Abstract

Lidar depolarization measurements were performed simultaneously at two wavelengths (532 and 1064  nm) in an Asian dust event. The observed particle depolarization ratio for 1064  nm was generally larger than that for 532   nm, and it was found that the mixing of Asian dust and other spherical aerosols must be taken into account. A simple two-component theory considering two types of aerosol (dust and spherical aerosols) was developed and applied to the observed data. The mixing ratio of dust and the backscatter-related Ångström exponents for dust and spherical aerosols was derived. These parameters can be used to infer characteristics of the aerosols and the mixed states.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Murayama, H. Okamoto, N. Kaneyasu, H. Kamataki, and K. Miura, "Application of lidar depolarization measurement in the atmospheric boundary layer: effects of dust and sea-salt particles," J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D24), 31781-31792 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, "Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1640, doi: (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2005

N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, I. Uno, K. Arao, X. Dong, S. Zhao, J. Zhou, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of Asian dust phenomena in 2001-2003 using a network of continuously operated polarization lidars," Water Air Soil Pollut. 5, 145-157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Cattrall, J. Reagan, K. Thome, and O. Dubovik, "Variability of aerosol and spectral lidar and backscatter and extinction ratios of key aerosol types derived from selected Aerosol Robotic Network locations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S11, doi: (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, "Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1640, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, I. Uno, K. Asai, T. Endoh, and T. Nakajima: Observation of dust and anthropogenic aerosol plumes in the Northwest Pacific with a two-wavelength polarization lidar on board the research vessel Mirai, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 10,1029/2002GL015112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, N. Sugimoto, and T. Murayama, "Extinction-to-backscatter ratio of Asian dust observed by high-spectral-resolution lidar and Raman lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 2760-2767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

T. Murayama, H. Okamoto, N. Kaneyasu, H. Kamataki, and K. Miura, "Application of lidar depolarization measurement in the atmospheric boundary layer: effects of dust and sea-salt particles," J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D24), 31781-31792 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. Hess, P. Koepke, and I. Schult, "Optical properties of aerosols and clouds: the software package OPAC," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 831-844 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

1991

K. Sassen, "The polarization lidar technique for cloud research: a review and current assessment," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 72, 1848-1866 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, P. A. Robinette, A. F. Carter, N. S. Higdon, O. B. Toon, M. R. Schoeber, and A. F. Tuck, "Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratosphere clouds," Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 385-388 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1984

Ansmann, A.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, K.

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arao, K.

N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, I. Uno, K. Arao, X. Dong, S. Zhao, J. Zhou, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of Asian dust phenomena in 2001-2003 using a network of continuously operated polarization lidars," Water Air Soil Pollut. 5, 145-157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Asai, K.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, I. Uno, K. Asai, T. Endoh, and T. Nakajima: Observation of dust and anthropogenic aerosol plumes in the Northwest Pacific with a two-wavelength polarization lidar on board the research vessel Mirai, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 10,1029/2002GL015112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bösenberg, J.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Browell, E. V.

E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, P. A. Robinette, A. F. Carter, N. S. Higdon, O. B. Toon, M. R. Schoeber, and A. F. Tuck, "Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratosphere clouds," Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 385-388 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Butler, C. F.

E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, P. A. Robinette, A. F. Carter, N. S. Higdon, O. B. Toon, M. R. Schoeber, and A. F. Tuck, "Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratosphere clouds," Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 385-388 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Carter, A. F.

E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, P. A. Robinette, A. F. Carter, N. S. Higdon, O. B. Toon, M. R. Schoeber, and A. F. Tuck, "Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratosphere clouds," Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 385-388 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cattrall, C.

C. Cattrall, J. Reagan, K. Thome, and O. Dubovik, "Variability of aerosol and spectral lidar and backscatter and extinction ratios of key aerosol types derived from selected Aerosol Robotic Network locations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S11, doi: (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chaikovsky, A.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, "Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1640, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Comeron, A.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, I. Uno, K. Arao, X. Dong, S. Zhao, J. Zhou, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of Asian dust phenomena in 2001-2003 using a network of continuously operated polarization lidars," Water Air Soil Pollut. 5, 145-157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, "Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1640, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dubovik, O.

