Abstract

A lens array composed of edge-softened elements is used to improve on-target irradiation uniformity in the Shenguang II Laser Facility, with which a Fresnel pattern of suppressed diffraction peaks is obtained. Additional uniformity can be reached by reducing short-wavelength interference speckles inside the pattern when the technique of smoothing by spectral dispersion is also used. Two-dimensional performance of irradiation is simulated and the results indicate that a pattern of steeper edges and a flat top can be achieved with this joint technique.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Nakano, K. Tsubakimoto, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakei, "Spectrally dispersed amplified spontaneous emission for improving irradiation uniformity into high power Nd:glass laser system," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2122-2131 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Nakano, N. Miyanaga, K. Yagi, K. Tsubakimoto, T. Kanabe, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakei, "Partially coherent light generated by using single and multimode optical fibers in a high-power Nd:glass laser system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 580-582 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Skupsky and R. S. Craxton, "Irradiation uniformity for high-compression laser-fusion experiments," Phys. Plasmas 6, 2157-2163 (1999).
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    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Fu, Y. Gu, J. Wu, and S. Wang, "Laser-driven shock stability in Al and shock compressibilities of Fe up to 0.8 TPa and SiO2 up to 0.4 TPa," Phys. Plasmas 2, 3461-3465 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  20. X. Jiang, S. Zhou, and Z. Lin, "Improved uniformity of target illumination by combining a lens array and the technique of spectral dispersion," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023110 (2007).
  21. Y. Qiu, L. Qian, H. Huang, D. Fan, and X. Deng, "Improve illumination uniformity by suppressing the diffraction of a lens array," Chin. J. Lasers A 22, 27-31 (1995).
  22. X. Jiang, S. Zhou, Z. Lin, and J. Zhu, "Improving of the irradiation uniformity on targets with a diffraction-weakened lens array and spectral dispersion," Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 5824-5828 (2006).
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  25. M. H. Emery, J. H. Orens, J. H. Gardner, and J. P. Boris, "Influence of nonuniform laser intensities on ablatively accelerated targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 253-256 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  26. V. N. Goncharov, S. Skupsky, T. R. Boehly, J. P. Knauer, P. McKenty, V. A. Smalyuk, R. P. J. Town, O. V. Gotchev, R. Betti, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "A model of laser imprinting," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2062-2068 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  27. R. H. Lehmberg, A. J. Schmitt, and S. E. Bodner, "Theory of induced spatial incoherence," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2680-2701 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  28. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986), Chap. 18, p. 723.

2007

X. Jiang, S. Zhou, and Z. Lin, "Improved uniformity of target illumination by combining a lens array and the technique of spectral dispersion," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023110 (2007).

2006

X. Jiang, S. Zhou, Z. Lin, and J. Zhu, "Improving of the irradiation uniformity on targets with a diffraction-weakened lens array and spectral dispersion," Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 5824-5828 (2006).

2005

2003

J. Néauport, X. Ribeyre, J. Daurios, D. Valla, M. Lavergne, V. Beau, and L. Videau, "Design and optical characterization of a large continuous phase plate for Laser Integration Line and laser Megajoule facilities," Appl. Opt. 42, 2377-2382 (2003).

S. Fu, Y. Sun, X. Huang, J. Wu, G. Zhou, and Y. Gu, "Optimizing design for uniform irradiation system on target surface of Shenguang-II facility," Chin. J. Lasers 30, 129-133 (2003).

2002

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

2000

V. N. Goncharov, S. Skupsky, T. R. Boehly, J. P. Knauer, P. McKenty, V. A. Smalyuk, R. P. J. Town, O. V. Gotchev, R. Betti, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "A model of laser imprinting," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2062-2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arieli, "A continuous phase plate for non-uniform illumination beam shaping using the inverse phase contrast method," Opt. Commun. 180, 239-245 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. Skupsky and R. S. Craxton, "Irradiation uniformity for high-compression laser-fusion experiments," Phys. Plasmas 6, 2157-2163 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Deniz, T. Lehecka, R. H. Lehmberg, and S. P. Obenschain, "Comparison between measured and calculated nonuniformities of Nike laser beams smoothed by induced spatial incoherence," Opt. Commun. 147, 402-410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

