Abstract

Some varieties of photonic crystal fiber (PCF) have huge potential for high-resolution imaging in astronomy. They allow us to operate in a single-mode regime over a wide bandwidth keeping a high transmission level. Thus they may be used to carry wide spectral light over hundreds of meters. We report the implementation of what we believe to be the first three-beam interferometer fitted with PCF arms. This configuration is needed to achieve high-resolution imaging. A full description of the experimental setup is given, and closure phase measurements achieved over a 1μm bandwidth are also presented. With a pointlike source, the theoretical closure phase is expected to be 0 rad. Experimentally, a mean closure phase of 0.01 rad has been measured with a 0.07 rad standard deviation. These results confirm that PCF should be used in an astronomical context.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2006 (1)

J. C. W. Corbett, T. J. Morris, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Tip-tilt requirements for coupling starlight into single-mode photonic crystal fibres using a lenslet: a first analysis," New Astron. Rev. 49, 675-680 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, L. Labonté, P. Roy, G. Mlin, and L. Gasca, "Test of photonic crystal fiber in broadband interferometry," Appl. Opt. 44, 2496-2500 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tombelaine, C. Lesvigne, P. Leproux, L. Grossard, V. Couderc, J.-L. Auguste, J.-M. Blondy, G. Huss, and P.-H. Pioger, "Ultra wide band supercontinuum generation in air-silica holey fibers by SHG-induced modulation instabilities," Opt. Express 13, 7399-7404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Meimon, L. Mugnier, and G. Le Besnerais, "Convex approximation to the likelihood criterion for aperture synthesis imaging," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 2348-2356 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Accurate measurements of differential chromatic dispersion and contrasts in an hectometric silica fiber interferometer in the frame of 'OHANA project," Opt. Commun. 232, 31-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

G. Huss, E. Longueteau, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Phase closure bias versus dispersion in a stellar interferometer," Opt. Commun. 216, 329-334 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, "High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser," Opt. Express 11, 48-53 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

G. Perrin, V. Coude Du Foresto, S. T. Ridgway, J.-M. Mariotti, and J. A. Benson, "Fibered recombination unit for the infrared-optical telescope array," in Fiber Optics in Astronomical Applications, S. C. Barden, ed., Proc. SPIE 2476, 120-128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

F. Reynaud and E. Delaire, "Linear optical path modulation with λ/200 accuracy using a fiber stretcher," Electron. Lett. 29, 1718-1719 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. B. Shaklan, "Fiber optic beam combiner for multiple-telescope interferometry," Opt. Eng. 29, 684-689 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

Adamson, A. J.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Allington-Smith, J. R.

J. C. W. Corbett, T. J. Morris, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Tip-tilt requirements for coupling starlight into single-mode photonic crystal fibres using a lenslet: a first analysis," New Astron. Rev. 49, 675-680 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Atkin, D. M.

Auguste, J.-L.

Benson, J. A.

G. Perrin, V. Coude Du Foresto, S. T. Ridgway, J.-M. Mariotti, and J. A. Benson, "Fibered recombination unit for the infrared-optical telescope array," in Fiber Optics in Astronomical Applications, S. C. Barden, ed., Proc. SPIE 2476, 120-128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Berthod, C.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Birks, T. A.

Blondy, J.-M.

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, "Interference and diffraction with partially coherent light," Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).
[PubMed]

Bouwmans, G.

Brient, B.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Chaffee, F.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Collin, C.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Connes, P.

P. Connes, C. Froehly, and P. Facq, "A fiber-linked version of projet TRIO," in Proceedings of ESA Workshop SP-226 on Kilometric Optical Arrays in Space (Cargèse, France, 1985), pp. 49-61.

P. Connes and F. Reynaud, "Fiber tests on a radiotelescope," in Proceedings No. 29 of NOAO-ESO Conference on High-Resolution Imaging by Interferometry: Ground-Based Interferometry at Visible and Infrared Wavelengths, F.Merkle, ed. (Müchen, Germany, 1988), pp. 1117-1129.

