Abstract

A new design for a Fabry–Perot-based array filter for wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) applications is proposed. The device is composed of two partially reflective mirrors; the surface of one of the mirrors is stepwise. Not only does the configuration of multiple air-gap cavities into a single unit provide wavelength tunability but the channel numbers can be expanded. A four-channel multiplexer has been demonstrated. The results revealed that a compact and cost-effective WDM device should be easily attainable.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2002

Y. Hibino, “Recent advances in high-density and large-scale AWG multi/demultiplexers with higher index-contrast silica-based PLCs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1090–1101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

C. D. Lee, W. Chen, Q. Wang, Y. J. Chen, W. T. Beard, D. Stone, R. F. Smith, R. Mincher, I. R. Stewart, “The role of photo-mask resolution in the performance of arrayed-waveguide grating devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1726–1733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Niemi, M. Uusimma, S. Tammela, P. Heimala, T. Kajava, M. Kaivola, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, A. J. Ikushima, “Decay behavior of second-order nonlinearity in GeO2–SiO2glasses poled with UV-radiation,” Electron. Lett. 33, 980–981 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology: fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263–1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

B. Pezeshki, F. K. Tong, J. A. Kash, D. W. Kisker, R. M. Potemski, “Tapered Fabry–Perot waveguide optical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1082–1085 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

P. A. Humblet, W. M. Hamdy, “Crosstalk analysis and filter optimization of single- and double-cavity Fabry–Perot filters,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1095–1107 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

A. Frenkel, C. Lin, “Angle-tuned etalon filters for optical channel selection in high density wavelength division multiplexed systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 615–624 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1969

Beard, W. T.

Chen, W.

Chen, Y. J.

Frenkel, A.

A. Frenkel, C. Lin, “Angle-tuned etalon filters for optical channel selection in high density wavelength division multiplexed systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 615–624 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, A. J. Ikushima, “Decay behavior of second-order nonlinearity in GeO2–SiO2glasses poled with UV-radiation,” Electron. Lett. 33, 980–981 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hamdy, W. M.

P. A. Humblet, W. M. Hamdy, “Crosstalk analysis and filter optimization of single- and double-cavity Fabry–Perot filters,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1095–1107 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Heimala, P.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimma, S. Tammela, P. Heimala, T. Kajava, M. Kaivola, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hercher, M.

Hibino, Y.

Y. Hibino, “Recent advances in high-density and large-scale AWG multi/demultiplexers with higher index-contrast silica-based PLCs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1090–1101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology: fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263–1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Humblet, P. A.

P. A. Humblet, W. M. Hamdy, “Crosstalk analysis and filter optimization of single- and double-cavity Fabry–Perot filters,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1095–1107 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ikushima, A. J.

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, A. J. Ikushima, “Decay behavior of second-order nonlinearity in GeO2–SiO2glasses poled with UV-radiation,” Electron. Lett. 33, 980–981 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kaivola, M.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimma, S. Tammela, P. Heimala, T. Kajava, M. Kaivola, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kajava, T.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimma, S. Tammela, P. Heimala, T. Kajava, M. Kaivola, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kash, J. A.

B. Pezeshki, F. K. Tong, J. A. Kash, D. W. Kisker, R. M. Potemski, “Tapered Fabry–Perot waveguide optical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1082–1085 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kisker, D. W.

B. Pezeshki, F. K. Tong, J. A. Kash, D. W. Kisker, R. M. Potemski, “Tapered Fabry–Perot waveguide optical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1082–1085 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. D.

Lin, C.

A. Frenkel, C. Lin, “Angle-tuned etalon filters for optical channel selection in high density wavelength division multiplexed systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 615–624 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ludvigsen, H.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimma, S. Tammela, P. Heimala, T. Kajava, M. Kaivola, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Meltz, G.

K. O. Hill, G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology: fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263–1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mincher, R.

Niemi, T.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimma, S. Tammela, P. Heimala, T. Kajava, M. Kaivola, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pezeshki, B.

B. Pezeshki, F. K. Tong, J. A. Kash, D. W. Kisker, R. M. Potemski, “Tapered Fabry–Perot waveguide optical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1082–1085 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Potemski, R. M.

B. Pezeshki, F. K. Tong, J. A. Kash, D. W. Kisker, R. M. Potemski, “Tapered Fabry–Perot waveguide optical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1082–1085 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. F.

Stewart, I. R.

Stone, D.

Takahashi, M.

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, A. J. Ikushima, “Decay behavior of second-order nonlinearity in GeO2–SiO2glasses poled with UV-radiation,” Electron. Lett. 33, 980–981 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tammela, S.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimma, S. Tammela, P. Heimala, T. Kajava, M. Kaivola, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tong, F. K.

B. Pezeshki, F. K. Tong, J. A. Kash, D. W. Kisker, R. M. Potemski, “Tapered Fabry–Perot waveguide optical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1082–1085 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Uusimma, M.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimma, S. Tammela, P. Heimala, T. Kajava, M. Kaivola, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, A. J. Ikushima, “Decay behavior of second-order nonlinearity in GeO2–SiO2glasses poled with UV-radiation,” Electron. Lett. 33, 980–981 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

P. A. Humblet, W. M. Hamdy, “Crosstalk analysis and filter optimization of single- and double-cavity Fabry–Perot filters,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1095–1107 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Y. Hibino, “Recent advances in high-density and large-scale AWG multi/demultiplexers with higher index-contrast silica-based PLCs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1090–1101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

B. Pezeshki, F. K. Tong, J. A. Kash, D. W. Kisker, R. M. Potemski, “Tapered Fabry–Perot waveguide optical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1082–1085 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Niemi, M. Uusimma, S. Tammela, P. Heimala, T. Kajava, M. Kaivola, H. Ludvigsen, “Tunable silicon etalon for simultaneous spectral filtering and wavelength monitoring of a DWDM transmitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 58–60 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

K. O. Hill, G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology: fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263–1276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Frenkel, C. Lin, “Angle-tuned etalon filters for optical channel selection in high density wavelength division multiplexed systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 615–624 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Lee, W. Chen, Q. Wang, Y. J. Chen, W. T. Beard, D. Stone, R. F. Smith, R. Mincher, I. R. Stewart, “The role of photo-mask resolution in the performance of arrayed-waveguide grating devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1726–1733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic configuration of the tunable air-gap Fabry–Perot array filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated dependence of maximum transmittance on the incidence angle for three beam sizes. Stars indicate experimental results.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmittance linewidth versus incidence angle for three beam sizes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Device configuration of a four-channel tunable air-gap Fabry–Perot filter.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured transmission spectra of the four-channel Fabry–Perot array when the piezoelectric transducer’s voltage was scanned.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic setup for cascading Fabry–Perot array filters to expand the channel numbers.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T j ( ν ) = T max 1 + [ ( 2 F / π ) sin ( δ j ) ] 2 ,
δ j = ν 2 π c / ( d j cos θ ) ,
ν j = q FSR + j ν s ,             q an integer ,
FSR = c / ( 2 d 0 cos θ )
ν s = FSR Δ d / ( λ / 2 ) .
N < FSR / ν s .

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