T. Jitsuno, N. Nishi, K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakai, "Multilens array for GEKKO XII glass laser system with circular aperture spherical element lens," Proc. SPIE 2633, 152-159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

S. Fu, Y. Gu, J. Wu, and S. Wang, "Laser-driven shock stability in Al and shock compressibilities of Fe up to 0.8 TPa and SiO2 up to 0.4 TPa," Phys. Plasmas 2, 3461-3465 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Qiu, L. Qian, H. Huang, D. Fan, and X. Deng, "Improve illumination uniformity by suppressing the diffraction of a lens array," Chin. J. Lasers A 22, 27-31 (1995).

1994

1993

T. J. Kessler, Y. Lin, J. J. Armstrong, and B. Velazquez, "Phase conversion of lasers with low-loss distributed phase plates," Proc. SPIE 1870, 95-104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, K. Tsubakimoto, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakei, "Spectrally dispersed amplified spontaneous emission for improving irradiation uniformity into high power Nd:glass laser system," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2122-2131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, N. Miyanaga, K. Yagi, K. Tsubakimoto, T. Kanabe, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakei, "Partially coherent light generated by using single and multimode optical fibers in a high-power Nd:glass laser system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 580-582 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987

R. H. Lehmberg, A. J. Schmitt, and S. E. Bodner, "Theory of induced spatial incoherence," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2680-2701 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

X. Deng, X. Liang, Z. Chen, W. Yu, and R. Ma, "Uniform illumination of large targets using a lens array," Appl. Opt. 25, 377-381 (1986).

1984

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, "Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057-1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982

M. H. Emery, J. H. Orens, J. H. Gardner, and J. P. Boris, "Influence of nonuniform laser intensities on ablatively accelerated targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 253-256 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Arieli, Y.

Y. Arieli, "A continuous phase plate for non-uniform illumination beam shaping using the inverse phase contrast method," Opt. Commun. 180, 239-245 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Arinaga, S.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, "Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057-1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. J.

T. J. Kessler, Y. Lin, J. J. Armstrong, and B. Velazquez, "Phase conversion of lasers with low-loss distributed phase plates," Proc. SPIE 1870, 95-104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Azechi, H.

H. Nakano, K. Tsubakimoto, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakei, "Spectrally dispersed amplified spontaneous emission for improving irradiation uniformity into high power Nd:glass laser system," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2122-2131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Beau, V.

Betti, R.

V. N. Goncharov, S. Skupsky, T. R. Boehly, J. P. Knauer, P. McKenty, V. A. Smalyuk, R. P. J. Town, O. V. Gotchev, R. Betti, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "A model of laser imprinting," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2062-2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bodner, S. E.

R. H. Lehmberg, A. J. Schmitt, and S. E. Bodner, "Theory of induced spatial incoherence," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2680-2701 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Boehly, T. R.

V. N. Goncharov, S. Skupsky, T. R. Boehly, J. P. Knauer, P. McKenty, V. A. Smalyuk, R. P. J. Town, O. V. Gotchev, R. Betti, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "A model of laser imprinting," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2062-2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boris, J. P.

M. H. Emery, J. H. Orens, J. H. Gardner, and J. P. Boris, "Influence of nonuniform laser intensities on ablatively accelerated targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 253-256 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Craxton, R. S.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Marozas, R. S. Craxton, J. H. Kelly, W. R. Donaldson, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. Jacobs-Perkins, R. L. Keck, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, S. Skupsky, and J. D. Zuegel, "Performance of 1-THz-bandwidth, two-dimensional smoothing by spectral dispersion and polarization smoothing of high-power, solid-state laser beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 998-1002 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupsky and R. S. Craxton, "Irradiation uniformity for high-compression laser-fusion experiments," Phys. Plasmas 6, 2157-2163 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Daido, H.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Daurios, J.

Deng, X.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Qiu, L. Qian, H. Huang, D. Fan, and X. Deng, "Improve illumination uniformity by suppressing the diffraction of a lens array," Chin. J. Lasers A 22, 27-31 (1995).

