Abstract

Narrowed spectra at 452  nm from a thin platelike crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative, 2,5-diphenyl-1,4-distyrylbenzene with two trans double bonds (trans-DPDSB) grown by vapor deposition, are observed. The trans-DPDSB crystal is irradiated by the third harmonic (355   nm) of a Nd:YAG laser. The FWHM of the narrowed spectra can reach 6  nm for the crystal when the pumping energy is 400μJ/pulse. The threshold value for an optically pumped laser is approximately 350μJ/pulse.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Tessler, G. J. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavitties," Nature 382, 695-697 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Hide, M. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymer: a new class of solid-state laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Tessler, "Lasers based on semiconducting organic materials," Adv. Mater. 11, 363-370 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature 389, 466-469 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, and S. R. Forrest, "transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities," Science 279, 553-555 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. Moll, R. F. Mahrt, C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, and U. Scherf, "Evidence for bandedge lasing in a two-dimensional photonic bandgap polymer laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 734-736 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Heliotis, R. D. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback," Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Lu, B. Zhong, and D. Ma, "Amplified spontaneous emission and gain from optically pumped films of dye-doped polymers," Appl. Opt. 43, 5074-5078 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Fichou, S. Delysse, and J.-M. Nunzi, "First evidence of stimulated emission from a monolithic organic single crystal: α-Octithiophene," Adv. Mater. 9, 1178-1181 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Garnier, G. Horowitz, P. Valat, F. Kouki, and V. Wintgens, "The four-level stimulated emission in sexithiophene single crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2087-2089 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Improved crystal-growth and emission gain-narrowing of thiophene/phenylene co-oligomers," Adv. Mater. 15, 213-217 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Nagawa, R. Hibino, S. Hotta, H. Yanagi, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from single crystals of a thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 544-546 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, K. Araki, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Laser oscillation in monolithic molecular single crystals," Adv. Mate. 17, 2073-2077 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from melt-recrystallized organic semiconductors," Adv. Mater. 14, 119-122 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. J. Brouwer, V. V. Krasnikov, T. A. Pham, R. E. Gill, P. F. van Hutten, and G. Hadziioannou, "Optical properties of single crystals and vacuum-deposited thin films of a substituted oligo(p-phenylene vinylene)," Chem. Phys. 227, 65-74 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Yanagia and T. Morikawa, "Self-waveguided blue light emission in p-sexiphenyl crystals epitaxially grown by mask-shadowing vapor deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 187-189 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frere, and J.-M. Nunzi, "Stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligmer," Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Park, O. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Park, M. Choi, N. Cha, S. Y. Park, and D. Jang, "Imidazole-based excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) materials: synthesis and amplified spontaneous emission from a large single crystal," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 10070-10074 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Y. Kawamura, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Simple accurate system for measuring absolute photoluminescence quantum efficiency in organic solid-state thin film," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 7729-7730 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Z. Xie, Y. Wang, Y. Ma, and J. Shen, "Preparation and characteristics of pentacence crystal thin films," Synth. Met. 137, 983-984 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. A. Laudise, Ch. Kloc, P. G. Simpkins, and T. Siegrist, "Physical vapor growth of organic semiconductors," J. Cryst. Growth 187, 449-454 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, K. Araki, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Laser oscillation in monolithic molecular single crystals," Adv. Mate. 17, 2073-2077 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Park, O. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Park, M. Choi, N. Cha, S. Y. Park, and D. Jang, "Imidazole-based excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) materials: synthesis and amplified spontaneous emission from a large single crystal," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 10070-10074 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

W. Lu, B. Zhong, and D. Ma, "Amplified spontaneous emission and gain from optically pumped films of dye-doped polymers," Appl. Opt. 43, 5074-5078 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kawamura, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Simple accurate system for measuring absolute photoluminescence quantum efficiency in organic solid-state thin film," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 7729-7730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Heliotis, R. D. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback," Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

Z. Xie, Y. Wang, Y. Ma, and J. Shen, "Preparation and characteristics of pentacence crystal thin films," Synth. Met. 137, 983-984 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Improved crystal-growth and emission gain-narrowing of thiophene/phenylene co-oligomers," Adv. Mater. 15, 213-217 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frere, and J.-M. Nunzi, "Stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligmer," Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