P. Connes, S. B. Shaklan, and F. Roddier, "A fiber-linked groundbased array," in Proceedings of ESA Workshop SP-273 on Optical Interferometry in Space (Granada, Spain, 1987) pp. 73-84.

Corbett, J. C. W.

J. C. W. Corbett, T. J. Morris, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Tip-tilt requirements for coupling starlight into single-mode photonic crystal fibres using a lenslet: a first analysis," New Astron. Rev. 49, 675-680 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Couderc, V.

Crétenet, J.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Dauny, F.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Delage, L.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, L. Labonté, P. Roy, G. Mlin, and L. Gasca, "Test of photonic crystal fiber in broadband interferometry," Appl. Opt. 44, 2496-2500 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Accurate measurements of differential chromatic dispersion and contrasts in an hectometric silica fiber interferometer in the frame of 'OHANA project," Opt. Commun. 232, 31-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Huss, E. Longueteau, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Phase closure bias versus dispersion in a stellar interferometer," Opt. Commun. 216, 329-334 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Delage, F. Reynaud, and A. Lannes, "Laboratory imaging stellar interferometer with fiber links," Appl. Opt. 39, 6406-6420 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Delaire, E.

F. Reynaud and E. Delaire, "Linear optical path modulation with λ/200 accuracy using a fiber stretcher," Electron. Lett. 29, 1718-1719 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Deléglise, C.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Facq, P.

P. Connes, C. Froehly, and P. Facq, "A fiber-linked version of projet TRIO," in Proceedings of ESA Workshop SP-226 on Kilometric Optical Arrays in Space (Cargèse, France, 1985), pp. 49-61.

Fédou, P.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Foresto, V. Coude Du

G. Perrin, V. Coude Du Foresto, S. T. Ridgway, J.-M. Mariotti, and J. A. Benson, "Fibered recombination unit for the infrared-optical telescope array," in Fiber Optics in Astronomical Applications, S. C. Barden, ed., Proc. SPIE 2476, 120-128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Froehly, C.

P. Connes, C. Froehly, and P. Facq, "A fiber-linked version of projet TRIO," in Proceedings of ESA Workshop SP-226 on Kilometric Optical Arrays in Space (Cargèse, France, 1985), pp. 49-61.

Fujita, M.

Gasca, L.

Gathright, J.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Goeltzenlichter, T.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Grossard, L.

Gurin, J.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Guyon, O.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Hrynevych, M.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Hulin, R.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Huss, G.

Kawanishi, S.

Knight, J. C.

Kotani, T.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Kubota, H.

Labonté, L.

Lai, O.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Lannes, A.

Le Besnerais, G.

Le Mignant, D.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Léna, P.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Leproux, P.

Lesvigne, C.

Longueteau, E.

G. Huss, E. Longueteau, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Phase closure bias versus dispersion in a stellar interferometer," Opt. Commun. 216, 329-334 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mariotti, J.-M.

G. Perrin, V. Coude Du Foresto, S. T. Ridgway, J.-M. Mariotti, and J. A. Benson, "Fibered recombination unit for the infrared-optical telescope array," in Fiber Optics in Astronomical Applications, S. C. Barden, ed., Proc. SPIE 2476, 120-128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marlot, C.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Marteaud, M.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Meimon, S.

Melse, B.-T.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Mlin, G.

Morris, T. J.

J. C. W. Corbett, T. J. Morris, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Tip-tilt requirements for coupling starlight into single-mode photonic crystal fibres using a lenslet: a first analysis," New Astron. Rev. 49, 675-680 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mugnier, L.

Nishikawa, J.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Percival, R. M.

Perrin, G.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

G. Perrin, V. Coude Du Foresto, S. T. Ridgway, J.-M. Mariotti, and J. A. Benson, "Fibered recombination unit for the infrared-optical telescope array," in Fiber Optics in Astronomical Applications, S. C. Barden, ed., Proc. SPIE 2476, 120-128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pioger, P.-H.