C. Cattrall, J. Reagan, K. Thome, and O. Dubovik, "Variability of aerosol and spectral lidar and backscatter and extinction ratios of key aerosol types derived from selected Aerosol Robotic Network locations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S11, doi: (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eckhardt, S.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eixman, R.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Endoh, T.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, I. Uno, K. Asai, T. Endoh, and T. Nakajima: Observation of dust and anthropogenic aerosol plumes in the Northwest Pacific with a two-wavelength polarization lidar on board the research vessel Mirai, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 10,1029/2002GL015112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fernald, F. G.

Freudenthaler, V.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ginoux, P.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hess, M.

M. Hess, P. Koepke, and I. Schult, "Optical properties of aerosols and clouds: the software package OPAC," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 831-844 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Higdon, N. S.

E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, P. A. Robinette, A. F. Carter, N. S. Higdon, O. B. Toon, M. R. Schoeber, and A. F. Tuck, "Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratosphere clouds," Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 385-388 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, S.

E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, P. A. Robinette, A. F. Carter, N. S. Higdon, O. B. Toon, M. R. Schoeber, and A. F. Tuck, "Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratosphere clouds," Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 385-388 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kagawa, N.

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kamataki, H.

T. Murayama, H. Okamoto, N. Kaneyasu, H. Kamataki, and K. Miura, "Application of lidar depolarization measurement in the atmospheric boundary layer: effects of dust and sea-salt particles," J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D24), 31781-31792 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaneyasu, N.

T. Murayama, H. Okamoto, N. Kaneyasu, H. Kamataki, and K. Miura, "Application of lidar depolarization measurement in the atmospheric boundary layer: effects of dust and sea-salt particles," J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D24), 31781-31792 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-H.

C.-H. Lee, J.-H. Kim, C.-B. Park, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, and N. Sugimoto, "Continuous measurements of smoke of Russian forest fire by 532/1064 nm Mie scattering lidar at Suwon, Korea," Reviewed and Revised Papers Presented at the 22nd International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC2004) (European Space Agency, 2004), Vol. SP-561, pp 535-538.
[PubMed]

Koepke, P.

M. Hess, P. Koepke, and I. Schult, "Optical properties of aerosols and clouds: the software package OPAC," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 831-844 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Komguem, L.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, I. Uno, K. Arao, X. Dong, S. Zhao, J. Zhou, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of Asian dust phenomena in 2001-2003 using a network of continuously operated polarization lidars," Water Air Soil Pollut. 5, 145-157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Lee, J.-H. Kim, C.-B. Park, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, and N. Sugimoto, "Continuous measurements of smoke of Russian forest fire by 532/1064 nm Mie scattering lidar at Suwon, Korea," Reviewed and Revised Papers Presented at the 22nd International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC2004) (European Space Agency, 2004), Vol. SP-561, pp 535-538.
[PubMed]

Linné, H.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Marquez, M. A. Lopez

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, I.

N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, I. Uno, K. Arao, X. Dong, S. Zhao, J. Zhou, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of Asian dust phenomena in 2001-2003 using a network of continuously operated polarization lidars," Water Air Soil Pollut. 5, 145-157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, "Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1640, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, I. Uno, K. Asai, T. Endoh, and T. Nakajima: Observation of dust and anthropogenic aerosol plumes in the Northwest Pacific with a two-wavelength polarization lidar on board the research vessel Mirai, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 10,1029/2002GL015112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Lee, J.-H. Kim, C.-B. Park, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, and N. Sugimoto, "Continuous measurements of smoke of Russian forest fire by 532/1064 nm Mie scattering lidar at Suwon, Korea," Reviewed and Revised Papers Presented at the 22nd International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC2004) (European Space Agency, 2004), Vol. SP-561, pp 535-538.
[PubMed]

Matthis, I.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Matthis, V.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mitev, V.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

T. Murayama, H. Okamoto, N. Kaneyasu, H. Kamataki, and K. Miura, "Application of lidar depolarization measurement in the atmospheric boundary layer: effects of dust and sea-salt particles," J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D24), 31781-31792 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Müller, D.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Murayama, T.