M. Nagawa, R. Hibino, S. Hotta, H. Yanagi, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from single crystals of a thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 544-546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from melt-recrystallized organic semiconductors," Adv. Mater. 14, 119-122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Moll, R. F. Mahrt, C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, and U. Scherf, "Evidence for bandedge lasing in a two-dimensional photonic bandgap polymer laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 734-736 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

N. Tessler, "Lasers based on semiconducting organic materials," Adv. Mater. 11, 363-370 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Yanagia and T. Morikawa, "Self-waveguided blue light emission in p-sexiphenyl crystals epitaxially grown by mask-shadowing vapor deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 187-189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

F. Garnier, G. Horowitz, P. Valat, F. Kouki, and V. Wintgens, "The four-level stimulated emission in sexithiophene single crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2087-2089 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, and S. R. Forrest, "transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities," Science 279, 553-555 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Brouwer, V. V. Krasnikov, T. A. Pham, R. E. Gill, P. F. van Hutten, and G. Hadziioannou, "Optical properties of single crystals and vacuum-deposited thin films of a substituted oligo(p-phenylene vinylene)," Chem. Phys. 227, 65-74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Laudise, Ch. Kloc, P. G. Simpkins, and T. Siegrist, "Physical vapor growth of organic semiconductors," J. Cryst. Growth 187, 449-454 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

D. Fichou, S. Delysse, and J.-M. Nunzi, "First evidence of stimulated emission from a monolithic organic single crystal: α-Octithiophene," Adv. Mater. 9, 1178-1181 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

N. Tessler, G. J. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavitties," Nature 382, 695-697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Hide, M. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymer: a new class of solid-state laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, C.

Y. Kawamura, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Simple accurate system for measuring absolute photoluminescence quantum efficiency in organic solid-state thin film," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 7729-7730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Andersson, M.

F. Hide, M. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymer: a new class of solid-state laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Andrew, P.

G. Heliotis, R. D. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback," Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Araki, K.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, K. Araki, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Laser oscillation in monolithic molecular single crystals," Adv. Mate. 17, 2073-2077 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Z.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

G. Heliotis, R. D. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback," Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, C.

N. Moll, R. F. Mahrt, C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, and U. Scherf, "Evidence for bandedge lasing in a two-dimensional photonic bandgap polymer laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 734-736 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Benstem, T.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Berggren, M.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D. D. C.

G. Heliotis, R. D. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback," Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brouwer, H. J.

H. J. Brouwer, V. V. Krasnikov, T. A. Pham, R. E. Gill, P. F. van Hutten, and G. Hadziioannou, "Optical properties of single crystals and vacuum-deposited thin films of a substituted oligo(p-phenylene vinylene)," Chem. Phys. 227, 65-74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bulovic, V.

V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, and S. R. Forrest, "transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities," Science 279, 553-555 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cha, N.

S. Park, O. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Park, M. Choi, N. Cha, S. Y. Park, and D. Jang, "Imidazole-based excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) materials: synthesis and amplified spontaneous emission from a large single crystal," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 10070-10074 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, G.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, M.

S. Park, O. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Park, M. Choi, N. Cha, S. Y. Park, and D. Jang, "Imidazole-based excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) materials: synthesis and amplified spontaneous emission from a large single crystal," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 10070-10074 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delysse, S.

D. Fichou, S. Delysse, and J.-M. Nunzi, "First evidence of stimulated emission from a monolithic organic single crystal: α-Octithiophene," Adv. Mater. 9, 1178-1181 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Denton, G. J.

N. Tessler, G. J. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavitties," Nature 382, 695-697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Diaz-Garcia, M.

F. Hide, M. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymer: a new class of solid-state laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dobbertin, T.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dodabalapur, A.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feldmann, J.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fichou, D.

D. Fichou, S. Delysse, and J.-M. Nunzi, "First evidence of stimulated emission from a monolithic organic single crystal: α-Octithiophene," Adv. Mater. 9, 1178-1181 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Forberich, K.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Forrest, S. R.

