Abstract

Optical phase conjugation (OPC) provides a means of dynamical correction of thermally induced aberrations in high-power laser systems. This method is particularly interesting for space applications because it is passive, mechanically simple, and allows for improved beam quality with only a small loss in power. To exploit it one has to assess the effect of the space environment, and in particular of space radiation, on the properties of the materials that are suitable for phase-conjugating mirrors (PCMs). We have investigated both materials providing OPC via stimulated Brillouin scattering and actual PCMs with regard to their radiation hardness. Proton- and gamma-irradiated PCMs in the form of 30-cm long silica rods and 5- cm long TeO2 crystals were tested in a single frequency flash-lamp pumped Nd:YAG system delivering up to 220  mJ pulses with a 20   ns duration at a 50   Hz repetition rate. The difference in the reflectivity between irradiated and nonirradiated components was found to be within the measurement errors. Gamma irradiation of TeO2 resulted in a decrease of the laser-induced damage threshold, while for silica possible changes were below the detection limit. Our results show that synthetic fused silica, and Lithosil in particular, can be used for generating the OPC in laser systems operating in a space radiation environment.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Y. Chiao, C. H. Townes, and B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering and coherent generation of intense hypersonic waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592-595 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. N. Borisov, Y. I. Krizhilin, S. A. Nashchekin, V. K. Orlov, and S. V. Shklyarik, "Wavefront inversion in induced Mandel'shtam-Brillouin scattering in a glass without failure," Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 25, 645-646 (1980).
  3. A. F. Vasil'ev and V. E. Yashin, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering at high values of the excess of the pump energy above the threshold," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 644-647 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser-induced damage," Opt. Eng. 69, 2557-2562 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Generation of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave using optical glasses," Rev. Laser Eng. 27, 495-500 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, H. Fujita, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "High-energy operation of a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror in an L-Arginine phosphate monohydrate crystal," Appl. Opt. 36, 7783-7787 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, "Efficient stimulated Brillouin scattering in the organic crystal deuterated L-arginine phosphate monohydrate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 15, 446-450 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. A. Dubinskii and L. D. Merkle, "Ultrahigh-gain bulk solid-state stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugation material," Opt. Lett. 29, 992-994 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and A. A. Fotiadi, "Phase conjugation by SMBS in optical fibers," in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower, ed. (Springer, 1994).
  10. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier, 2006).
  11. D. R. Olson, H. D. Dieselman, and J. B. Schroeder, "Radiation-induced changes in refractive index and absorption coefficient for several optical materials," Appl. Opt. 10, 81-86 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. A. Ruller and E. J. Friebele, "The effect of gamma-irradiation on the density of various types of silica," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 136, 163-172 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Mueller, "Theory of photoelasticity," J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 21, 27-33 (1938).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. B. Glebov, "Intrinsic laser-induced breakdown of silicate glasses," Proc. SPIE 4679, 321-331 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. B 70, 195-201 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

2006

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier, 2006).

A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

2004

2002

L. B. Glebov, "Intrinsic laser-induced breakdown of silicate glasses," Proc. SPIE 4679, 321-331 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. B 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Generation of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave using optical glasses," Rev. Laser Eng. 27, 495-500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, "Efficient stimulated Brillouin scattering in the organic crystal deuterated L-arginine phosphate monohydrate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 15, 446-450 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser-induced damage," Opt. Eng. 69, 2557-2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, H. Fujita, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "High-energy operation of a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror in an L-Arginine phosphate monohydrate crystal," Appl. Opt. 36, 7783-7787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and A. A. Fotiadi, "Phase conjugation by SMBS in optical fibers," in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower, ed. (Springer, 1994).

1991

J. A. Ruller and E. J. Friebele, "The effect of gamma-irradiation on the density of various types of silica," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 136, 163-172 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987

A. F. Vasil'ev and V. E. Yashin, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering at high values of the excess of the pump energy above the threshold," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 644-647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1980

B. N. Borisov, Y. I. Krizhilin, S. A. Nashchekin, V. K. Orlov, and S. V. Shklyarik, "Wavefront inversion in induced Mandel'shtam-Brillouin scattering in a glass without failure," Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 25, 645-646 (1980).

