Abstract

Independent methods for measuring the absolute spectral irradiance responsivity of detectors have been compared between the calibration facilities at two national metrology institutes, the Helsinki University of Technology (TKK), Finland, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The emphasis is on the comparison of two different techniques for generating a uniform irradiance at a reference plane using wavelength-tunable lasers. At TKK's Laser Scanning Facility (LSF) the irradiance is generated by raster scanning a single collimated laser beam, while at the NIST facility for Spectral Irradiance and Radiance Responsivity Calibrations with Uniform Sources (SIRCUS), lasers are introduced into integrating spheres to generate a uniform irradiance at a reference plane. The laser-based irradiance responsivity results are compared to a traditional lamp-monochromator-based irradiance responsivity calibration obtained at the NIST Spectral Comparator Facility (SCF). A narrowband filter radiometer with a 24nm bandwidth and an effective band-center wavelength of 801nm was used as the artifact. The results of the comparison between the different facilities, reported for the first time in the near-infrared wavelength range, demonstrate agreement at the uncertainty level of less than 0.1%. This result has significant implications in radiation thermometry and in photometry as well as in radiometry.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. E. Anderson and N. P. Fox, "A new detector-based spectral emission scale," Metrologia 28, 135-139 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Sperfeld, K.-H. Raatz, B. Nawo, W. Möller, and J. Metzdorf, "Spectral-irradiance scale based on radiometric blackbody temperature measurements," Metrologia 32, 435-439 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, S. Nevas, L. Ylianttila, and E. Ikonen, "Spectral irradiance measurements of tungsten lamps with filter radiometers in the spectral range 290 nm to 900 nm," Metrologia 37, 305-312 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, and P. Y. Barnes, "Realization of National Institute of Standards and Technology detector-based spectral irradiance scale," Appl. Opt. 41, 5879-5890 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Durak and F. Samadov, "Realization of a filter radiometer-based irradiance scale with high accuracy in the region from 286 nm to 901 nm," Metrologia 41, 401-406 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. C. Larason, S. S. Bruce, and A. C. Parr, Spectroradiometric Detector Measurements: Part I-Ultraviolet Detectors and Part II-Visible to Near-Infrared Detectors, Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. Spec. Publ. 250-41 (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998).
  7. P. Kärhä, A. Haapalinna, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Filter radiometry based on direct utilization of trap detectors," Metrologia 35, 255-259 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. E. Anderson, N. P. Fox, and D. H. Nettleton, "Highly stable, monochromatic and tunable optical radiation source and its application to high accuracy spectrophotometry," Appl. Opt. 31, 536-545 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Facility for spectral irradiance and radiance responsivity calibrations using uniform sources," Appl. Opt. 45, 8218-8237 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Noorma, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Characterization of filter radiometers with a wavelength-tunable laser source," Metrologia 40, S220-S223 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. W. Yoon, P. Sperfeld, S. Galal Yousef, and J. Metzdorf, "NIST-PTB measurements of the radiometric temperatures of a high-temperature blackbody using filter radiometers," Metrologia 37, 377-380 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Kärhä, N. J. Harrison, S. Nevas, W. S. Hartree, and I. Abu-Kassem, "Intercomparison of characterization techniques of filter radiometers in the ultraviolet region," Metrologia 40, S50-S54 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. M. Houston and J. P. Rice, "NIST reference cryogenic radiometer designed for versatile performance," Metrologia 43, S31-S35 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Fowler and M. Litorja, "Geometric area measurements of circular apertures for radiometry at NIST," Metrologia 40, S9-S12 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and A. Lassila, "Method for characterization of filter radiometers," Appl. Opt. 38, 1709-1713 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. M. Bridges and C. L. Cromer, Final Report on Calibration and Characterization of I-Line Exposure Meters, Report 91 090 678A-ENG (International SEMATECH, Austin, Tex., USA, 1991).
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    [CrossRef]
  18. N. P. Fox, J. E. Martin, and D. H. Nettleton, "Absolute spectral radiometric determination of the thermodynamic temperatures of the melting/freezing points of gold, silver and aluminium," Metrologia 28, 357-374 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, D. W. Allen, R. D. Saunders, M. Litorja, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "The realization and dissemination of the detector-based kelvin," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 59-70.
  20. M. Noorma, P. Kärhä, T. Jankowski, F. Manoocheri, T. Weckström, L. Uusipaikka, and E. Ikonen, "Absolute detector-based radiometric temperature scale," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 101-106.
  21. H. Preston-Thomas, "The international temperature scale of 1990 (ITS-90)," Metrologia 27, 3-10 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. W. Yoon, D. W. Allen, C. E. Gibson, M. Litorja, R. D. Saunders, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Temperature determination of the Ag and Au freezing points using a detector-based radiation thermometer," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 113-118.
  23. "Principles governing photometry," Metrologia 19, 97-101 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  24. P. Toivanen, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Realization of the unit of luminous intensity at the HUT," Metrologia 37, 131-140 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  25. Y. Ohno, "Improved photometric standards and calibration procedures at NIST," J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 102, 323-331 (1997).
  26. R. Köhler, M. Stock, and C. Garreau, "Final report on the international comparison of luminous responsivity CCPR-K3.b," Metrologia 41, Tech. Suppl. 02001 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2004 (2)

