Abstract

Nonlinear directional couplers (NLDCs) with a variable coupling coefficient (VCC) in self-focusing and self-defocusing materials are investigated. Specifically, the Gaussian type VCC NLDCs are studied in detail. The results show that the responses of the VCC NLDCs on self-focusing and self-defocusing materials are different, especially when input power is high. The coupled-mode theory can also be used to predict the characteristics of the VCC NLDC on self-focusing material, even when input power is high.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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