X. Deng, X. Liang, Z. Chen, W. Yu, and R. Ma, "Uniform illumination of large targets using a lens array," Appl. Opt. 25, 377-381 (1986).

Deniz, A. V.

A. V. Deniz, T. Lehecka, R. H. Lehmberg, and S. P. Obenschain, "Comparison between measured and calculated nonuniformities of Nike laser beams smoothed by induced spatial incoherence," Opt. Commun. 147, 402-410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dixit, S. N.

Donaldson, W. R.

Dong, J.

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

Emery, M. H.

M. H. Emery, J. H. Orens, J. H. Gardner, and J. P. Boris, "Influence of nonuniform laser intensities on ablatively accelerated targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 253-256 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Fan, D.

Y. Qiu, L. Qian, H. Huang, D. Fan, and X. Deng, "Improve illumination uniformity by suppressing the diffraction of a lens array," Chin. J. Lasers A 22, 27-31 (1995).

Fu, S.

S. Fu, Y. Sun, X. Huang, J. Wu, G. Zhou, and Y. Gu, "Optimizing design for uniform irradiation system on target surface of Shenguang-II facility," Chin. J. Lasers 30, 129-133 (2003).

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

S. Fu, Y. Gu, J. Wu, and S. Wang, "Laser-driven shock stability in Al and shock compressibilities of Fe up to 0.8 TPa and SiO2 up to 0.4 TPa," Phys. Plasmas 2, 3461-3465 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, J. H.

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Emery, J. H. Orens, J. H. Gardner, and J. P. Boris, "Influence of nonuniform laser intensities on ablatively accelerated targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 253-256 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Goncharov, V. N.

V. N. Goncharov, S. Skupsky, T. R. Boehly, J. P. Knauer, P. McKenty, V. A. Smalyuk, R. P. J. Town, O. V. Gotchev, R. Betti, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "A model of laser imprinting," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2062-2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-hill, 1968), Chap. 5, p. 83.

Gotchev, O. V.

V. N. Goncharov, S. Skupsky, T. R. Boehly, J. P. Knauer, P. McKenty, V. A. Smalyuk, R. P. J. Town, O. V. Gotchev, R. Betti, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "A model of laser imprinting," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2062-2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grun, J.

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gu, Y.

S. Fu, Y. Sun, X. Huang, J. Wu, G. Zhou, and Y. Gu, "Optimizing design for uniform irradiation system on target surface of Shenguang-II facility," Chin. J. Lasers 30, 129-133 (2003).

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Fu, Y. Gu, J. Wu, and S. Wang, "Laser-driven shock stability in Al and shock compressibilities of Fe up to 0.8 TPa and SiO2 up to 0.4 TPa," Phys. Plasmas 2, 3461-3465 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Herbst, M. J.

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hirose, S.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Huang, G.

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

Y. Qiu, L. Qian, H. Huang, D. Fan, and X. Deng, "Improve illumination uniformity by suppressing the diffraction of a lens array," Chin. J. Lasers A 22, 27-31 (1995).

Huang, X.

S. Fu, Y. Sun, X. Huang, J. Wu, G. Zhou, and Y. Gu, "Optimizing design for uniform irradiation system on target surface of Shenguang-II facility," Chin. J. Lasers 30, 129-133 (2003).

Imani, T.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jaanimagi, P. A.

Jacobs-Perkins, D.

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang, S. Zhou, and Z. Lin, "Improved uniformity of target illumination by combining a lens array and the technique of spectral dispersion," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023110 (2007).

X. Jiang, S. Zhou, Z. Lin, and J. Zhu, "Improving of the irradiation uniformity on targets with a diffraction-weakened lens array and spectral dispersion," Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 5824-5828 (2006).

Jitsuno, T.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Jitsuno, N. Nishi, K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakai, "Multilens array for GEKKO XII glass laser system with circular aperture spherical element lens," Proc. SPIE 2633, 152-159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, K. Tsubakimoto, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakei, "Spectrally dispersed amplified spontaneous emission for improving irradiation uniformity into high power Nd:glass laser system," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2122-2131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kanabe, T.