R. Köhler, M. Stock, and C. Garreau, "Final report on the international comparison of luminous responsivity CCPR-K3.b," Metrologia 41, Tech. Suppl. 02001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Durak and F. Samadov, "Realization of a filter radiometer-based irradiance scale with high accuracy in the region from 286 nm to 901 nm," Metrologia 41, 401-406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

M. Noorma, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Characterization of filter radiometers with a wavelength-tunable laser source," Metrologia 40, S220-S223 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Kärhä, N. J. Harrison, S. Nevas, W. S. Hartree, and I. Abu-Kassem, "Intercomparison of characterization techniques of filter radiometers in the ultraviolet region," Metrologia 40, S50-S54 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Fowler and M. Litorja, "Geometric area measurements of circular apertures for radiometry at NIST," Metrologia 40, S9-S12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2000 (3)

T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, S. Nevas, L. Ylianttila, and E. Ikonen, "Spectral irradiance measurements of tungsten lamps with filter radiometers in the spectral range 290 nm to 900 nm," Metrologia 37, 305-312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Yoon, P. Sperfeld, S. Galal Yousef, and J. Metzdorf, "NIST-PTB measurements of the radiometric temperatures of a high-temperature blackbody using filter radiometers," Metrologia 37, 377-380 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Toivanen, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Realization of the unit of luminous intensity at the HUT," Metrologia 37, 131-140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

G. P. Eppeldauer, M. Racz, and T. C. Larason, "Optical characterization of diffuser-input standard irradiance meters," Proc. SPIE 3573, 220-224 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Kärhä, A. Haapalinna, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Filter radiometry based on direct utilization of trap detectors," Metrologia 35, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Y. Ohno, "Improved photometric standards and calibration procedures at NIST," J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 102, 323-331 (1997).

1996 (1)

P. Sperfeld, K.-H. Raatz, B. Nawo, W. Möller, and J. Metzdorf, "Spectral-irradiance scale based on radiometric blackbody temperature measurements," Metrologia 32, 435-439 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (2)

V. E. Anderson and N. P. Fox, "A new detector-based spectral emission scale," Metrologia 28, 135-139 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Fox, J. E. Martin, and D. H. Nettleton, "Absolute spectral radiometric determination of the thermodynamic temperatures of the melting/freezing points of gold, silver and aluminium," Metrologia 28, 357-374 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

H. Preston-Thomas, "The international temperature scale of 1990 (ITS-90)," Metrologia 27, 3-10 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

"Principles governing photometry," Metrologia 19, 97-101 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Abu-Kassem, I.

P. Kärhä, N. J. Harrison, S. Nevas, W. S. Hartree, and I. Abu-Kassem, "Intercomparison of characterization techniques of filter radiometers in the ultraviolet region," Metrologia 40, S50-S54 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Allen, D. W.

H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, D. W. Allen, R. D. Saunders, M. Litorja, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "The realization and dissemination of the detector-based kelvin," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 59-70.

H. W. Yoon, D. W. Allen, C. E. Gibson, M. Litorja, R. D. Saunders, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Temperature determination of the Ag and Au freezing points using a detector-based radiation thermometer," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 113-118.

Anderson, V. E.

Barnes, P. Y.

Bridges, J. M.

