and C. Barnard, "Estimation of satellite laser optical cross section: a comparison of simulation and field results," Proc. SPIE 4167, 53-63 (2001).

[Crossref]

E. Caudill, D. G. Voelz, G. Lukesh, and S. Chandler, "Satellite Laser Cross Sections from the Floodbeam Experiments," Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 1998.

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and C. Barnard, "Estimation of satellite laser optical cross section: a comparison of simulation and field results," Proc. SPIE 4167, 53-63 (2001).

[Crossref]

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and D. Voelz, "Estimation of laser system pointing performance by use of statistics of return photons," Appl. Opt. 39, 1359-1371 (2000).

E. Caudill, D. G. Voelz, G. Lukesh, and S. Chandler, "Satellite Laser Cross Sections from the Floodbeam Experiments," Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 1998.

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and D. Voelz, "Estimation of laser system pointing performance by the statistics of return signal," Proc. SPIE 3494, 111-121 (1998).

[Crossref]

R. K. Tyson and B. W. Frazier, *Field Guide to Adaptive Optics*, (SPIE Press, June 2004, the relevant equations are in pages 55-56, equations for brightness page 55, Strehl ratio with wave front error and jitter page 55, and Gaussian growth spot with turbulence page 56).

J. W. Goodman, *Statistical Optics* (Wiley, 1985).

I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Rhyzak, *Table of Integrals, Series and Products* (Academic Press, 4th edition, 1965).

B. E. Stribling, M. C. Roggemann, D. Archambeault, and R. B. Holmes, "Laser beam uplink jitter and boresight estimation for a point source target," SPIE International Symposium on Defense and Security, Orlando, Florida, April 2004 (unpublished). For information of readers, SPIE digital library does not provide a copy of this paper.

T. S. Ross and W. P. Latham, "Appropriate measures and consistent standard for high-energy laser beam quality," J. Directed Energy 2, 22-58 (2006).

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and C. Barnard, "Estimation of satellite laser optical cross section: a comparison of simulation and field results," Proc. SPIE 4167, 53-63 (2001).

[Crossref]

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and D. Voelz, "Estimation of laser system pointing performance by use of statistics of return photons," Appl. Opt. 39, 1359-1371 (2000).

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and D. Voelz, "Estimation of laser system pointing performance by the statistics of return signal," Proc. SPIE 3494, 111-121 (1998).

[Crossref]

E. Caudill, D. G. Voelz, G. Lukesh, and S. Chandler, "Satellite Laser Cross Sections from the Floodbeam Experiments," Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 1998.

J. M. Mendel, "Tutorial on higher order statistics (spectra) in signal processing and system theory: theoretical results and some applications," Proc. IEEE 79, 278-305 (1991).

[Crossref]

J. F. Riker, P. Merritt, and J. T. Roark, "Laser requirements for active tracking," OSA Conference on non-astronomical adaptive optics," Munich, Germany, 16 June 1997.

A. Papoulis, *Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Processes* (McGraw-Hill, 1984).

I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Rhyzak, *Table of Integrals, Series and Products* (Academic Press, 4th edition, 1965).

J. F. Riker, "TEM 2003-27: Exact tilt Strehl for degraded Gaussian beams," 30 September 2003. See also: J. F. Riker, "Active track optical cross sections in the presence of local tilt," SPIE International Symposium on Defense and Security, Orlando, Florida, April 2004.

J. F. Riker, "Active tracking lasers for precision target stabilization," keynote paper, SPIE Aerosense Conference, Orlando, FL, 21 April, 2003.

J. F. Riker, "TEM 2004-07: Beam diameter at distant targets illuminated from Maui," Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 3 April 2004. A related summary and results can also be found in J. F. Riker, "Validation of active track Gaussian beam propagation and target signature prediction," in *Laser Weapons Technology III*, William E. Thompson and Paul H. Merritt (Ed.), Proc. SPIE , Vol. 4724, 45-56, (2002).

[Crossref]

J. F. Riker, P. Merritt, and J. T. Roark, "Laser requirements for active tracking," OSA Conference on non-astronomical adaptive optics," Munich, Germany, 16 June 1997.

J. F. Riker, P. Merritt, and J. T. Roark, "Laser requirements for active tracking," OSA Conference on non-astronomical adaptive optics," Munich, Germany, 16 June 1997.

B. E. Stribling, M. C. Roggemann, D. Archambeault, and R. B. Holmes, "Laser beam uplink jitter and boresight estimation for a point source target," SPIE International Symposium on Defense and Security, Orlando, Florida, April 2004 (unpublished). For information of readers, SPIE digital library does not provide a copy of this paper.