H. Nakano, K. Tsubakimoto, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakei, "Spectrally dispersed amplified spontaneous emission for improving irradiation uniformity into high power Nd:glass laser system," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2122-2131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, N. Miyanaga, K. Yagi, K. Tsubakimoto, T. Kanabe, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakei, "Partially coherent light generated by using single and multimode optical fibers in a high-power Nd:glass laser system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 580-582 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, "Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057-1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kearney, K. J.

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Keck, R. L.

Kelly, J. H.

Kessler, T.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kessler, T. J.

Kitagawa, Y.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, "Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057-1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Knauer, J. P.

V. N. Goncharov, S. Skupsky, T. R. Boehly, J. P. Knauer, P. McKenty, V. A. Smalyuk, R. P. J. Town, O. V. Gotchev, R. Betti, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "A model of laser imprinting," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2062-2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lavergne, M.

Lawrence, G. N.

Lawson, J. K.

Lehecka, T.

A. V. Deniz, T. Lehecka, R. H. Lehmberg, and S. P. Obenschain, "Comparison between measured and calculated nonuniformities of Nike laser beams smoothed by induced spatial incoherence," Opt. Commun. 147, 402-410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lehmberg, R. H.

A. V. Deniz, T. Lehecka, R. H. Lehmberg, and S. P. Obenschain, "Comparison between measured and calculated nonuniformities of Nike laser beams smoothed by induced spatial incoherence," Opt. Commun. 147, 402-410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Lehmberg, A. J. Schmitt, and S. E. Bodner, "Theory of induced spatial incoherence," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2680-2701 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Letzring, S.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Liang, X.

Lin, Y.

Y. Lin, T. J. Kessler, and G. N. Lawrence, "Design of continuous surface-relief phase plates by surface-based simulated annealing to achieve control of focal-plane irradiance," Opt. Lett. 21, 1703-1705 (1996).

T. J. Kessler, Y. Lin, J. J. Armstrong, and B. Velazquez, "Phase conversion of lasers with low-loss distributed phase plates," Proc. SPIE 1870, 95-104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z.

X. Jiang, S. Zhou, and Z. Lin, "Improved uniformity of target illumination by combining a lens array and the technique of spectral dispersion," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023110 (2007).

X. Jiang, S. Zhou, Z. Lin, and J. Zhu, "Improving of the irradiation uniformity on targets with a diffraction-weakened lens array and spectral dispersion," Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 5824-5828 (2006).

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ma, R.

Manes, K. R.

Manka, C. K.

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Marozas, J. A.

McKenty, P.

V. N. Goncharov, S. Skupsky, T. R. Boehly, J. P. Knauer, P. McKenty, V. A. Smalyuk, R. P. J. Town, O. V. Gotchev, R. Betti, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "A model of laser imprinting," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2062-2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McLean, E. A.

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

Mima, K.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, "Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057-1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Miyanaga, N.

H. Nakano, N. Miyanaga, K. Yagi, K. Tsubakimoto, T. Kanabe, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakei, "Partially coherent light generated by using single and multimode optical fibers in a high-power Nd:glass laser system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 580-582 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, K. Tsubakimoto, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakei, "Spectrally dispersed amplified spontaneous emission for improving irradiation uniformity into high power Nd:glass laser system," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2122-2131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, "Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057-1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mostovych, A. N.

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Murai, K.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nakai, S.

T. Jitsuno, N. Nishi, K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakai, "Multilens array for GEKKO XII glass laser system with circular aperture spherical element lens," Proc. SPIE 2633, 152-159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, H.

H. Nakano, K. Tsubakimoto, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakei, "Spectrally dispersed amplified spontaneous emission for improving irradiation uniformity into high power Nd:glass laser system," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2122-2131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, N. Miyanaga, K. Yagi, K. Tsubakimoto, T. Kanabe, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakei, "Partially coherent light generated by using single and multimode optical fibers in a high-power Nd:glass laser system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 580-582 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

T. Jitsuno, N. Nishi, K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakai, "Multilens array for GEKKO XII glass laser system with circular aperture spherical element lens," Proc. SPIE 2633, 152-159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, K. Tsubakimoto, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakei, "Spectrally dispersed amplified spontaneous emission for improving irradiation uniformity into high power Nd:glass laser system," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2122-2131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, N. Miyanaga, K. Yagi, K. Tsubakimoto, T. Kanabe, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakei, "Partially coherent light generated by using single and multimode optical fibers in a high-power Nd:glass laser system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 580-582 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, "Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057-1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Nakei, S.