1971

1964

R. Y. Chiao, C. H. Townes, and B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering and coherent generation of intense hypersonic waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592-595 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1938

H. Mueller, "Theory of photoelasticity," J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 21, 27-33 (1938).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier, 2006).

Berghmans, F.

A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

Blanche, P-A.

A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

Borisov, B. N.

B. N. Borisov, Y. I. Krizhilin, S. A. Nashchekin, V. K. Orlov, and S. V. Shklyarik, "Wavefront inversion in induced Mandel'shtam-Brillouin scattering in a glass without failure," Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 25, 645-646 (1980).

Brignon, A.

A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

Chiao, R. Y.

R. Y. Chiao, C. H. Townes, and B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering and coherent generation of intense hypersonic waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592-595 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Dieselman, H. D.

Dubinskii, M. A.

Fotiadi, A. A.

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and A. A. Fotiadi, "Phase conjugation by SMBS in optical fibers," in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower, ed. (Springer, 1994).

Friebele, E. J.

J. A. Ruller and E. J. Friebele, "The effect of gamma-irradiation on the density of various types of silica," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 136, 163-172 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, H.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. B 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Generation of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave using optical glasses," Rev. Laser Eng. 27, 495-500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, H. Fujita, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "High-energy operation of a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror in an L-Arginine phosphate monohydrate crystal," Appl. Opt. 36, 7783-7787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser-induced damage," Opt. Eng. 69, 2557-2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Georges, M.

A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

Glebov, L. B.

L. B. Glebov, "Intrinsic laser-induced breakdown of silicate glasses," Proc. SPIE 4679, 321-331 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gusarov, A.

A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

Jitsuno, T.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. B 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krizhilin, Y. I.

B. N. Borisov, Y. I. Krizhilin, S. A. Nashchekin, V. K. Orlov, and S. V. Shklyarik, "Wavefront inversion in induced Mandel'shtam-Brillouin scattering in a glass without failure," Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 25, 645-646 (1980).

Kuzin, E. A.

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and A. A. Fotiadi, "Phase conjugation by SMBS in optical fibers," in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower, ed. (Springer, 1994).

Lien, Y.

A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

Merkle, L. D.

Mori, Y.

M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, "Efficient stimulated Brillouin scattering in the organic crystal deuterated L-arginine phosphate monohydrate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 15, 446-450 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, H.

H. Mueller, "Theory of photoelasticity," J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 21, 27-33 (1938).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. B 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Generation of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave using optical glasses," Rev. Laser Eng. 27, 495-500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, "Efficient stimulated Brillouin scattering in the organic crystal deuterated L-arginine phosphate monohydrate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 15, 446-450 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, H. Fujita, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "High-energy operation of a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror in an L-Arginine phosphate monohydrate crystal," Appl. Opt. 36, 7783-7787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser-induced damage," Opt. Eng. 69, 2557-2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nashchekin, S. A.

B. N. Borisov, Y. I. Krizhilin, S. A. Nashchekin, V. K. Orlov, and S. V. Shklyarik, "Wavefront inversion in induced Mandel'shtam-Brillouin scattering in a glass without failure," Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 25, 645-646 (1980).

Olson, D. R.

Orlov, V. K.

B. N. Borisov, Y. I. Krizhilin, S. A. Nashchekin, V. K. Orlov, and S. V. Shklyarik, "Wavefront inversion in induced Mandel'shtam-Brillouin scattering in a glass without failure," Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 25, 645-646 (1980).

Petrov, M. P.

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and A. A. Fotiadi, "Phase conjugation by SMBS in optical fibers," in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower, ed. (Springer, 1994).

Plesseria, J.-Y.

A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

Richard, S.