V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, and S. R. Forrest, "transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities," Science 279, 553-555 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frere, P.

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frere, and J.-M. Nunzi, "Stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligmer," Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Friend, R. H.

N. Tessler, G. J. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavitties," Nature 382, 695-697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Garnier, F.

F. Garnier, G. Horowitz, P. Valat, F. Kouki, and V. Wintgens, "The four-level stimulated emission in sexithiophene single crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2087-2089 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

N. Moll, R. F. Mahrt, C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, and U. Scherf, "Evidence for bandedge lasing in a two-dimensional photonic bandgap polymer laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 734-736 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gill, R. E.

H. J. Brouwer, V. V. Krasnikov, T. A. Pham, R. E. Gill, P. F. van Hutten, and G. Hadziioannou, "Optical properties of single crystals and vacuum-deposited thin films of a substituted oligo(p-phenylene vinylene)," Chem. Phys. 227, 65-74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gindre, D.

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frere, and J.-M. Nunzi, "Stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligmer," Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gombert, A.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hadziioannou, G.

H. J. Brouwer, V. V. Krasnikov, T. A. Pham, R. E. Gill, P. F. van Hutten, and G. Hadziioannou, "Optical properties of single crystals and vacuum-deposited thin films of a substituted oligo(p-phenylene vinylene)," Chem. Phys. 227, 65-74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hanif, M.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haritani, T.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, K. Araki, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Laser oscillation in monolithic molecular single crystals," Adv. Mate. 17, 2073-2077 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Improved crystal-growth and emission gain-narrowing of thiophene/phenylene co-oligomers," Adv. Mater. 15, 213-217 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heeger, A. J.

F. Hide, M. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymer: a new class of solid-state laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Heliotis, G.

G. Heliotis, R. D. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback," Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, R.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, K. Araki, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Laser oscillation in monolithic molecular single crystals," Adv. Mate. 17, 2073-2077 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Improved crystal-growth and emission gain-narrowing of thiophene/phenylene co-oligomers," Adv. Mater. 15, 213-217 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagawa, R. Hibino, S. Hotta, H. Yanagi, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from single crystals of a thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 544-546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from melt-recrystallized organic semiconductors," Adv. Mater. 14, 119-122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hide, F.

F. Hide, M. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymer: a new class of solid-state laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, G.

F. Garnier, G. Horowitz, P. Valat, F. Kouki, and V. Wintgens, "The four-level stimulated emission in sexithiophene single crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2087-2089 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hotta, S.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, K. Araki, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Laser oscillation in monolithic molecular single crystals," Adv. Mate. 17, 2073-2077 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Improved crystal-growth and emission gain-narrowing of thiophene/phenylene co-oligomers," Adv. Mater. 15, 213-217 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagawa, R. Hibino, S. Hotta, H. Yanagi, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from single crystals of a thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 544-546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from melt-recrystallized organic semiconductors," Adv. Mater. 14, 119-122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ichikawa, M.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, K. Araki, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Laser oscillation in monolithic molecular single crystals," Adv. Mate. 17, 2073-2077 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Improved crystal-growth and emission gain-narrowing of thiophene/phenylene co-oligomers," Adv. Mater. 15, 213-217 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagawa, R. Hibino, S. Hotta, H. Yanagi, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from single crystals of a thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 544-546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from melt-recrystallized organic semiconductors," Adv. Mater. 14, 119-122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, M.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, K. Araki, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Laser oscillation in monolithic molecular single crystals," Adv. Mate. 17, 2073-2077 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Improved crystal-growth and emission gain-narrowing of thiophene/phenylene co-oligomers," Adv. Mater. 15, 213-217 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jang, D.

S. Park, O. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Park, M. Choi, N. Cha, S. Y. Park, and D. Jang, "Imidazole-based excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) materials: synthesis and amplified spontaneous emission from a large single crystal," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 10070-10074 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawamura, Y.

Y. Kawamura, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Simple accurate system for measuring absolute photoluminescence quantum efficiency in organic solid-state thin film," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 7729-7730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khalfin, V. B.