J. M. Bridges and C. L. Cromer, Final Report on Calibration and Characterization of I-Line Exposure Meters, Report 91 090 678A-ENG (International SEMATECH, Austin, Tex., USA, 1991).

Brown, S. W.

S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Facility for spectral irradiance and radiance responsivity calibrations using uniform sources," Appl. Opt. 45, 8218-8237 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, D. W. Allen, R. D. Saunders, M. Litorja, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "The realization and dissemination of the detector-based kelvin," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 59-70.

H. W. Yoon, D. W. Allen, C. E. Gibson, M. Litorja, R. D. Saunders, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Temperature determination of the Ag and Au freezing points using a detector-based radiation thermometer," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 113-118.

Bruce, S. S.

T. C. Larason, S. S. Bruce, and A. C. Parr, Spectroradiometric Detector Measurements: Part I-Ultraviolet Detectors and Part II-Visible to Near-Infrared Detectors, Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. Spec. Publ. 250-41 (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998).

Cromer, C. L.

J. M. Bridges and C. L. Cromer, Final Report on Calibration and Characterization of I-Line Exposure Meters, Report 91 090 678A-ENG (International SEMATECH, Austin, Tex., USA, 1991).

Durak, M.

M. Durak and F. Samadov, "Realization of a filter radiometer-based irradiance scale with high accuracy in the region from 286 nm to 901 nm," Metrologia 41, 401-406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eppeldauer, G. P.

S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Facility for spectral irradiance and radiance responsivity calibrations using uniform sources," Appl. Opt. 45, 8218-8237 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Eppeldauer, M. Racz, and T. C. Larason, "Optical characterization of diffuser-input standard irradiance meters," Proc. SPIE 3573, 220-224 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, D. W. Allen, R. D. Saunders, M. Litorja, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "The realization and dissemination of the detector-based kelvin," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 59-70.

H. W. Yoon, D. W. Allen, C. E. Gibson, M. Litorja, R. D. Saunders, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Temperature determination of the Ag and Au freezing points using a detector-based radiation thermometer," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 113-118.

Fowler, J.

J. Fowler and M. Litorja, "Geometric area measurements of circular apertures for radiometry at NIST," Metrologia 40, S9-S12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fox, N. P.

V. E. Anderson, N. P. Fox, and D. H. Nettleton, "Highly stable, monochromatic and tunable optical radiation source and its application to high accuracy spectrophotometry," Appl. Opt. 31, 536-545 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Anderson and N. P. Fox, "A new detector-based spectral emission scale," Metrologia 28, 135-139 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Fox, J. E. Martin, and D. H. Nettleton, "Absolute spectral radiometric determination of the thermodynamic temperatures of the melting/freezing points of gold, silver and aluminium," Metrologia 28, 357-374 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Garreau, C.

R. Köhler, M. Stock, and C. Garreau, "Final report on the international comparison of luminous responsivity CCPR-K3.b," Metrologia 41, Tech. Suppl. 02001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, C. E.

H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, and P. Y. Barnes, "Realization of National Institute of Standards and Technology detector-based spectral irradiance scale," Appl. Opt. 41, 5879-5890 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, D. W. Allen, R. D. Saunders, M. Litorja, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "The realization and dissemination of the detector-based kelvin," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 59-70.

H. W. Yoon, D. W. Allen, C. E. Gibson, M. Litorja, R. D. Saunders, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Temperature determination of the Ag and Au freezing points using a detector-based radiation thermometer," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 113-118.

Haapalinna, A.

P. Kärhä, A. Haapalinna, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Filter radiometry based on direct utilization of trap detectors," Metrologia 35, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, N. J.

P. Kärhä, N. J. Harrison, S. Nevas, W. S. Hartree, and I. Abu-Kassem, "Intercomparison of characterization techniques of filter radiometers in the ultraviolet region," Metrologia 40, S50-S54 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hartree, W. S.

P. Kärhä, N. J. Harrison, S. Nevas, W. S. Hartree, and I. Abu-Kassem, "Intercomparison of characterization techniques of filter radiometers in the ultraviolet region," Metrologia 40, S50-S54 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Houston, J. M.

J. M. Houston and J. P. Rice, "NIST reference cryogenic radiometer designed for versatile performance," Metrologia 43, S31-S35 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ikonen, E.