Reess, J.-M.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Reynaud, F.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, L. Labonté, P. Roy, G. Mlin, and L. Gasca, "Test of photonic crystal fiber in broadband interferometry," Appl. Opt. 44, 2496-2500 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Accurate measurements of differential chromatic dispersion and contrasts in an hectometric silica fiber interferometer in the frame of 'OHANA project," Opt. Commun. 232, 31-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Huss, E. Longueteau, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Phase closure bias versus dispersion in a stellar interferometer," Opt. Commun. 216, 329-334 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Delage, F. Reynaud, and A. Lannes, "Laboratory imaging stellar interferometer with fiber links," Appl. Opt. 39, 6406-6420 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Reynaud and E. Delaire, "Linear optical path modulation with λ/200 accuracy using a fiber stretcher," Electron. Lett. 29, 1718-1719 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Connes and F. Reynaud, "Fiber tests on a radiotelescope," in Proceedings No. 29 of NOAO-ESO Conference on High-Resolution Imaging by Interferometry: Ground-Based Interferometry at Visible and Infrared Wavelengths, F.Merkle, ed. (Müchen, Germany, 1988), pp. 1117-1129.

Ridgway, S. T.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

G. Perrin, V. Coude Du Foresto, S. T. Ridgway, J.-M. Mariotti, and J. A. Benson, "Fibered recombination unit for the infrared-optical telescope array," in Fiber Optics in Astronomical Applications, S. C. Barden, ed., Proc. SPIE 2476, 120-128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rigaut, F.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Roddier, F.

P. Connes, S. B. Shaklan, and F. Roddier, "A fiber-linked groundbased array," in Proceedings of ESA Workshop SP-273 on Optical Interferometry in Space (Granada, Spain, 1987) pp. 73-84.

Rogstad, D. H.

Roth, K.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Roy, P.

Russell, P. S. J.

Shaklan, S. B.

S. B. Shaklan, "Fiber optic beam combiner for multiple-telescope interferometry," Opt. Eng. 29, 684-689 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. Connes, S. B. Shaklan, and F. Roddier, "A fiber-linked groundbased array," in Proceedings of ESA Workshop SP-273 on Optical Interferometry in Space (Granada, Spain, 1987) pp. 73-84.

Suzuki, K.

Tanaka, M.

Tokunaga, A. T.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Tombelaine, V.

Vergnole, S.

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, L. Labonté, P. Roy, G. Mlin, and L. Gasca, "Test of photonic crystal fiber in broadband interferometry," Appl. Opt. 44, 2496-2500 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Accurate measurements of differential chromatic dispersion and contrasts in an hectometric silica fiber interferometer in the frame of 'OHANA project," Opt. Commun. 232, 31-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wizinowich, P. L.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Woillez, J.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, "Interference and diffraction with partially coherent light," Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).
[PubMed]

Ziegler, D.

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Electron. Lett. (1)

F. Reynaud and E. Delaire, "Linear optical path modulation with λ/200 accuracy using a fiber stretcher," Electron. Lett. 29, 1718-1719 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

New Astron. Rev. (1)

J. C. W. Corbett, T. J. Morris, and J. R. Allington-Smith, "Tip-tilt requirements for coupling starlight into single-mode photonic crystal fibres using a lenslet: a first analysis," New Astron. Rev. 49, 675-680 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

G. Huss, E. Longueteau, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Phase closure bias versus dispersion in a stellar interferometer," Opt. Commun. 216, 329-334 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Vergnole, L. Delage, and F. Reynaud, "Accurate measurements of differential chromatic dispersion and contrasts in an hectometric silica fiber interferometer in the frame of 'OHANA project," Opt. Commun. 232, 31-43 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. B. Shaklan, "Fiber optic beam combiner for multiple-telescope interferometry," Opt. Eng. 29, 684-689 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