H. Nakano, N. Miyanaga, K. Yagi, K. Tsubakimoto, T. Kanabe, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakei, "Partially coherent light generated by using single and multimode optical fibers in a high-power Nd:glass laser system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 580-582 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, K. Tsubakimoto, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakei, "Spectrally dispersed amplified spontaneous emission for improving irradiation uniformity into high power Nd:glass laser system," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2122-2131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Néauport, J.

Ni, Y.

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

Nishi, N.

T. Jitsuno, N. Nishi, K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakai, "Multilens array for GEKKO XII glass laser system with circular aperture spherical element lens," Proc. SPIE 2633, 152-159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nugent, K. A.

Obenschain, S. P.

A. V. Deniz, T. Lehecka, R. H. Lehmberg, and S. P. Obenschain, "Comparison between measured and calculated nonuniformities of Nike laser beams smoothed by induced spatial incoherence," Opt. Commun. 147, 402-410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
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M. H. Emery, J. H. Orens, J. H. Gardner, and J. P. Boris, "Influence of nonuniform laser intensities on ablatively accelerated targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 253-256 (1982).
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Qiu, Y.

Y. Qiu, L. Qian, H. Huang, D. Fan, and X. Deng, "Improve illumination uniformity by suppressing the diffraction of a lens array," Chin. J. Lasers A 22, 27-31 (1995).

Regan, S. P.

Ribeyre, X.

Sangster, T. C.

Schmitt, A. J.

R. H. Lehmberg, A. J. Schmitt, and S. E. Bodner, "Theory of induced spatial incoherence," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2680-2701 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Seka, W.

Sezaki, S.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986), Chap. 18, p. 723.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986), Chap. 16, p. 634.

Skupsky, S.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Marozas, R. S. Craxton, J. H. Kelly, W. R. Donaldson, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. Jacobs-Perkins, R. L. Keck, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, V. A. Smalyuk, S. Skupsky, and J. D. Zuegel, "Performance of 1-THz-bandwidth, two-dimensional smoothing by spectral dispersion and polarization smoothing of high-power, solid-state laser beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 998-1002 (2005).
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V. N. Goncharov, S. Skupsky, T. R. Boehly, J. P. Knauer, P. McKenty, V. A. Smalyuk, R. P. J. Town, O. V. Gotchev, R. Betti, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "A model of laser imprinting," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2062-2068 (2000).
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S. Skupsky and R. S. Craxton, "Irradiation uniformity for high-compression laser-fusion experiments," Phys. Plasmas 6, 2157-2163 (1999).
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S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Smalyuk, V. A.

Soures, J. M.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Stamper, J. A.

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

Sun, Y.

S. Fu, Y. Sun, X. Huang, J. Wu, G. Zhou, and Y. Gu, "Optimizing design for uniform irradiation system on target surface of Shenguang-II facility," Chin. J. Lasers 30, 129-133 (2003).

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

Takagi, M.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Takenaka, H.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tang, H.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Town, R. P. J.

V. N. Goncharov, S. Skupsky, T. R. Boehly, J. P. Knauer, P. McKenty, V. A. Smalyuk, R. P. J. Town, O. V. Gotchev, R. Betti, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "A model of laser imprinting," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2062-2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tsubakimoto, K.

T. Jitsuno, N. Nishi, K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakai, "Multilens array for GEKKO XII glass laser system with circular aperture spherical element lens," Proc. SPIE 2633, 152-159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, N. Miyanaga, K. Yagi, K. Tsubakimoto, T. Kanabe, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakei, "Partially coherent light generated by using single and multimode optical fibers in a high-power Nd:glass laser system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 580-582 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, K. Tsubakimoto, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakei, "Spectrally dispersed amplified spontaneous emission for improving irradiation uniformity into high power Nd:glass laser system," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2122-2131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Valla, D.

Velazquez, B.