V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, and S. R. Forrest, "transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities," Science 279, 553-555 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

S. Park, O. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Park, M. Choi, N. Cha, S. Y. Park, and D. Jang, "Imidazole-based excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) materials: synthesis and amplified spontaneous emission from a large single crystal," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 10070-10074 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kley, E. B.

N. Moll, R. F. Mahrt, C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, and U. Scherf, "Evidence for bandedge lasing in a two-dimensional photonic bandgap polymer laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 734-736 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kloc, Ch.

R. A. Laudise, Ch. Kloc, P. G. Simpkins, and T. Siegrist, "Physical vapor growth of organic semiconductors," J. Cryst. Growth 187, 449-454 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kouki, F.

F. Garnier, G. Horowitz, P. Valat, F. Kouki, and V. Wintgens, "The four-level stimulated emission in sexithiophene single crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2087-2089 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kowalsky, W.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, T.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, K. Araki, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Laser oscillation in monolithic molecular single crystals," Adv. Mate. 17, 2073-2077 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Improved crystal-growth and emission gain-narrowing of thiophene/phenylene co-oligomers," Adv. Mater. 15, 213-217 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagawa, R. Hibino, S. Hotta, H. Yanagi, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from single crystals of a thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 544-546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from melt-recrystallized organic semiconductors," Adv. Mater. 14, 119-122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kozlov, V. G.

V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, and S. R. Forrest, "transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities," Science 279, 553-555 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krasnikov, V. V.

H. J. Brouwer, V. V. Krasnikov, T. A. Pham, R. E. Gill, P. F. van Hutten, and G. Hadziioannou, "Optical properties of single crystals and vacuum-deposited thin films of a substituted oligo(p-phenylene vinylene)," Chem. Phys. 227, 65-74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, O.

S. Park, O. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Park, M. Choi, N. Cha, S. Y. Park, and D. Jang, "Imidazole-based excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) materials: synthesis and amplified spontaneous emission from a large single crystal," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 10070-10074 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laudise, R. A.

R. A. Laudise, Ch. Kloc, P. G. Simpkins, and T. Siegrist, "Physical vapor growth of organic semiconductors," J. Cryst. Growth 187, 449-454 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lemmer, U.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, W.

Lupton, J. M.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ma, D.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lu, B. Zhong, and D. Ma, "Amplified spontaneous emission and gain from optically pumped films of dye-doped polymers," Appl. Opt. 43, 5074-5078 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Xie, Y. Wang, Y. Ma, and J. Shen, "Preparation and characteristics of pentacence crystal thin films," Synth. Met. 137, 983-984 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mahrt, R. F.

N. Moll, R. F. Mahrt, C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, and U. Scherf, "Evidence for bandedge lasing in a two-dimensional photonic bandgap polymer laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 734-736 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mercier, N.

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frere, and J.-M. Nunzi, "Stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligmer," Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moll, N.

N. Moll, R. F. Mahrt, C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, and U. Scherf, "Evidence for bandedge lasing in a two-dimensional photonic bandgap polymer laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 734-736 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morikawa, T.

H. Yanagia and T. Morikawa, "Self-waveguided blue light emission in p-sexiphenyl crystals epitaxially grown by mask-shadowing vapor deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 187-189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nagawa, M.

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from melt-recrystallized organic semiconductors," Adv. Mater. 14, 119-122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagawa, R. Hibino, S. Hotta, H. Yanagi, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from single crystals of a thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 544-546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nunzi, J.-M.

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frere, and J.-M. Nunzi, "Stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligmer," Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Fichou, S. Delysse, and J.-M. Nunzi, "First evidence of stimulated emission from a monolithic organic single crystal: α-Octithiophene," Adv. Mater. 9, 1178-1181 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

S. Park, O. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Park, M. Choi, N. Cha, S. Y. Park, and D. Jang, "Imidazole-based excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) materials: synthesis and amplified spontaneous emission from a large single crystal," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 10070-10074 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Park, O. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Park, M. Choi, N. Cha, S. Y. Park, and D. Jang, "Imidazole-based excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) materials: synthesis and amplified spontaneous emission from a large single crystal," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 10070-10074 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, S. Y.