G. Perrin, V. Coude Du Foresto, S. T. Ridgway, J.-M. Mariotti, and J. A. Benson, "Fibered recombination unit for the infrared-optical telescope array," in Fiber Optics in Astronomical Applications, S. C. Barden, ed., Proc. SPIE 2476, 120-128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

G. Perrin, J. Woillez, O. Lai, J. Gurin, T. Kotani, P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, M. Hrynevych, J. Gathright, P. Léna, F. Chaffee, S. Vergnole, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. J. Adamson, C. Berthod, B. Brient, C. Collin, J. Crétenet, F. Dauny, C. Deléglise, P. Fédou, T. Goeltzenlichter, O. Guyon, R. Hulin, C. Marlot, M. Marteaud, B.-T. Melse, J. Nishikawa, J.-M. Reess, S. T. Ridgway, F. Rigaut, K. Roth, A. T. Tokunaga, and D. Ziegler, "Interferometric coupling of the Keck telescopes with single-mode fibers," Science 311, 194 (2005).

Other (5)

P. Connes, S. B. Shaklan, and F. Roddier, "A fiber-linked groundbased array," in Proceedings of ESA Workshop SP-273 on Optical Interferometry in Space (Granada, Spain, 1987) pp. 73-84.

P. Connes, C. Froehly, and P. Facq, "A fiber-linked version of projet TRIO," in Proceedings of ESA Workshop SP-226 on Kilometric Optical Arrays in Space (Cargèse, France, 1985), pp. 49-61.

P. Connes and F. Reynaud, "Fiber tests on a radiotelescope," in Proceedings No. 29 of NOAO-ESO Conference on High-Resolution Imaging by Interferometry: Ground-Based Interferometry at Visible and Infrared Wavelengths, F.Merkle, ed. (Müchen, Germany, 1988), pp. 1117-1129.

M. Born and E. Wolf, "Interference and diffraction with partially coherent light," Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).
[PubMed]

Crystal Fibre A/S, www.crystal-fibre.com/.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) (a) Monolithic telescope and optical aperture synthesis using (b) mirror trains or (c) optical fibers to carry the light from the output of the telescopes to the mixing station.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Experimental setup: PCF Mach–Zehnder three-arm interferometer. P0–P3, off-axis parabolas; PZT1, PZT2, PCF3, 10  m long PCFs—PZT1 and PZT2 have a piezoelectric transducer (PZT) optical path modulator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Second order of the differential chromatic dispersion as a function of the fiber length difference for the three pairs of fibers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fringe pattern example at (top) 980  nm with (bottom) its Fourier transform.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Closure phase measurement with the different sources: The mean closure phase is 0.01  rad with a standard deviation of 0.07  rad . 1, S 1575-120 ; 2, S 1550-60 ; 3, L 1300-55 ; 4, L D 980 < Th ; 5, L D 980 > Th ; 6, L D 681 < Th ; 7, L D 681 > Th .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fringes pattern for a simultaneous feeding (top) at 1300 and 1550  nm with (bottom) its Fourier transform.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Sources Used in Our Experiment

Tables Icon

Table 2 Differential Chromatic Dispersion: Second (O2) and Third (O3) Order Measurements as a Function of the Source and of the Fiber Pair

Tables Icon

Table 3 Contrast and Closure Phase Measurements

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

V FT [ I ( θ ) ] ,
M i j = V i j   cos ( 2 π f i j t + p j p i + Θ i j ) ,
f 12 = f 13 f 23 .
β = Θ 12 + Θ 23 Θ 13 .
B ( ν ) = B 0 ( ν ) { 1 + C ( ν )   cos [ Φ ( ν ) ] } ,
Φ ( ν ) = a 0 + a 1 ( ν ν 0 ) + a 2 ( ν ν 0 ) 2 + a 3 ( ν ν 0 ) 3 ,

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