Abstract

Tunable distributed feedback lasing was achieved in a guest–host polymeric waveguide using holographic dynamic gratings. Tris(8-quinolinolato)aluminum (Alq) as a host and 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-(4-dimethylaminostyryl)-4H-pyran (DCM) as a guest emitter were dispersed in poly(N-vinyl carbazole) (PVCz) matrix. Emission of both the TE0 and the TM0 modes was measured. Effective energy transfer from PVCz to DCM through Alq assisted in the reduction of the threshold of laser emission. The threshold of 38 nJ∕pulse was measured for first-order lasing and that of 53 nJ∕pulse for second-order lasing.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).
  2. Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda, "Fabrication of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a grating structure in its plastic waveguide," Appl. Opt. 41, 5030-5035 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Tsutsumi and A. Fujihara, "Tunable distributed feedback lasing with narrowed emission using holographic dynamic gratings in a polymeric waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 16011 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Tsutsumi and M. Yamamoto, "Threshold reduction of a tunable organic laser using effective energy transfer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 842-845 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, J. Zyss, A. Pogantsch, E. W. J. List, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Optically written solid-state lasers with broadly tunable mode emission based on improved poly (2,5-dialkoxy-phenylene-vinylene)" Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 716 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. B. Birks, Photophysics of Aromatic Molecules (Wiley-Interscience, London, 1970), Chap. 11.
  11. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1997) pp. 616-638.

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

N. Tsutsumi and A. Fujihara, "Tunable distributed feedback lasing with narrowed emission using holographic dynamic gratings in a polymeric waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 16011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, J. Zyss, A. Pogantsch, E. W. J. List, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Optically written solid-state lasers with broadly tunable mode emission based on improved poly (2,5-dialkoxy-phenylene-vinylene)" Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda, "Fabrication of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a grating structure in its plastic waveguide," Appl. Opt. 41, 5030-5035 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).

Becker, E.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Benstem, T.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Birks, J. B.

J. B. Birks, Photophysics of Aromatic Molecules (Wiley-Interscience, London, 1970), Chap. 11.

Blau, W. J.

K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).

Chisaki, Y.

Dobbertin, T.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dumarcher, V.

K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).

Fiorini, C.

K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).

Fujihara, A.

N. Tsutsumi and A. Fujihara, "Tunable distributed feedback lasing with narrowed emission using holographic dynamic gratings in a polymeric waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 16011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gerhard, A.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, S.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heithecker, D.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hinze, P.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hörhold, H.-H.

G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, J. Zyss, A. Pogantsch, E. W. J. List, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Optically written solid-state lasers with broadly tunable mode emission based on improved poly (2,5-dialkoxy-phenylene-vinylene)" Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).

Johannes, H.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Johannes, H.-H.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kawahira, T.

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kowalsky, W.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kranzelbinder, G.

G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, J. Zyss, A. Pogantsch, E. W. J. List, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Optically written solid-state lasers with broadly tunable mode emission based on improved poly (2,5-dialkoxy-phenylene-vinylene)" Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kretsch, K. P.

K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).

Kröger, M.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

List, E. W. J.

G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, J. Zyss, A. Pogantsch, E. W. J. List, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Optically written solid-state lasers with broadly tunable mode emission based on improved poly (2,5-dialkoxy-phenylene-vinylene)" Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, M.

Metzdorf, D.

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nunzi, J.-M.

K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).

Oki, Y.

Pfeiffer, S.

K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).

Pogantsch, A.

G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, J. Zyss, A. Pogantsch, E. W. J. List, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Optically written solid-state lasers with broadly tunable mode emission based on improved poly (2,5-dialkoxy-phenylene-vinylene)" Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rabe, T.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Riedl, T.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rocha, L.

K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).

Sakai, W.

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, D.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stössel, P.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tillmann, H.

G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, J. Zyss, A. Pogantsch, E. W. J. List, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Optically written solid-state lasers with broadly tunable mode emission based on improved poly (2,5-dialkoxy-phenylene-vinylene)" Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).

Toussaere, E.

G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, J. Zyss, A. Pogantsch, E. W. J. List, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Optically written solid-state lasers with broadly tunable mode emission based on improved poly (2,5-dialkoxy-phenylene-vinylene)" Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tsutsumi, N.

N. Tsutsumi and M. Yamamoto, "Threshold reduction of a tunable organic laser using effective energy transfer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 842-845 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Tsutsumi and A. Fujihara, "Tunable distributed feedback lasing with narrowed emission using holographic dynamic gratings in a polymeric waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 16011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vestweber, H.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weimann, T.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Werner, O.

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, M.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1997) pp. 616-638.

Yoshiura, T.

Zyss, J.

G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, J. Zyss, A. Pogantsch, E. W. J. List, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Optically written solid-state lasers with broadly tunable mode emission based on improved poly (2,5-dialkoxy-phenylene-vinylene)" Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl (1)

K. P. Kretsch, W. J. Blau, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Distributed feedback laser action from polymeric waveguides doped with logo phenylene model compounds," Appl , Phys. Lett. 76, 2149-2151 (2000).

Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. (1)

D. Schneider, S. Hartmann, T. Benstem, T. Dobbertin, D. Heithecker, D. Metzdorf, E. Becker, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, and P. Hinze, "Wavelength-tunable organic solid-state distributed-feedback laser," Appl. Phys. B: Laser Opt. 77, 399-402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Tsutsumi and A. Fujihara, "Tunable distributed feedback lasing with narrowed emission using holographic dynamic gratings in a polymeric waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 16011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, J. Zyss, A. Pogantsch, E. W. J. List, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Optically written solid-state lasers with broadly tunable mode emission based on improved poly (2,5-dialkoxy-phenylene-vinylene)" Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang and P. Hinze, "Laser threshold reduction in an all-spiro guest-host system," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1659-1661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Schneider, T. Rabe, T. Riedl, T. Dobbertin, O. Werner, M. Kröger, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, T. Weimann, J. Wang, P. Hinze, A. Gerhard, P. Stössel, and H. Vestweber, "Deep blue widely tunable organic solid-state laser based on a spirobifluorene derivative," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4693-4695 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Other (2)

J. B. Birks, Photophysics of Aromatic Molecules (Wiley-Interscience, London, 1970), Chap. 11.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1997) pp. 616-638.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Chemical structures of polymeric matrix of PVCz, host Alq, and laser dye DCM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic picture for emission of lasing with a Lloyd-mirror configuration. θ is the incidence angle that, with rotation of the Lloyd-mirror setup, can be changed. Double-ended arrow shows the polarizer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Abs and PL spectra for DCM∕Alq∕PVCz film. (b) Abs and PL spectra of each component of PVCz matrix, Alq host, and DCM emitter. Abs, absorption; PL, photoluminescence.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Lasing spectra with different pump energy.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Lasing spectra during polarization angle change. The peak at 622.8 nm corresponds to the TE mode and that at 623.4 nm to the TM mode. (b) Plots of normalized intensity for both peaks. The solid curve is the theoretical plot of I ( E ω cos θ ) 2 , where E ω is the amplitude of emitted light and ϑ is the rotation angle of the polarizer.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Lasing output and FWHM as a function of pump energy. (a) First-order lasing with m = 1. Threshold for lasing is 38 nJ∕pulse. (b) Second-order lasing with m = 2. Threshold for lasing is 53 nJ∕pulse.

Equations (1)

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λ L = 2 n e f f Λ t h m = n e f f λ p m sin θ ,

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