M. Noorma, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Characterization of filter radiometers with a wavelength-tunable laser source," Metrologia 40, S220-S223 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, S. Nevas, L. Ylianttila, and E. Ikonen, "Spectral irradiance measurements of tungsten lamps with filter radiometers in the spectral range 290 nm to 900 nm," Metrologia 37, 305-312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Toivanen, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Realization of the unit of luminous intensity at the HUT," Metrologia 37, 131-140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and A. Lassila, "Method for characterization of filter radiometers," Appl. Opt. 38, 1709-1713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Kärhä, A. Haapalinna, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Filter radiometry based on direct utilization of trap detectors," Metrologia 35, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Noorma, P. Kärhä, T. Jankowski, F. Manoocheri, T. Weckström, L. Uusipaikka, and E. Ikonen, "Absolute detector-based radiometric temperature scale," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 101-106.

Jankowski, T.

M. Noorma, P. Kärhä, T. Jankowski, F. Manoocheri, T. Weckström, L. Uusipaikka, and E. Ikonen, "Absolute detector-based radiometric temperature scale," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 101-106.

Kärhä, P.

P. Kärhä, N. J. Harrison, S. Nevas, W. S. Hartree, and I. Abu-Kassem, "Intercomparison of characterization techniques of filter radiometers in the ultraviolet region," Metrologia 40, S50-S54 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, S. Nevas, L. Ylianttila, and E. Ikonen, "Spectral irradiance measurements of tungsten lamps with filter radiometers in the spectral range 290 nm to 900 nm," Metrologia 37, 305-312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Toivanen, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Realization of the unit of luminous intensity at the HUT," Metrologia 37, 131-140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and A. Lassila, "Method for characterization of filter radiometers," Appl. Opt. 38, 1709-1713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Kärhä, A. Haapalinna, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Filter radiometry based on direct utilization of trap detectors," Metrologia 35, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Noorma, P. Kärhä, T. Jankowski, F. Manoocheri, T. Weckström, L. Uusipaikka, and E. Ikonen, "Absolute detector-based radiometric temperature scale," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 101-106.

Köhler, R.

R. Köhler, M. Stock, and C. Garreau, "Final report on the international comparison of luminous responsivity CCPR-K3.b," Metrologia 41, Tech. Suppl. 02001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kübarsepp, T.

T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, S. Nevas, L. Ylianttila, and E. Ikonen, "Spectral irradiance measurements of tungsten lamps with filter radiometers in the spectral range 290 nm to 900 nm," Metrologia 37, 305-312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Larason, T. C.

G. P. Eppeldauer, M. Racz, and T. C. Larason, "Optical characterization of diffuser-input standard irradiance meters," Proc. SPIE 3573, 220-224 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Larason, S. S. Bruce, and A. C. Parr, Spectroradiometric Detector Measurements: Part I-Ultraviolet Detectors and Part II-Visible to Near-Infrared Detectors, Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. Spec. Publ. 250-41 (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998).

Lassila, A.

Litorja, M.

J. Fowler and M. Litorja, "Geometric area measurements of circular apertures for radiometry at NIST," Metrologia 40, S9-S12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, D. W. Allen, R. D. Saunders, M. Litorja, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "The realization and dissemination of the detector-based kelvin," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 59-70.

H. W. Yoon, D. W. Allen, C. E. Gibson, M. Litorja, R. D. Saunders, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Temperature determination of the Ag and Au freezing points using a detector-based radiation thermometer," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 113-118.

Lykke, K. R.

S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Facility for spectral irradiance and radiance responsivity calibrations using uniform sources," Appl. Opt. 45, 8218-8237 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, D. W. Allen, R. D. Saunders, M. Litorja, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "The realization and dissemination of the detector-based kelvin," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 59-70.

H. W. Yoon, D. W. Allen, C. E. Gibson, M. Litorja, R. D. Saunders, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Temperature determination of the Ag and Au freezing points using a detector-based radiation thermometer," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 113-118.

Manoocheri, F.