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, N. Sugimoto, and T. Murayama, "Extinction-to-backscatter ratio of Asian dust observed by high-spectral-resolution lidar and Raman lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 2760-2767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Murayama, H. Okamoto, N. Kaneyasu, H. Kamataki, and K. Miura, "Application of lidar depolarization measurement in the atmospheric boundary layer: effects of dust and sea-salt particles," J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D24), 31781-31792 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Music, S.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, T.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, I. Uno, K. Asai, T. Endoh, and T. Nakajima: Observation of dust and anthropogenic aerosol plumes in the Northwest Pacific with a two-wavelength polarization lidar on board the research vessel Mirai, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 10,1029/2002GL015112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nickovic, S.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nishikawa, M.

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, "Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1640, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, H.

T. Murayama, H. Okamoto, N. Kaneyasu, H. Kamataki, and K. Miura, "Application of lidar depolarization measurement in the atmospheric boundary layer: effects of dust and sea-salt particles," J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D24), 31781-31792 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Park, C.-B.

C.-H. Lee, J.-H. Kim, C.-B. Park, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, and N. Sugimoto, "Continuous measurements of smoke of Russian forest fire by 532/1064 nm Mie scattering lidar at Suwon, Korea," Reviewed and Revised Papers Presented at the 22nd International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC2004) (European Space Agency, 2004), Vol. SP-561, pp 535-538.
[PubMed]

Pelon, J.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Quan, H.

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, "Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1640, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reagan, J.

C. Cattrall, J. Reagan, K. Thome, and O. Dubovik, "Variability of aerosol and spectral lidar and backscatter and extinction ratios of key aerosol types derived from selected Aerosol Robotic Network locations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S11, doi: (2005).
[CrossRef]

Robinette, P. A.

E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, P. A. Robinette, A. F. Carter, N. S. Higdon, O. B. Toon, M. R. Schoeber, and A. F. Tuck, "Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratosphere clouds," Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 385-388 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sasano, Yasuhiro

Sassen, K.

K. Sassen, "The polarization lidar technique for cloud research: a review and current assessment," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 72, 1848-1866 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sauvage, L.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schoeber, M. R.

E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, P. A. Robinette, A. F. Carter, N. S. Higdon, O. B. Toon, M. R. Schoeber, and A. F. Tuck, "Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratosphere clouds," Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 385-388 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schult, I.

M. Hess, P. Koepke, and I. Schult, "Optical properties of aerosols and clouds: the software package OPAC," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 831-844 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, A.

N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, I. Uno, K. Arao, X. Dong, S. Zhao, J. Zhou, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of Asian dust phenomena in 2001-2003 using a network of continuously operated polarization lidars," Water Air Soil Pollut. 5, 145-157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, "Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1640, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, I. Uno, K. Asai, T. Endoh, and T. Nakajima: Observation of dust and anthropogenic aerosol plumes in the Northwest Pacific with a two-wavelength polarization lidar on board the research vessel Mirai, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 10,1029/2002GL015112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Lee, J.-H. Kim, C.-B. Park, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, and N. Sugimoto, "Continuous measurements of smoke of Russian forest fire by 532/1064 nm Mie scattering lidar at Suwon, Korea," Reviewed and Revised Papers Presented at the 22nd International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC2004) (European Space Agency, 2004), Vol. SP-561, pp 535-538.
[PubMed]

Sobolewsky, P.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, M.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, I. Uno, K. Arao, X. Dong, S. Zhao, J. Zhou, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of Asian dust phenomena in 2001-2003 using a network of continuously operated polarization lidars," Water Air Soil Pollut. 5, 145-157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, "Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1640, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, I. Uno, K. Asai, T. Endoh, and T. Nakajima: Observation of dust and anthropogenic aerosol plumes in the Northwest Pacific with a two-wavelength polarization lidar on board the research vessel Mirai, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 10,1029/2002GL015112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, N. Sugimoto, and T. Murayama, "Extinction-to-backscatter ratio of Asian dust observed by high-spectral-resolution lidar and Raman lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 2760-2767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Lee, J.-H. Kim, C.-B. Park, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, and N. Sugimoto, "Continuous measurements of smoke of Russian forest fire by 532/1064 nm Mie scattering lidar at Suwon, Korea," Reviewed and Revised Papers Presented at the 22nd International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC2004) (European Space Agency, 2004), Vol. SP-561, pp 535-538.
[PubMed]

Thome, K.