T. J. Kessler, Y. Lin, J. J. Armstrong, and B. Velazquez, "Phase conversion of lasers with low-loss distributed phase plates," Proc. SPIE 1870, 95-104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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Wan, B.

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Wang, C.

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

Wang, R.

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

Wang, S.

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
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S. Fu, Y. Gu, J. Wu, and S. Wang, "Laser-driven shock stability in Al and shock compressibilities of Fe up to 0.8 TPa and SiO2 up to 0.4 TPa," Phys. Plasmas 2, 3461-3465 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

Whitlock, R. R.

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

S. Fu, Y. Sun, X. Huang, J. Wu, G. Zhou, and Y. Gu, "Optimizing design for uniform irradiation system on target surface of Shenguang-II facility," Chin. J. Lasers 30, 129-133 (2003).

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

S. Fu, Y. Gu, J. Wu, and S. Wang, "Laser-driven shock stability in Al and shock compressibilities of Fe up to 0.8 TPa and SiO2 up to 0.4 TPa," Phys. Plasmas 2, 3461-3465 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, K.

H. Nakano, N. Miyanaga, K. Yagi, K. Tsubakimoto, T. Kanabe, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakei, "Partially coherent light generated by using single and multimode optical fibers in a high-power Nd:glass laser system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 580-582 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, C.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, "Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057-1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, G.

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yu, W.

Zhang, G.

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G.

S. Fu, Y. Sun, X. Huang, J. Wu, G. Zhou, and Y. Gu, "Optimizing design for uniform irradiation system on target surface of Shenguang-II facility," Chin. J. Lasers 30, 129-133 (2003).

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

Zhou, S.

X. Jiang, S. Zhou, and Z. Lin, "Improved uniformity of target illumination by combining a lens array and the technique of spectral dispersion," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023110 (2007).

X. Jiang, S. Zhou, Z. Lin, and J. Zhu, "Improving of the irradiation uniformity on targets with a diffraction-weakened lens array and spectral dispersion," Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 5824-5828 (2006).

Zhu, J.

X. Jiang, S. Zhou, Z. Lin, and J. Zhu, "Improving of the irradiation uniformity on targets with a diffraction-weakened lens array and spectral dispersion," Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 5824-5828 (2006).

Zuegel, J. D.

Acta Phys. Sin.

C. Wang, Y. Gu, S. Fu, J. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Sun, J. Dong, J. Sun, R. Wang, Y. Ni, B. Wan, G. Zhou, G. Huang, G. Zhang, Z. Lin, and S. Wang, "Measurement of electron density distribution in a laser plasma with soft x-ray laser deflectometry," Acta Phys. Sin. 51, 847-851 (2002).

X. Jiang, S. Zhou, Z. Lin, and J. Zhu, "Improving of the irradiation uniformity on targets with a diffraction-weakened lens array and spectral dispersion," Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 5824-5828 (2006).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Nakano, N. Miyanaga, K. Yagi, K. Tsubakimoto, T. Kanabe, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakei, "Partially coherent light generated by using single and multimode optical fibers in a high-power Nd:glass laser system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 580-582 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chin. J. Lasers

S. Fu, Y. Sun, X. Huang, J. Wu, G. Zhou, and Y. Gu, "Optimizing design for uniform irradiation system on target surface of Shenguang-II facility," Chin. J. Lasers 30, 129-133 (2003).

Chin. J. Lasers A

Y. Qiu, L. Qian, H. Huang, D. Fan, and X. Deng, "Improve illumination uniformity by suppressing the diffraction of a lens array," Chin. J. Lasers A 22, 27-31 (1995).

J. Appl. Phys.

R. H. Lehmberg, A. J. Schmitt, and S. E. Bodner, "Theory of induced spatial incoherence," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2680-2701 (1987).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, S. Zhou, and Z. Lin, "Improved uniformity of target illumination by combining a lens array and the technique of spectral dispersion," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023110 (2007).

