Abstract

We use a planar linear grating with varied line-space grooves to introduce a tailored one-dimensional phase variation profile that results in an aberrated point-spread function at the focal plane. A design procedure for the period chirp map for such gratings is developed. As an example, we present theoretical and experimental results on a mechanically ruled, varied line-space echelle grating in single-mode fiber-coupled optical multiplexers in the wavelength region of 1545  nm. The varied line-space grating changes the multiplexer's Gaussian spectral response function to a flat-top dependence with reduced sensitivity to source laser wavelength drift.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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