Abstract

A microscope slide acting as a passive waveguide was coated by three separate poly(vinyl alcohol) films that were doped with Coumarin 460, Disodium Fluorescein, and Rhodamine 640 perchlorate. On collinear pumping by a nitrogen laser, these dyes furnished primary red–green–blue laser emissions that were collected and waveguided by the microscope slide but exited from both ends. Frosting the waveguide exit introduced light scattering at the glass–air interface and spatially overlaid the red–green–blue laser emissions that emerged as a uniform white-light beam.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Reisfeld, D. Shamrakov, “Superradiant film laser operation in red perylimide dye-doped silica-PMMA composite,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 47–53 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2000

S. S. Yap, T. Y. Tou, S. W. Ng, “Laser emissions from disodium fluorescence-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 5855–5858 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. Costela, I. Garcia-Morena, “Laser performance of Coumarin 540A dye molecules in polymeric host media with different viscosities: from liquid solution to solid polymer matrix,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 650–660 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Low, T. Y. Tou, S. W. Ng, “Energy-transfer dye laser in solgel silica,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5694–5696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1995

1993

R. Reisfeld, D. Shamrakov, “Superradiant film laser operation in red perylimide dye-doped silica-PMMA composite,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 47–53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties dye-doped solgel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

1990

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Boilot, J.-P.

Brun, A.

Canva, M.

Chaput, F.

Costela, A.

A. Costela, I. Garcia-Morena, “Laser performance of Coumarin 540A dye molecules in polymeric host media with different viscosities: from liquid solution to solid polymer matrix,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 650–660 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Sastre, A. Costela, “Polymeric solid-state dye lasers,” Adv. Mater. 2, 198–202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Morena, I.

A. Costela, I. Garcia-Morena, “Laser performance of Coumarin 540A dye molecules in polymeric host media with different viscosities: from liquid solution to solid polymer matrix,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 650–660 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Kano, T.

Y. Saito, N. Nakai, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Spectral characteristics of a short-pulse red–green–blue dye mixture laser,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4298–4304 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kato, M.

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

Lam, K. S.

Lawless, J. L.

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties dye-doped solgel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lo, D.

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties dye-doped solgel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Low, H. K.

Nakai, N.

Ng, S. W.

S. S. Yap, T. Y. Tou, S. W. Ng, “Laser emissions from disodium fluorescence-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 5855–5858 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Low, T. Y. Tou, S. W. Ng, “Energy-transfer dye laser in solgel silica,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5694–5696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, A.

Y. Saito, N. Nakai, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Spectral characteristics of a short-pulse red–green–blue dye mixture laser,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4298–4304 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Parris, J. E.

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties dye-doped solgel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Perelgritz, J.-F.

Rahn, M. D.

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld, D. Shamrakov, “Superradiant film laser operation in red perylimide dye-doped silica-PMMA composite,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 47–53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Saito, Y.

Y. Saito, N. Nakai, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Spectral characteristics of a short-pulse red–green–blue dye mixture laser,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4298–4304 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sastre, R.

R. Sastre, A. Costela, “Polymeric solid-state dye lasers,” Adv. Mater. 2, 198–202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shamrakov, D.

R. Reisfeld, D. Shamrakov, “Superradiant film laser operation in red perylimide dye-doped silica-PMMA composite,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 47–53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tou, T. Y.

S. S. Yap, T. Y. Tou, S. W. Ng, “Laser emissions from disodium fluorescence-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 5855–5858 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Low, T. Y. Tou, S. W. Ng, “Energy-transfer dye laser in solgel silica,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5694–5696 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. H.

Yap, S. S.

S. S. Yap, T. Y. Tou, S. W. Ng, “Laser emissions from disodium fluorescence-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 5855–5858 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

R. Sastre, A. Costela, “Polymeric solid-state dye lasers,” Adv. Mater. 2, 198–202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties dye-doped solgel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Saito, M. Kato, A. Nomura, T. Kano, “Simultaneous three primary color laser emissions from dye mixtures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 811–813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

R. Reisfeld, D. Shamrakov, “Superradiant film laser operation in red perylimide dye-doped silica-PMMA composite,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 47–53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

A. Costela, I. Garcia-Morena, “Laser performance of Coumarin 540A dye molecules in polymeric host media with different viscosities: from liquid solution to solid polymer matrix,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 650–660 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

S. S. Yap, T. Y. Tou, S. W. Ng, “Laser emissions from disodium fluorescence-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 5855–5858 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic for experimental setup of red–green–blue laser emissions from C460-, DF- and R640-doped PVA films coated on both sides of a microscope slide (top view).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption, fluorescence, and lasing characteristics for (a) C460-doped PVA film (C460 3 × 10-4M), (b) DF-doped PVA film (DF 5 × 10-4M), and (c) R640-doped PVA film (R640 1.2 × 10-3M): abs., absorption; fl., fluorescence; las., lasing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dye concentration effect on laser efficiency.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photostability of C460-, DF-, and R640-doped PVA films.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Red–green–blue laser spectra for C460, DF, and R640.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Lasing Characteristics of Dye/PVA Film

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