A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

Ruller, J. A.

J. A. Ruller and E. J. Friebele, "The effect of gamma-irradiation on the density of various types of silica," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 136, 163-172 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. B 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, "Efficient stimulated Brillouin scattering in the organic crystal deuterated L-arginine phosphate monohydrate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 15, 446-450 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, H. Fujita, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "High-energy operation of a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror in an L-Arginine phosphate monohydrate crystal," Appl. Opt. 36, 7783-7787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, J. B.

Shklyarik, S. V.

B. N. Borisov, Y. I. Krizhilin, S. A. Nashchekin, V. K. Orlov, and S. V. Shklyarik, "Wavefront inversion in induced Mandel'shtam-Brillouin scattering in a glass without failure," Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 25, 645-646 (1980).

Stoicheff, B. P.

R. Y. Chiao, C. H. Townes, and B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering and coherent generation of intense hypersonic waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592-595 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Thibert, T.

A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

Townes, C. H.

R. Y. Chiao, C. H. Townes, and B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering and coherent generation of intense hypersonic waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592-595 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Vasil'ev, A. F.

A. F. Vasil'ev and V. E. Yashin, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering at high values of the excess of the pump energy above the threshold," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 644-647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yashin, V. E.

A. F. Vasil'ev and V. E. Yashin, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering at high values of the excess of the pump energy above the threshold," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 644-647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. B 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Generation of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave using optical glasses," Rev. Laser Eng. 27, 495-500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, "Efficient stimulated Brillouin scattering in the organic crystal deuterated L-arginine phosphate monohydrate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 15, 446-450 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser-induced damage," Opt. Eng. 69, 2557-2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, H. Fujita, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "High-energy operation of a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror in an L-Arginine phosphate monohydrate crystal," Appl. Opt. 36, 7783-7787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. B 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Generation of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave using optical glasses," Rev. Laser Eng. 27, 495-500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, H. Fujita, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "High-energy operation of a stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror in an L-Arginine phosphate monohydrate crystal," Appl. Opt. 36, 7783-7787 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser-induced damage," Opt. Eng. 69, 2557-2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, M.

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. B 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, "Efficient stimulated Brillouin scattering in the organic crystal deuterated L-arginine phosphate monohydrate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 15, 446-450 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

H. Yoshida, T. Jitsuno, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, M. Yoshimura, T. Sasaki, and K. Yoshida, "Investigation of bulk laser damage in KDP crystal as a function of laser irradiation direction, polarization, and wavelength," Appl. Phys. B 70, 195-201 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Amer. Ceram. Soc.

H. Mueller, "Theory of photoelasticity," J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 21, 27-33 (1938).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

J. A. Ruller and E. J. Friebele, "The effect of gamma-irradiation on the density of various types of silica," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 136, 163-172 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, "Efficient stimulated Brillouin scattering in the organic crystal deuterated L-arginine phosphate monohydrate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 15, 446-450 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser-induced damage," Opt. Eng. 69, 2557-2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. Y. Chiao, C. H. Townes, and B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering and coherent generation of intense hypersonic waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592-595 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

L. B. Glebov, "Intrinsic laser-induced breakdown of silicate glasses," Proc. SPIE 4679, 321-331 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Laser Eng.

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, "Generation of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave using optical glasses," Rev. Laser Eng. 27, 495-500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

A. F. Vasil'ev and V. E. Yashin, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering at high values of the excess of the pump energy above the threshold," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 644-647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys.

B. N. Borisov, Y. I. Krizhilin, S. A. Nashchekin, V. K. Orlov, and S. V. Shklyarik, "Wavefront inversion in induced Mandel'shtam-Brillouin scattering in a glass without failure," Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 25, 645-646 (1980).

Other

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and A. A. Fotiadi, "Phase conjugation by SMBS in optical fibers," in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower, ed. (Springer, 1994).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier, 2006).