C. Cattrall, J. Reagan, K. Thome, and O. Dubovik, "Variability of aerosol and spectral lidar and backscatter and extinction ratios of key aerosol types derived from selected Aerosol Robotic Network locations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S11, doi: (2005).
[CrossRef]

Toon, O. B.

E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, P. A. Robinette, A. F. Carter, N. S. Higdon, O. B. Toon, M. R. Schoeber, and A. F. Tuck, "Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratosphere clouds," Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 385-388 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tuck, A. F.

E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, P. A. Robinette, A. F. Carter, N. S. Higdon, O. B. Toon, M. R. Schoeber, and A. F. Tuck, "Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratosphere clouds," Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 385-388 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Uchiyama, A.

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Uno, I.

N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, I. Uno, K. Arao, X. Dong, S. Zhao, J. Zhou, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of Asian dust phenomena in 2001-2003 using a network of continuously operated polarization lidars," Water Air Soil Pollut. 5, 145-157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, "Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1640, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, I. Uno, K. Asai, T. Endoh, and T. Nakajima: Observation of dust and anthropogenic aerosol plumes in the Northwest Pacific with a two-wavelength polarization lidar on board the research vessel Mirai, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 10,1029/2002GL015112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wiegner, M.

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, A.

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S.

N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, I. Uno, K. Arao, X. Dong, S. Zhao, J. Zhou, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of Asian dust phenomena in 2001-2003 using a network of continuously operated polarization lidars," Water Air Soil Pollut. 5, 145-157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, I. Uno, K. Arao, X. Dong, S. Zhao, J. Zhou, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of Asian dust phenomena in 2001-2003 using a network of continuously operated polarization lidars," Water Air Soil Pollut. 5, 145-157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.

K. Sassen, "The polarization lidar technique for cloud research: a review and current assessment," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 72, 1848-1866 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Hess, P. Koepke, and I. Schult, "Optical properties of aerosols and clouds: the software package OPAC," Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 831-844 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett.

E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, P. A. Robinette, A. F. Carter, N. S. Higdon, O. B. Toon, M. R. Schoeber, and A. F. Tuck, "Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratosphere clouds," Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 385-388 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, "Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1640, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, I. Uno, K. Asai, T. Endoh, and T. Nakajima: Observation of dust and anthropogenic aerosol plumes in the Northwest Pacific with a two-wavelength polarization lidar on board the research vessel Mirai, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 10,1029/2002GL015112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

C. Cattrall, J. Reagan, K. Thome, and O. Dubovik, "Variability of aerosol and spectral lidar and backscatter and extinction ratios of key aerosol types derived from selected Aerosol Robotic Network locations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S11, doi: (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, S. Eckhardt, R. Eixman, V. Freudenthaler, P. Ginoux, L. Komguem, H. Linné, M. A. Lopez Marquez, V. Matthis, I. Matthis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, J. Pelon, L. Sauvage, P. Sobolewsky, M. Srivastava, and M. Wiegner, "Long range transport of Saharan dust to northern Europe: the 11-16 October 2001 ourtbreak observed with EARLINET," J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4783, doi: (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A., Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, "Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S17, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Murayama, H. Okamoto, N. Kaneyasu, H. Kamataki, and K. Miura, "Application of lidar depolarization measurement in the atmospheric boundary layer: effects of dust and sea-salt particles," J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D24), 31781-31792 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Water Air Soil Pollut.