M. Noorma, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Characterization of filter radiometers with a wavelength-tunable laser source," Metrologia 40, S220-S223 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, S. Nevas, L. Ylianttila, and E. Ikonen, "Spectral irradiance measurements of tungsten lamps with filter radiometers in the spectral range 290 nm to 900 nm," Metrologia 37, 305-312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Toivanen, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Realization of the unit of luminous intensity at the HUT," Metrologia 37, 131-140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and A. Lassila, "Method for characterization of filter radiometers," Appl. Opt. 38, 1709-1713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Kärhä, A. Haapalinna, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Filter radiometry based on direct utilization of trap detectors," Metrologia 35, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Noorma, P. Kärhä, T. Jankowski, F. Manoocheri, T. Weckström, L. Uusipaikka, and E. Ikonen, "Absolute detector-based radiometric temperature scale," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 101-106.

Martin, J. E.

N. P. Fox, J. E. Martin, and D. H. Nettleton, "Absolute spectral radiometric determination of the thermodynamic temperatures of the melting/freezing points of gold, silver and aluminium," Metrologia 28, 357-374 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Metzdorf, J.

H. W. Yoon, P. Sperfeld, S. Galal Yousef, and J. Metzdorf, "NIST-PTB measurements of the radiometric temperatures of a high-temperature blackbody using filter radiometers," Metrologia 37, 377-380 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Sperfeld, K.-H. Raatz, B. Nawo, W. Möller, and J. Metzdorf, "Spectral-irradiance scale based on radiometric blackbody temperature measurements," Metrologia 32, 435-439 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Möller, W.

P. Sperfeld, K.-H. Raatz, B. Nawo, W. Möller, and J. Metzdorf, "Spectral-irradiance scale based on radiometric blackbody temperature measurements," Metrologia 32, 435-439 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nawo, B.

P. Sperfeld, K.-H. Raatz, B. Nawo, W. Möller, and J. Metzdorf, "Spectral-irradiance scale based on radiometric blackbody temperature measurements," Metrologia 32, 435-439 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nettleton, D. H.

V. E. Anderson, N. P. Fox, and D. H. Nettleton, "Highly stable, monochromatic and tunable optical radiation source and its application to high accuracy spectrophotometry," Appl. Opt. 31, 536-545 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. P. Fox, J. E. Martin, and D. H. Nettleton, "Absolute spectral radiometric determination of the thermodynamic temperatures of the melting/freezing points of gold, silver and aluminium," Metrologia 28, 357-374 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nevas, S.

P. Kärhä, N. J. Harrison, S. Nevas, W. S. Hartree, and I. Abu-Kassem, "Intercomparison of characterization techniques of filter radiometers in the ultraviolet region," Metrologia 40, S50-S54 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, S. Nevas, L. Ylianttila, and E. Ikonen, "Spectral irradiance measurements of tungsten lamps with filter radiometers in the spectral range 290 nm to 900 nm," Metrologia 37, 305-312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Noorma, M.

M. Noorma, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Characterization of filter radiometers with a wavelength-tunable laser source," Metrologia 40, S220-S223 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Noorma, P. Kärhä, T. Jankowski, F. Manoocheri, T. Weckström, L. Uusipaikka, and E. Ikonen, "Absolute detector-based radiometric temperature scale," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 101-106.

Ohno, Y.

Y. Ohno, "Improved photometric standards and calibration procedures at NIST," J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 102, 323-331 (1997).

Parr, A. C.

T. C. Larason, S. S. Bruce, and A. C. Parr, Spectroradiometric Detector Measurements: Part I-Ultraviolet Detectors and Part II-Visible to Near-Infrared Detectors, Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. Spec. Publ. 250-41 (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998).

Preston-Thomas, H.

H. Preston-Thomas, "The international temperature scale of 1990 (ITS-90)," Metrologia 27, 3-10 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Raatz, K.-H.

P. Sperfeld, K.-H. Raatz, B. Nawo, W. Möller, and J. Metzdorf, "Spectral-irradiance scale based on radiometric blackbody temperature measurements," Metrologia 32, 435-439 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Racz, M.

G. P. Eppeldauer, M. Racz, and T. C. Larason, "Optical characterization of diffuser-input standard irradiance meters," Proc. SPIE 3573, 220-224 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rice, J. P.

J. M. Houston and J. P. Rice, "NIST reference cryogenic radiometer designed for versatile performance," Metrologia 43, S31-S35 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Samadov, F.

M. Durak and F. Samadov, "Realization of a filter radiometer-based irradiance scale with high accuracy in the region from 286 nm to 901 nm," Metrologia 41, 401-406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saunders, R. D.