A. Brignon, S. Richard, M. Georges, J.-Y. Plesseria, T. Thibert, P-A. Blanche, A. Gusarov, F. Berghmans, and Y. Lien, "A space-qualifiable solid-state phase conjugate mirror for correction of laser aberrations," in Proceedings of ESA/CNES ICSO 2006 Sixth International Conference on Space Optics, A. Wilson, ed., ESA-ESTEC, SP-621 (2006).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Induced absorption spectra in the UV range after gamma-irradiation up to 1 Mrad with a dose-rate of 2 krad∕h: (1) Infrasil-301, (2) HOQ-310, (3) Suprasil 1, (4) Suprasil 311, (5) Lithosil. Curves 1 and 2 refer to the left-hand side and 3, 4, and 5 to the right-hand side scale, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup used to measure the SBS reflection coefficient of a silica rod. λ / 2 = half-wave plate, λ / 4 = quarter-wave plate, HR = high reflectivity mirror, TFP = Brewster angle thin film polarizer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase conjugate reflectivity as a function of the incident pulse energy for irradiated and nonirradiated silica rods: (a) Lithosil, (b) Suprasil-1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Phase conjugate reflectivity as a function of the incident pulse energy for irradiated and nonirradiated TeO 2 crystals.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Natural Induced Absorption Coefficient (Δa) at 1.064 μm for Silicate Optical Glasses Irradiated with a Co60 Source at a Dose-Rate of ∼2.8 krad∕h (Measurements Performed about 2 h after the End of Irradiation) Compared with Values of the Brillouin and Damage Thresholds Reported in Literature [5]

Tables Icon

Table 2 Characteristics of the Studied Silica Glass Materials

Equations (124)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

5 - cm
TeO 2
220   mJ
20   ns
50   Hz
TeO 2
CH 4
SF 6
3.8 cm / GW
38   ns
6   cm / GW
( 9.3   cm / GW )
10   cm / GW
1064   nm
( > 92% )
100 cm / GW
TeO 2
1.2   mJ
4 .4   J / cm 2
( 1.064   μm )
1200   pmm
TeO 2
30 - cm
5 - cm
TeO 2
g B
I exp ( 2 g B I 0 L e f f α L ) ,
I 0
L e f f = [ 1 exp ( α L ) ] / α
g B n 7 p 2 / c ρ ,
10 4
10 4
g B
25   cm
0 .002   cm 1
TeO 2
TeO 2
1200   ppm
TeO 2
3000   nm
10 - mm
2 - cm
5 × 15 × 15   mm 3
TeO 2
C o 60
30 krad / h
TeO 2
0.01 cm 1
( 532   nm )
( 355   nm )
2   cm
5   mm
TeO 2
1   μm
0 .02   cm 1
0.002 cm 1
30   cm
5   cm
TeO 2
2 krad / h
TeO 2
10 8 p / c m 2 / s
3.16 × 10 11
4.34 × 10 11 p / c m 2
TeO 2
70 × 70 mm 2
30   cm
220   mJ
50   Hz
250   μm
30 - cm
23   cm
1 .5   h
220   mJ
TeO 2
5   cm
1   cm
200   mm
70   μm
202   mW
0 .5   mW
Δ α min = 1 30   cm ln ( 1 0.5   mW 202   mW ) 8 × 10 5 cm 1 .
TeO 2
( 5 × 10 4 cm 1 )
TeO 2
g B
15   mJ
90   mJ
220   mJ
TeO 2
2 × 10 5
TeO 2
70   μm
TeO 2
( 500   μJ )
1.9   mJ
1 .1   mJ
1 .1   mJ
TeO 2
TeO 2
TeO 2
TeO 2
1.064 - μm
TeO 2
TeO 2
TeO 2
3000   nm
1 .064   μm
C o 60
30 - cm
5 - cm
TeO 2
220   mJ
20   ns
50   Hz
TeO 2
( 500   μJ )
TeO 2
15   mJ
220   mJ
2 × 10 5
λ / 2
λ / 4
TeO 2

Metrics