S. Park, O. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Park, M. Choi, N. Cha, S. Y. Park, and D. Jang, "Imidazole-based excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) materials: synthesis and amplified spontaneous emission from a large single crystal," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 10070-10074 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pei, Q.

F. Hide, M. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymer: a new class of solid-state laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pham, T. A.

H. J. Brouwer, V. V. Krasnikov, T. A. Pham, R. E. Gill, P. F. van Hutten, and G. Hadziioannou, "Optical properties of single crystals and vacuum-deposited thin films of a substituted oligo(p-phenylene vinylene)," Chem. Phys. 227, 65-74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reufer, M.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Riechel, S.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Samuel, I. D. W.

G. Heliotis, R. D. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback," Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sasabe, H.

Y. Kawamura, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Simple accurate system for measuring absolute photoluminescence quantum efficiency in organic solid-state thin film," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 7729-7730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scherf, U.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Moll, R. F. Mahrt, C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, and U. Scherf, "Evidence for bandedge lasing in a two-dimensional photonic bandgap polymer laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 734-736 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schnabel, B.

N. Moll, R. F. Mahrt, C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, and U. Scherf, "Evidence for bandedge lasing in a two-dimensional photonic bandgap polymer laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 734-736 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, D.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, B. J.

F. Hide, M. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymer: a new class of solid-state laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shen, J.

Z. Xie, Y. Wang, Y. Ma, and J. Shen, "Preparation and characteristics of pentacence crystal thin films," Synth. Met. 137, 983-984 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Siegrist, T.

R. A. Laudise, Ch. Kloc, P. G. Simpkins, and T. Siegrist, "Physical vapor growth of organic semiconductors," J. Cryst. Growth 187, 449-454 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Simpkins, P. G.

R. A. Laudise, Ch. Kloc, P. G. Simpkins, and T. Siegrist, "Physical vapor growth of organic semiconductors," J. Cryst. Growth 187, 449-454 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, Y.

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, K. Araki, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Laser oscillation in monolithic molecular single crystals," Adv. Mate. 17, 2073-2077 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Improved crystal-growth and emission gain-narrowing of thiophene/phenylene co-oligomers," Adv. Mater. 15, 213-217 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagawa, R. Hibino, S. Hotta, H. Yanagi, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from single crystals of a thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 544-546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from melt-recrystallized organic semiconductors," Adv. Mater. 14, 119-122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tessler, N.

N. Tessler, "Lasers based on semiconducting organic materials," Adv. Mater. 11, 363-370 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Tessler, G. J. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavitties," Nature 382, 695-697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Turnbull, G. A.

G. Heliotis, R. D. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback," Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Valat, P.

F. Garnier, G. Horowitz, P. Valat, F. Kouki, and V. Wintgens, "The four-level stimulated emission in sexithiophene single crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2087-2089 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van Hutten, P. F.

H. J. Brouwer, V. V. Krasnikov, T. A. Pham, R. E. Gill, P. F. van Hutten, and G. Hadziioannou, "Optical properties of single crystals and vacuum-deposited thin films of a substituted oligo(p-phenylene vinylene)," Chem. Phys. 227, 65-74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Z. Xie, Y. Wang, Y. Ma, and J. Shen, "Preparation and characteristics of pentacence crystal thin films," Synth. Met. 137, 983-984 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wintgens, V.

F. Garnier, G. Horowitz, P. Valat, F. Kouki, and V. Wintgens, "The four-level stimulated emission in sexithiophene single crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2087-2089 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wittwer, V.

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xia, R. D.

G. Heliotis, R. D. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback," Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Z.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Xie, Y. Wang, Y. Ma, and J. Shen, "Preparation and characteristics of pentacence crystal thin films," Synth. Met. 137, 983-984 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yanagi, H.

M. Nagawa, R. Hibino, S. Hotta, H. Yanagi, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from single crystals of a thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 544-546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yanagia, H.