H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, D. W. Allen, R. D. Saunders, M. Litorja, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "The realization and dissemination of the detector-based kelvin," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 59-70.

H. W. Yoon, D. W. Allen, C. E. Gibson, M. Litorja, R. D. Saunders, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Temperature determination of the Ag and Au freezing points using a detector-based radiation thermometer," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 113-118.

Sperfeld, P.

H. W. Yoon, P. Sperfeld, S. Galal Yousef, and J. Metzdorf, "NIST-PTB measurements of the radiometric temperatures of a high-temperature blackbody using filter radiometers," Metrologia 37, 377-380 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Sperfeld, K.-H. Raatz, B. Nawo, W. Möller, and J. Metzdorf, "Spectral-irradiance scale based on radiometric blackbody temperature measurements," Metrologia 32, 435-439 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stock, M.

R. Köhler, M. Stock, and C. Garreau, "Final report on the international comparison of luminous responsivity CCPR-K3.b," Metrologia 41, Tech. Suppl. 02001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Toivanen, P.

M. Noorma, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Characterization of filter radiometers with a wavelength-tunable laser source," Metrologia 40, S220-S223 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Toivanen, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Realization of the unit of luminous intensity at the HUT," Metrologia 37, 131-140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and A. Lassila, "Method for characterization of filter radiometers," Appl. Opt. 38, 1709-1713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Kärhä, A. Haapalinna, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Filter radiometry based on direct utilization of trap detectors," Metrologia 35, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Uusipaikka, L.

M. Noorma, P. Kärhä, T. Jankowski, F. Manoocheri, T. Weckström, L. Uusipaikka, and E. Ikonen, "Absolute detector-based radiometric temperature scale," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 101-106.

Weckström, T.

M. Noorma, P. Kärhä, T. Jankowski, F. Manoocheri, T. Weckström, L. Uusipaikka, and E. Ikonen, "Absolute detector-based radiometric temperature scale," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 101-106.

Ylianttila, L.

T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, S. Nevas, L. Ylianttila, and E. Ikonen, "Spectral irradiance measurements of tungsten lamps with filter radiometers in the spectral range 290 nm to 900 nm," Metrologia 37, 305-312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, H. W.

H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, and P. Y. Barnes, "Realization of National Institute of Standards and Technology detector-based spectral irradiance scale," Appl. Opt. 41, 5879-5890 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Yoon, P. Sperfeld, S. Galal Yousef, and J. Metzdorf, "NIST-PTB measurements of the radiometric temperatures of a high-temperature blackbody using filter radiometers," Metrologia 37, 377-380 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, D. W. Allen, R. D. Saunders, M. Litorja, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "The realization and dissemination of the detector-based kelvin," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 59-70.

H. W. Yoon, D. W. Allen, C. E. Gibson, M. Litorja, R. D. Saunders, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Temperature determination of the Ag and Au freezing points using a detector-based radiation thermometer," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 113-118.

Yousef, S. Galal

H. W. Yoon, P. Sperfeld, S. Galal Yousef, and J. Metzdorf, "NIST-PTB measurements of the radiometric temperatures of a high-temperature blackbody using filter radiometers," Metrologia 37, 377-380 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. (1)

Y. Ohno, "Improved photometric standards and calibration procedures at NIST," J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 102, 323-331 (1997).

Metrologia (15)

R. Köhler, M. Stock, and C. Garreau, "Final report on the international comparison of luminous responsivity CCPR-K3.b," Metrologia 41, Tech. Suppl. 02001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

"Principles governing photometry," Metrologia 19, 97-101 (1983).
[CrossRef]