N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, I. Uno, K. Arao, X. Dong, S. Zhao, J. Zhou, and C.-H. Lee, "Study of Asian dust phenomena in 2001-2003 using a network of continuously operated polarization lidars," Water Air Soil Pollut. 5, 145-157 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

C.-H. Lee, J.-H. Kim, C.-B. Park, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, and N. Sugimoto, "Continuous measurements of smoke of Russian forest fire by 532/1064 nm Mie scattering lidar at Suwon, Korea," Reviewed and Revised Papers Presented at the 22nd International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC2004) (European Space Agency, 2004), Vol. SP-561, pp 535-538.
[PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dependence of the particle depolarization ratios for 532 and 1064   nm , δ 532 and δ 1064 , on the dust-mixing ratio X.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of the ratio of the particle depolarization ratio at 1064 and at 532   nm , R δ , on the dust-mixing ratio X.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of the ratio of the backscattering coefficient at 1064 and at 532   nm , R β on the dust-mixing ratio X.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of R δ R β on X for different values of γ d , γ s , and δ d .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Time–height indications of (a) backscattring coefficient at 532   nm (S1 = 50), (b) particle depolarization ratio at 532   nm , (c) backscattering coefficient at 1064   nm (S1 = 50), and (d) particle depolarization ratio at 1064   nm , as observed in Suwon from 4 to 8 November 2005. The profiles with clouds were not used.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Time–height-indications of (a) the ratio of backscattering coefficients at 1064 and at 532   nm , R β , (b) the ratio of particle depolarization ratios at 1064 and 532   nm , R δ , and (c) the product of R β and R δ .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Time–height indications of (a) the dust-mixing ratio, X, (b) the backscatter-related Ångström exponent for dust, γ d , and (c) the backscatter-related Ångström exponent for spherical aerosols, γ s .

Equations (23)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

δ = β t / β p ,
δ = β t / ( β p + β t ) .
δ = δ / ( 1 + δ ) , δ = δ / ( 1 + δ ) .
P ( 532 ) t β 532 { δ d 532 X + δ s 532 ( 1 X ) } = β 532 δ d 532 X ,
P ( 532 ) p β 532 { ( 1 δ d 532 ) X + ( 1 δ s 532 ) ( 1 X ) }
= β 532 ( 1 δ d 532 X ) .
δ 532 = P ( 532 ) t P ( 532 ) p = δ d 532 X 1 δ d 532 X .
X = δ 532 δ d 532 ( 1 + δ 532 ) = ( 1 + δ d 532 ) δ 532 δ d 532 ( 1 + δ 532 ) .
β d ( λ ) λ γ d , β s ( λ ) λ γ s .
P ( 1064 ) t β 1064 ( X 2 γ d δ d 1064 + 1 X 2 γ s δ s 1064 )
= β 1064 δ d 1064 X 2 γ d ,
P ( 1064 ) s β 1064 { X 2 γ d ( 1 δ d 1064 ) + 1 X 2 γ s ( 1 δ s 1064 ) }
= β 1064 { ( 1 2 γ d 1 2 γ s δ d 1064 2 γ d ) X + 1 2 γ s } .
δ 1064 = P ( 1064 ) t P ( 1064 ) p = δ d 1064 X 2 γ d ( 1 2 γ d 1 2 γ s δ d 1064 2 γ d ) X + 1 2 γ s .
R δ = δ 1064 δ 532 = ( 1 δ d 532 X ) δ d 1064 2 γ d δ d 532 ( 1 2 γ d 1 2 γ s δ d 1064 2 γ d ) X + 1 2 γ s ,
R β = β 1064 β 532 = P ( 1064 ) t + P ( 1064 ) p P ( 532 ) t + P ( 532 ) p = ( 1 2 γ d 1 2 γ s ) X + 1 2 γ s .
γ d = ln R β R δ ln 2 .
1 2 γ s = R β 1 X X 1 X ( 1 2 γ d ) .
2 γ d = A B ,
A = X δ d 1064 ( 1 R δ ) δ d 1064 / δ d 532 ,
B = R β R δ .
γ d = ln A B / ln 2
γ s = ln ( 1 X R β X B / A ) / ln 2

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