T. S. Ross and W. P. Latham, "Appropriate measures and consistent standard for high-energy laser beam quality," J. Directed Energy 2, 22-58 (2006).

B. E. Stribling, M. C. Roggemann, D. Archambeault, and R. B. Holmes, "Laser beam uplink jitter and boresight estimation for a point source target," SPIE International Symposium on Defense and Security, Orlando, Florida, April 2004 (unpublished). For information of readers, SPIE digital library does not provide a copy of this paper.

R. K. Tyson and B. W. Frazier, *Field Guide to Adaptive Optics*, (SPIE Press, June 2004, the relevant equations are in pages 55-56, equations for brightness page 55, Strehl ratio with wave front error and jitter page 55, and Gaussian growth spot with turbulence page 56).

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and D. Voelz, "Estimation of laser system pointing performance by use of statistics of return photons," Appl. Opt. 39, 1359-1371 (2000).

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and D. Voelz, "Estimation of laser system pointing performance by the statistics of return signal," Proc. SPIE 3494, 111-121 (1998).

[Crossref]

D. Voelz, "Flood Beam Experiments I," PL-TR-96-1162, Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 1996.

E. Caudill, D. G. Voelz, G. Lukesh, and S. Chandler, "Satellite Laser Cross Sections from the Floodbeam Experiments," Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 1998.

H. T. Yura, "LADAR detection statistics in the presence of pointing," Appl. Opt. 33, 6482-6498 (1994).

G. R. Osche, "Single- and multiple-pulse noncoherent detection statistics associated with partially developed speckle," Appl. Opt. 39, 4255-4262 (2000).

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and D. Voelz, "Estimation of laser system pointing performance by use of statistics of return photons," Appl. Opt. 39, 1359-1371 (2000).

A. Ishimaru, S. Jaruwatanadilok, and Y. Kuga, "Polarized pulse waves in random discrete scatterers," Appl. Opt. 40, 5495-5502 (2001).

T. S. Ross and W. P. Latham, "Appropriate measures and consistent standard for high-energy laser beam quality," J. Directed Energy 2, 22-58 (2006).

J. M. Mendel, "Tutorial on higher order statistics (spectra) in signal processing and system theory: theoretical results and some applications," Proc. IEEE 79, 278-305 (1991).

[Crossref]

J. F. Riker, "TEM 2004-07: Beam diameter at distant targets illuminated from Maui," Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 3 April 2004. A related summary and results can also be found in J. F. Riker, "Validation of active track Gaussian beam propagation and target signature prediction," in *Laser Weapons Technology III*, William E. Thompson and Paul H. Merritt (Ed.), Proc. SPIE , Vol. 4724, 45-56, (2002).

[Crossref]

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and C. Barnard, "Estimation of satellite laser optical cross section: a comparison of simulation and field results," Proc. SPIE 4167, 53-63 (2001).

[Crossref]

G. Lukesh, S. Chandler, and D. Voelz, "Estimation of laser system pointing performance by the statistics of return signal," Proc. SPIE 3494, 111-121 (1998).

[Crossref]

D. Voelz, "Flood Beam Experiments I," PL-TR-96-1162, Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 1996.

E. Caudill, D. G. Voelz, G. Lukesh, and S. Chandler, "Satellite Laser Cross Sections from the Floodbeam Experiments," Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 1998.

B. E. Stribling, M. C. Roggemann, D. Archambeault, and R. B. Holmes, "Laser beam uplink jitter and boresight estimation for a point source target," SPIE International Symposium on Defense and Security, Orlando, Florida, April 2004 (unpublished). For information of readers, SPIE digital library does not provide a copy of this paper.

J. F. Riker, "Active tracking lasers for precision target stabilization," keynote paper, SPIE Aerosense Conference, Orlando, FL, 21 April, 2003.

J. F. Riker, P. Merritt, and J. T. Roark, "Laser requirements for active tracking," OSA Conference on non-astronomical adaptive optics," Munich, Germany, 16 June 1997.

J. F. Riker, "TEM 2003-27: Exact tilt Strehl for degraded Gaussian beams," 30 September 2003. See also: J. F. Riker, "Active track optical cross sections in the presence of local tilt," SPIE International Symposium on Defense and Security, Orlando, Florida, April 2004.

R. K. Tyson and B. W. Frazier, *Field Guide to Adaptive Optics*, (SPIE Press, June 2004, the relevant equations are in pages 55-56, equations for brightness page 55, Strehl ratio with wave front error and jitter page 55, and Gaussian growth spot with turbulence page 56).

J. W. Goodman, *Statistical Optics* (Wiley, 1985).

A. Papoulis, *Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Processes* (McGraw-Hill, 1984).

I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Rhyzak, *Table of Integrals, Series and Products* (Academic Press, 4th edition, 1965).