P. Toivanen, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Realization of the unit of luminous intensity at the HUT," Metrologia 37, 131-140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Kärhä, A. Haapalinna, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Filter radiometry based on direct utilization of trap detectors," Metrologia 35, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Fox, J. E. Martin, and D. H. Nettleton, "Absolute spectral radiometric determination of the thermodynamic temperatures of the melting/freezing points of gold, silver and aluminium," Metrologia 28, 357-374 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. Preston-Thomas, "The international temperature scale of 1990 (ITS-90)," Metrologia 27, 3-10 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Noorma, P. Toivanen, F. Manoocheri, and E. Ikonen, "Characterization of filter radiometers with a wavelength-tunable laser source," Metrologia 40, S220-S223 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Yoon, P. Sperfeld, S. Galal Yousef, and J. Metzdorf, "NIST-PTB measurements of the radiometric temperatures of a high-temperature blackbody using filter radiometers," Metrologia 37, 377-380 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Kärhä, N. J. Harrison, S. Nevas, W. S. Hartree, and I. Abu-Kassem, "Intercomparison of characterization techniques of filter radiometers in the ultraviolet region," Metrologia 40, S50-S54 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Houston and J. P. Rice, "NIST reference cryogenic radiometer designed for versatile performance," Metrologia 43, S31-S35 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Fowler and M. Litorja, "Geometric area measurements of circular apertures for radiometry at NIST," Metrologia 40, S9-S12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Durak and F. Samadov, "Realization of a filter radiometer-based irradiance scale with high accuracy in the region from 286 nm to 901 nm," Metrologia 41, 401-406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Anderson and N. P. Fox, "A new detector-based spectral emission scale," Metrologia 28, 135-139 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Sperfeld, K.-H. Raatz, B. Nawo, W. Möller, and J. Metzdorf, "Spectral-irradiance scale based on radiometric blackbody temperature measurements," Metrologia 32, 435-439 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, F. Manoocheri, S. Nevas, L. Ylianttila, and E. Ikonen, "Spectral irradiance measurements of tungsten lamps with filter radiometers in the spectral range 290 nm to 900 nm," Metrologia 37, 305-312 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

G. P. Eppeldauer, M. Racz, and T. C. Larason, "Optical characterization of diffuser-input standard irradiance meters," Proc. SPIE 3573, 220-224 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

J. M. Bridges and C. L. Cromer, Final Report on Calibration and Characterization of I-Line Exposure Meters, Report 91 090 678A-ENG (International SEMATECH, Austin, Tex., USA, 1991).

H. W. Yoon, D. W. Allen, C. E. Gibson, M. Litorja, R. D. Saunders, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "Temperature determination of the Ag and Au freezing points using a detector-based radiation thermometer," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 113-118.

H. W. Yoon, C. E. Gibson, D. W. Allen, R. D. Saunders, M. Litorja, S. W. Brown, G. P. Eppeldauer, and K. R. Lykke, "The realization and dissemination of the detector-based kelvin," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 59-70.

M. Noorma, P. Kärhä, T. Jankowski, F. Manoocheri, T. Weckström, L. Uusipaikka, and E. Ikonen, "Absolute detector-based radiometric temperature scale," in Proceedings of Tempmeko 04 (Dubrovnik, 2004), pp. 101-106.

T. C. Larason, S. S. Bruce, and A. C. Parr, Spectroradiometric Detector Measurements: Part I-Ultraviolet Detectors and Part II-Visible to Near-Infrared Detectors, Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. Spec. Publ. 250-41 (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the SIRCUS facility at NIST.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the Laser Scanning Facility at TKK.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the Visible to Near-Infrared Spectral Comparator Facility at the NIST.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematics of the filter radiometer FR800AR (picture reproduced from [12]).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Interference pattern measured close to 795 nm on SIRCUS, LSF, and with the single beam technique (see text).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectral irradiance responsivity of the filter radiometer measured on SIRCUS, LSF, and SCF (a) over the entire measurement range, (b) close to the responsivity maximum.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Uncertainty Budget of SIRCUS (NIST)

Tables Icon

Table 2 Uncertainty Budget of LSF (TKK)

Tables Icon

Table 3 Uncertainty Budget of SCF (NIST)

Tables Icon

Table 4 Integrated Irradiance Responsivity of FR800AR a

Tables Icon

Table 5 Effective Wavelength of FR800AR a

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S ( λ ) = j = 1 n x k = 1 n y I j , k Δ x Δ y P L .
S = 785 nm 818 nm S ( λ ) d λ
S ¯ = i = 1 3 S i u i 2 i = 1 3 u i 2 ,
λ e f f = 785 nm 818 nm λ S ( λ ) d λ 785 nm 818 nm S ( λ ) d λ ,
λ ¯ e f f = i = 1 3 λ e f f i w i 2 i = 1 3 w i 2 ,
u ( T BB ) = u ( T FP ) T FP 2 T BB 2 ,

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