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakano, K. Tsubakimoto, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, H. Azechi, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakei, "Spectrally dispersed amplified spontaneous emission for improving irradiation uniformity into high power Nd:glass laser system," J. Appl. Phys. 73, 2122-2131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2

S. Wang, Z. Lin, Y. Gu, G. Huang, H. Tang, X. Deng, G. Zhang, Y. Kato, H. Daido, T. Imani, S. Sezaki, S. Hirose, G. Yoon, T. Jitsuno, M. Takagi, K. Mima, K. Murai, and H. Takenaka, "Intense nickel-like neodymium x-ray laser at 7.9 nm with a double-curved-slab target," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1234-L1237 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

A. V. Deniz, T. Lehecka, R. H. Lehmberg, and S. P. Obenschain, "Comparison between measured and calculated nonuniformities of Nike laser beams smoothed by induced spatial incoherence," Opt. Commun. 147, 402-410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Plasmas

S. Skupsky and R. S. Craxton, "Irradiation uniformity for high-compression laser-fusion experiments," Phys. Plasmas 6, 2157-2163 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Fu, Y. Gu, J. Wu, and S. Wang, "Laser-driven shock stability in Al and shock compressibilities of Fe up to 0.8 TPa and SiO2 up to 0.4 TPa," Phys. Plasmas 2, 3461-3465 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Goncharov, S. Skupsky, T. R. Boehly, J. P. Knauer, P. McKenty, V. A. Smalyuk, R. P. J. Town, O. V. Gotchev, R. Betti, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "A model of laser imprinting," Phys. Plasmas 7, 2062-2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. H. Emery, J. H. Orens, J. H. Gardner, and J. P. Boris, "Influence of nonuniform laser intensities on ablatively accelerated targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 253-256 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Obenschain, J. Grun, M. J. Herbst, K. J. Kearney, C. K. Manka, E. A. McLean, A. N. Mostovych, J. A. Stamper, R. R. Whitlock, S. E. Bodner, J. H. Gardner, and R. H. Lehmberg, "Laser-target interaction with induced spatial incoherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2807-2810 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, "Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057-1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

T. J. Kessler, Y. Lin, J. J. Armstrong, and B. Velazquez, "Phase conversion of lasers with low-loss distributed phase plates," Proc. SPIE 1870, 95-104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Jitsuno, N. Nishi, K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Nakai, "Multilens array for GEKKO XII glass laser system with circular aperture spherical element lens," Proc. SPIE 2633, 152-159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986), Chap. 18, p. 723.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-hill, 1968), Chap. 5, p. 83.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986), Chap. 16, p. 634.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Near-field intensity distribution of the SG-II.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SSD and a LA in the laser driver.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Configuration of the LA system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pupil function of a different super-Gaussian order.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

2-D intensity distribution in the target plane when a LA, composed of hard-edged elements, is irradiated by a monochromatic laser beam.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

One-dimensional intensity distribution of the target pattern with (a) a hard LA, (b) a soft LA, (c) a soft LA and SSD.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

As in Fig. 6 but thermal conduction smoothing is considered.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Target patterns with four levels of smoothing: (a) η = 83.4 % , σ rms = 15.8 % ; (b) η = 82.8 % , σ rms = 8.43 % ; (c) ν = 3   GHz , Δ λ = 1.11 Å , η = 81.6 % , σ rms = 5.84 % ; (d) ν 1 = 3 G H z , Δ λ 1 = 1.11 Å , ν 2 = 3.7   GHz , Δ λ 2 = 1.09 Å , η = 81.4 % , σ rms = 1.99 % . The super-Gaussian order of the soft LA is p = 11 ; the dispersion of the diffraction grating is Δ θ / Δ λ = 80   μrad / Å .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Spot energy efficiency η and (b) nonuniformity σ rms as functions of super-Gaussian order p. Parameters of the SSD are the same as in Fig. 8.

Equations (5)

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f e = f a D a M , d = D M ,
t ( x , y ) = m 1 m 2 P ( x m 1 d , y m 2 d ) × exp { i k + 2 f e [ ( x m 1 d ) 2 + ( y m 2 d ) 2 ] } ,
P ( x , y ) = { 1 inside   the   lens   aperture 0 otherwise .
P ( x , y ) = exp [ ( x 2 + y 2 d / 2 ) p ] ,
I ( k x , k y ) = C I ( k x , k y ) exp [ ( k x 2 + k y 2 ) 1 / 2 d ] ,

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