H. Yanagia and T. Morikawa, "Self-waveguided blue light emission in p-sexiphenyl crystals epitaxially grown by mask-shadowing vapor deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 187-189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yang, B.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, G.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, L.

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhong, B.

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frere, and J.-M. Nunzi, "Stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligmer," Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

G. Heliotis, R. D. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback," Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mate. (1)

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, K. Araki, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Laser oscillation in monolithic molecular single crystals," Adv. Mate. 17, 2073-2077 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (5)

R. Hibino, M. Nagawa, S. Hotta, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from melt-recrystallized organic semiconductors," Adv. Mater. 14, 119-122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, R. Hibino, M. Inoue, T. Haritani, S. Hotta, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Improved crystal-growth and emission gain-narrowing of thiophene/phenylene co-oligomers," Adv. Mater. 15, 213-217 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frere, and J.-M. Nunzi, "Stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligmer," Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Fichou, S. Delysse, and J.-M. Nunzi, "First evidence of stimulated emission from a monolithic organic single crystal: α-Octithiophene," Adv. Mater. 9, 1178-1181 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Tessler, "Lasers based on semiconducting organic materials," Adv. Mater. 11, 363-370 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

H. Yanagia and T. Morikawa, "Self-waveguided blue light emission in p-sexiphenyl crystals epitaxially grown by mask-shadowing vapor deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 187-189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Garnier, G. Horowitz, P. Valat, F. Kouki, and V. Wintgens, "The four-level stimulated emission in sexithiophene single crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2087-2089 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Moll, R. F. Mahrt, C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, and U. Scherf, "Evidence for bandedge lasing in a two-dimensional photonic bandgap polymer laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 734-736 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Reufer, S. Riechel, J. M. Lupton, J. Feldmann, U. Lemmer, D. Schneider, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, W. Kowalsky, A. Gombert, K. Forberich, V. Wittwer, and U. Scherf, "Low-threshold polymeric distributed feedback lasers with metallic contacts," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3262-3264 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagawa, R. Hibino, S. Hotta, H. Yanagi, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Emission gain narrowing from single crystals of a thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 544-546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

H. J. Brouwer, V. V. Krasnikov, T. A. Pham, R. E. Gill, P. F. van Hutten, and G. Hadziioannou, "Optical properties of single crystals and vacuum-deposited thin films of a substituted oligo(p-phenylene vinylene)," Chem. Phys. 227, 65-74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

S. Park, O. Kwon, S. Kim, S. Park, M. Choi, N. Cha, S. Y. Park, and D. Jang, "Imidazole-based excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) materials: synthesis and amplified spontaneous emission from a large single crystal," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 10070-10074 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Xie, B. Yang, F. Li, G. Cheng, L. Liu, G. Yang, H. Xu, L. Ye, M. Hanif, S. Liu, D. Ma, and Y. Ma, "Cross dipole stacking in the crystal of distyrylbenzene derivative: the approach toward high solid-state luminescence efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 14152-14153 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

R. A. Laudise, Ch. Kloc, P. G. Simpkins, and T. Siegrist, "Physical vapor growth of organic semiconductors," J. Cryst. Growth 187, 449-454 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Kawamura, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Simple accurate system for measuring absolute photoluminescence quantum efficiency in organic solid-state thin film," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 7729-7730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Tessler, G. J. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavitties," Nature 382, 695-697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

F. Hide, M. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymer: a new class of solid-state laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, and S. R. Forrest, "transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities," Science 279, 553-555 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Synth. Met. (1)

Z. Xie, Y. Wang, Y. Ma, and J. Shen, "Preparation and characteristics of pentacence crystal thin films," Synth. Met. 137, 983-984 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) (a) Structure of trans-DPDSB. (b) Picture of a trans-DPDSB crystal taken under a daylight lamp. (c) Picture of a trans-DPDSB crystal taken under an ultraviolet lamp.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectrum of trans-DPDSB in dilute THF solution and the photoluminescent (PL) spectrum of its crystal grown by vapor deposition.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Emission spectra of trans-DPDSB crystal with regular edges as a function of the energy of the pumping laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Optical microscope picture of trans-DPDSB crystal on the quartz substrate.

Metrics